A set of Max/MSP patches written and used by Autechre
|Genre||music and multimedia developed|
Max is a graphical development environment for music and multimedia developed and maintained by San Francisco-based software company Cycling '74. Autechre are an English Electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown and Sean Booth both natives of Rochdale, England. Computer software can be organized into categories based on common function type or field of use Music is an Art form in which the medium is Sound organized in Time. Multimedia is media and content that utilizes a combination of different content forms. In Computing, an integrated development environment ( IDE) is a Software application that provides comprehensive facilities to Computer programmers Music is an Art form in which the medium is Sound organized in Time. Multimedia is media and content that utilizes a combination of different content forms. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city It has been used for over fifteen years by composers, performers, software designers, researchers and artists interested in creating interactive software. Interaction is a kind of action that occurs as two or more objects have an Effect upon one another
The Max program itself is highly modular, with most routines existing in the form of shared libraries. In Computer science, a library is a collection of Subroutines used to develop Software. An API allows third-party development of new routines (called "external objects"). As a result, Max has a large userbase of programmers not affiliated with Cycling '74 who enhance the software with commercial and non-commercial extensions to the program. Because of its extensible design and graphical interface (which in a novel way represents the program structure and the GUI as presented to the user simultaneously), Max is widely regarded as the lingua franca for developing interactive music performance software. In Software engineering, extensibility (sometimes confused with Forward compatibility) is a System design principle where the implementation takes into The user interface (or Human Computer Interface) is the aggregate of means by which people&mdash the users '&mdash interact with the System Computer programs (also software programs, or just programs) are instructions for a Computer. A lingua franca (from Italian, literally meaning Frankish language, see etymology under Sabir and Italian below is any Language widely
Max was originally written by Miller Puckette as the Patcher editor for the Macintosh at IRCAM in the mid-1980s to give composers access to an authoring system for interactive computer music. Miller Smith Puckette is the associate director of the Center for Research in Computing and the Arts as well as a faculty member at the University of California San Diego Macintosh, commonly nicknamed Mac is a Brand name which covers several lines of Personal computers designed developed and marketed by Apple Inc IRCAM ( Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique) is a European institute for Science about music and sound and avant garde electro-acoustical Computer music is a term that was originally used within academia to describe a field of study relating to the applications of Computing technology in music composition It was first used in a piano and computer piece called Pluton (written by Philippe Manoury in 1988), synchronizing the computer to the piano and controlling a Sogitec 4X, which performed the audio processing. Philippe Manoury (born June 19, 1952) is a French Composer. Biography Philippe Manoury was born in Tulle. The Sogitec 4X was a digital sound processing workstation developed by Giuseppe Di Giugno at IRCAM (Paris in the 1980's 
In 1989, IRCAM developed and maintained a concurrent version of Max ported to the IRCAM Signal Processing Workstation for the NeXT (and later SGI and Linux), called Max/FTS (FTS standing for "Faster Than Sound", and being analogous to a forerunner to MSP enhanced by a hardware DSP board on the computer). The IRCAM Signal Processing Workstation ( ISPW) was a hardware DSP platform developed by IRCAM and the Ariel Corporation in the late 1980s NeXT Computer Inc (later NeXT Software Inc) was an American Computer company headquartered in Redwood City, California that Silicon Graphics Inc (commonly initialised to SGI, historically sometimes referred to as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) is a company Linux (commonly pronounced ˈlɪnəks 
In 1989, it was licensed by IRCAM to Opcode Systems, which sold a commercial version of the program in 1990 called Max/Opcode (developed and extended by David Zicarelli). Opcode Systems Inc was founded in 1985 by Dave Oppenheim and based in and around Palo Alto California USA Never a perfect fit for Opcode Systems, it was released several years later. The current commercial version of Max has since been distributed by Zicarelli's company, Cycling '74 (founded in 1997), since 1999.
Puckette released an entirely re-designed Free Software program in 1996 called Pd (short for "Pure Data"), which has a number of fundamental differences from the IRCAM original, and remains an attractive substitute for those who don't want to spend hundreds of dollars on Max/MSP. Free software or software libre is Software that can be used studied and modified without restriction and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified Pure Data (or Pd) is a Graphical programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for the creation of interactive Computer
Max has a number of extensions and incarnations; most notably, a set of audio extensions to the software appeared in 1997, ported from Pure Data. Pure Data (or Pd) is a Graphical programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for the creation of interactive Computer Called MSP (short for either Max Signal Processing or the initials of Miller S. Puckette, the author of both Max and Pd), this "add-on" package for Max allowed for the manipulation of digital audio signals in real-time, allowing users to create their own synthesizers and effects processors (Max had previously been designed to interface with hardware synthesizers, samplers, etc. Sound' is Vibration transmitted through a Solid, Liquid, or Gas; particularly sound means those vibrations composed of Frequencies as a "control" language using MIDI or some other protocol). MIDI ( Musical Instrument Digital Interface, ˈmɪdi is an industry-standard protocol that enables Electronic musical instruments Computers In computing, a protocol is a convention or standard that controls or enables the connection Communication, and Data transfer between two computing
In 1998, a direct descendant of Max/FTS was developed in Java (jMax) and released as open-source. jMax was a highly-modular visual programming environment for interactive real-time music Open source is a development methodology which offers practical accessibility to a product's source (goods and knowledge
1999 saw the release of nato.0+55, a suite of externals developed by Netochka Nezvanova that brought to Max extensive control of realtime video. nato0+55+3d (previously nato0+55) is a set of modular video processing and QuickTime control objects authored by the Netochka Nezvanova collective Netochka Nezvanova is the Pseudonym used by the author(s of Nato Although nato became increasingly popular among multimedia artists, its development was dropped in 2001.
In the meantime, Cycling '74 created their "official" implementation of video control. A major package for Max/MSP called Jitter was released in 2003, providing real-time video, 3-D, and matrix processing capability. In Mathematics, a matrix (plural matrices) is a rectangular table of elements (or entries) which may be Numbers or more generally
In addition, a number of sibling and Max-like programs exist.
Native Instruments markets a similar software called Reaktor. Native Instruments is a Music software production company whose products are mainly aimed at Electronic musicians The company was founded in 1996 Reaktor is a graphical Modular software music studio of proprietary license developed by Native Instruments. Reaktor is generally considered easier to use and learn than Max, albeit less powerful.
Apple has a very similar program called Quartz Composer focused on graphical compositions and there is also a free (for non-commercial use) software developed by meso called vvvv focused on real time video synthesis. Apple Inc, ( formerly Apple Computer Inc, is an American Multinational corporation with a focus on designing and manufacturing Consumer electronics Quartz Composer is a node-based Visual programming language provided as part of the Xcode Development environment in Mac OS X v10 vvvv (commonly pronounced as 'vier vow' is a toolkit for real time video synthesis written in Borland Delphi to "facilitate the handling of large media environments with
Max is named for Max Mathews, and can be considered a descendant of MUSIC, though its graphical nature disguises that fact. Max Vernon Mathews (* November 13, 1926, in Columbus, Nebraska) is a pioneer in the world of Computer music. MUSIC-N refers to a family of Computer music programs and Programming languages descended from or influenced by MUSIC I a program written by Max Mathews
A large number of people use Max, even if they aren't aware of it. Max documents (called patchers) can be bundled into standalone applications and distributed free or sold commercially. In addition, Max can be used to author audio plugin software for major audio production systems.
With the increased integration of laptop computers into live music performance (in electronic music and elsewhere), Max/MSP and Max/Jitter have received quite a bit of attention as a development environment available to those serious about laptop music / laptop video performance. A laptop computer, also known as a notebook computer, is a small Personal computer designed for mobile use. Electronic music is music that employs Electronic musical instruments and Electronic Music technology in its production
Many other artists use Max/MSP/Jitter, but prefer not to mention it. Autechre are an English Electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown and Sean Booth both natives of Rochdale, England. David Behrman (born Salzburg, Austria, August 16, 1937) is a US Composer and the producer of Columbia Records Kevin Blechdom, born Kristin Erickson is an experimental Electronic musician / Performance artist from San Francisco California. Kit Clayton is the recording name of Joshua Kit Clayton a San Francisco -based musician and programmer Daft Punk Roger Luke DuBois (born September 10, 1975 in Morristown New Jersey, U Karlheinz Essl (born August 15, 1960 in Vienna) is an Austrian Composer, performer sound artist improviser and composition Christian Fennesz (born December 25, 1962) is an Austrian Electronic musician often credited on albums simply as Fennesz. Georg Hajdu (born June 21, 1960 in Göttingen, Germany) is a German Composer of Hungarian descent Jonathan Harvey (born 1968 is a British Playwright whose work has earned multiple awards Leafcutter John is the recording name of John Burton a UK -based Musician and Artist. Zbigniew Karkowski was born in 1958 in Krakow Poland He studied composition at the State College of Music in Gothenburg Sweden, aesthetics of modern music at the University James Holden is a British Electronic music artist and DJ who has released numerous singles and remixes on different labels such as Lost Language, Perfecto Jamie Lidell (born September 18 1973 in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England) is a musician John Wiese is an artist and composer from Los Angeles California Philippe Manoury (born June 19, 1952) is a French Composer. Biography Philippe Manoury was born in Tulle. Menomena (mɨˈnɒmɨnə is an Indie rock band from Portland Oregon, United States, made up of Brent Knopf Justin Harris and Danny Seim Mesías Maiguashca (born 24 December 1938 in Quito) is an Ecuadorian Composer. is a Noise music project created in Tokyo, Japan in 1979 under the direction of musician. Radiohead Robin Minard (born 1953 is a Canadian Composer and Installation artist. Monolake is an Electronic music act based in Berlin. Originally consisting of members Gerhard Behles and Robert Henke Monolake is now perpetuated by Henke while Nobukazu Takemura (竹村延和 Takemura Nobukazu) is a Japanese musician whose style has run from Jazz to house to Drum and bass to Chamber Girl Talk is the stage name of musician Gregg Gillis (born October 26, 1981) Pauline Oliveros (born May 30, 1932 in Houston Texas) is an Accordionist and Composer who currently resides in Kingston New Robert "Bob" Ostertag (born April 19 1957 in Albuquerque New Mexico, United States is an experimental Audio artist based in San Francisco Michael James Owen Pallett (born on September 7, 1979) is a Violinist and singer from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and Kurt Ralske is an artist and composer During the mid-eighties he was a guitarist in the bands Nothing But Happiness and Crash. Peter Rehberg (aka Pita) (born 29 June 1968, London) is an author of electronic audio works Jean-Claude Risset ( March 18, 1938 in Le Puy France) is a French Composer, best known for his pioneering contributions to Computer music Kaija Saariaho (ˈkɑijɑ 'sɑːriˌɑho (born October 14, 1952) is a Finnish Composer. Keith Fullerton Whitman (born May 29, 1973) is an American Electronic musician who has recorded albums influenced by many genres including John Wiese is an artist and composer from Los Angeles California Pamela Z (born Pamela Brooks 1956 is an American composer performer and audio artist who works primarily with her voice and live electronic processing Richard Devine is an Atlanta -based electronic musician. He is recognized for producing a layered and heavily processed sound combining influences from is an Experimental musician a Steelpanist Composer, and Visual artist. Jim O'Rourke can refer to a vast number of different people most notably Jim O'Rourke, the baseball player For more on this subject, see this discussion on the Max/MSP mailing list.