Metallica live in London, 2003. Left to right: Robert Trujillo, Kirk Hammett, Lars Ulrich, James Hetfield.
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, USA|
|Label(s)||Warner Bros., Elektra, Vertigo, Megaforce, Sony (Japan)|
and their affiliated licensees and distributors
|Associated acts||Black Label Society, Echobrain, Exodus, Flotsam and Jetsam, Infectious Grooves, Leather Charm, Megadeth, Ozzy Osbourne, Rock Star Supernova, Spastik Children, Suicidal Tendencies, Voivod|
Metallica is an American heavy metal band that formed in 1981 in Los Angeles, California. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Thrash metal (sometimes referred to simply as thrash) is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal that is characterized by its fast tempo and aggression Speed metal is a sub-genre of Heavy metal music originating in the late 1970s and early 1980s that was the direct musical progenitor of Thrash metal. Hard rock (also referred to as heavy rock) is a variation of Rock music which has its earliest roots in mid-1960s garage and Psychedelic rock In the Music industry, a record label can be a Brand and a Trademark associated with the Marketing of music recordings and Music Warner Bros Records Inc is an American Record label that operates as a wholly owned Subsidiary of Warner Music Group. Elektra Records is a now-dormant American Record label owned by Warner Music Group (WMG and from 2004 on operating under WMG's Atlantic Records Vertigo Records was the name Philips Records chose in the sixties for its Record label to counter the progressive labels of its rivals EMI (with Megaforce Records has been the Record label for bands in the heavy metal genres and also rock genres including Metallica, Anthrax, Testament is Sony 's music arm in Japan. SMEJ is independent from the worldwide Sony BMG joint venture due to its strength in the Japanese music industry Black Label Society is a heavy metal band formed by Zakk Wylde, with seven studio albums released to date Echobrain was an American rock musical group come to prominence as the first offering from former Metallica bassist Jason Newsted. Exodus is an American Thrash metal band formed in 1980 in San Francisco, California by guitarist Gary Holt, current Metallica Flotsam And Jetsam is a Thrash metal band that formed in Phoenix, Arizona in 1983. The Infectious Grooves are a Funk metal band led by Suicidal Tendencies frontman Mike Muir. Leather Charm was a short-lived American heavy metal band from Downey California. Megadeth is an American heavy metal band led by founder front man guitarist and songwriter Dave Mustaine. John Michael "Ozzy" Osbourne (born December 3 1948) is a British singer For the TV series through which the band was created see Rock Star Supernova. Spastik Children was founded by Fred Cotton James McDaniel and Rich "Jumbo" Sielert (of Pillage Sunday) Suicidal Tendencies (also known as ST or Suicidal) is an American Hardcore punk and heavy metal band Voivod are a Canadian heavy metal band from Jonquière, Quebec, Canada. James Alan Hetfield (born August 3, 1963, in Downey California) is the main Songwriter, co-founder vocalist and Rhythm guitarist Lars Ulrich (born December 26 1963) is a Danish Drummer best known as the co-founder of the American heavy metal Kirk Lee Hammett (born November 18, 1962) is the Lead guitarist and a songwriter in the band Metallica and has been a member of the band Roberto Agustín Trujillo (ɾo'beɾto tɾu'xiʎo (born on October 23, 1964) is a Bassist who played with Suicidal Tendencies, Infectious Jason Curtis Newsted (born March 4, 1963 in Battle Creek Michigan) is an American bassist best known as the former bassist of Metallica Clifford Lee Burton (February 10 1962 &ndash September 27 1986 was a bass guitarist best known for his work with the American heavy metal band Metallica David Scott Mustaine (born September 13, 1961 in La Mesa, California USA) is the lead/rhythm Guitarist, Songwriter Ron McGovney (born November 2, 1963, Los Angeles California) is an American musician most notable for being Metallica 's first bass Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Founded when drummer Lars Ulrich posted an advertisement in a Los Angeles newspaper, Metallica's original line-up consisted of Ulrich, rhythm guitarist and vocalist James Hetfield, lead guitarist Dave Mustaine, and bassist Ron McGovney. Lars Ulrich (born December 26 1963) is a Danish Drummer best known as the co-founder of the American heavy metal Rhythm guitar is the use of a Guitar to provide Rhythmic chordal Accompaniment for a singer or other instruments in a Musical ensemble James Alan Hetfield (born August 3, 1963, in Downey California) is the main Songwriter, co-founder vocalist and Rhythm guitarist Lead guitar refers to the use of a Guitar to perform Melody lines instrumental fill passages, and Guitar solos within a song structure David Scott Mustaine (born September 13, 1961 in La Mesa, California USA) is the lead/rhythm Guitarist, Songwriter A bass player (bassist is a Musician who plays a Double bass, Bass guitar, keyboard bass or wind Ron McGovney (born November 2, 1963, Los Angeles California) is an American musician most notable for being Metallica 's first bass McGovney and Mustaine were later ejected from the band, in favor of Cliff Burton and Kirk Hammett, respectively. Clifford Lee Burton (February 10 1962 &ndash September 27 1986 was a bass guitarist best known for his work with the American heavy metal band Metallica Kirk Lee Hammett (born November 18, 1962) is the Lead guitarist and a songwriter in the band Metallica and has been a member of the band The ejection of Mustaine resulted in a feud between him and Metallica. In September 1986, Metallica's tour bus skidded out of control and flipped, which resulted in Burton being crushed under the bus and killed. Jason Newsted replaced him less than two months later. Jason Curtis Newsted (born March 4, 1963 in Battle Creek Michigan) is an American bassist best known as the former bassist of Metallica Newsted left the band in 2001 and was replaced by Robert Trujillo in 2003. Roberto Agustín Trujillo (ɾo'beɾto tɾu'xiʎo (born on October 23, 1964) is a Bassist who played with Suicidal Tendencies, Infectious
Metallica's early releases included fast tempos, instrumentals, and aggressive musicianship that placed them as one of the "Big Four" of the thrash metal subgenre alongside Slayer, Megadeth and Anthrax. 2266-Tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl or TEMPO is the Chemical compound with the formula (CH23(CMe22NO An instrumental is a Musical composition or recording without Lyrics or any other sort of Vocal music; all of the Music is produced by A musician is a person who plays or writes Music. Musicians can be classified by their roles in creating or performing music An instrumentalist plays a Thrash metal (sometimes referred to simply as thrash) is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal that is characterized by its fast tempo and aggression Slayer is an American Thrash metal band founded by Guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King in Megadeth is an American heavy metal band led by founder front man guitarist and songwriter Dave Mustaine. Anthrax is a New York City -based heavy metal band that released its first full-length album in 1984 The band earned a growing fan base in the underground music community, and some critics say the 1986 release Master of Puppets is one of the most influential and "heavy" thrash metal albums. Underground music refers to a variety of post-1960s rock pop or dance subgenres that developed a Cult following despite their lack of Mainstream appeal visibility Master of Puppets is the third studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica. The band achieved substantial commercial success with its self-titled 1991 album Metallica, which debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. Metallica (also known as The Black Album) is the self-titled 5th studio Album by the American heavy metal band The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard Some critics and fans believed the band changed its musical direction to appeal to the mainstream audience. Mainstream is generally the common current of Thought of the Majority. With the release of Load in 1996, Metallica distanced itself from earlier releases in what has been described as "an almost alternative [rock] approach", and the band faced accusations of "selling out. Load is the sixth studio Album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released June 4 1996. Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative; known primarily in the UK as indie) is a genre of "Sold Out" redirects here For other uses see Sold Out (disambiguation or Selling Out (disambiguation. "
In 2000, Metallica was among several artists who filed a lawsuit against Napster for sharing the band's copyright-protected material for free without the band members' consent. Napster was an online music file sharing service created by Shawn Fanning while he was attending Northeastern University in Boston and operating A settlement was reached, and Napster became a pay-to-use service. Despite reaching number one on the Billboard 200, the release of St. Anger in 2003 disappointed some critics and fans with the exclusion of guitar solos, and the "steel-sounding" snare drum. St Anger is the eighth studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released on June 5, 2003. Guitar solos are a melodic passage section or entire piece of music written for an Electric guitar or an Acoustic guitar. The snare drum is a Drum with strands of snares made of curled metal wire metal cable plastic cable or gut cords stretched across the a drumhead typically A film titled Some Kind of Monster documented the recording process of St. Some Kind of Monster is a 2004 American Documentary film featuring the heavy metal band Metallica. Anger.
Metallica has released eight studio albums, two live albums, two EPs, nine videos, and is working on a ninth studio album. A studio album is an original collection of new tracks by a recording artist An extended play ( EP) is a Vinyl record, CD, or Music download which contains more music than a single, but is too short to qualify The band has become one of the most commercially successful and influential heavy metal acts. With over 95 million records sold worldwide, including 57 million in the United States, the band has won seven Grammy Awards, and has had four albums peak at number one on the Billboard 200. The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards)—or Grammys —are presented annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences  The band's 1991 album Metallica, has sold over 15 million copies, which makes it the 25th highest selling album in the United States. 
Metallica was formed in Los Angeles, California, in early 1981 when drummer Lars Ulrich placed an advertisement in a Los Angeles newspaper—The Recycler—which read "Drummer looking for other metal musicians to jam with Tygers of Pan Tang, Diamond Head and Iron Maiden. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Lars Ulrich (born December 26 1963) is a Danish Drummer best known as the co-founder of the American heavy metal The Recycler is a Los Angeles based classifieds only Newspaper, started by Gunter and Nancy Schaldach in 1973 A jam session is a Musical act where Musicians gather and play (or "jam") without extensive preparation or predefined Arrangements Tygers Of Pan Tang are a heavy metal band originating from Whitley Bay in the North-East of England, formed in 1978 Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. For other uses see Iron maiden. " Guitarist James Hetfield and Hugh Tanner of Leather Charm answered the advertisement. James Alan Hetfield (born August 3, 1963, in Downey California) is the main Songwriter, co-founder vocalist and Rhythm guitarist Leather Charm was a short-lived American heavy metal band from Downey California. Although he had not formed a band, Ulrich asked Metal Blade Records founder Brian Slagel if he could record a song for the label's upcoming compilation Metal Massacre. Artists Current artists 3 The Absence Aeon A Love Ends Suicide(Now Let's Fighting Brian Slagel (born Feb 14th 1961 is the owner and founder of Metal Blade Records. Metal Massacre is a series of compilations released on Metal Blade Records. Slagel accepted, and Ulrich recruited Hetfield to sing and play rhythm guitar. Rhythm guitar is the use of a Guitar to provide Rhythmic chordal Accompaniment for a singer or other instruments in a Musical ensemble 
Ulrich talked to his friend Ron Quintana, who was brainstorming names for a fanzine. A fanzine (see also Zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre for the pleasure Quintana had proposed the names Metal Mania and Metallica. Convincing him to use Metal Mania, Ulrich used Metallica for the name of his band. A second advertisement was placed in The Recycler for a position as lead guitarist. Lead guitar refers to the use of a Guitar to perform Melody lines instrumental fill passages, and Guitar solos within a song structure Dave Mustaine answered, and, after seeing his expensive guitar equipment, Ulrich and Hetfield recruited him. David Scott Mustaine (born September 13, 1961 in La Mesa, California USA) is the lead/rhythm Guitarist, Songwriter In early 1982, Metallica recorded its first original song "Hit the Lights" for the Metal Massacre I compilation. Hetfield played bass on the song and Lloyd Grant was credited with a guitar solo. Lloyd Grant is a Jamaican musician Although many stories claim Grant was actually a member of Metallica James maintains that this single slapdash encounter was the only  Released on June 14, 1982, early pressings of Metal Massacre I listed the band incorrectly as "Mettallica". Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Although angered by the error, Metallica managed to create enough "buzz" with the song and the band played its first live show on March 14, 1982, at Radio City in Anaheim, California with newly recruited bassist Ron McGovney. Word of mouth, is a reference to the passing of Information by verbal means especially recommendations but also general information in an informal person-to-person Events 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Ron McGovney (born November 2, 1963, Los Angeles California) is an American musician most notable for being Metallica 's first bass  Metallica recorded its first demo titled Power Metal, a name inspired by Quintana's early business cards in early 1982. In the Fall of 1982, Ulrich and Hetfield attended a show at the nightclub Whisky a Go Go, which featured bassist Cliff Burton in a band called Trauma. For a fire at the similarly named nightclub in Brisbane, Australia, see Whiskey Au Go Go fire. Clifford Lee Burton (February 10 1962 &ndash September 27 1986 was a bass guitarist best known for his work with the American heavy metal band Metallica The two were "blown away" by Burton's use of a wah-wah pedal and asked him to join Metallica. A wah-wah pedal (or just wah pedal) is a type of Guitar Effects pedal that alters the tone of the signal to create a distinctive effect intended to mimic Hetfield and Mustaine wanted McGovney out as they thought that he "didn't contribute anything, he just followed. " Although Burton initially declined the offer, by the end of the year he accepted on the condition the band move to San Francisco. Metallica's first live performance with Burton was at the nightclub The Stone in March 1983, and the first recording to feature Burton was the 1983 Megaforce demo. Metallica recorded several demos throughout their career The following is a chronology of Metallica demos Ron McGovney's '82 Garage Demo This is a demo tape 
Metallica was ready to record its debut album, but when Metal Blade was unable to cover the additional cost, the band began looking for other options. Concert promoter Johnny "Z" Zazula, who had heard the 1982 No Life 'til Leather demo, offered to broker a record deal with Metallica and New York City-based record labels. John Zazula, also known as Johny Z or John "the well is dry" Zazula is the owner of New York's legendary " Rock'n Roll Heaven " record store and founder of The City of New York After receiving no interest from various record labels, Zazula borrowed the money to cover the record's recording budget and signed Metallica to his own label, Megaforce Records. Megaforce Records has been the Record label for bands in the heavy metal genres and also rock genres including Metallica, Anthrax, Testament  Band members decided to kick Mustaine out of the band due to drug and alcohol abuse, and violent behavior. Alcohol abuse, as described in the DSM-IV, is a psychiatric diagnosis describing the use of Alcoholic beverages despite negative consequences  Exodus guitarist Kirk Hammett flew in to replace Mustaine the same afternoon. Exodus is an American Thrash metal band formed in 1980 in San Francisco, California by guitarist Gary Holt, current Metallica Kirk Lee Hammett (born November 18, 1962) is the Lead guitarist and a songwriter in the band Metallica and has been a member of the band Metallica's first show with Hammett was on April 16, 1983, at the nightclub The Showplace in Dover, New Jersey. Events 1178 BC - A Solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom Year 1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar) Dover is a Town in Morris County, New Jersey on the Rockaway River. 
Mustaine has expressed his dislike for Hammett in interviews. He said Hammett "stole my job, but at least I got to bang his girlfriend before he took my job — how do I taste, Kirk?" Mustaine was "pissed off" because he believes Hammett became popular by playing the guitar leads that Mustaine wrote.  In a 1985 interview with Metal Forces, Mustaine slammed Hammett saying, "it's real funny how Kirk Hammett ripped off every lead break I'd played on that No Life 'til Leather tape and got voted No. The British publication Metal Forces emerged during 1983 and aided greatly in the promotion of metal and rock genre music 1 guitarist in your magazine. " On Megadeth's 1985 debut album Killing Is My Business... And Business Is Good!, Mustaine included the song "Mechanix", which Metallica renamed as "The Four Horsemen" on Kill 'Em All. Killing Is My Business and Business Is Good! is the debut album by American heavy metal band Megadeth. Mustaine said he did this to "straighten Metallica up", as Metallica referred to Mustaine as a drunk and said he could not play guitar. 
In 1983, Metallica traveled to Rochester, New York to record its first album, Metal Up Your Ass, with production duties handled by Paul Curcio. Rochester is a city in Monroe County, New York State, south of Lake Ontario in the United States. Due to conflicts with the band's record label and the distributors' refusal to release an album with that name, it was renamed Kill 'Em All. Kill 'Em All is the debut album by Metallica. It was recorded in only two weeks on a small budget Released on Megaforce Records in the U. S. and Music for Nations in Europe, the album peaked on the Billboard 200 at number 120, and although the album was not initially a financial success, it earned Metallica a growing fan base in the underground metal scene. Music for Nations was a British Independent record label focusing mainly on rock and metal. Underground music refers to a variety of post-1960s rock pop or dance subgenres that developed a Cult following despite their lack of Mainstream appeal visibility The band embarked on the Kill 'Em All For One tour with Raven to support the release. Raven are an English heavy metal band associated with the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement  In February 1984, Metallica supported Venom on the Seven Dates of Hell tour, where they performed in front of 7,000 people at the Aardschok Festival in Zwolle, Netherlands. Venom are an English Zwolle is a Municipality and the capital city of the province of Overijssel, Netherlands, 120 kilometers northeast of Amsterdam. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands 
Metallica recorded its second studio album, Ride the Lightning, at Sweet Silence Studios in Copenhagen, Denmark. Ride the Lightning is the second album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released on July 27 1984 by Megaforce Records Copenhagen (ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən ˈkəʊpənˌheɪgən ˈkəʊpənˌhɑːgən kʰøb̥ənˈhɑʊ̯ˀn kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn is the capital and largest city Released in August 1984, the album peaked at number 100 on the Billboard 200.  A French printing press mistakenly printed green covers for the album, which are now considered collectors' items. Other songs on the album include "For Whom the Bell Tolls", "Creeping Death" (which tells the biblical story of the Hebrews' exodus from slavery in Egypt, focusing on the various plagues that were visited on the Egyptians), and the instrumental "The Call of Ktulu". " For Whom the Bell Tolls " is a song by Metallica, the third track from their second album Ride the Lightning. " Creeping Death " is a song by Metallica and is the seventh track on their 1984 album Ride the Lightning. An instrumental is a Musical composition or recording without Lyrics or any other sort of Vocal music; all of the Music is produced by Mustaine received a writing credit for "Ride the Lightning" and "The Call of Ktulu". 
Elektra Records A&R director Michael Alago, and co-founder of Q-Prime Management Cliff Burnstein, attended a September 1984 Metallica concert. Elektra Records is a now-dormant American Record label owned by Warner Music Group (WMG and from 2004 on operating under WMG's Atlantic Records Artists and Repertoire ( A&R) is the division of a Record label that is responsible for talent scouting and artist development Impressed with what they saw, they signed Metallica to Elektra Records and made the band a client of Q-Prime Management.  Metallica's burgeoning success was such that the band's British label Music for Nations issued a limited edition Creeping Death EP, which sold 40,000 copies as an import in the U. S. Two of the three songs on the record (cover versions of Diamond Head's "Am I Evil?", and Blitzkrieg's "Blitzkrieg") appeared on the 1989 Elektra reissue of Kill 'Em All. In Popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition ( Performance or Recording) of a previously recorded commercially released Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. Lightning to the Nations is the debut album by heavy metal band Diamond Head. Blitzkrieg are a heavy metal band from Leicester formed in 1980 consisting of Brian Ross (vocals Ken Johnson (guitar Guy Laverick (guitar Paul  Metallica embarked on its first major European tour with Tank to an average crowd of 1,300. Tank is a British heavy metal band formed in 1980 by Algy Ward, a former member of The Damned. Returning to the U. S. marked a tour co-headlining with W.A.S.P. and Armored Saint supporting. WASP is an American heavy metal band formed in 1982 and emerged with the L Armored Saint is a Los Angeles, United States based heavy metal band Metallica played its largest show at the Monsters of Rock festival on August 17, 1985, with Bon Jovi and Ratt at Donington Park in England, playing in front of 70,000 people. Monsters of Rock was an annual rock music festival in England held every August at the Castle Donington racetrack from 1980&ndash1996 (with the odd exception Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) Bon Jovi is an American Hard rock band from Sayreville New Jersey. Ratt is an American Glam metal band that formed in San Diego and enjoyed significant commercial success in the 1980s Donington Park is a site near Castle Donington in North West Leicestershire, England, owned by Donington Ventures Leisure Ltd A show in Oakland, California, at the Day on the Green festival saw the band play in front of a crowd of 60,000. Oakland (ˈoʊklənd founded in 1852 is the eighth-largest city in the U Day On The Green was the name of a Concert series in Oakland, California, presented by Bill Graham and his company Bill Graham Presents 
Metallica's third studio album, Master of Puppets was recorded at Sweet Silence Studios and was released in March 1986. Master of Puppets is the third studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica. The album peaked at number 29 on the Billboard 200, and spent 72 weeks on the chart. The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard  The album was the band's first to be certified gold on November 4, 1986, and was certified six times platinum in 2003. Events 1333 - Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar)  Some critics, including Steve Huey of All Music Guide, consider the album to be the "greatest heavy metal album of all time", and earned Metallica the title of the "pioneers of thrash metal". allmusic (previously All Music Guide) is a Metadata database about music owned by All Media Guide.  Following the release of the album, Metallica supported Ozzy Osbourne for a U. John Michael "Ozzy" Osbourne (born December 3 1948) is a British singer S. tour.  Hetfield broke his wrist skateboarding down a hill and continued the tour performing vocals, with guitar technician John Marshall playing rhythm guitar. John Marshall is a former Guitarist for the heavy metal band Metal Church (1989-1993 1998-2001 
On September 27, 1986, during the European leg of Metallica's Damage Inc. tour, members drew cards to see which bunk of the tour bus they would sleep in. Ljungby is a town in Småland, Sweden, and the seat of Ljungby Municipality in Kronoberg County. Events 489 - Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) Burton won and chose to sleep in Hammett's bunk. Around dawn near Dörarp, Sweden, the bus driver lost control and skidded, which caused the bus to flip several times. "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. In motoring terms a skid mark is the mark a tire makes when a vehicle wheel stops rolling and slides or spins on the surface of the road Ulrich, Hammett, and Hetfield sustained no serious injuries; however, bassist Burton was pinned under the bus and was killed. Hetfield recalls, "I saw the bus lying right on him. I saw his legs sticking out. I freaked. The bus driver, I recall, was trying to yank the blanket out from under him to use for other people. I just went, 'Don't fucking do that!' I already wanted to kill the guy. " Burton's death left Metallica's future in doubt. The three remaining members decided that Burton would want them to carry on, and with the Burton family's blessings, the band sought a replacement. 
Roughly 40 people tried out for auditions including Hammett's childhood friend Les Claypool of Primus, Troy Gregory of Prong, and Jason Newsted, formerly of Flotsam and Jetsam. Leslie Edward "Les" Claypool (born September 29, 1963 in Richmond, California, U Primus is an American rock band currently composed of singer and bassist Les Claypool, guitarist Larry "Ler" LaLonde, and Troy Gregory (b November 13, 1966) Detroit Michigan.singer songwriter multi instrumentalist film maker performer current solo performer Prong is an American Crossover thrash / Thrash metal and later Groove metal / Industrial metal band that formed in 1986 Jason Curtis Newsted (born March 4, 1963 in Battle Creek Michigan) is an American bassist best known as the former bassist of Metallica Flotsam And Jetsam is a Thrash metal band that formed in Phoenix, Arizona in 1983. Newsted learned Metallica's entire setlist, and after the audition Metallica invited him to Tommy's Joint in San Francisco. Hetfield, Ulrich, and Hammett decided that Newsted was the one to replace Burton, and Newsted's first live performance with Metallica was at the Country Club in Reseda, California. The members took it on themselves to "initiate" Newsted by tricking him into eating a ball of wasabi. Wasabi (わさびja ワサビ, ja 山葵 (originally written ja 和佐比 Wasabia japonica, Cochlearia wasabi, or Eutrema japonica) is a member 
In March 1987, Hetfield broke his wrist a second time skateboarding. Guitar technician Miller returned playing rhythm guitar, but the injury forced the band to cancel a Saturday Night Live appearance. Saturday Night Live ( SNL) is a weekly late-night 90-minute American Sketch comedy / Variety show based in New York City Metallica finished its tour in the early months of 1987, and in August 1987 an all-covers EP titled The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited was released. An extended play ( EP) is a Vinyl record, CD, or Music download which contains more music than a single, but is too short to qualify The $598 EP Garage Days Re-Revisited is an EP released by the American heavy metal band Metallica in August 1987 The EP was recorded in an effort to utilize the band's newly constructed recording studio, test out the talents of Newsted, and to relieve grief and stress following the death of Burton. A video titled Cliff 'Em All was released in 1987 commemorating Burton's three years in Metallica. Cliff 'Em All is a concert video released as a Tribute to Metallica 's late bassist Cliff Burton. Footage included bass solos, home videos, and pictures. Guitar solos are a melodic passage section or entire piece of music written for an Electric guitar or an Acoustic guitar. 
...And Justice for All, the group's first studio album since Burton's death, was released in 1988. The album was a commercial success, peaking at number six on the Billboard 200, the band's first album to enter the top 10.  The album was certified platinum nine weeks after its release.  Newsted's bass was purposely turned down on the album as a part of the continuous "hazing" he received, and his musical ideas were ignored. Hazing is an often Ritualistic test and a task which may constitute Harassment, Abuse or Humiliation with requirements to perform random often  There were complaints with the production; namely, Steve Huey of All Music Guide noted Ulrich's drums were clicking more than thudding, and the guitars "buzz thinly". allmusic (previously All Music Guide) is a Metadata database about music owned by All Media Guide.  The Damaged Justice tour followed to promote the album. Damaged Justice 88-89 was the heavy metal band Metallica 's fourth Concert tour, which lasted from 1988 to 1989 
In 1989, Metallica received its first Grammy Award nomination for . The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards)—or Grammys —are presented annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences . . And Justice for All, in the new Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrument category. The Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental was awarded at the 1989 ceremony for music released in the previous year Metallica was the favorite to win; however, the award was given to Jethro Tull for the album Crest of a Knave. Jethro Tull are a British rock group formed in 1967-1968 Their music is marked by the distinctive vocal style and lead Flute work of front man Crest of a Knave is an Album by the British Progressive rock group Jethro Tull, released in 1987  The result generated controversy among fans and the press, as Metallica was standing off-stage waiting to receive the award after performing the song "One". " One " is a Grammy Award winning song by Heavy metal band Metallica. Jethro Tull had been advised by its manager not to attend the ceremony as he was expecting Metallica to win.  The award was named in Entertainment Weekly's "Grammy's 10 Biggest Upsets". Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated as EW) is a Magazine published by Time Inc  Three years later, Ulrich referred to the award when accepting a Grammy for "Enter Sandman" stating "We gotta thank Jethro Tull for not putting out an album this year. " Enter Sandman " is a song by American heavy metal band Metallica, featured as the Opening track and lead single from their "
Following the release of . . . And Justice for All, Metallica released its debut music video for the song "One". " One " is a Grammy Award winning song by Heavy metal band Metallica. The band performed the song in an abandoned warehouse, and footage was remixed with the film, Johnny Got His Gun. Johnny Got His Gun is a 1971 Anti-war film based on the novel of the same name written and directed by Dalton Trumbo and starring Timothy Rather than organize an ongoing licensing deal, Metallica purchased the rights to the film. The remixed video was submitted to MTV, with the alternate performance-only version held back in the event that MTV banned the remix version. MTV ( Music Television) is an American Cable television network based in New York City. MTV accepted the remix version, and the video was viewers' first exposure to Metallica. It was voted number 38 in 1999 when MTV aired its "Top 100 Videos of All Time" countdown, and was featured in the network's 25th Anniversary edition of ADD Video, which showcased the most popular videos on MTV in the last 25 years. 
In October 1990, Metallica entered One on One studio in North Hollywood to record its next album. Bob Rock, who had worked with the bands The Cult, Bon Jovi, and Mötley Crüe, was hired as producer. Robert Jens Rock, aka Bob Rock (born 19 April, 1954 in Winnipeg, Manitoba) is a Canadian Musician The Cult are an English rock band which gained a dedicated following in their native Britain with mid-'80s singles like " She Sells Sanctuary " Bon Jovi is an American Hard rock band from Sayreville New Jersey. Mötley Crüe ( IPA pronunciation: /'mɒtliː Metallica (also known as "The Black Album") was remixed three times, cost $1 million, and ended three marriages. Metallica (also known as The Black Album) is the self-titled 5th studio Album by the American heavy metal band  Although the release was stalled until 1991, Metallica peaked at number one on the Billboard 200 with shipments exceeding 650,000 units in its first week.  The album was responsible for bringing Metallica to the attention of the mainstream and has been certified 15 times platinum in the U. S. , which makes it the 25th highest-selling album in the country.  The making of Metallica and the following tour was documented in A Year and a Half in the Life of Metallica. A Year and a Half in the Life of Metallica is a two-part documentary about the process of making the Metallica album (or "The Black Album" Dubbed the Wherever We May Roam Tour, it lasted 14 months and included dates in the U. Wherever We May Roam was a Concert tour by Metallica that began in autumn 1991. S. , Japan, and England. 
On August 8, 1992, during the financially successful co-headlining GNR-Metallica Stadium Tour with Guns N' Roses, Hetfield suffered severe second and third degree burns to his arms, face, hands, and legs. Events 1220 - Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula. Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) The GNR-Metallica Stadium Tour was a famed joint co-headlining Concert tour by Guns N' Roses and Metallica during 1992 Guns N' Roses is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1985 A burn is a type of Injury that may be caused by Heat, cold, Electricity, Chemicals, Light, Radiation, or There was confusion with the new pyrotechnics setup, which resulted with Hetfield walking into a 12-foot (3. The term "pyrotechnics" can also be used for Fireworks events 7 m) flame during "Fade to Black". Newsted recalls Hetfield's skin was "bubbling like on The Toxic Avenger". The Toxic Avenger is an American Cult classic Comedy horror Film first released in late 1985 by Troma Entertainment  Guitar technician John Marshall replaced Hetfield for the remainder of the tour as Hetfield was unable to play guitar, although was able to sing. The band's first box set was released in November 1993 called Live Shit: Binge & Purge. Live Shit Binge & Purge is Metallica 's first Live album, released in 1993 The collection contained three live CDs, three home videos, and a book filled with riders and letters. 
After almost three years of touring to support Metallica, including a headlining performance at Woodstock '94, Metallica returned to the studio to write and record its sixth studio album. Woodstock '94 was a Music festival organized in order to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the original Woodstock Festival of 1969. The band took a break in the summer of 1995 and played three outdoor shows which included headlining Donington Park in the U. Donington Park is a site near Castle Donington in North West Leicestershire, England, owned by Donington Ventures Leisure Ltd K. , supported by Slayer, Skid Row, Slash's Snakepit, Therapy?, and Corrosion of Conformity. Slayer is an American Thrash metal band founded by Guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King in Slash's Snakepit was a Rock band formed by then- Guns N' Roses lead guitarist Slash in 1994. Therapy? are an Alternative metal band from Northern Ireland. Corrosion of Conformity (also known as COC) is an American heavy metal band from Raleigh, North Carolina formed in 1982 The short tour was titled Escape From The Studio '95. The band spent roughly one year writing and recording new songs, resulting in the release of Load in 1996, which entered the Billboard 200 and ARIA Charts at number one, marking the band's second number one. Load is the sixth studio Album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released June 4 1996. The ARIA charts are the main Australian music sales charts issued weekly by the Australian Recording Industry Association.  The cover of Load was created by Andres Serrano, and was called Blood and Semen III. Andres Serrano (born August 15, 1950) is an American photographer who has become most notorious through his photos of corpses as well as Serrano pressed a mixture of his own semen and bovine blood between sheets of plexiglass, but not all fans were happy with the cover. Physiological aspects Internal and external fertilization Depending on the Species, spermatozoa can fertilize  The release marked a change in musical direction for the band as some critics and fans accused Metallica of "going alternative", and "selling out". Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative; known primarily in the UK as indie) is a genre of "Sold Out" redirects here For other uses see Sold Out (disambiguation or Selling Out (disambiguation. The band members received haircuts, and headlined the alternative rock festival Lollapalooza, which lead to further accusations. Lollapalooza is an American music festival featuring Alternative rock, hip hop, and Punk rock bands Dance and Comedy performances 
During early production of the album, the band had produced enough material for a double album. A double album is an audio Album which spans two units of the primary medium in which it is sold (especially records and Compact Discs. It was decided that half of the songs were to be released, and the band would continue to work on the remaining songs and release them the following year. This resulted in the follow-up album, ReLoad. RELOAD is a JISC -funded project developing tools to facilitate the use of emerging Learning Technology Interoperability specifications such as those produced by ADL The cover was created by Serrano, this time using a mixture of blood and urine.  ReLoad peaked at number one on the Billboard 200, and number two on the Top Canadian Album chart.  Hetfield noted in the 2004 documentary film Some Kind of Monster that the songs on these albums were initially thought by the band to be of average quality, and were "polished and reworked" until judged to be releasable. Some Kind of Monster is a 2004 American Documentary film featuring the heavy metal band Metallica.  To promote ReLoad, Metallica performed on NBC's Saturday Night Live in December 1997, performing "Fuel" and "The Memory Remains" with Marianne Faithfull. The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's Saturday Night Live ( SNL) is a weekly late-night 90-minute American Sketch comedy / Variety show based in New York City " Fuel " is the opening song from Metallica 's ReLoad album "The Memory Remains" is a song by Metallica from their 1997 album ReLoad. Marianne Faithfull (born December 29 1946) is an English Singer, Songwriter, actress and Diarist whose 
In 1998, Metallica compiled a double album of cover songs titled Garage Inc.. Garage Inc is a compilation / cover album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released in 1998. The first disc contained newly recorded covers by bands such as Diamond Head, Killing Joke, The Misfits, Thin Lizzy, Mercyful Fate, and Black Sabbath. Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. Killing Joke are an English Post-punk rock band formed in 1979 The Misfits are an American Thin Lizzy are an Irish Hard rock band who formed in Dublin, Ireland in 1969 Mercyful Fate is an influential Danish heavy metal band often cited among the influences in the Black metal, Thrash metal, Power metal Black Sabbath are an The second disc featured the original The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited, which had become a scarce collectors' item. The $598 EP Garage Days Re-Revisited is an EP released by the American heavy metal band Metallica in August 1987 The album entered the Billboard 200 at number two. 
On April 21 and April 22, 1999, Metallica recorded two performances with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra conducted by Michael Kamen. Events 753 BC - Romulus and Remus found Rome ( traditional date) Events 1500 - Portuguese Navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) The San Francisco Symphony ( SFS) is a leading Orchestra based in San Francisco California. Michael Kamen ( April 15, 1948 – November 18, 2003) was an American Composer (especially of Film scores Kamen, who had previously worked with producer Rock on "Nothing Else Matters", approached the band in 1991 with the idea of pairing Metallica's music with a symphony orchestra. " Nothing Else Matters " is a song by heavy metal band Metallica. Kamen and his staff of over 100 composed additional orchestral material for Metallica songs. Metallica wrote two new Kamen-scored songs for the event, "No Leaf Clover" and "- Human". "No Leaf Clover" is the eighth song on Metallica 's ''S&M'' album. The audio recording and concert footage were released in 1999 as the album and concert film S&M. S&M is a live album by the American heavy metal band Metallica, recorded live with the San Francisco Symphony on April 21-22 It entered the Billboard 200 at number two, and the Australian ARIA charts and Top Internet Albums chart at number one. 
In 2000, Metallica discovered a demo of its song "I Disappear", which was supposed to be released in combination with the Mission: Impossible II soundtrack, was receiving radio airplay. A demo version or demo of a song (shortened from the word "demonstration" is one recorded for reference rather than for release "I Disappear" is a song by the heavy metal band Metallica. Mission Impossible II Music from and Inspired by is the Soundtrack for the movie Mission Impossible II. Tracing the source of the leak, the band found the file on the Napster peer-to-peer file-sharing network, and also found that the band's entire catalogue was freely available. Napster was an online music file sharing service created by Shawn Fanning while he was attending Northeastern University in Boston and operating For other uses of the term see Peer-to-peer (disambiguation For peer-to-peer networks used for file sharing see File sharing  Legal action was initiated against Napster with Metallica filing a lawsuit at the U.S. District Court, Central District of California, alleging that Napster violated three areas of the law: copyright infringement, unlawful use of digital audio interface device, and the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. The United States district courts are the general Trial courts of the United States federal court system. The US District Court for the Central District of California (commonly referred to as the CDCA CACD or C 'Copyright infringement' (or copyright violation) is the unauthorized use of material that is covered by Copyright law in a manner that violates The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (commonly referred to as RICO Act or RICO) is a United States federal law that provides for extended 
Though the lawsuit named three universities for copyright infringement, the University of Southern California, Yale University, and Indiana University, no individuals were named. The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly Indiana University, founded in 1820, is a nine-campus University system in the state of Indiana. Yale and Indiana complied and blocked the service from its campuses, and Metallica withdrew the universities' inclusion in the lawsuit.  Southern California, however, had a meeting with students to figure out what was going to happen with Napster. School administrators wanted it banned as it used 40% of the bandwidth, which was not for educational purposes. 
Metallica hired online consulting firm NetPD to monitor the Napster service for a weekend. A list of 335,435 Napster users who were believed to be sharing Metallica's music was compiled, and the 60,000 page document was delivered to Napster's office as Metallica requested the users be banned from the service.  The users were banned, and rap artist Dr. Dre joined the lawsuit against Napster, which resulted in an additional 230,142 Napster users banned. Andre Romelle Young (born February 18 1965 primarily known by his stage name Dr 
Ulrich provided a statement to the Senate Judiciary Committee regarding copyright infringement on July 11, 2000. The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a Standing committee of the United States Senate, the Events 911 - Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.  Federal Judge Marilyn Hall Patel ordered the site place a filter on the program in 72 hours or be shutdown. In the United States the title of federal judge usually refers to a Judge appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Judge Marilyn Hall Patel (born 1938) is an active judge presiding in the U Content-control software, also known as censorware or web filtering software, is a term for software designed and optimized for controlling what content  A settlement was reached between Metallica and Napster when German media conglomerate Bertelsmann AG BMG showed interest to purchase the rights to Napster for $94 million. Bertelsmann AG is a transnational media corporation founded in 1835 based in Gütersloh, Germany. Under the terms of settlement, Napster agreed to block users who shared music by artists who do not want their music shared.  However, on June 3, 2002 Napster filed for Chapter 11 protection under U. Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Chapter 11 is a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, which permits reorganization under the Bankruptcy laws of the United States S. bankruptcy laws. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their Creditors Creditors may file a bankruptcy petition against On September 3, 2002, an American bankruptcy judge blocked the sale to Bertelsmann and forced Napster to liquidate its assets according to Chapter 7 of the U. Events 36 BC - In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Chapter 7 of the Title 11 of the United States Code (Bankruptcy Code governs the process of Liquidation under the Bankruptcy laws of the S. bankruptcy laws. 
At the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards, Ulrich appeared in a skit with host Marlon Wayans that blasted the idea of using Napster to share music. The MTV Video Music Awards were established in the end of the summer of 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top Music videos of the year Marlon L Wayans (born July 23, 1972) is an American Actor, producer, Comedian, writer, and director Marlon played a college student sitting in his dorm room listening to Metallica's "I Disappear". Ulrich walked in and asked for an explanation. On receiving Wayans' excuse that using Napster was just "sharing", Lars retorted that Marlon's idea of sharing was "borrowing things that were not yours without asking. " He called in the Metallica road crew, who proceeded to confiscate all of Wayans' belongings, leaving him almost nude in an empty room. Napster creator Shawn Fanning responded later in the ceremony by presenting an award wearing a Metallica shirt, saying, "I borrowed this shirt from a friend. Shawn "Napster" Fanning (born November 22, 1980, Brockton Massachusetts) is a Computer programmer. Maybe, if I like it, I'll buy one of my own. " In 2007, Metallica was named #17 on Blender magazine's list of "biggest wusses in rock" for its "anti-Napster crusade". Blender is an American music Magazine that bills itself as "the ultimate guide to music and more" 
As plans were being made to enter the recording studio, Newsted left the band on January 17, 2001. Events 38 BC - Octavian marries Livia Drusilla. 1287 - King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. His statement revealed his departure was based on "private and personal reasons, and the physical damage I have done to myself over the years while playing the music that I love. " During a Playboy interview with Metallica, Newsted revealed intentions he wanted to release an album with his side project, Echobrain. Playboy is an American Men's magazine, founded in Chicago Illinois, by Hugh Hefner and his associates which has grown into Playboy In Popular music, a side project is a project undertaken by one or more persons already known for their involvement in another band Echobrain was an American rock musical group come to prominence as the first offering from former Metallica bassist Jason Newsted. Hetfield was against the idea and said, "When someone does a side project, it takes away from the strength of Metallica" and a side project is "like cheating on your wife in a way".  Newsted countered his statement by saying Hetfield recorded vocals for a song in the South Park movie, and appears on two Corrosion of Conformity albums. South Park Bigger Longer & Uncut is an Academy Award -nominated Animated satirical Comedy Corrosion of Conformity (also known as COC) is an American heavy metal band from Raleigh, North Carolina formed in 1982 Hetfield replied, "My name isn't on those records. And I'm not out trying to sell them", and pondered questions such as, "Where would it end? Does he start touring with it? Does he sell shirts? Is it his band?"
In April 2001, filmmakers Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky began following Metallica to document the recording process of the next studio album. Events 303 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Joseph "Joe" Berlinger (born October 30 1961) is an American documentary film-maker who in collaboration with Bruce Sinofsky, has created Bruce Sinofsky (born March 31, 1956) is an Award-winning documentary film director who began his career at Maysles Films. Over two years, more than 1,000 hours of footage was recorded. On July 19, 2001, before preparations to enter the recording studio, Hetfield entered rehab due to "alcoholism and other addictions". Events 711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Alcoholism is a term with multiple and sometimes conflicting definitions All recording plans were put on hiatus and the band's future was in doubt.  However, when Hetfield returned on December 4, 2001, the band returned to the recording studio and Hetfield was required to work four hours a day, noon to 4 PM, and spend the rest of his time with his family. "December 4th" redirects here For the song by Jay-Z, see December 4th (song. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. The footage recorded by Berlinger and Sinofsky was compiled into the documentary, Some Kind of Monster, which premiered at the Sundance film festival. Some Kind of Monster is a 2004 American Documentary film featuring the heavy metal band Metallica. The Sundance Film Festival is a Film festival that takes place annually in the state of Utah, in the United States. In the documentary, Newsted described his former bandmates' decision to hire a therapist to help solve their problems as "really fucking lame and weak". 
Metallica held auditions for Newsted's permanent replacement in early 2003, after St Anger's completion, for which Bob Rock recorded bass. Bassists that auditioned included Pepper Keenan, Jeordie White, Scott Reeder, Eric Avery, Danny Lohner, and Chris Wyse. Pepper J Keenan, (born May 8, 1967) is the Vocalist and Rhythm guitarist for the Heavy metal band Corrosion of Conformity Jeordie Osbourne White (born June 20 1971 also known by his pseudonym Twiggy Ramirez (derived from Twiggy, a fashion icon and Richard Ramirez, Scott Reeder (born May 16, 1965 in Pomona California) is a bass player formerly of the stoner rock band Kyuss. Eric Adam Avery (born April 25, 1965) is an American Musician, most famous for his co-creation of and for his role as the original Bassist Daniel Patrick Lohner (born December 13, 1970 in Corpus Christi, Texas) most commonly known as Chris Wyse is the current Bass guitarist for the influential Hard rock band The Cult. Following three months of auditions, Robert Trujillo, formerly of Suicidal Tendencies and Ozzy Osbourne's band, was chosen as the new bassist. Roberto Agustín Trujillo (ɾo'beɾto tɾu'xiʎo (born on October 23, 1964) is a Bassist who played with Suicidal Tendencies, Infectious Suicidal Tendencies (also known as ST or Suicidal) is an American Hardcore punk and heavy metal band John Michael "Ozzy" Osbourne (born December 3 1948) is a British singer  As Metallica moved on, Newsted joined Canadian thrash metal band Voivod in 2002, and was Trujillo's replacement in Osbourne's band during the 2003 Ozzfest tour, which included Voivod as part of the touring bill. Voivod are a Canadian heavy metal band from Jonquière, Quebec, Canada. Ozzfest is an annual festival tour of the United States (and in some years Europe) featuring performances by many heavy metal and Hard rock 
In June 2003, Metallica's eighth studio album, St. Anger, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. St Anger is the eighth studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released on June 5, 2003. St. Anger drew criticism from fans and critics, although some praised the aggression of the album.  Ulrich's "steely" sounding snare drum, and the absence of guitar solos received particular criticism. The snare drum is a Drum with strands of snares made of curled metal wire metal cable plastic cable or gut cords stretched across the a drumhead typically  Kevin Forest Moreau of Shakingthrough. net commented that "the guitars stumble in a monotone of mid-level, processed rattle; the drums don't propel as much as struggle to disguise an all-too-turgid pace; and the rage is both unfocused and leavened with too much narcissistic navel-gazing", and Brent DiCrescenzo of Pitchfork Media described it as "an utter mess". Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork, is a Chicago -based daily Internet publication devoted to music criticism and commentary  However, Blender magazine called it the "grimiest and grimmest of the band's Bob Rock productions", and New York Magazine called it "utterly raw and rocking". Blender is an American music Magazine that bills itself as "the ultimate guide to music and more" New York is a weekly magazine concerned with the life culture politics and style of New York City.  The title track, "St. Anger", won the Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 2004, and was used as the official theme song for WWE's SummerSlam 2003. The Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance has been awarded since 1989. World Wrestling Entertainment Inc ( WWE) is a publicly traded privately controlled integrated media (focusing in Television, Internet, SummerSlam (2003 was a Professional wrestling Pay-per-view (PPV event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE which took place on August 24 
Before the band's set at the 2004 Download Festival in England, Ulrich was rushed to hospital with a mysterious illness, and was unable to perform. The Download Festival is a three day Music festival held annually at Donington Park (which hosted the Monsters of Rock Festivals between 1980 and 1996  Hetfield searched for volunteers at the last minute to replace Ulrich. Slayer drummer Dave Lombardo, and Slipknot drummer Joey Jordison volunteered. Slayer is an American Thrash metal band founded by Guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King in Dave Lombardo (born February 16 1965 in Havana, Cuba) is a heavy metal Drummer best known for his work with American Thrash metal Slipknot is an American band from Des Moines Iowa. Slipknot consists of nine members the current band members are Sid Nathan Jonas "Joey" Jordison (born April 26, 1975) is an American musician songwriter and Record producer. Lombardo performed the songs "Battery" and "The Four Horsemen", Ulrich's drum technician Flemming Larsen performed "Fade To Black", with Jordison performing the remainder of the set. "Battery" is the opening track of Metallica 's 1986 album Master of Puppets. Kill 'Em All is the debut album by Metallica. It was recorded in only two weeks on a small budget  Having toured for two years in support of St. Anger on the Summer Sanitarium Tour 2003 and the Madly in Anger with the World tour, Metallica took a break from performing and spent most of 2005 with friends and family. In 2003 Metallica staged the Summer Sanitarium Tour 2003, in part to promote their album St The Madly in Anger with the World Tour was a year-long Concert tour by Metallica that took place in 2003 and 2004 in connection with their St However, for two shows on November 13, 2005, and November 15, 2005, Metallica opened for The Rolling Stones at the AT&T Park in San Francisco. Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 655 - Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. AT&T Park is an open-air ballpark, home to the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball. 
In 2006, Metallica announced on its official website that after 15 years, long-time producer Bob Rock was stepping down and would not be producing Metallica's next studio album. Robert Jens Rock, aka Bob Rock (born 19 April, 1954 in Winnipeg, Manitoba) is a Canadian Musician Metallica chose to work with producer Rick Rubin, who has produced albums for bands including Danzig, Slayer, System of a Down, and Slipknot. Frederick Jay "Rick" Rubin (born March 10 1963 in Lido Beach New York) is an American Record producer and is currently Danzig is an American Heavy metal band that fuses dark lyrics and imagery with Blues-rock influences System of a Down (commonly referred to as System or abbreviated as SOAD) is an Armenian American rock band formed in 1994 in  Metallica debuted an untitled song named "The New Song" on June 6, and another song nicknamed "The Other New Song" on August 12. Events 1508 - Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year Events 1099 - First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon - Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid  However, in a June 2007 interview with Greece's Rock Hard Magazine, Trujillo said that the songs "won't make it [on the album], at least not in that form. "
In December 2006, Metallica released a DVD containing all the music videos from 1989 to 2004. The DVD, titled The Videos 1989-2004, sold 28,000 copies in its first week, and entered the Billboard Top Videos chart at number three.  Metallica recorded a cover of Ennio Morricone's "The Ecstasy of Gold" for a tribute album titled We All Love Ennio Morricone, released in February 2007. Ennio Morricone OMRI (born November 10, 1928) is an acclaimed Italian Academy Award -winning composer " The Ecstasy of Gold " is a musical composition by Ennio Morricone, part of his score for the Sergio Leone film The Good the Bad and the Ugly We All Love Ennio Morricone is a 2007 Tribute album honoring noted film composer Ennio Morricone. The cover received a Grammy nomination at the 50th Grammy Awards for the category "Best Rock Instrumental Performance". The 50th Annual Grammy Awards took place at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California, on February 10 2008 starting at 8PM EST. The Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance has been awarded since 1980.  A recording of "The Ecstasy of Gold" has been played as the introduction for Metallica performances since the 1980s. " The Ecstasy of Gold " is a musical composition by Ennio Morricone, part of his score for the Sergio Leone film The Good the Bad and the Ugly However, this new version features the band itself performing the piece, giving a new guitar-based interpretation to the music.  On February 9, 2007, Metallica confirmed that pre-production on the ninth studio album had been completed, and recording began on March 12, 2007. Events 474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. See also Filmmaking Pre-production is the process of preparing all the elements involved in a Film, play, or other Performance. Events 538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.  Set for release in September 2008, Metallica and Rubin "polished" vocal mixes throughout December 2007. 
Metallica embarked on a European tour titled Sick of the Studio '07, which included 11 shows. In July, the band attended Live Earth in London, performing the songs "Sad But True", "Nothing Else Matters", and "Enter Sandman". Live Earth is an annual event developed to to combat climate change. Running order In order of appearance: SOS Allstars (with drummers Roger Taylor of Queen, Taylor Hawkins of " Sad but True " is a heavy metal song recorded by Metallica for their fifth studio album Metallica. " Nothing Else Matters " is a song by heavy metal band Metallica. " Enter Sandman " is a song by American heavy metal band Metallica, featured as the Opening track and lead single from their BBC, who were broadcasting the event from the UK, received 413 complaints after they missed the beginning of "Sad But True", and cut off before "Enter Sandman" to a pre-recorded Crowded House performance from the Sydney, Australia show. Crowded House is a rock group formed in Melbourne, Australia and led by New Zealand musician and Singer-songwriter Neil Finn. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4  The band performed at Wembley Stadium the following day, as part of its Sick of the Studio '07, with support from Mastodon, Machine Head and HIM. Mastodon is a Grammy -nominated heavy metal band and are one of the most notable bands in the New Wave of American Heavy Metal. Machine Head is an American metal band formed in 1992 in Oakland, California. HIM is a rock band from Finland formed in 1991 by vocalist Ville Valo, guitarist Mikko Lindström, 
In May 2008, Metallica played a number of festival-type shows including major headlining slots at the Electric Weekend in Spain, the Pinkpop Festival in the Netherlands, Rock am Ring and Rock im Park Festivals in Germany, and Rock In Rio Festival in Portugal. Pinkpop Festival, or Pinkpop for short is an annual Rock festival held at Landgraaf, Netherlands The Rock am Ring ( Rock at the Ring) and Rock im Park ( Rock in the Park) festivals are two simultaneous Rock music festivals held annually in Rock in Rio, the largest rock festival in the world (15 million people in the first edition 700 thousand in the second about 1 million in the third and in the 3 international editions In June, they played a 15-song set followed by a 3-song encore at the 2008 Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival in Manchester, Tennessee, U.S.
Influenced by Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, and Led Zeppelin, early Metallica releases contained fast tempos, harmonized leads, and nine-minute instrumentals. Black Sabbath are an Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertfordshire in 1968 Led Zeppelin were 2266-Tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl or TEMPO is the Chemical compound with the formula (CH23(CMe22NO In Western music, harmony is the use of different pitches simultaneously and chords actual or implied in Music. An instrumental is a Musical composition or recording without Lyrics or any other sort of Vocal music; all of the Music is produced by Steve Huey of All Music Guide said that Ride the Lightning featured "extended, progressive epics; tight, concise groove-rockers". allmusic (previously All Music Guide) is a Metadata database about music owned by All Media Guide.  Huey felt Metallica expanded its compositional technique and range of expression to take on a more aggressive approach in following releases, and lyrics dealt with more personal and socially conscious issues.  Lyrical themes explored on Master of Puppets included religious and military leaders, rage, insanity, monsters, and drugs. 
In 1991, with new producer Bob Rock, Huey felt Metallica simplified and streamlined its music for a more commercial approach to appeal to the mainstream audience. Robert Jens Rock, aka Bob Rock (born 19 April, 1954 in Winnipeg, Manitoba) is a Canadian Musician  The band abandoned its aggressive, fast tempos to expand its music and expressive range, said Robert Palmer of Rolling Stone. 2266-Tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl or TEMPO is the Chemical compound with the formula (CH23(CMe22NO In Music, the range of a Musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play  The change in direction proved commercially successful as Metallica was the band's first album to peak at number one on the Billboard 200. The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard Metallica noticed changes to the rock scene created by grunge band Nirvana in the 1990s. Nirvana was an American rock band that was formed by singer/guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen Washington. In what has been described as "an almost alternative [rock]" approach, the band focused on non-metal influences and changed musical direction. Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative; known primarily in the UK as indie) is a genre of  Moving away from lyrical themes dealing with drugs and monsters, Metallica's new lyrical approach focused on anger, loss, and retribution. Some fans and critics were not pleased with this change, which included haircuts, the cover of Load, and headlining the alternative rock concert Lollapalooza. Lollapalooza is an American music festival featuring Alternative rock, hip hop, and Punk rock bands Dance and Comedy performances  David Fricke of Rolling Stone described the move as "goodbye to the moldy stricture and dead-end Puritanism of no-frills thrash" and called Load the heaviest record of 1996. Rolling Stone is a United States -based Magazine devoted to Music, Politics, and Popular culture that is published  With the release of ReLoad in 1997, the band focused on blues, rock, and country influences as exemplified in the song "The Unforgiven II", incorporating more rhythm and harmony in song structures. The Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of Music based on the use of the Blue notes It emerged as an accessible form of self-expression Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. " The Unforgiven II " is a song performed by Metallica. Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός - rhythmos, "any measured flow or movement symmetry" is the variation of the length and accentuation of 
St. Anger marked the biggest musical change of the band's career. Bored with guitar solos, Ulrich chose to omit them from the album, leaving a "raw and unpolished sound". Guitar solos are a melodic passage section or entire piece of music written for an Electric guitar or an Acoustic guitar.  The band used drop C tuning, and Ulrich's snare drum received particular criticism. Dropped C tuning is one of two different alternative Guitar tunings. The snare drum is a Drum with strands of snares made of curled metal wire metal cable plastic cable or gut cords stretched across the a drumhead typically New York Magazine's Ethan Brown noted it "reverberates with a thwong", Lyrics on the album dealt with Hetfield's stint in rehab, including references to the devil, anti-drug themes, claustrophobia, impending doom, and religion's hypocrisy. New York is a weekly magazine concerned with the life culture politics and style of New York City. Claustrophobia (from Greek κλειστο closed is the fear of enclosed spaces Hypocrisy (or the state of being a hypocrite) is the act of preaching a certain belief religion or way of life but not in fact holding these same virtues oneself  The band's ninth studio album, Death Magnetic, will return to E tuning at the advice of producer Rick Rubin, contain guitar solos, and have Middle Eastern influences. Frederick Jay "Rick" Rubin (born March 10 1963 in Lido Beach New York) is an American Record producer and is currently The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. 
Metallica has become one of the most influential heavy metal bands, and is credited as one of the "big four" of thrash metal, along with Slayer, Anthrax, and Megadeth. Slayer is an American Thrash metal band founded by Guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King in Anthrax is a New York City -based heavy metal band that released its first full-length album in 1984 Megadeth is an American heavy metal band led by founder front man guitarist and songwriter Dave Mustaine.  The band has sold more than 90 million records worldwide, including 57 million in the United States, which makes Metallica the most commercially successful thrash metal band. Thrash metal (sometimes referred to simply as thrash) is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal that is characterized by its fast tempo and aggression  The writers of The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll felt Metallica gave heavy metal "a much-needed charge".  Stephen Thomas Erlewine and Greg Prato of All Music Guide said Metallica, "expanded the limits of thrash, using speed and volume not for their own sake, but to enhance their intricately structured compositions", calling the band "easily the best, most influential heavy metal band of the '80s, responsible for bringing the music back to Earth. " 
Jonathan Davis of Korn respects Metallica as his favorite band and comments, "I love that they've done things their own way and they've persevered over the years and they're still relevant to this day. Jonathan Houseman Davis (born January 18, 1971) is the American vocalist for the multiplatinum Nu metal band Korn. Korn, occasionally typeset as KoЯn or KoRn, is an American Nu metal band from Bakersfield California, and is often credited with popularizing I think they're one of the greatest bands ever. " Godsmack drummer Shannon Larkin said Metallica has been the biggest influence on the band stating, "they really changed my life when I was 16 years old - I’d never heard anything that heavy. Godsmack is an American Hard Rock / Alternative Metal band from Lawrence, Massachusetts, formed in 1996 Shannon Larkin (born April 24 1967) is the current drummer for Godsmack. " Vocalist and guitarist Robb Flynn of Machine Head said that when creating the band's 2007 album, The Blackening, "What we mean is an album that has the power, influence and epic grandeur of that album [Master of Puppets] – and the staying power - a timeless record like that". Robert "Robb" Flynn (born Lawrence Matthew Cardine July 19 1968, Oakland California) is best known as the Lead vocalist Machine Head is an American metal band formed in 1992 in Oakland, California. The Blackening is the sixth Studio album by American Groove metal band Machine Head.  Trivium guitarists Corey Beaulieu and Matt Heafy said that when they heard Metallica they wanted to start playing guitar. Trivium is Corey King Beaulieu (born November 22, 1983 in Brunswick Maine) is the lead guitarist of Florida metal band Trivium. Matthew Kiichi Heafy (born January 26, 1986 in Iwakuni, Japan) also known as Matt Heafy is the Lead vocalist and  M Shadows of Avenged Sevenfold stated touring with Metallica was the band's career highlight, and said "Selling tons of records and playing huge shows will never compare to meeting your idols [Metallica]. Matthew Charles Sanders, better known by his stage name M Shadows (born July 31, 1981) in Huntington Beach California) is the Vocalist Avenged Sevenfold is an American Hard rock band formed in 1999 in Huntington Beach California. " God Forbid guitarists Doc and Dallas Coyle grew up with Metallica as an inspiration, and the band's bassist John Outcalt admires Burton as a "rocker". God Forbid is an American Thrash metal band formed in 1996 in East Brunswick, New Jersey. God Forbid is an American Thrash metal band formed in 1996 in East Brunswick, New Jersey. God Forbid is an American Thrash metal band formed in 1996 in East Brunswick, New Jersey. God Forbid is an American Thrash metal band formed in 1996 in East Brunswick, New Jersey.  Ill Niño drummer Dave Chavarri finds early Metallica releases as "heavy, raw, rebellious. Ill Niño is a six-piece Nu metal band from New Jersey, USA History Ill Niño was founded in 1998 they had released a demo EP in that It said, 'fuck you'", and Adema drummer Kris Kohls says the band is influenced by Metallica. This article is for the band For their self-titled album see Adema (album. Kris Kohls is an American musician and producer current drummer of Adema, who replaced Cesaro Gerasa back in 1999 
Kerrang! released a tribute album with the April 8, 2006, edition of the magazine, titled Master of Puppets: Remastered, which celebrated the 20-year anniversary of Master of Puppets. " The Mook the Chef the Wife and Her Homer " Plot While driving Springfield Elementary School's student's to school Otto stops to meet the members Kerrang! is a weekly rock Magazine published by Bauer Consumer Media in the United Kingdom. A tribute album is a recorded collection of Cover versions of songs or instrumental compositions Events 217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Master of Puppets is the third studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica. The album featured cover versions of Metallica songs by the bands Machine Head, Bullet for My Valentine, Chimaira, Mastodon, Mendeed, and Trivium, all who are influenced by Metallica. In Popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition ( Performance or Recording) of a previously recorded commercially released Machine Head is an American metal band formed in 1992 in Oakland, California. Bullet for My Valentine is an award-wining four-piece Metalcore band from Bridgend, Wales. Mastodons or Mastodonts (from Greek μαστός and οδούς, meaning " Nipple tooth" are members of the extinct Mendeed was a Melodic death metal band formed in 2000 in Dumbarton, Scotland. Trivium is Over 15 Metallica tribute albums have been released. The discography of Metallica a San Francisco -based Thrash metal band consists of nine Studio albums two EPs, two Live albums one On September 10, 2006, Metallica guest starred on The Simpsons' eighteenth season premier "The Mook, the Chef, the Wife and Her Homer", and Hammett's and Hetfield's voices were used in three episodes of the animated television series Metalocalypse. Events 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. " The Mook the Chef the Wife and Her Homer " Plot While driving Springfield Elementary School's student's to school Otto stops to meet the members Metalocalypse is an American Animated television series on Adult Swim created by Brendon Small and Tommy Blacha. 
Finnish cello metal band Apocalyptica released a tribute album, Plays Metallica by Four Cellos, which featured eight Metallica songs recorded with cellos. Cello rock and cello metal are subgenres of Rock music characterized by the use of Cellos (as well as sometimes also other bowed string instruments such Plays Metallica by Four Cellos is the debut album by cello metal group Apocalyptica, released in 1996 The violoncello (abbreviated to cello, or 'cello, plural cellos or celli —the c is tʃ A parody band named Beatallica plays music using a combination of The Beatles and Metallica songs. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 Beatallica faced legal troubles when the Sony Corporation, who own The Beatles' catalogue, ordered a cease-and-desist claiming "substantial and irreparable injury"—ordering the group to pay damages. is a multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Minato Tokyo, Japan, and one of the world's largest Media conglomerates with A cease and desist (also called C & D) is an order or request to halt an activity or else face legal action A fan of Beatallica, Ulrich asked Metallica lawyer Peter Paterno to help settle the legal case. 
Metallica was ranked by MTV as the third "Greatest Heavy Metal Band in History", was listed fifth on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock, and was number one on VH1's 20 Greatest Metal Bands list. MTV ( Music Television) is an American Cable television network based in New York City. VH1 (known as VH-1 Video Hits One from 1985 to 1994 and VH1 Music First until 2003) is an American Cable television VH1 (known as VH-1 Video Hits One from 1985 to 1994 and VH1 Music First until 2003) is an American Cable television  Master of Puppets was ranked number 167 on Rolling Stone's "500 Great Albums of all time", and Metallica was number 252. Rolling Stone is a United States -based Magazine devoted to Music, Politics, and Popular culture that is published  Master of Puppets was named in Q Magazine's "50 Heaviest Albums Of All Time", ranked number one on IGN's "Top 25 Metal Albums", and number one on the Metal-rules. com "Top 100 Heavy Metal Albums" list.  The song "Enter Sandman" was ranked number 399 on Rolling Stone's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time". 
On April 7, 1999, Metallica was inducted into the San Francisco Walk of Fame. Events 529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in Jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) The mayor of San Francisco, Willie Brown, proclaimed the day "Official Metallica Day". Willie Lewis Brown Jr (born March 20, 1934) served over thirty years in the California State Assembly, fifteen years as its Speaker and afterwards  Metallica was awarded the mtvICON award in 2003, and a concert was held paying tribute to the band with artists performing Metallica songs. MTV Icon was an annual tribute show held by MTV, running from 2001 to 2004 Performances included Sum 41 with a medley of "For Whom the Bell Tolls", "Enter Sandman", and "Master of Puppets". Sum 41 (sometimes referred to as The Sums) is a Canadian Pop punk band from Ajax Ontario. In Music, a medley is a piece composed from parts of existing pieces played one after another sometimes Overlapping. Staind covered "Nothing Else Matters", Avril Lavigne played "Fuel", rap artist Snoop Dogg performed "Sad But True", Korn played "One", and Limp Bizkit performed a rendition of "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)". Staind is an American Hard rock group from Springfield, Massachusetts, including lead singer/guitarist Aaron Lewis, lead guitarist Avril Lavigne Whibley (born September 27 1984 better known by her birth name of Avril Lavigne (ˈævrɨl ləˈviːn is a Canadian Grammy Award Cordozar Calvin Broadus Jr (born October 20 1971 His mother nicknamed him " Snoopy " as a child because of the way he dressed and because of his love of Korn, occasionally typeset as KoЯn or KoRn, is an American Nu metal band from Bakersfield California, and is often credited with popularizing Limp Bizkit is an American Nu metal band from Jacksonville, Florida. 
MySpace is a popular social networking Website offering an interactive user-submitted network of friends personal profiles blogs groups photos music and