|Birth name||Walter Maynard Ferguson|
|Born||May 4, 1928|
|Died||August 23, 2006 (aged 78)|
soprano saxophone, baritone horn
|Years active||1950s – 2006|
|Associated acts||Big Bop Nouveau|
Walter Maynard Ferguson (May 4, 1928 – August 23, 2006) was a Canadian jazz trumpet player and bandleader. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Verdun is a borough ( Arrondissement) of the City of Montreal, situated along the St Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Hard bop is a style of Jazz that is an extension of Bebop (or "bop" music Fusion or more specifically jazz fusion or jazz rock, is a Musical genre that merges Jazz with elements of other styles of music particularly A bandleader is the leader of a band of Musicians The term is most commonly though not exclusively used with a group that plays Popular music as A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making Music. The flugelhorn (also spelled fluegelhorn or flügelhorn) is a Brass instrument resembling a Trumpet but with a wider conical bore The soprano saxophone was invented in 1840 and is a variety of the Saxophone, a Woodwind instrument. The baritone horn, or simply baritone, is a member of the brass family of instruments Big Bop Nouveau is a band formed in the late 1980s by the late Jazz trumpeter Maynard Ferguson. The Superbone is a hybrid Trombone. It is a cross between the slide trombone and the valve trombone - it has both valves and a simultaneously usable slide The Firebird is a type of Trumpet with the standard three valves and the addition of a Trombone -style slide Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States A bandleader is the leader of a band of Musicians The term is most commonly though not exclusively used with a group that plays Popular music as He came to prominence playing in Stan Kenton's orchestra, before forming his own band in 1957. Stanley Newcomb Kenton ( December 15, 1911 – August 25, 1979) was a pianist who led a highly innovative influential and often controversial He was noted for being able to play accurately in a remarkably high register, and for his bands, which served as stepping stones for up-and-coming talent. In Music, a register is the relative "height" or range of a Note, set of pitches or Pitch classes Melody 
Walter Maynard Ferguson was born in Verdun, Quebec (now part of Montreal). Verdun is a borough ( Arrondissement) of the City of Montreal, situated along the St Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec Encouraged by his mother and father (both musicians), Maynard was playing piano and violin by the age of four. The piano is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with Felt covered hammers The violin is a bowed String instrument with four strings usually tuned in Perfect fifths It is the smallest and highest-pitched member At nine years old, he heard a cornet for the first time in his local church and asked his parents to purchase him one. The cornet is a Brass instrument very similar to the Trumpet, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape and mellower tone quality At age thirteen, Ferguson first soloed as a child prodigy with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Orchestra and was heard frequently on the CBC, notably featured on a Serenade for Trumpet in Jazz written for him by Morris Davis. List of child prodigies|Fictional child prodigies A child prodigy is a one who masters one or more skills or arts at an early age Ferguson won a scholarship to the French Conservatory of Music where he studied from 1943 through 1948 with Bernard Baker.
Ferguson dropped out of Montreal High School at age 15 to more actively pursue a music career, performing in dance bands led by Stan Wood, Roland David, and Johnny Holmes. While trumpet was his primary instrument, Ferguson also performed on other brass and reed instruments. Ferguson later took over the dance band formed by his brother Percy, playing dates in the Montreal area and serving as an opening act for touring bands from the United States. During this period, Ferguson came to the attention of numerous American band leaders and began receiving offers to come to the United States.
Ferguson moved to the United States in 1949 and initially played with the bands of Boyd Raeburn, Jimmy Dorsey, and Charlie Barnet. Boyd Raeburn (b Faith, South Dakota, United States, October 27, 1913; d James "Jimmy" Dorsey ( February 29, 1904 &ndash June 12, 1957) was a prominent American Jazz Clarinetist For other persons with this name see Charlie Barnett. Charles Daly Barnet ( October 26, 1913 – September 4 The Barnet band was notable for a trumpet section that also included Doc Severinsen, Ray Wetzel, Johnny Howell, and Rolf Erickson. Carl Hilding "Doc" Severinsen (born July 7, 1927) is an American pop and Jazz Trumpeter. Ferguson was featured on a notoriously flamboyant Barnet recording of Jerome Kern's All The Things You Are that enraged Kern's widow and was subsequently withdrawn from sale. "All the Things You Are" is a song composed by Jerome Kern, with lyrics written by Oscar Hammerstein II. When Barnet temporarily retired in 1949 and disbanded his orchestra, Ferguson was free to accept an offer to join Stan Kenton's newly formed Innovations Orchestra.
Stan Kenton had a longstanding offer to Ferguson but had temporarily disbanded when Ferguson moved to the United States. Stanley Newcomb Kenton ( December 15, 1911 – August 25, 1979) was a pianist who led a highly innovative influential and often controversial Kenton's bands were notable for their bombastic brass sections and Ferguson was a natural fit. In 1950, Kenton formed the Innovations Orchestra, a 40-piece jazz concert orchestra with strings, and with the folding of the Barnet band, Ferguson was available for the first rehearsal on January 1, 1950. While the Innovations Orchestra was not commercially successful, it made a number of remarkable recordings, including "Maynard Ferguson," one of a series of pieces named after featured soloists.
When Kenton returned to a more practical 19-piece jazz band, Ferguson continued with him. Contrary to the natural assumption, Ferguson was not Kenton's lead trumpet player, but played the third chair with numerous solo features (this can be verified by studying the scores written for the Kenton band during this period). Notable recordings from this period that feature Ferguson include Invention for Guitar and Trumpet, What's New and The Hot Canary.
So popular was Ferguson with Kenton that for three years running, 1950, 1951, and 1952, he won the Down Beat Readers' Poll as best trumpeter. Down Beat is an American Magazine devoted to "jazz blues and beyond" to indicate its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively 
In 1953, Ferguson left Kenton to become a first-call session player for Paramount Pictures. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and Distribution company, based in Hollywood California. Ferguson appeared on 46 soundtracks including The Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments is a 1956 motion picture that Dramatized the Biblical story of Moses, an adopted Egyptian Ferguson still recorded jazz during this period, but his Paramount contract prevented him from playing jazz clubs. While he enjoyed the regular paycheck, Ferguson was very unhappy with the lack of live performance opportunities and left Paramount in 1956.
In 1956, Ferguson was tapped to lead the Birdland Dream Band, a 14-piece big band formed by Morris Levy as an "all-star" lineup to play at Levy's Birdland jazz club in New York City. While the name "Birdland Dream Band" was short-lived and is represented by only two albums, this band became the core of Ferguson's performing band for the next nine years. The band included, at various times, such players as Slide Hampton, Don Ellis, Peter Erskine, Don Sebesky, Willie Maiden, John Bunch, Joe Zawinul, Joe Farrell, Jaki Byard, Lanny Morgan, Rufus Jones, Bill Berry and Don Menza. Locksley Wellington "Slide" Hampton (born April 21, 1932 in Jeannette, Pennsylvania) is an American Jazz Don Ellis ( July 25, 1934 - December 17, 1978) was an American jazz trumpeter drummer composer and bandleader Peter Erskine (born June 5, 1954) is an American jazz drummer and Composer. Don Sebesky (b Dec 10 1937 Perth Amboy, New Jersey) is an American Jazz trombonist and arranger William Ralph "Willie" Maiden (Mar 12 1928 - May 29 1976 was an American Jazz saxophonist and arranger John Bunch (born December 1 1921) is an American Jazz Pianist. Josef Erich Zawinul ( July 7 1932 &ndash September 11 2007) was a Jazz keyboardist and Composer. Joe Farrell real name Joseph Carl Firrantello (16 December 1937 Chicago Heights Illinois, USA - 6 January 1986 Los Angeles California) was a Jazz Jaki (John Byard ( June 15, 1922 in Worcester Massachusetts – February 11, 1999 in New York City) was an American Don Menza is an American Saxophonist, Arranger, Composer, Session musician and jazz Educator noted for his many contributions to American Arrangers included Bob Brookmeyer, Jay Chattaway, Jimmy Giuffre, Bill Holman and Marty Paich. Robert Brookmeyer (born December 19, 1929) is an American Jazz valve Trombonist, pianist, and arranger. Jay Chattaway (born July 8 1946) is an American Composer of film and television scores. James Peter Giuffre ( April 26, 1921 &ndash April 24, 2008) was an American Jazz composer arranger and Saxophone Martin Louis Paich a/k/a "Marty" Paich (born January 23 1925 in Oakland California, died August 12 1995 in Santa
As big bands declined in popularity and economic viability in the 1960s, Ferguson's band performed more infrequently. Ferguson began to feel musically stifled and sensed a resistance to change among American jazz audiences. According to a Down Beat interview, he was quoted as saying that if the band did not play "Maria" or "Ole," the fans went home disappointed. Down Beat is an American Magazine devoted to "jazz blues and beyond" to indicate its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively Ferguson began performing with a sextet before finally officially disbanding his big band in 1967.
Following the path taken by many jazz artists in the 1960s, Ferguson left the United States. Feeling that he needed a period of spiritual exploration, Ferguson moved with his family to India and taught at the Krishnamurtl-based Rishi Valley School near Madras. He was associated with the Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning's Boys Brass Band, which he founded and helped teach at for several years. Whilst in India, Ferguson was influenced by Sathya Sai Baba, whom he considered as his spiritual guru. Sathya Sai Baba ( Telugu: సత్య సాయి బాబా was born as Sathyanarayana Raju on November 23 1926 &mdash or later than 
In 1969, Ferguson relocated to Manchester, England, manufacturing personally-designed trumpets and mouthpieces and performing with a variety of ensembles in Europe.
Also in 1969, Ferguson signed with CBS Records in England and formed a big band with British musicians that performed in the newly popular jazz/rock fusion style. The band's repertoire included original compositions as well pop and rock songs rearranged into a big band format with electronic amplification. This British band's output is represented by the four "MF Horn" albums that included very popular arrangements of the pop songs "MacArthur Park" and "Hey Jude. " MacArthur Park " is a song written by Jimmy Webb. Originally written as part of an intended Cantata rejected by The Association, it was first " Hey Jude " is a song by the English rock band The Beatles that was recorded in 1968 "
In 1970 he led his big band on UK television as part of BBC's Simon Dee Show (also known as Dee Time). Cyril Nicholas Henty-Dodd (born 28 July 1935, England) is better known by his stage name Simon Dee.  Ferguson often quipped with Dee, similar to his contemporary Doc Severinsen's rapport with Johnny Carson on The Tonight Show. Carl Hilding "Doc" Severinsen (born July 7, 1927) is an American pop and Jazz Trumpeter. John William “Johnny” Carson ( October 23, 1925 &ndash January 23, 2005) was an American Television host and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was a late-night talk show hosted by Johnny Carson under the ''Tonight Show'' franchise from 1962 By the end of the late sixties, Ferguson was a household name in Britain.
Ferguson's new band made its North American debut in 1971. With a revived career, Ferguson relocated to New York in 1973 and gradually replaced his sidemen with American performers while reducing the band size to twelve. (four trumpets, two trombones, three saxophones and three rhythm plus Maynard) The quintessential recording of this period is the album Live at Jimmys, recorded in 1973 in New York. Ferguson latched on to the burgeoning jazz education movement by recruiting talented musicians from colleges with jazz programs (notably Berklee College of Music, North Texas State University and the University of Miami) and targeting young audiences with performances and master classes in high schools. Berklee College of Music, founded in 1945 is an independent music College in Boston Massachusetts. The University of Miami (also known as Miami of Florida, UM, or just The U) is a private non-sectarian University founded in 1925 This practical and strategic move helped him develop a strong following that would sustain him for the remainder of his career.
In 1976, Ferguson performed a solo trumpet piece as part of the closing ceremonies for the Summer Olympics in Montreal.
1976 was also the year that Ferguson began working with producer Bob James on a series of commercially successful albums. Bob James (born December 25, 1939 in Marshall Missouri) is a two-time Grammy Award -winning Smooth jazz Keyboardist These were complex studio productions featuring large groups of session musicians, including strings, vocalists and star guest soloists. Session musicians are musicians available for hire as opposed to musicians who are either permanent members of a musical outfit or who have acquired fame in their own right The first of these albums was Primal Scream, featuring Chick Corea, Mark Colby, and Steve Gadd. Armando Anthony "Chick" Corea (born June 12, 1941) is a multiple Grammy Award winning American Jazz Pianist The second, Conquistador in 1977, resulted in a top-30 (#28) pop single, "Gonna Fly Now" (from the movie Rocky), a rare accomplishment for a jazz musician in the 1970s. " Gonna Fly Now " also known as " Theme from Rocky " is the Theme song from the movie Rocky, composed by Bill Conti Rocky is a 1976 Film written by and starring Sylvester Stallone and directed by John G Aside from an exciting Jay Chattaway arrangement and dense Bob James production, the single was also helped by the fact that it was released prior to the official soundtrack album of the hit movie. Jay Chattaway (born July 8 1946) is an American Composer of film and television scores. Ferguson maintained a hectic touring schedule during this period, with well-attended concerts that featured concert lighting and heavy amplification.
Ferguson continued with this musical model for the remainder of the 1970s, receiving considerable acclaim from audiences but an often tepid response from some jazz purists, who decried his commercialism and questioned his taste. Ferguson reportedly also began to experience great frustration with Columbia over being unable to use his working band on recording projects and having difficulty including even a single jazz number on some albums. Ferguson's contract with Columbia Records expired after the 1982 release of the Hollywood album, produced by Stanley Clarke. Stanley Clarke (born 30 June 1951) is an American Jazz musician and composer known for his innovative and influential work on Double
Ferguson recorded three big band albums with smaller labels in the mid 80s before forming a more economical fusion septet, "High Voltage," in 1986. This ensemble, which featured multi-reed player Denis DiBlasio and trombonist Steve Wiest among an abridged horn section, recorded two albums and received mixed reviews. The format was ultimately unsatisfying to Ferguson, who had grown up in big bands and developed a performing style most appropriate to that structure.
In 1988, Ferguson returned both to a large band format and to mainstream jazz with the formation of Big Bop Nouveau, a nine-piece band featuring three trumpets, one trombone, two reeds and a three-piece rhythm section. Big Bop Nouveau is a band formed in the late 1980s by the late Jazz trumpeter Maynard Ferguson. The band's repertoire included original jazz compositions and modern arrangements of jazz standards, with occasional pieces from his 70s book and the Birdland Dream Band; this format proved to be successful with audiences and critics. The band recorded extensively, including albums backing vocalists Diane Schuur and Michael Feinstein. Diane Schuur (b December 10, 1953 in Tacoma Washington) is an American Jazz singer and pianist Michael Feinstein (born September 7, 1956) is an American Singer, a Pianist, music revivalist, and an interpreter of and Although in later years Ferguson did lose some of the range and phenomenal accuracy of his youth, he remained an exciting performer, touring nine months a year with Big Bop Nouveau for the remainder of his life. In 1992, he was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame. Down Beat is an American Magazine devoted to "jazz blues and beyond" to indicate its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively
Just days after completing a weeklong run at New York's Blue Note and recording a studio album in New Jersey, Ferguson developed an abdominal infection that resulted in kidney and liver failure. Blue Note is a chain of Jazz clubs with restaurants The first Blue Note opened in New York City 's Greenwich Village in 1981 and is now considered one of Ferguson died on the evening of August 23, 2006 at the Community Memorial Hospital in Ventura, California. Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Incorporated in 1866 the city of San Buenaventura (usually referred to as Ventura) is the County seat of Ventura
Maynard Ferguson was one of a handful of virtuoso musician/bandleaders to survive the end of the big band era and the rise of rock and roll. Rock and roll (also known as rock 'n' roll) is a form of Music that evolved in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s with roots in mostly African He demonstrated a remarkable ability to adapt to the musical trends that evolved from the 1940s through the 2000s. Ferguson's albums show an evolution from big band swing, bebop, cool jazz, Latin, jazz/rock, fusion with classical and operatic influences. A big band is a type of Musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of Jazz music that developed in the early 1930s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United Bebop or bop is a form of Jazz characterized by fast Tempos and Improvisation based on Harmonic structure rather than Melody Cool jazz is a Jazz style that emerged in the late 1940s in New York City. Latin jazz is the general term given to music that combines rhythms from African and Latin American countries with jazz and classical harmonies from Latin America the Caribbean Europe Fusion or more specifically jazz fusion or jazz rock, is a Musical genre that merges Jazz with elements of other styles of music particularly Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto Through his devotion to music education in America, Ferguson was able to impart the spirit of his jazz playing and technique to scores of amateur and professional trumpeters during the many Master Classes held throughout his long career.
Ferguson was not the first trumpeter to play in the extreme upper register, but he had a unique ability to play high notes with full, rich tone, power, and musicality. While regarded by some as showboating, Ferguson's tone, phrasing and vibrato was instantly recognizable and has been influential on and imitated by generations of amateur and professional trumpet players. A direct connection to Ferguson's style of playing continues in the work of the trumpeters who played with him, notably Wayne Bergeron and Patrick Hession. Wayne Bergeron is a Jazz, studio /lead Trumpet player Wayne Bergeron is one of the most highly sought studio trumpet players on the Los Angeles Although some had believed that Ferguson was endowed with exceptional facial musculature, he often shared in interviews that his command of the upper registers was based mostly on breath control, something he had discovered as a youngster in Montreal. Ferguson also attributed the longevity of his demanding bravura trumpet technique through his later years to the spiritual and yoga studies he pursued while in India.
While Ferguson's range was his most obvious attribute, perhaps equally significant was the personal charisma Ferguson brought to a musical genre that is often seen as veering towards the cold and cerebral. As Ferguson's obituary in the Washington Post declared:
"Ferguson lit up thousands of young horn players, most of them boys, with pride and excitement. The Washington Post is the largest and most circulated Newspaper in Washington D In a (high school) world often divided between jocks and band nerds, Ferguson crossed over, because he approached his music almost as an athletic event. On stage, he strained, sweated, heaved and roared. He nailed the upper registers like Shaq nailing a dunk or Lawrence Taylor nailing a running back -- and the audience reaction was exactly the same: the guttural shout, the leap to their feet, the fists in the air. We cheered Maynard as a gladiator, a combat soldier, a prize fighter, a circus strongman -- choose your masculine archetype. "
Ferguson popularized and enhanced two unique instruments, the 'Firebird' and the 'Superbone'. The Firebird is a type of Trumpet with the standard three valves and the addition of a Trombone -style slide The Superbone is a hybrid Trombone. It is a cross between the slide trombone and the valve trombone - it has both valves and a simultaneously usable slide The Firebird was similar to a trumpet, but had the valves played with the left hand (instead of the right) and a trombone-style slide played with the right hand. The Superbone was another hybrid instrument, which was fundamentally a trombone with additional valves played with the left hand. The trombone is a Musical instrument in the brass family Like all brass instruments it is a lip-reed Aerophone: sound is produced when the player’s Ferguson regularly incorporated Indian instruments and influences in albums and concerts. Hindustani music. They are discussed in detail by Dr Lalmani Misra in his book Bharatiya Sangeet Vadkieraya.
In the mid 1970s, Ferguson settled in Ojai, California, where he lived to the end of his life. Ferguson's first marriage was to singer / actress Kay Brown in 1951. Maynard's second marriage to Flo Ferguson (in 1955) lasted until her death on February 27, 2005. Ferguson had three daughters: Corby, Lisa and Wilder, and a step daughter, Kim, from Flo's first marriage. Kim Ferguson is married to Maynard's former road manager, Jim Exon. Wilder Ferguson is married to pianist (and former Big Bop Nouveau member) Christian Jacob. Lisa Ferguson is a writer and film maker living in Los Angeles. At the time of his death, Ferguson had two granddaughters, Erica and Sandra. A son, Bentley, preceded his parents in death.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ferguson, Walter Maynard (real name)|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Jazz trumpet player; Bandleader|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 4, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Verdun, Quebec|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 23, 2006|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Ventura, California|