Satellite perspective of the tornadic storms on the evening of May 5, 2007
|Date of tornado outbreak:||May 4-6, 2007|
|Duration1:||56 hours, 9 minutes|
|Maximum rated tornado2:||EF5 tornado|
|Tornadoes caused:||123 confirmed|
|Areas affected:||Most of the Central United States|
1Time from first tornado to last tornado
The May 2007 Tornado Outbreak was an extended tornado outbreak that started on May 4, 2007, affecting portions of the Central United States. Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The Enhanced Fujita Scale, or EF Scale, is the scale for rating the strength of Tornadoes in the United States estimated via the damage they cause The Central United States is sometimes conceived as between the Eastern United States and Western United States as part of a three-region model roughly coincident The Enhanced Fujita Scale, or EF Scale, is the scale for rating the strength of Tornadoes in the United States estimated via the damage they cause While there is no single agreed upon definition generally more than six Tornadoes in a day in the same region is considered a tornado outbreak. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The Central United States is sometimes conceived as between the Eastern United States and Western United States as part of a three-region model roughly coincident The most destructive tornado in the outbreak occurred on the evening of May 4 in central Kansas, where about 95% of the city of Greensburg in Kiowa County was destroyed by an EF5 tornado. A tornado is a violent rotating column of air which is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a Cumulonimbus cloud or in rare cases the base of a Cumulus Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Kansas ( is a Midwestern state in the central region of the United States of America, an area often referred to as the American " Greensburg is a City in central Kiowa County, located in Southwest Kansas Kiowa County (standard abbreviation KW) is a county located in the U The Enhanced Fujita Scale, or EF Scale, is the scale for rating the strength of Tornadoes in the United States estimated via the damage they cause The supercell killed at least 13 people including 11 in Greensburg and two in Pratt County by a separate tornado. Pratt County (standard abbreviation PR) is a county located in the U  At least 60 people were injured in Greensburg alone. It was the strongest tornado of an outbreak which included several other tornadoes reported across Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas and South Dakota that occurred on the same night. Oklahoma ( is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. The State of Colorado ( or chiefly by nonresidents) is a state located in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States of America. Kansas ( is a Midwestern state in the central region of the United States of America, an area often referred to as the American " South Dakota ( is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America.  25 tornadoes were confirmed that night.
The outbreak did not end there; a total of 84 tornadoes were confirmed reported on May 5 in the same area. Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John Most were in open country but one fatality was reported in Ottawa County, Kansas near a county lake. Ottawa County (standard abbreviation OT) is a county located in the U Fourteen more tornadoes were confirmed on May 6 in the same general area before the activity subsided. Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance.
This severe weather outbreak can be traced back to a powerful, slow-moving low pressure area with a warm front to the north over Nebraska and Missouri. A low pressure area, or " low " is a region where the Atmospheric pressure is lower in relation to the surrounding area A warm front is defined as the leading edge of an advancing mass of warm air it separates warm air from the colder air ahead  On May 4, the low stalled over the High Plains and additional moisture coming from the Gulf of Mexico moved in behind the warm front and increased amounts of instability across much of the region, with CAPE values as high as 5,500 J/kg. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV This article is about a geographic region in the United States The Gulf of Mexico ( Spanish: Golfo de México) is the ninth largest Body of water in the world In Meteorology, convective available potential energy ( CAPE) sometimes simply available potential energy ( APE) is the amount of Energy  In addition, the dry line, which marks a divided line between the dry and humid air mass, was positioned over the southern High Plains. A dry line, (also called dew point line, or Marfa front) is an important factor in Severe weather frequency in the Great Plains of This allowed for the initiation of scattered supercells on May 4. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV High wind shear also allowed for intense rotation in the atmosphere. Wind shear, sometimes referred to as windshear or Wind gradient, is a difference in Wind speed and direction over a relatively All the ingredients were present for the developing of supercell thunderstorms producing damaging wind, large hail and tornadoes. A supercell is a severe thunderstorm with a deep continuously rotating updraft (a Mesocyclone) 
The Storm Prediction Center issued a moderate risk for severe weather across western Kansas and small portions of Oklahoma, Colorado and Nebraska for May 4, while temperatures were in the mid to high 80s°F (near 30°C). The Storm Prediction Center (SPC located in Norman, Oklahoma, is part of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP operating under Kansas ( is a Midwestern state in the central region of the United States of America, an area often referred to as the American " Oklahoma ( is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. The State of Colorado ( or chiefly by nonresidents) is a state located in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States of America. Nebraska ( is a state located on the Great Plains of the Midwestern United States and Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV The atmosphere remained capped for much of the day, but storms began to develop in the late afternoon hours in western Oklahoma and the eastern Texas Panhandle. A capping inversion is an elevated Inversion layer that caps a convective boundary layer. Afternoon is the time of day from 1200 ( Noon) to -depending upon context- Evening, Sunset, or 1800 The Texas Panhandle is a region of the US state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state  The most intense supercells developed in the early evening hours across northwestern Oklahoma and southwestern Kansas. Evening is the period in which the daylight is decreasing between the late Afternoon and night, around the time when Dinner is taken They eventually produced 25 tornadoes, including the devastating Greensburg tornado. Greensburg is a City in central Kiowa County, located in Southwest Kansas  The supercells remained intact well into the overnight hours as the extremely unstable air mass precluded rapid dissipation expected with the loss of daytime heating which would normally be expected in the Plains. Overnight is a 2003 documentary by Tony Montana and Mark Brian Smith. 
On May 5, the SPC issued a high risk of severe weather for Central Kansas and central Nebraska, while a slight risk for severe weather extended for areas far beyond. Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John The following days had a declaration of a High Risk of severe weather in a certain part of the United States according to the Storm Prediction Center (and  The low pressure system in place moved northward, but the extending front had barely moved.  The storms were quick to develop. Severe weather reports were already coming in by late morning, and the first tornado reports came in during the early afternoon hours.  The most intense activity took place during the late afternoon and evening hours as supercells developed along a long line from South Dakota to North Texas. South Dakota ( is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America. This is an article about a region of Texas For the university in Denton see University of North Texas. Over 80 tornadoes were confirmed that day, along with hail as large as softballs and straight–line winds as strong as 90 mph (145 km/h). Softball is a team Sport popular especially in the United States.  The activity weakened in the late evening, but not before the last tornadoes were reported in Iowa in the overnight hours. The State of Iowa ( is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States of America.
The low gradually weakened and became less conducive for severe weather development on May 6. Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. Nonetheless, the SPC issued a moderate risk for severe storms over parts of central Kansas and northern Oklahoma as the trough remained in place.  The activity was far less than on the two previous days, however there were still several additional tornadoes across the Plains (all of them weak, mostly EF0).  The system finally left the area on May 7 and did not produce any more significant severe weather. Events 558 - In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses 
The storm that would affect Greensburg (located approximately 110 miles (177 km) west of Wichita) began forming after 5:00 pm CDT (2200 UTC) in the northeastern corner of the Texas Panhandle, and went through phases in the early evening across the Oklahoma Panhandle with a few isolated tornadoes. This is a complete list of the confirmed tornadoes from the May 2007 Tornado Outbreak, between May 4 and May 6, 2007. Wichita (ˈwɪtʃɪtaː is the most populous City in the US state of Kansas, and the county seat of Sedgwick County. The Central Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time ( UTC−6) and five hours during Daylight saving The Texas Panhandle is a region of the US state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state  It slowly organized itself as it moved northeast through portions of Oklahoma, and then into Kansas.  The first tornado warning with this cell was issued at 8:35 pm CDT (0135 UTC) for Clark County, Kansas, and the tornado first touched down at about 9:00 pm CDT (0200 UTC). A tornado warning is an alert issued by government weather services to warn an area that a Tornado may be Imminent. Clark County (county code CA) is a county located in Southwest Kansas, in the Central United States. Several storm chasers captured the formation of a tornado southwest of Greensburg around 9:20 pm CDT (0220 UTC). Storm chasing is broadly defined as the pursuit of any severe weather condition regardless of motive ,
The tornado apparently strengthened as it neared Greensburg, and at 9:38 pm CDT (0238 UTC), storm chasers reported that it had grown to over 1/2 miles (0. 8 km) in diameter.  Several satellite tornadoes were observed as the very large wedge approached the town of Greensburg. At 9:41 pm CDT (0241 UTC) the National Weather Service office in Dodge City issued a rare Tornado emergency for Greensburg. The National Weather Service ( NWS) once known as the Weather Bureau is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration For the 1939 Western movie, see Dodge City (1939 film. Dodge City is a City and County seat of Ford tornado emergency is issued by the National Weather Service (NWS when a large violent Tornado is expected to impact a populated area A tornado emergency is the highest tornado alert possible and is used only for extremely life–threatening situations when a large and likely violent tornado is on the ground and approaching a population center.  The tornado plowed through Greensburg shortly after it was intercepted by storm chasers. It was an estimated 1. 7 miles (2. 7 km) in diameter and was later confirmed to have been an EF5 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale (the highest possible rating). The Enhanced Fujita Scale, or EF Scale, is the scale for rating the strength of Tornadoes in the United States estimated via the damage they cause Based on the damage produced, winds inside the tornado were estimated to have been in excess of 205 mph (330 km/h). 
|All deaths were tornado-related|
The mayor of Greensburg would later state that 95% of his community was destroyed. Kansas ( is a Midwestern state in the central region of the United States of America, an area often referred to as the American " Kiowa County (standard abbreviation KW) is a county located in the U Ottawa County (standard abbreviation OT) is a county located in the U Pratt County (standard abbreviation PR) is a county located in the U Stafford County (standard abbreviation SF) is a County located in the U Many houses were flattened or even blown away. Kiowa County Memorial Hospital sustained heavy damage, and as many as 30 people may have initially been trapped inside. A motel on the west edge of town, two schools, a tractor supply company, the Greensburg City Hall and other businesses fell victim to the violent winds and were destroyed or flattened. A city hall or town hall is the chief administrative building of a City or Town 's administration and usually houses the city or The city's water tower was completely toppled and smashed. A water tower, watershed, or elevated water tower is a large elevated water storage container The visitor's center at the Big Well (which is the world's largest hand-dug well) was completely destroyed. The Big Well, in Greensburg Kansas, USA, is a Water well that was designed to provide water for the Santa Fe and Rock Island railroads Train cars were also reported to be overturned and hazardous materials teams were called to inspect the wreckage. A dangerous good is any Solid, Liquid, or Gas that can harm people other living Organisms property or the environment A tank car was carrying about 14,000 gallons (53,000 liters) of ammonia and the substance started to leak from the tank when workers were starting to lift back the tanker. Ammonia is a compound with the formula N[[hydrogen H3]] It is normally encountered as a Gas with a characteristic pungent Odor The courthouse and the grain elevator were spared the worst of the tornado's effects. For the Arlington Virginia neighborhood see Courthouse Virginia A courthouse (sometimes spelled court house) is a building History Grain elevators are a common sight in the grain-growing areas of the world such as the North American Prairies Larger terminal elevators are Meanwhile, the Greensburg meteorite, which was feared to have been blown away, was found and recovered a few days after. A meteorite is a natural object originating in Outer space that survives an impact with the Earth 's surface  The tornado continued north before dissipating, and by several accounts continued to grow as it left town. The total path length was 22 miles (35 km), and the width of the funnel reached 1. 7 miles (2. 7 km). 
After extensive surveys in the area, the National Weather Service office in Dodge City revealed that a second large tornado later developed just a few miles east of the Greensburg wedge. The new tornado rapidly grew to about 2 miles (3. 2 km) in diameter as it moved northeast. In Pratt County the tornado destroyed more homes, including one that was swept off its foundation. Pratt County (standard abbreviation PR) is a county located in the U The tornado also affected several other communities, including Trousdale in Edwards County and Macksville in Stafford County. Trousdale is an unincorporated community in Lincoln Township, Edwards County, Kansas, United States. Edwards County (county code ED) is a county located in Southwest Kansas, in the Central United States. Macksville is a city in Stafford County, Kansas, United States. Stafford County (standard abbreviation SF) is a County located in the U The same supercell spawned additional tornadoes that caused significant damage across Barton County where it affected the towns of Ellinwood and Claflin about two hours after the Greensburg tornado. A supercell is a severe thunderstorm with a deep continuously rotating updraft (a Mesocyclone) Ellinwood is a city in the southeast corner of Barton County, Kansas, United States. Claflin is a city in Barton County, Kansas, United States. The population was 705 at the 2000 census. Another tornado later hit the Holyrood area causing additional damage. Holyrood is a city in Ellsworth County, Kansas, United States.  The tornado destroyed 961 homes, caused major damage to 216 others and minor damage to 307 other houses. 
After additional surveys, NWS Dodge City had confirmed 12 tornado tracks by the Greensburg supercell in Kansas alone on May 4 including the two satellite tornadoes and an additional brief tornado east of Greensburg at 9:55 p. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV m. CDT at the same time the main tornado was weakening and dissipating a few minutes after at 10:05 PM CDT.  The new Enhanced Fujita Scale was implemented on February 1, 2007, and the Greensburg tornado was the first tornado rated EF5 on it. The Enhanced Fujita Scale, or EF Scale, is the scale for rating the strength of Tornadoes in the United States estimated via the damage they cause Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Including tornadoes from the older Fujita Scale, the most recent F5 to hit the United States had been on May 3, 1999 during the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak, when a tornado destroyed Bridge Creek. The Fujita scale ( F-Scale) or Fujita-Pearson scale, is a scale for rating Tornado intensity based on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures Events 1491 - Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries adopting the baptismal name of João Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) The 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak was a Severe weather event that lasted from May 3 until May 6, 1999 and brought violent storms to Oklahoma Bridge Creek is a town in Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. 
This tornado event surpassed the number of fatalities registered on May 4, 2003 during the May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence when eight people were killed by three separate tornadoes that affected areas around Kansas City and points south and west of the city; the last major deadly outbreak registered in Kansas prior to the Greensburg event. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The May 2003 Tornado Outbreak Sequence in the United States was a series of tornado outbreaks that occurred from May 3 to May 11, 2003.  It was also the deadliest day and single tornado to hit the state of Kansas since an F5 tornado (which was also the last F5 in that state before this event), hit Wichita and Andover in Sedgwick and Butler counties, killing 17 during the Andover, Kansas Tornado Outbreak on April 26, 1991. Andover is a city in Butler County, in the Wichita metropolitan area Kansas, United States. Sedgwick County (standard abbreviation SG) is a county located in the U Butler County (county code BU) is a county located in South Central Kansas, in the Central United States. The 1991 Andover Kansas Tornado outbreak was a violent outbreak of 55 Tornadoes which took place on April 26, 1991, killing 24 people Events 1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar.  The Greensburg event was also the deadliest single tornado in the United States since a tornado hit Volusia County in central Florida on February 2, 2007 where 13 were killed in an EF3 tornado. Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the The 2007 Central Florida Tornadoes were a localized but devastating Tornado event that took place in Central Florida early on February 2, 2007 It was also the deadliest day for tornadoes since 20 people were killed in six communities on March 1, 2007
Hours after the tornado hit, Greensburg was judged unsafe and was fully evacuated. Some of the injured were transferred to hospitals in Dodge City and Wichita. For the 1939 Western movie, see Dodge City (1939 film. Dodge City is a City and County seat of Ford Wichita (ˈwɪtʃɪtaː is the most populous City in the US state of Kansas, and the county seat of Sedgwick County. The Kansas National Guard was called in to assist in the security measures. The Kansas National Guard consists of the Kansas Army National Guard Kansas Air National Guard Over 100 Red Cross officials were called in while some worked with the Federal Emergency Management Agency for the recovery efforts. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an International humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers worldwide who stated The purpose of FEMA is to coordinate the response to a Disaster which has occurred in the United States and which overwhelms the resources of local and state authorities Shelters were established at the Haviland High School and Barclay College in nearby Haviland, Kansas and the Oddfellow Lodge in Macksville, Kansas. Barclay College is a private Religious Society of Friends (also known as Quaker) four-year college in Haviland, Kansas. Haviland is a city in Kiowa County, Kansas, United States. The population was 612 at the 2000 census. Macksville is a city in Stafford County, Kansas, United States.  After the tornado, looting was reported in the community and at least seven suspects, including four soldiers that were not part of the relief effort and went to Greensburg on their own, were arrested and faced charges of burglary and theft. Looting ( Hindi lūṭ akin to Sanskrit luṭhati steals also Latin latro, latronis  A dusk-to-dawn curfew was put in place in the community after the tornado hit. A curfew can be one of the following An order by a Government for certain persons to return home daily before a certain time 
The American Red Cross maintained a list of "Safe and Well" families at their website disastersafe.redcross.org. The American Red Cross (also known as the American National Red Cross) is a humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance disaster relief and education inside . Meanwhile, official also set a shelter for lost and injured animals as they reported to had found 163 animals alive in Greensburg after the tornado.  Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius and President George W. Bush both declared Kiowa County a disaster area. The Governor of Kansas holds the "supreme executive power" of the State of Kansas as provided by the first article of the Kansas Constitution. Kathleen Sebelius (née Gilligan)(born May 15, 1948) is currently serving as the 44th Governor of Kansas. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. A disaster area is a region or a locale heavily damaged by either natural hazards such as Tornadoes, Hurricanes, Tsunamis, Floods, 
In addition to the tornadoes, widespread flooding occurred across central North America as a result of the same system producing continuous thunderstorms. A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land a deluge There were two major reasons for the flooding: The storm system itself moved very slowly, having produced significant tornado outbreaks in almost the same places for three days. In addition, the storms moved along each others' paths, so one storm dropped heavy rains on the same place that the storm before it did (this is also known as "training"). In Meteorology, training denotes repeated areas of rain typically associated with thunderstorms that move over the same region in a relatively short period of time and are
Across portions of eastern Nebraska and western Iowa, rainfall amounts exceeded locally 6 inches (152 mm).  In northeastern and central Kansas, rainfall amounts approached 5 – 6 inches locally (125 – 150 mm).  In North Dakota , southern Manitoba and southern Saskatchewan, heavy rainfalls of 1 – 3 inches (25 – 75 mm) fell from this system from May 4 to May 7. North Dakota ( is a state located in the Midwestern and Western regions of the United States of America. Manitoba (English ˌmænɨˈtoʊbə French /manitoba/ is a province of Canada, spanning 647797 square kilometres (250116  sq mi of North America Saskatchewan (səˈskætʃəwən) is a prairie province in Canada, which has an area of 588276 Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Events 558 - In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses  Similar amounts were reported in Alberta on May 3 and May 4. Alberta (ælˈbɝtə is one of Canada's prairie provinces. It became a province on September 1 1905 Events 1491 - Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries adopting the baptismal name of João Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV 
Some of the worst flooding affected Topeka, Kansas, where several rescues had to be made, and the Kansas City Metro Area, where several roads were closed. Topeka ( Kansa: Tó Ppí Kˀé ˌto ˈpːi ˌkˀeɪ Ioway: Dó Pí Kˀé ˌto ˈpʰi ˌkˀeɪ Kansas City Missouri only Items for the metro area Kansas City Kansas or North Kansas City MO should go on their respective pages In neighboring Missouri, levees broke along the Missouri River which caused extensive flooding to hundreds of homes and the northwest and central part of the state. Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee The National Guard were assisting on filling sandbags to protect homes, schools and plants across the state which experienced some of the worst flooding since the Great Flood of 1993 which affected most of the Mississippi River Valley. The Missouri National Guard consists of the Missouri Army National Guard Missouri Air National Guard The Great Flood of 1993 occurred in the American Midwest, along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers and their tributaries from April to October The Mississippi embayment is a physiographic feature in the south-central United States, part of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. Torrential rains on May 10 had also caused flooding in parts of southern Missouri as well as in eastern Kansas. Events 1291 - Scottish Nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England.  The heavy rains also affected activities surrounding the Riverfest (Wichita River Festival) which postponed some events until May 14. Events 1264 - Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the  The Arkansas River reached record levels near Haven when it crested at 13. The Arkansas River is a major Tributary of the Mississippi River. Haven, established in 1886 is a city in Reno County, Kansas, United States. 08 feet on May 8. Events 589 - Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo 1450 - Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen Some flooding into low lying areas was also observed in the Wichita Metropolitan Area. Rainfall amounts in southern and southeastern Kansas also exceeded 6 inches (152 mm) over a two day period on May 6 and May 7. Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. Events 558 - In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses There were several reports of farmers who lost several cattle who have been toss by the high water levels. 
In Aberdeen, South Dakota, 7. Aberdeen is a City and the County seat of Brown County, South Dakota, USA, about 125 mi (200 km N 75 inches (197 mm) of rain fell the evening of May 5 into the early morning hours of May 6, causing significant flooding in some areas around the city. Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. It was also the city's new 24–hour record rainfall, breaking the old mark of 5. 20 inches (132 mm) set in June 1978.  The highest unofficial rainfall total was reported in Epiphany, South Dakota where as much as 10 inches (254 mm) fell during the weekend.  The highest official report of rain, 8. 73 inches (222 mm) at Columbia, South Dakota, set a new official 24–hour May rainfall record for the entire state of South Dakota. Columbia is a city in Brown County, South Dakota, United States. 
In southern Oklahoma City and surrounding communities, strong straightline winds caused damage to several buildings and downed trees and power lines in the early morning hours of May 7, with cleanup efforts being complicated due to flooding rains accompanying the storm. Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the US state of Oklahoma. Events 558 - In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses About 11,000 homes were without power during the event.  There were also reports of floods across many other areas in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Governor Brad Henry had declared a state of emergency for all 77 counties across the state due to all the severe weather including the tornadoes, the flash floods and hail. A governor is a governing official usually the executive (at least nominally to different degrees also politically and administratively of a non-sovereign level of government Charles Bradford "Brad" Henry (born July 10, 1963) is the Governor of the U A state of emergency is a governmental declaration that may suspend certain normal functions of government alert citizens to alter their normal behaviors or order government agencies 
Snow was also reported across higher elevations in Colorado, Wyoming, Nebraska and Utah with local amounts of up to one foot (30 cm) across central Colorado. The State of Wyoming ( is a sparsely populated state in the western region of the United States. Nebraska ( is a state located on the Great Plains of the Midwestern United States and The State of Utah (ˈjuːtɔː or) is a western state of the United States.