The Mayor-Council government system, sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system, is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of the people's representatives Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the It is also used in some other countries. The Mayor-Council variant can be broken down into two main variations depending on the relationship between the legislative and executive branches. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town.
In the weak-mayor form of the mayor-council government, the council possesses both legislative and executive authority. The council may appoint officials and must approve of mayoral nominations. The council also exercises primary control over the municipal budget. The mayor, though elected, has little real political power and less independence under this form, serves largely ceremonial duties, and may even be a member of the council. Charles Adrian and Charles Press explain, "The weak-mayor plan is a product of Jacksonian democracy. Jacksonian Democracy refers to the political philosophy of United States President Andrew Jackson and his supporters It comes from the belief that if politicians have few powers and many checks, then they can do relatively little damage. " This form of government is most commonly used in small towns. It is a variant of the city commission government. City Commission government is a form of Municipal government which was once common in the United States, but many cities which were formerly governed by commission Tucson uses the weak-mayor form of mayor-council government. Tucson (ˈtuːsɒn is the seat of Pima County Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast 
The strong-mayor form of mayor-council government consists of a popularly elected executive branch and a legislative branch, usually a city mayor and city council respectively. In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation  In the strong-mayor form the mayor is given almost total administrative authority and a clear, wide range of political independence, with the power to appoint and dismiss department heads without council approval and little public input. In this system, the strong mayor prepares and administers the city budget, although that budget often must be approved by the city council. In some strong-mayor governments, the mayor will appoint a chief administrative officer, or CAO, who will supervise department heads, prepare the budget, and coordinate departments. A chief administrative officer ( CAO) is responsible for administrative management of private public or governmental corporations This CAO, sometimes also called a city manager, is responsible only to the mayor. A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a City, in a council-manager form of city government The government of New York City uses the strong-mayor form of the mayor-council system, as, indeed, do most major American cities. The government of New York City is organized under the City Charter and provides for a "strong" mayor-council system.