|Manchester City Centre|
Manchester City Centre shown within Greater Manchester
|Population||11,689 (2001 Census)|
|- Density||5410 mile² (2090 km²)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||163 miles (263 km) SE|
|Metropolitan borough||City of Manchester|
|Metropolitan county||Greater Manchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|European Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Manchester Central|
|List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester|
Manchester City Centre is the central business district of both Manchester and Greater Manchester, in North West England. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one North West England is one of the nine official Regions of England. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The M postcode area, also known as the Manchester postcode area, is a group of several Postal districts in Greater Manchester, England. The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Greater Manchester Police (" GMP " is the Home Office Police force responsible for policing the Metropolitan county of Greater The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and The Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service is the county-wide statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the Metropolitan county of The North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust was formed on 1 July 2006 as part of Health Minister Lord Warner's plans to reduce the number of NHS North West England is a Constituency of the European Parliament. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Manchester Central is a Borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a partial list of places in Greater Manchester, in North West England. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 North West England is one of the nine official Regions of England. Extensively redeveloped since the 1996 IRA bombing, Manchester City Centre, as defined by Manchester City Council, lies within the Manchester Inner Ring Road with the River Irwell running through it, thereby encompassing part of the neighbouring City of Salford. The 1996 Manchester bombing was a bomb attack undertaken by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA in Manchester, England. Manchester City Council is the local authority for the City of Manchester in Greater Manchester, England Manchester and Salford Inner Relief Route is a Ring Road in Greater Manchester, England. The River Irwell is a River flowing through the Irwell Valley in the counties of Lancashire and Greater Manchester The City of Salford is a Local government district of Greater Manchester, England with the status of a city and Metropolitan borough. 
As well as much retail and commercial development, there has been a large increase in property development and there are now over 5,000 residential properties in the City Centre, mostly in the form of apartments. Well over half of these have been built since 1996. Some of the most notable developments are No. 1 Deansgate and Urban Splash. No 1 Deansgate is the name and location of a medium-rise Apartment building in central Manchester, England. Urban Splash, is a British company set up in 1993, which regenerates decaying industrial Warehouses mills victorian terraced houses and other The prices of these homes have also risen with the first £2 million penthouse sold in 2002 due to the promotion, witnessed in other cities in England, of inner city living.
The electoral ward of City Centre had a resident population of 11,689, and a population density of 5,410 people per square mile (2090 km²), in 2001. In Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, a ward is an Electoral district Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of  It is currently represented by three Liberal Democrat Councillors: Marc Ramsbottom, Ken Dobson and Elaine Boyes.
There are a variety restaurants in the City Centre including restaurants owned by famous chef Paul Heathcote. The history of Manchester is one of change from a minor Lancastrian township into the pre-eminent industrial Metropolis of the United Kingdom Paul Heathcote is a Chef, restaurateur and food consultant who spent twelve years under the guidance of Raymond Blanc at Le Manoir aux Quat' Saisons. There is also a stock of hotels in the area with Manchester's first five-star hotel, the Lowry Hotel opening in the City Centre in 2001. The Lowry Hotel is located in the city of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England.
Manchester City Centre is home to Marks and Spencer, Selfridges and Harvey Nichols stores. Marks & Spencer Group plc (also M&S, Marks and Sparks, and Marks) is a British Retailer with 843 stores in more than 30 Selfridges is a chain of Department stores in the United Kingdom. Harvey Nichols ("Harvey Nicks" founded in 1813 is an Upmarket Department store chain Deansgate and Market Street are the city centre's principal retail streets. Deansgate is a main road (the A56) through the city centre of Manchester, England. Market Street is one of the two principal retail streets in Manchester, England (the other is King Street) There is also a large indoor shopping mall called the Manchester Arndale Centre. A shopping mall or shopping centre is a building or set of buildings that contain Retail units with interconnecting Walkways enabling visitors Manchester Arndale (known locally as The Arndale Centre or just The Arndale) is a large Shopping centre in Manchester City Centre, There are many leisure facilities in the City Centre also with the recent opening of the Printworks, a large facility containing a cinema (including an IMAX screen), numerous bars, clubs and restaurants and also Manchester's first Hard Rock Cafe and Hard Rock Casino, contributing further to this. The Printworks is an entertainment venue located on Withy Grove in Manchester, England, and is one of two entertainment venues for Manchester City Centre IMAX (short for Image MAXimum is a Film format created by Canada 's IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and Hard Rock Cafe was founded in 1971 by Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, and their first Hard Rock Cafe opened near Hyde Park Corner in London,
The Northern Quarter, centred around Oldham Street, is known for its bohemian atmosphere and independent shops and cafes. The Northern Quarter ( N4 as it is sometimes denoted is an area of Manchester City Centre, England, generally marked out between Piccadilly
The landscaping of the City Centre has also provided several public spaces including the newly developed Piccadilly Gardens, which incorporates fountains, green spaces and a Metrolink station, as well as Exchange Square which is located near Urbis, which is an exhibition centre focusing on city life. Piccadilly Gardens is a green space in Manchester city centre, England, situated at one end of Market Street (a busy shopping area and on the Manchester Metro redirects here - for the Manchester Metroshuttle free bus routes see Metroshuttle or First Manchester Manchester Metrolink Exchange Square is located in the English city of Manchester. Urbis is an exhibition centre located in central Manchester, England. Two of the City Centre's oldest buildings, The Old Wellington Inn and Sinclair's Oyster Bar, were dismantled, moved 300 metres and re-erected in 1999 to create the new Shambles Square adjacent to Manchester Cathedral
There are other museums in Manchester City Centre including the Manchester Museum which contains many ancient artifacts and natural history items and the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry which includes many hands-on exhibits. Shambles Square is a square in Manchester, England, created in 1999 to house the rebuilt Old Wellington Inn and Sinclair's Oyster Bar next to Manchester Cathedral is a Medieval church located on Victoria Street in central Manchester and is the seat of the Bishop of Manchester. The Manchester Museum is owned by the University of Manchester. The Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester (MOSI located in Manchester, England, is a large Museum devoted to the development of science technology
Manchester City Centre has many nightclubs, many of which following in the footsteps of the Haçienda nightclub which has now closed; the site has been redeveloped as a housing complex. Fac 51 Haçienda (better known simply as The Haçienda) was a Nightclub and Music venue in Manchester, England. There is a large gay village around the Canal Street area of the city centre, which plays host to an annual Mardi Gras, and a large Chinatown with numerous places to eat. A gay village (also known as a gay neighborhood or by the slang gayborhood) is an urban geographic location with generally recognized boundaries Canal Street is a street in Manchester in the north of England which is the centre of the Manchester Gay Village. " Mardi Gras " ( French for Fat Tuesday) is the day before Ash Wednesday. Manchester 's Chinatown is the second largest Chinatown in the United Kingdom and the fourth largest in Europe