Megara Hyblaea (Greek: τὰ Μέγαρα) – perhaps identical with Hybla Major – is the name of an ancient Greek colony in Sicily, situated near Augusta on the east coast, 20 km north-northwest of Syracuse, Italy, on the deep bay formed by the Xiphonian promontory. In geography, Hybla may refer to any of several different sites in ancient Sicily: Megara Hyblaea Hybla Major, perhaps Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Hybla Major or Hybla Maior or Hybla Magna ( Greek: = Hybla Megale &ndash the "Greater Hybla" &ndash was a used to identify the most important The term ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages ca Sicily ( Italian and Sicilian: Sicilia) is an autonomous region of Italy. Augusta (Greek and Latin Megara Hyblaea; Medieval Augusta and Agosta; Austa in Sicilian The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand Syracuse (Siracusa Sicilian: Sarausa, Classical Greek: / transliterated Syrakousai) is a historic City in Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest  There were at least three (and possibly as many as five) cities named "Hybla" in ancient accounts of Sicily which are often confounded with each other, and among which it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish. 
It was unquestionably a Greek colony, deriving its origin from the Megara in Greece; and the circumstances attending its foundation are related in detail by Thucydides. Colonies in antiquity were City-states founded from a mother- City Megara ( Greek:, "Big Houses" is an ancient city (pop The term ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages ca Thucydides ( C 460 BC &ndash C 395 BC) ( Greek Θουκυδίδης Thoukydídēs) was a Greek He tells us that a colony from Megara, under the command of a leader named Lamis, arrived in Sicily about the time that Leontini was founded by the Chalcidic colonists, and settled themselves first near the mouth of the river Pantagias, at a place called Trotilon (Latin: Trotilus, modern Brucoli). Lentini ( Lintini in Sicilian, Leontinoi, Leontini and Leontium historically is a Chalcis or Chalkida, Halkida, Halkis or Chalkis ( Greek, Modern Χαλκίδα xal'ciða Ancient/ Katharevousa: -ίς Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. From thence they removed to Leontini itself, where they dwelt for a time together with the Chalcidians; but were soon afterwards expelled by them, and next established themselves on the promontory or peninsula of Thapsos (Latin: Thapsus, modern Magnisi), near Syracuse. Syracuse (Siracusa Sicilian: Sarausa, Classical Greek: / transliterated Syrakousai) is a historic City in Hence they again removed after the death of Lamis, and, at the suggestion of Hyblon, a Sicilian chief of the surrounding country, finally settled at a place afterwards called the Hyblaean Megara. (Thuc. vi. 4. ) Scymnus Chius follows a different tradition, as he describes the establishment of the Chalcidians at Naxos and that of the Megarians at Hybla as contemporary, and both preceding the foundation of Syracuse, 734 BC. Scymnus of Chios (fl c 185 BC) was a Greek Geographer. He was said to have been the author of a Periegesis in prose Naxos or Naxus ( Ancient Greek) was an ancient city of Sicily, on the east coast of the island between Catana (modern Catania) and Messana (modern Events and trends 739 BC — Hiram II becomes king of Tyre. 738 BC — King Tiglath-Pileser III of Strabo also adopts the same view of the subject, as he represents Megara as founded about the same time with Naxos (735 BC), and before Syracuse. Strabo ( Greek: Στράβων 63/64 BC – ca AD 24 was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher. Events and trends 739 BC — Hiram II becomes king of Tyre. 738 BC — King Tiglath-Pileser III of (Scymn. Ch. 271-76; Strab. vi. p. 269. ) It is impossible to reconcile the two accounts, but that of Thucydides is probably the most trustworthy. According to this the foundation of Megara may probably be placed about 726 BC. Events and trends 728 BC — Piye invades Egypt, conquering Memphis, and receives the submission of the rulers of the Nile Professor Miller, in her reinvestigation of ancient source materials has determined that they point to various dates of foundation from 758 BC (per the Chronikon of Eusebius) to 728 BC (from her reconstructions of dates from Thucydides). Events and trends 756 BC — Founding of Cyzicus. 755 BC — Ashur-nirari V succeeds Ashur-Dan III as king of Assyria The Chronicon or Chronicle (Greek Pantodape historia, " Universal History " was a work in two books by Eusebius of Caesarea Events and trends 728 BC — Piye invades Egypt, conquering Memphis, and receives the submission of the rulers of the Nile  Of its earlier history we have scarcely any information, but it would appear to have attained to a flourishing condition, as 100 years after its foundation it sent out, in its turn, a colony to the other end of Sicily, where it founded the city of Selinus, which was destined to rise to far greater power than its parent city. Selinunte ( Greek:; Latin: Selinus) is an ancient Greek archaeological site situated on the south coast of Sicily between (Thuc. vi. 4; Scymn. Ch. 291; Strab. vi. p. 272. )
Nothing more is known of Megara till the period of its destruction by Gelon of Syracuse, about 483 BC, who, after a long siege, made himself master of the city by a capitulation; but, notwithstanding this, caused the bulk of the inhabitants to be sold into slavery, while he established the more wealthy and noble citizens at Syracuse. Gelo (or Gelon, d 478 BC Greek: Γέλων) son of Deinomenes, was a 5th century BC ruler of Gela and Syracuse Events By place Persian empire Xerxes I of Persia is encouraged by his cousin and brother-in-law (Herod. vii. 156; Thuc. vi. 4. ) Among the persons thus removed was the celebrated comic poet Epicharmus, who had received his education at Megara, though not a native of that city. Epicharmus is considered to have lived within the hundred year period between c (Suda, under Ἐπίχαρμος; Diog. Laert. viii. The Suda or Souda ( also, Suidas) is a massive 10th century Byzantine Greek historical encyclopedia of the ancient Mediterranean Diogenes Laërtius ( Greek:, Diogénes Laértios) the biographer of the Greek Philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname 3. ) According to Thucydides, this event took place 245 years after the foundation of Megara, and may therefore be placed about 483 BC. Events By place Persian empire Xerxes I of Persia is encouraged by his cousin and brother-in-law It is certain that Megara never recovered its power and independence. Thucydides distinctly alludes to it as not existing in his time as a city, but repeatedly mentions the locality, on the sea-coast, which was at that time occupied by the Syracusans, but which the Athenian general Lamachus, during the expedition against Syracuse (415-413 BC), proposed to make the head-quarters of their fleet; but his advice was not taken, and in the next spring the Syracusans fortified it. The History of Athens is one of the longest of any city in Europe and in the world Lamachus (Λάμαχος was an Athenian general in the Peloponnesian War. The Sicilian Expedition was an Athenian expedition to Sicily from 415 BC to 413 BC, during the Peloponnesian War. Events By place Greece Athenian Orator and politician Andocides is imprisoned on suspicion of having taken part in Events By place Greece After suffering a defeat in which the Athenian commander Lamachus is killed Demosthenes suggests (Thuc. vi. 49, 96. )
From this time we meet with repeated mention of a place named Megara or Megaris (Scyl. p. Scylax of Caryanda was an ancient Greek explorer from Caria. He lived during the 6th century BC 4. § 6), which it seems impossible to separate from Hybla, and it is probable that the two were, in fact, identical. The site of this later Megara or Hybla may be fixed, with little doubt, at the mouth of the river Alabus (modern Cantera); but there seems much reason to suppose that the ancient city, the original Greek colony, was situated almost close to the remarkable promontory now occupied by the city of Augusta. Augusta (Greek and Latin Megara Hyblaea; Medieval Augusta and Agosta; Austa in Sicilian  It is difficult to believe that this position, the port of which is at least equal to that of Syracuse, while the peninsula itself has the same advantages as that of Ortygia, should have been wholly neglected in ancient times; and such a station would have admirably served the purposes for which Lamachus urged upon his brother generals the occupation of the vacant site of Megara (Thuc. Ortygia is an island near the city of Syracuse Sicily. The island also known as Città Vecchia (Old City contains many historical landmarks vi. 49. ).
Excavations carried on in 1891 led to the discovery of the northern portion of the western town wall, which in one section served at the same time as an embankment against floods — it was apparently more conspicuous in the time of Philipp Cluver, (Sicilia antiqua, Leiden, 1619) p. Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Philipp Clüver (also Klüwer, Cluwer, or Cluvier, Latinized as Philippus Cluverius) (1580 – 1623 was a German 133 — of an extensive necropolis, about 1500 tombs of which have been explored, and of a deposit of votive objects from a temple. A necropolis (plural necropoleis or necropoles) is a large Cemetery or burial place (from Greek nekropolis "city of the dead" The harbour lay to the north of the town.