The Methodist Episcopal Church, South Board of Temperance, Prohibition, and Public Morals was a major organization in the American temperance movement which led to the introduction of prohibition in 1920. This article is about the former denomination For individual churches of the same name see Methodist Episcopal Church South (disambiguation The Methodist The United States of America —commonly referred to as the See also Prohibition, Teetotalism The Temperance Movement attempted to reduce the amount of Alcohol consumed within a community or society in Prohibition of alcohol, often referred to simply as prohibition, also known as Noble Experiment, refers to a Sumptuary law which prohibits Alcohol Year 1920 ( MCMXX) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920 of the Gregorian calendar The board's influence waned in the late 1920s after a series of scandals involving Bishop James Cannon, Jr.
This board held no power over the mainline Methodist Episcopal Church or any other Methodist factions. Bishop James Cannon Jr ( 13 November 1864 &ndash 6 September 1944) was an American Bishop of the Methodist For individual churches named Methodist Episcopal Church, see Methodist Episcopal Church (disambiguation The Methodist Episcopal Church, sometimes
The Board constructed the Methodist Building on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC in 1925 in order to further increase its influence and lobbying power in public policy matters regarding alcoholic beverages. Capitol Hill, aside from being a Metonym for the United States Congress, is the largest historic residential Neighborhood in Washington D Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Lobbying includes all attempts to influence Legislators and officials whether by other legislators constituents or organized groups
After ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution established Prohibition, the Methodist Board promoted its aggressive enforcement. Ratification is the act of giving official sanction or approval to a formal document such as a treaty or constitution Amendment XVIII (the Eighteenth Amendment) of the United States Constitution, along with the Volstead Act (which defined "intoxicating liquors" The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme Law of the United States. Prohibition of alcohol, often referred to simply as prohibition, also known as Noble Experiment, refers to a Sumptuary law which prohibits Alcohol It also attempted to eliminate any criticism or opposition to what many called the Noble Experiment. In 1925, it charged that vaudeville acts and comic strips were being used to dispense wet (anti-prohibition) propaganda in New York City, which it called “a foreign city, run by foreigners for foreigners according to foreign ideas. Vaudeville was a Genre of variety entertainment prevalent on the stage in the United States and Canada, from the early 1880s A comic strip is a sequence of drawings that tells a story Currently in the Western world, most comic strips are written and drawn by a Comics artist Propaganda is a concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people ”
The Methodist Board was dissolved after a merger of Methodist denominations in the 1960s and the united church created the General Board of Church and Society (GBCS). The 1965 trust contract requires all principal and income from the trust’s assets to be used exclusively for “work in the areas of temperance and alcohol problems. In Common law legal systems a trust is an arrangement whereby Property (including real tangible and intangible is managed by one person (or persons or organizations A contract is an exchange of promises between two or more parties to do or refrain from doing an act which is enforceable in a court of law ”
Some temperance activists are currently attempting to have the trust’s assets of over $20 million transferred from the GBCS to a new corporation dedicated exclusively to fighting the consumption of alcohol. They allege that the GBCS corporation is funding programs on antiwar, environmental, technological, and dozens of other activities unrelated to reducing the consumption of alcohol. GBCS officials respond that they interpret the trust’s language to include to include a variety of social causes.
In a separate legal action, Judge Ron Enns of Texas is petitioning not to have the assets transferred to another corporate entity but to enforce the language in the existing trust contract. A petition is a request to change some thing most commonly made to a government official or public entity
It appears that the issues will be settled in court.