|State of Maine|
(English de facto)
|Largest metro area||Portland-South Portland-Biddeford|
|Area||Ranked 39th in the US|
|- Total||33,414 sq mi|
|- Width||210 miles (338 km)|
|- Length||320 miles (515 km)|
|- % water||13. The Flag of Maine features the state Coat of arms on a blue field The State Seal of Maine was adopted in June of 1820. There have been variations in the details of the seal but the overall design and images remain true to the original This is a list of US state nicknames, including officially adopted Nicknames and other traditional nicknames for individual states of the United States. Here is a list of state Mottos for the states of the United States of America. Dirigo ( Latin "I direct" or "I lead" is the state motto of Maine, having once been the only state to hold its elections The United States does not have an Official language; however the majority of the population speaks English as a native language (about 82% English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place Washington DC has been the capital of the United States since 1800 Augusta is the Capital of the US state of Maine, County seat of Kennebec County, and Center of population This is a list of the largest cities of US states by population Portland is the largest city in the US state of Maine and the County seat of Cumberland County. Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas|Table of United States Core Based Statistical AreasIn the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB has produced Portland is the largest city in the US state of Maine and the County seat of Cumberland County. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. This is a complete list of the states of the United States and its major territories ordered by total area, land area, and water area The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand 5|
|- Latitude||42° 58′ N to 47° 28′ N|
|- Longitude||66° 57′ W to 71° 5′ W|
|Population||Ranked 40th in the US|
|- Density||41. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison as of July 1, 2007, according to the This article is a list of the 50 US States ordered by Population density. 3/sq mi |
15. 95/km² (38th in the US)
|- Highest point||Mount Katahdin|
5,268 ft (1,606 m)
|- Mean||591 ft (180 m)|
|- Lowest point||Atlantic Ocean|
0 ft (0 m)
|Admission to Union||March 15, 1820 (23rd)|
|Governor||John Baldacci (D)|
|U.S. Senators||Olympia Snowe (R)|
Susan Collins (R)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
The State of Maine (IPA: /ˈmeɪn/) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below --> Mount Katahdin (USGS name is the highest mountain in Maine. Called Katahdin by people local to the peak and by the Penobscot Indians: the term means "The Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of U Events 44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Year 1820 ( MDCCCXX) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year A governor is a governing official usually the executive (at least nominally to different degrees also politically and administratively of a non-sovereign level of government John Elias Baldacci (born January 30, 1955) is an American politician who has served as the Governor of the U This is a complete and current List of United States Lieutenant Governors. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Olympia Jean Bouchles Snowe McKernan (born February 21, 1947) is the senior United States Senator from Maine. Susan Margaret Collins (born December 7 1952, in Caribou Maine) is the junior U The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses These are tables of congressional delegations from Maine to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. This is a list of United States of America States by time zone The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America Daylight saving time ( DST The traditional abbreviations for US states and territories were widely used in mailing addresses prior to the introduction of two-letter U ISO 3166-2US is an ISO standard which defines Geocodes it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to the United States of America. A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the The Northeast is a region of the United States. As defined by the U The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The territory that is now Maine was part of Massachusetts until 1820. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Maine is the northernmost portion of New England and is the easternmost state in the contiguous United States. It is known for its scenery — its jagged, mostly rocky coastline; its low, rolling mountains; and its heavily forested interior — as well as for its seafood cuisine, especially lobsters and clams. The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is one Species of Lobster found on the Atlantic coast of North America. Clam is a word which can be used for all some or only a few Species of Bivalve Mollusks the word is a Common name which has
The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking peoples. The Algonquian (also Algonkian, and pronounced both and) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic The first European settlement in Maine was in 1604 by a French party. The first English settlement in Maine, the short-lived Popham Colony, was established by the Plymouth Company in 1607. The Popham Colony (also known as the Sagadahoc Colony) was a short-lived English colonial settlement in North America that was founded in 1607 and The Plymouth Company (the Plymouth Adventurers, also called the Virginia Company of Plymouth or simply Virginia Bay Company) was an English A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate, deprivations, and Indian attacks wiped out many of them over the years. As Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen settlements still survived. American and British forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America and the British Empire, particularly Great Britain and her North American colonies Because it was physically separated from the rest of Massachusetts (properly speaking, the Department of Maine was an exclave of Massachusetts) and because it was growing in population at a rapid rate, Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820, as a component of the Missouri Compromise. Events 44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Year 1820 ( MDCCCXX) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The Missouri Compromise was an agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress, involving
There is no definitive answer for the origin of the name Maine. The state legislature in 2001 adopted a resolution establishing Franco-American Day, which stated that the state was named after the ancient French province of Maine. Maine is one of the traditional provinces of France. It corresponds to the old county of Maine centered around the city of Le Mans.  Other theories mention earlier places with similar names, or claim it is a nautical reference to the mainland.  Whatever the origin, the name was fixed in 1665 when the King's Commissioners ordered that the "Province of Maine" be entered from then on in official records. 
To the south and east is the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and northeast is New Brunswick, a province of Canada. This is a list of the sixteen counties in the US state of Maine. List of Rivers in Maine ( US state) The list is organized by tributary structure from north to south along the coast New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The Canadian province of Quebec is to the northwest. Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Maine is both the northernmost state in New England and the largest, accounting for nearly half the region's entire land area. History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the Maine also has the distinction of being the only state to border just one other state (New Hampshire to the west). New Hampshire ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The municipalities of Eastport and Lubec are, respectively, the easternmost city and town in the United States. Eastport is a small city—-consisting entirely of islands—-in Washington County, Maine, United States. Lubec is a town in Washington County, Maine, United States. The population was 1652 at the 2000 census Maine's Moosehead Lake is the largest lake wholly in New England (New York's Lake Champlain being partially in Vermont) A number of other Maine lakes, such as South Twin Lake, are described by Thoreau. Moosehead Lake is the largest Lake in the US state of Maine. Situated in the Longfellow Mountains in the Maine Highlands Region the lake New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Lake Champlain (French lac Champlain) is a natural freshwater Lake in North America, located mainly within the borders of the United States Vermont ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. South Twin Lake having about is wholly within Penobscot County Maine. Mount Katahdin is both the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail, which extends to Springer Mountain, Georgia, and the southern terminus of the new International Appalachian Trail which, when complete, will run to Belle Isle, Newfoundland and Labrador. Mount Katahdin (USGS name is the highest mountain in Maine. Called Katahdin by people local to the peak and by the Penobscot Indians: the term means "The The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A Springer Mountain is located in the Chattahoochee National Forest in Fannin County of northern Georgia. The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule The International Appalachian Trail ( IAT; French: Sentier International des Appalaches, SIA) is a Hiking trail which runs from the Belle Isle (Old french for 'Beautiful Island' is an uninhabited island just off the coast of Labrador and north of the island of Newfoundland at the Atlantic Newfoundland and Labrador (ˈnuːfɨn(dlənd ən(d ˈlæbrəˌdɔr (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador is a province of Canada, the tenth and latest to join the Confederation
Maine also has several unique geographical features. Machias Seal Island and North Rock, off its easternmost point, are claimed by both the U. Machias Seal Island is an Island located in the Gulf of Maine, approximately southeast from Cutler Maine and approximately southwest of Southwest North Rock is an offshore rock with geographical coordinates of, located to the east of the North American continent near the boundary between the Gulf of Maine and the S. and Canada and are within one of four areas between the two countries whose sovereignty is still in dispute, but is the only one of the disputed areas containing land. Although Canada and the United States share the longest non-militarized border between two countries there is a long history of disputes about the border's demarcation Also in this easternmost area is the Old Sow, the largest tidal whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere. Old Sow is the name of the largest Tidal Whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere located off the southwestern shore of Deer Island, New Brunswick Characteristics A tide is a repeated cycle of sea level changes in the following stages Over several hours the water rises or advances up a beach in the flood A whirlpool is a swirling body of Water usually produced by ocean Tides. The Western Hemisphere, also Western hemisphere or western hemisphere, is a geographical term for the half of the Earth that lies West
Maine is the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to It is called the Pine Tree State; ninety percent of its land is forested. This is a list of US state nicknames, including officially adopted Nicknames and other traditional nicknames for individual states of the United States. In the forested areas of the interior lies much uninhabited land, some of which does not have formal political organization into local units (a rarity in New England). The Northwest Aroostook, Maine unorganized territory in the northern part of the state, for example, has an area of 2,668 square miles (6,910 km²) and a population of 27, or one person for every 100 square miles (255 km²). Northwest Aroostook is an Unorganized territory in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. An unorganized territory is a region of land generally with less self-governmental powers than other regions controlled by a specific government
Maine is equally well known for its ocean scenery, with almost 3,500 miles (5,600 km) of shoreline. West Quoddy Head is the easternmost piece of land in the contiguous 48 United States. West Quoddy Head (44°49' north latitude 66°57' west longitude in Lubec Maine is the easternmost point in the 48 contiguous states of the United States Along the famous rock-bound coast of Maine are lighthouses, beaches, fishing villages, and thousands of offshore islands, including the Isles of Shoals, which straddle the New Hampshire border. The Isles of Shoals are a group of nine small islands situated approximately 16 km (10 miles off the east coast of the United States, straddling the border of the states Jagged rocks and cliffs and thousands of bays and inlets add to the rugged beauty of Maine's coast. Just inland, by contrast, are lakes, rivers, forests, and mountains. This visual contrast of forested slopes sweeping down to the sea has been aptly summed up by American poet Edna St. Vincent Millay of Rockland and Camden, Maine in "Renascence":
More prosaic geologists describe this type of landscape as a drowned coast, where a rising sea level has invaded former land features, creating bays out of valleys and islands out of mountain tops. Edna St Vincent Millay ( February 22, 1892 &ndash October 19, 1950) was an American lyrical poet and playwright and the first Rockland is a city in Knox County, Maine, in the United States. Camden is a town in Knox County, Maine, United States. The population was 5254 at the 2000 census  A rise in the elevation of the land due to the melting of heavy glacier ice caused a slight rebounding effect of underlying rock; this land rise, however, was not strong enough to eliminate all the effect of the rising sea level and its invasion of former land features.
Much of Maine's unique geography was created by heavy glacial activity at the end of the last ice age. An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the Temperature of the Earth 's surface and atmosphere resulting in an expansion of continental Ice sheets Prominent glacial features include Somes Sound and Bubble Rock. Carved by glaciers, Somes Sound is considered to be the only fjord on the eastern seaboard and reaches depths of 175 feet (53 m). Somes Sound is a body of water running deep into Mount Desert Island, the main site of Acadia National Park in Maine, United States. The extreme depth and steep drop-off allow large ships to navigate almost the entire length of the sound. These features also have made it attractive for boat builders, such as the prestigious Hinkley Yachts. Bubble Rock is what is known as a "glacial erratic" and is a large boulder perched on the edge of Bubble Mountain in Acadia National Park. By analyzing the type of granite, geologists were able to discover that glaciers carried Bubble Rock to its present location from the town of Lucerne, Maine--30 miles away.
Millions of people have enjoyed this coastal scenery at Maine's Acadia National Park, the only national park in New England. Acadia National Park preserves much of Mount Desert Island, and associated smaller islands off the Atlantic coast of Maine.
Areas under the protection and management of the National Park Service include:
Maine experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with warm (although generally not hot), humid summers. Roosevelt Campobello International Park preserves the house and surrounding landscape of Saint Croix is also an island in the United States Virgin Islands Saint Croix Calais is a city in the state of Maine in the United States, and a Port of entry situated on the St The humid continental climate is a Climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems It was developed by Wladimir Köppen, a German climatologist Winters are cold and snowy throughout the state, and are especially severe in the northern parts of Maine. Coastal areas are moderated somewhat by the Atlantic Ocean. Daytime highs are generally in the 75-80 °F (24-27 °C) range throughout the state in July, with overnight lows in the high 50s°F (around 15 °C). January temperatures range from highs near 32 °F (0 °C) on the southern coast to overnight lows below 0 °F (-18 °C) in the far north.
Maine is generally safe from hurricanes and tropical storms. A tropical cyclone is a storm system characterized by a low pressure center and numerous Thunderstorms that produce strong winds and Flooding By the time they reach the state, many have become extratropical and few hurricanes have made landfall in Maine. Extratropical cyclones, sometimes called mid-latitude cyclones or wave cyclones, are a group of Cyclones defined as synoptic scale low Maine has fewer days of thunderstorms than any other state east of the Rockies, with most of the state averaging less than 20 days of thunderstorms a year. Tornadoes are rare in Maine with the state averaging fewer than two per year, mostly occurring in the southern part of the state. A tornado is a violent rotating column of air which is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a Cumulonimbus cloud or in rare cases the base of a Cumulus 
|Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures (°F) For Various Maine Cities|
The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples including the Abenaki, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscots. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736 a German Physicist who proposed it in 1724 The history of the US State of Maine spans thousands of years measured from the earliest human settlement or less than two hundred measured from the advent of U Charles Bulfinch ( August 8 1763 – April 15 1844) was an early American Architect, and has been regarded by many Wabanaki, Wabenaki, Wobanaki, etc may refer to In geography area referred as the "Dawn land" by many Algonquian -speaking The Abenaki ( or Abnaki) are a Tribe of Native American and First Nations people belonging to the Algonquian peoples The Passamaquoddy ( Peskotomuhkati or Pestomuhkati in the Passamaquoddy language are a Native American The Penobscot (Panawahpskek are a sovereign people indigenous to what is now Maritime Canada and the Northeastern United States, particularly Maine. The first European settlement in Maine was in 1604 by a French party that included Samuel de Champlain, the noted explorer. Samuel de Champlain (c 1575 - 25 December 1635) "The Father of New France " was a French navigator geographer cartographer The French named the entire area, including the portion that later became the State of Maine, Acadia. The Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture ( ACADIA) is a Non-profit organization active in the area of Computer-aided architectural design The first English settlement in Maine was established by the Plymouth Company at Popham in 1607, the same year as the settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. The Plymouth Company (the Plymouth Adventurers, also called the Virginia Company of Plymouth or simply Virginia Bay Company) was an English Jamestown, located on Jamestown Island in the Virginia Colony, was founded on May 14 1607 Both colonies were predated by the Roanoke Colony by 22 years. Because the Popham Colony did not survive the harsh Maine winters and the Roanoke Colony was lost, Jamestown enjoys the distinction of being regarded as America’s first permanent English-speaking settlement. The Popham Colony (also known as the Sagadahoc Colony) was a short-lived English colonial settlement in North America that was founded in 1607 and The coastal areas of western Maine first became the Province of Maine in a 1622 land patent. The Province of Maine refers to several English colonies of that name that existed in the 17th century along the northeast coast of North America, at times roughly Eastern Maine north of the Kennebec River was more sparsely settled and was known in the 17th century as the Territory of Sagadahock. The Kennebec River is a River, 150 mi (240 km long in the state of Maine in the northeastern United States. The Territory of Sagahadock included the eastern part of Maine, which was more sparsely settled than the west the area included was the area east of the Kennebec River
The province within its current boundaries became part of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652. The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it was an English settlement on the east coast of North America Maine was much fought over by the French and English during the 17th and early 18th centuries. After the defeat of the French in the 1740s, the territory from the Penobscot River east fell under the nominal authority of the Province of Nova Scotia, and together with present day New Brunswick formed the Nova Scotia county of Sunbury, with its court of general sessions at Campobello. Nova Scotia (ˌnəʊvəˈskəʊʃə ( Latin for New Scotland; Alba Nuadh Nouvelle-Écosse is a Canadian province located on Canada 's Nova Scotia (ˌnəʊvəˈskəʊʃə ( Latin for New Scotland; Alba Nuadh Nouvelle-Écosse is a Canadian province located on Canada 's Sunbury County was a County in the Crown colony of Nova Scotia. American and British forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. The treaty concluding revolution was ambiguous about Maine's boundary with British North America. British North America consisted of the colonies and territories of the British Empire in continental North America after the end of the American Revolutionary The territory of Maine was confirmed as part of Massachusetts when the United States was formed, although the final border with British territory was not established until the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty, signed August 9, 1842, settled the dispute over the location of the Maine - New Brunswick border between the (Indeed, in 1839 Governor Fairfield declared war on Britain over a boundary dispute between New Brunswick and northern Maine. Known as the Aroostook War, this is the only time a state has declared war on a foreign power. The Aroostook War was an undeclared (and ultimately bloodless confrontation in 1838-39 between the United States and Great Britain over the international boundary between British The dispute was settled, however, before any blood was shed.
Because it was physically separated from the rest of Massachusetts and was growing in population at a rapid rate, Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820 through the Missouri Compromise. Events 44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Year 1820 ( MDCCCXX) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year This compromise allowed admitting both Maine and Missouri (in 1821) into the union while keeping a balance between slave and free states. A slave state was a US state in which Slavery of African Americans was legal  Maine's original capital was Portland, the largest city in Maine, until it was moved to Augusta in 1832 to make it more central within the state.
|Est. 2006||1,321,574||3. 7%|
As of 2008, Maine has an estimated population of 1,321,504, which is an increase of 6,520, or 0. 5%, from the prior year and an increase of 46,582, or 3. 7%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 6,413 people (that is 71,276 births minus 64,863 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 41,808 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 5,004 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 36,804 people. American immigration ( emigration to the United States of America) refers to the movement of non-residents to the United States.
Maine is a very popular tourist destination, but it also experiences harsh winters, and consequently, the great temporary influx of visitors occurs during the warmer months. Many of these visitors establish an alternate secondary residence in Maine during the warm months and then depart for their primary residence in the off-season. These are the summer people of Maine lore. Official census figures normally count a person as a resident only once, at the place of the primary home. Therefore, there are some situations in which official census figures could be misleading for Maine. For example, some communities may have a much larger seasonal retail sector than their official, small population figure would imply.
The mean population center of Maine is located in Kennebec County, in or near the town of Mount Vernon. Kennebec County is a County located in the US state of Maine. Mount Vernon is a town in Kennebec County, Maine, United States.  The Greater Portland metropolitan area is the most densely populated with nearly 20% of Maine's population.  As explained in detail under "Geography", there are large tracts of uninhabited land in some remote parts of the interior.
|Demographics of Maine (csv)|
|2000 (total population)||98. 08%||0. 77%||1. 03%||0. 93%||0. 06%|
|2000 (Hispanic only)||0. 66%||0. 06%||0. 03%||0. 02%||0. 01%|
|2005 (total population)||97. 81%||1. 02%||1. 00%||1. 06%||0. 06%|
|2005 (Hispanic only)||0. 91%||0. 07%||0. 03%||0. 02%||0. 00%|
|Growth 2000–05 (total population)||3. 37%||37. 45%||0. 77%||17. 68%||2. 76%|
|Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only)||3. 09%||38. 61%||0. 95%||18. 10%||9. 48%|
|Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only)||44. 03%||22. 69%||-5. 57%||-3. 52%||-43. 56%|
|* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander|
The largest ancestries in the state are: English American (21. English Americans (occasionally known as Anglo -Americans although this may have a wider cultural meaning are Citizens of the United States whose ancestry 5%), Irish (15. Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánach are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in Ireland. 1%), French or French Canadian (14. French Americans or Franco-Americans are citizens or permanent residents of the United States of French descent 2%), American (9. The ancestry of the people of the United States is widely varied and includes descendants of Populations from around the World, some presumably extinct 4%), and German (6. German Americans ( German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of Ethnic German ancestry 7%).
Maine is second only to New Hampshire in the percentage of French Americans among U. S. states. It also has the largest percentage of non-Hispanic whites of any state and the highest percentage of current French-speakers who come from Quebec. Franco-Mainers tended to settle in rural northern Maine (particularly Aroostook County) and the industrial cities of inland Maine (especially Lewiston), whereas much of the midcoast and downeast sections remain mostly of British heritage. Smaller numbers of various other groups, including Italian and Polish have settled throughout the state since the early 20th c. An Italian American is an American of Italian descent and/or dual citizenship A Polish American is an American citizen of Polish descent There are an estimated 10 million Americans of Polish descent immigration waves.
The 2000 Census reported 92. 25% of Maine residents age 5 and older speak English at home. Census figures show Maine has a greater proportion of people speaking French at home than any other state in the nation, a result of Maine's large French-Canadian community, who migrated from adjacent Quebec and New Brunswick. Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally 5. 28% of Maine households are French-speaking, compared with 4. 68% in Louisiana. The State of Louisiana ( or, État de Louisiane, pronounced) is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America Spanish is the third most spoken language at 0. 79%, followed by German at 0. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. 33% and Italian at 0. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. 12% .
The religious affiliations of the people of Maine are shown below:
The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Maine's total gross state product for 2003 was US$41 billion. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. Methodism is a movement within Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations The Episcopal Church is the official name of the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States. The United Church of Christ ( UCC) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination principally in the United States, Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther Roman Catholicism in the United States has grown dramatically over the country's history from being a tiny minority faith during the time of the Thirteen Colonies The 50 State Quarters program ( is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. The Bureau of Economic Analysis ( BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides important economic statistics including the Its per capita personal income for 2003 was US$29,164, 29th in the nation.
Maine's agricultural outputs include poultry, eggs, dairy products, cattle, wild blueberries (the state produces 25% of all blueberries in North America, making it the largest blueberry producer in the world), apples, maple syrup and maple sugar. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture Blueberries are Flowering plants in the genus Vaccinium, sect Maple syrup is a sweetener made from the sap of Maple trees In Canada and the United States it is most often eaten with waffles and pancakes Maple sugar is what remains after the sap of the Sugar maple is boiled for longer than is needed to create Maple syrup or Maple taffy. Aroostook County is known for its potato crops. Aroostook County is a County located in the US state of Maine. The potato is a Starchy Tuberous crop Vegetable from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae Commercial fishing, once a mainstay of the state's economy, maintains a presence, particularly lobstering and groundfishing. Commercial fishing, also known as industrial fishing, is the activity of capturing Fish and other Seafood for commercial Profit, mostly Western Maine aquifers and springs are a major source of bottled water. Maine's industrial outputs consist chiefly of paper, lumber and wood products, electronic equipment, leather products, food products, textiles, and bio-technology. Naval shipbuilding and construction remain key as well, with Bath Iron Works in Bath and Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery. Bath Iron Works (BIW is a Shipyard located on the Kennebec River in Bath Maine. The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (PNS often called the Portsmouth Navy Yard, is a United States Navy Shipyard located in Kittery on the southern Naval Air Station Brunswick is also in Maine, and serves as a large support base for the U. Naval Air Station Brunswick, also known as NAS Brunswick, is a military airport located North East of Brunswick, Maine; one of two in New England S. Navy. However, the BRAC campaign recommended Brunswick's closing, despite a recent government-funded effort to upgrade its facilities. Base Realignment and Closure (or BRAC) is a process of the United States federal government directed at the administration and operation of the Armed
Tourism and outdoor recreation play a major and increasingly important role in Maine's economy. The state is a popular destination for sport hunting (particularly deer, moose and bear), sport fishing, snowmobiling, skiing, boating, camping and hiking, among other activities. Hunting is the practice of pursuing Animals for Food, Recreation, or Trade. Recreational fishing, also called sport fishing, is Fishing for Pleasure or Competition. A snowmobile (known locally as snowmachine, snowsled or by the Brandname Ski-Doo) is a land vehicle that is commonly propelled by Snow skiing is a group of sports utilizing Skis as primary equipment Definition Camping describes a range of activities Survivalist campers set off with little more than their boots whereas Recreational vehicle travelers arrive equipped The word 'hiking' is understood in all English-speaking countries but there are differences in usage Maine's unemployment rate is 4. 8%
Maine ports play a key role in national transportation. Beginning around 1880, Portland's rail link and ice-free port made it Canada's principal winter port, until the aggressive development of Halifax, Nova Scotia, in the mid-1900s. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo See also Halifax Nova Scotia See also Halifax Regional Municipality municipal election 2008 Halifax Regional Municipality is the capital In 2001, Maine's largest city of Portland surpassed Boston as New England's busiest port (by tonnage), due to its ability to handle large tankers. Maine's Portland International Jetport was recently expanded, providing the state with increased air traffic from carriers such as JetBlue. Portland International Jetport is a public Airport located two miles (3 km west of the Central business district of Portland, in Cumberland
Maine has very few large companies that maintain headquarters in the state, and fewer than before due to consolidations and mergers, particularly in the pulp and paper industry. Some of the larger companies that do maintain headquarters in Maine include Fairchild Semiconductor in South Portland; IDEXX Laboratories, in Westbrook; Unum, in Portland; TD Banknorth, in Portland; L.L. Bean in Freeport; Cole Haan and Delorme, both located in Yarmouth. Present day Fairchild Semiconductor International Inc is a spin-off company resulting from reconstitution of assets in National Semiconductor IDEXX Laboratories Inc or IDXX is a multinational corporation engaged in the development manufacture and distribution of products and services for the veterinary food Unum ( is a Chattanooga Tennessee -based Insurance company previously named UnumProvident which was formed from the merger of two competing insurance companies TD Banknorth, formerly "Banknorth" is a fully-owned subsidiary of Toronto-Dominion Bank. LLBean is a privately held Mail-order and retail company based in Freeport, Maine, specializing in clothing and outdoor recreation equipment Cole Haan is a fashion label that started in Chicago in 1928 The name comes from founders Trafton Cole and Eddie Haan DeLorme is a leading provider of business-to-business and consumer mapping and GPS products and technologies based in Yarmouth, Maine, United States. Maine is also the home of The Jackson Laboratory, the world's largest non-profit mammalian genetic research facility and the world's largest supplier of genetically purebred mice. The Jackson Laboratory was founded in Bar Harbor Maine in 1929 by former University of Maine and University of Michigan president C
Maine has an income tax structure containing 4 brackets, which range from 2% to 8. 5% of personal income. Maine's general sales tax rate is 5%. A sales tax is a Consumption tax charged at the Point of purchase for certain goods and services The state also levies charges of 7% on lodging and prepared food and 10% on short-term auto rentals. Commercial sellers of blueberries, a Maine staple, must keep records of their transactions and pay the state 1. 5 cents per pound ($1. 50 per 100 pounds) of the fruit sold each season. All real and tangible personal property located in the state of Maine is taxable unless specifically exempted by statute. Personal property is a type of Property. In the Common law systems personal property may also be called chattels or personalty. The administration of property taxes is handled by the local assessor in incorporated cities and towns, while property taxes in the unorganized territories are handled by the State Tax Assessor.
Maine has a longstanding tradition of being home to many shipbuilding companies. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Maine was home to many shipyards that produced wooden sailing ships. The main function of these ships was to transport either cargoes or passengers overseas. One of these yards was located in Pennellville Historic District in what is now Brunswick, Maine. Pennellville Historic District is a US residential district located in the town of Brunswick, Maine. This yard, owned by the Pennell family, was typical of the many family-owned shipbuilding companies of the time period. Other such examples of shipbuilding families were the Skofields and the Morses. During the 18th and 19th ceunturies, wooden shipbuilding of this sort made up a sizable portion of the economy.
Maine receives passenger jet service at its two largest airports, the Portland International Jetport in Portland, and the Bangor International Airport in Bangor. A jet airliner, sometimes contracted to jetliner, is a passenger Airplane (passenger Aeroplane) that is powered by Jet engines. Portland International Jetport is a public Airport located two miles (3 km west of the Central business district of Portland, in Cumberland Bangor International Airport is a joint civil-military public airport located 3 miles (5 km west in the city of Bangor, in Penobscot County, Maine Both are served daily by many major airlines to destinations such as New York, Atlanta, and Orlando. An airline provides air transport services for Passengers or Freight, generally with a recognized operating certificate or license The City of New York Orlando is a major City in central Florida, USA and is the County seat of Orange County Florida. Essential Air Service also subsidizes service to a number of smaller airports in Maine, bringing small turboprop aircraft to regional airports such as the Augusta State Airport, Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport, Knox County Regional Airport, and the Northern Maine Regional Airport at Presque Isle. Essential Air Service (EAS is a US government program enacted to guarantee that small communities in the United States, which prior to deregulation were served A turboprop engine is a type of aircraft powerplant that uses a Gas turbine engine to drive a Propeller. Augusta State Airport is a public use Airport located one Nautical mile (2 km) northwest of the Central business district of Augusta Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport is a public Airport located in Trenton Maine, United States, eight miles (13 km) northwest of the Knox County Regional Airport is a public Airport located the town of Owls Head, three miles (5 km) south of the Central business district Northern Maine Regional Airport at Presque Isle is a city-owned public-use Airport located one Nautical mile (2 km) northwest of the Central These airports are served by US Airways Express with small 19 to 30 seat planes. US Airways Express is an airline Brand name, rather than a fully certificated airline and as such the US Airways Express name is used by several individually owned Airlines Many smaller airports are scattered throughout Maine, only serving general aviation traffic. General aviation (abbr GA) is one of two categories of Civil aviation. Twitchell's Airport Located In Turner, Maine off of route 4
Interstate 95 runs through Maine, as well as its easterly branch I-295. In the US state of Maine, Interstate 95, or I-95, is a 305-mile long freeway running from the New Hampshire state line near Interstate 295 (I-295 is a 52 mile-long connector in the US state of Maine from I-95 in Scarborough to I-95 in Gardiner. In addition, U.S. Route 1 starts in Fort Kent and runs to Florida. US Route 1 (US 1 is a major north-south US Highway that serves the East Coast of the United States. Fort Kent is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the The eastern terminus of the eastern section of U.S. Route 2 starts in Houlton, near the New Brunswick, Canada border to Rouses Point, New York, at US 11 . US Route 2 is an east-west US Highway spanning across the northern continental United States. Rouses Point is a Village in Clinton County, New York, United States. US Route 11 is a north-south United States highway extending 1645 mile There is also another US 2A connecting Old Town and Orono, Maine, primarily serving the University of Maine campus. The University of Maine, established in 1865 is the Flagship University of the University of Maine System. U. S. Route 2, Route 6 and Route 9 are often used by truckers and other motorists of the Maritime Provinces en route to other destinations in the United States or as a short cut to Central Canada. State Route 6 is part of Maine 's system of numbered state highways running from the Quebec border in Sandy Bay Township, to the New Brunswick State Route 9 is a numbered state highway in Maine, running from the New Hampshire border at Berwick in the west to the Canadian border with The Maritime provinces, called the Maritimes in local English (or the Canadian Maritimes by non-Canadians is a region of Eastern Canada Central Canada (sometimes the Central provinces) is a region consisting of Canada 's two largest and most populous provinces: Ontario and
The Downeaster passenger train, operated by Amtrak, provides passenger service between Portland and Boston's North Station, with stops in Old Orchard Beach, Saco, and Wells. The Downeaster is a 116-mile (187 km Passenger train route operated by Amtrak, connecting North Station in Boston Massachusetts The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 North Station, located at Causeway and Nashua Streets in Boston Massachusetts is a major transportation hub The Downeaster makes five southbound trips and five northbound trips every day.
Seasonal passenger excursions between Brunswick and Rockland are operated by the Maine Eastern Railroad, which leases the state-owned Rockland Branch rail corridor.
Freight service throughout the state is provided by a handful of regional and shortline carriers: Pan Am Railways (formerly known as Guilford Rail System), which operates the former Boston & Maine and Maine Central railroads; St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad; Maine Eastern Railroad; Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway; and New Brunswick Southern Railway. Pan Am Railways (PAR known as Guilford Rail System (GRS before March 2006 is a Class 2 railroad covering northern New England from Mattawamkeag The Boston and Maine Railroad, also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant Railroad of the northern New England region of the United The Maine Central Railroad was a railroad in central and southern Maine. The St Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad, known as St-Laurent & Atlantique Quebec in Canada, is a Short line Railroad operating between The Montreal Maine and Atlantic Railway is a Class II freight railroad operating in the U The New Brunswick Southern Railway (NBSR and Eastern Maine Railway (EMR form a 189 mile railway system operating a former Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR mainline
See also: List of Maine railroads
The Maine Constitution structures Maine's state government, composed of three co-equal branches - the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The following Railroads operate in the US state of Maine. Common freight carriers Eastern Maine Railway (EMRY This is a list of Governors of Maine ( US state) since statehood in 1820 Maine was admitted to the Union on March 15, 1820. Class I The Maine State Senate has 35 members each elected to two-year terms " As Maine goes so goes the nation " is a phrase that at one time was in wide currency in United States politics. The Constitution of the State of Maine established the " State of Maine " in 1820 and is the fundamental governing document of the state The state of Maine also has three Constitutional Officers (the Secretary of State, the State Treasurer, and the State Attorney General) and one Statutory Officer (the State Auditor).
The legislative branch is the Maine Legislature, a bicameral body composed of the Maine House of Representatives, with 151 members, and the Maine Senate, with 35 members. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation The Maine Legislature is the state legislature of the US state of Maine. Maine House of Representatives is the Lower house of the Maine Legislature. The Maine Senate is the Upper house of the Maine Legislature, the state legislature of the U The Legislature is charged with introducing and passing laws.
The executive branch is responsible for the execution of the laws created by the Legislature and is headed by the Governor of Maine (currently John Baldacci, a Democrat). In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. This is a list of Governors of Maine ( US state) since statehood in 1820 The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The Governor is elected every four years; no individual may serve more than two consecutive terms in this office. The current attorney general of Maine is G. Steven Rowe. In most Common law jurisdictions the Attorney General, or Attorney-General, is the main legal advisor to the government and in some jurisdictions may in addition G Steven Rowe is the current attorney general of the state of Maine in the United States. As with other state legislatures, the Maine Legislature can by a two-thirds majority vote from both the House and Senate override a gubernatorial veto. In the United States of America, a state legislature is a generic term referring to the legislative body of any of the country's 50 states.
The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting state laws. In Law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of Courts which administer Justice in the name of the sovereign or State The highest court of the state is the Maine Supreme Judicial Court. The Maine Supreme Judicial Court is the highest court in Maine 's judicial system. The lower courts are the District Court, Superior Court and Probate Court. The Maine Superior Court is Maine ’s Trial court of general jurisdiction and is the only level of court where Jury trials are available All judges except for probate judges serve full-time; are nominated by the Governor and confirmed by the Legislature for terms of seven years. Probate judges serve part-time and are elected by the voters of each county for four-year terms.
In state general elections, Maine voters tend to accept independent and third-party candidates more frequently than most states. A general election is an Election in which all or most members of a given political body are up for election In Politics, an independent is a Politician who is not Affiliated with any Political party. Maine has had two independent governors recently (James B. Longley, 1975–1979 and Angus King, 1995–2003). James Bernard Longley ( April 22, 1924 &ndash August 16, 1980) was an American politician Angus S King Jr (born March 31, 1944) served two terms as an independent Governor of Maine from 1995 to 2003 The Green Party candidate won nine percent of the vote in the 2002 gubernatorial election, more than in any election for a statewide office for that party until the 2006 Illinois gubernatorial election. One of the Political parties in the United States, and similar in mission to many of the worldwide Green Parties, the Greens have been active as a third party The locally organized Maine Green Independent Party also elected John Eder to the office of State Representative in the Maine House of Representatives, the highest elected Green official nationwide. The Maine Green Independent Party is the oldest state Green party in the United States. John Eder (born January 18, 1969) is a Green Party Leader Social activist, and American politician from the U Pat LaMarche, 2004 Green Party vice-presidential candidate, resides in the southern coastal town of Yarmouth. Patricia Helen LaMarche (born 26 November 1960 is an American political figure and activist with the Green Party; she was the party's The United States presidential election of 2004 was held on Tuesday November 2, 2004, to elect the President of the United States. There are other places named Yarmouth. Yarmouth is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States Maine state politicians, Republicans and Democrats alike, are noted for having more moderate views than many in the national wings of their respective parties.
Maine is an Alcoholic beverage control state. David Justin 1550 16 September
Maine's federal politics are notable and are dramatic for several reasons. The Maine gubernatorial election of 2006 was held on November 7, 2006. In the 1930s, it was one of very few states which remained dominated by the Republican Party. In the 1936 Presidential election, Franklin D. Roosevelt received the electoral votes of every state other than Maine and Vermont. The United States presidential election of 1936 took place as the Great Depression entered its eighth year The Electoral College consists of 538 popularly elected representatives who formally select the President and Vice President of the United States. Vermont ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. In the 1960s, Maine began to lean toward the Democrats, especially in Presidential elections. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by In 1968, Hubert Humphrey became just the second Democrat in half a century to carry Maine thanks to the presence of his running mate, Maine Senator Edmund Muskie. Please DO NOT flip the colors -->The United States presidential election of 1968 was a wrenching national experience and included the assassination of Democratic candidate Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr ( May 27, 1911 &ndash January 13, 1978) was the thirty-eighth Vice President of the United States, serving Edmund Sixtus "Ed" Muskie ( March 28, 1914 – March 26, 1996) was an American Democratic Politician Maine has since become a left-leaning swing state and has voted Democratic in four successive Presidential elections, casting its votes for Bill Clinton twice, Al Gore in 2000 and John Kerry (with 53. A swing state (also battleground state or purple state) in United States William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States Albert Arnold Gore Jr (born March 31 1948 is an American environmental Activist, author Businessperson, former Politician, and former The United States presidential election of 2000 was a contest between Democratic candidate Al Gore, then Vice President, and Republican } John Forbes Kerry (born December 11 1943 is an American Politician who is currently serving his fourth term as the junior United States Senator 6% of the vote) in 2004. The United States presidential election of 2004 was held on Tuesday November 2, 2004, to elect the President of the United States. Republican strength is greatest in Washington and Piscataquis counties. Though Democrats have carried the state in presidential elections in recent years, Republicans have largely maintained their control of the state's U.S. Senate seats, with Ed Muskie, William Hathaway and George Mitchell being the only Maine Democrats serving in the U. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Edmund Sixtus "Ed" Muskie ( March 28, 1914 – March 26, 1996) was an American Democratic Politician William Dodd Hathaway (born February 21, 1924) is an American Democratic Party politician from Maine. George Mitchell may refer to George J Mitchell (born 1933 former Senate majority leader (D-Maine and former chairman of Disney George Mitchell S. Senate in the past fifty years.
The Reform Party of Ross Perot achieved a great deal of success in Maine in the presidential elections of 1992 and 1996: in 1992 Perot came in second to Bill Clinton, despite the longtime presence of the Bush family summer home in Kennebunkport, and in 1996, Maine was again Perot's best state. The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA, generally known simply as the Reform Party) is a Political Henry Ross Perot (born June 27 1930 is an American businessman from Texas, who is best known for seeking the office of President of the United States in The United States presidential elections of 1992 featured a battle between incumbent President, Republican George H The United States presidential election of 1996 was a contest between the Democratic national ticket of President Bill Clinton of Arkansas and Vice Kennebunkport is a town in York County, Maine, United States.
Since 1969, two of Maine's four electoral votes are awarded based on the winner of the statewide election. The other two go to the highest vote-winner in each of the state's two congressional districts. 2004's presidential race saw reports that the campaign of President George W. Bush had made the calculation to devote attention to one of Maine's two Congressional Districts with the possibility of carrying the district's vote for an Electoral Vote in a close national race.
Famous politicians from Maine include James Blaine, Thomas Brackett Reed, Edmund Muskie, Margaret Chase Smith, William Cohen, George J. Mitchell, Olympia Snowe, Hannibal Hamlin, Susan Collins, Owen Brewster, and Percival Baxter. James Gillespie Blaine ( January 31, 1830 &ndash January 27, 1893) was a U Thomas Brackett Reed, ( October 18, 1839 &ndash December 7, 1902) occasionally ridiculed as Czar Reed, was a U Edmund Sixtus "Ed" Muskie ( March 28, 1914 – March 26, 1996) was an American Democratic Politician Margaret Chase Smith ( December 14, 1897 – May 29, 1995) was a Republican Senator from Maine, and one William Sebastian Cohen (born 28 August 1940) is an author and American politician from the U For other persons with a similar name see George Mitchell. George John Mitchell, GBE (born August 20, 1933 Olympia Jean Bouchles Snowe McKernan (born February 21, 1947) is the senior United States Senator from Maine. Hannibal Hamlin (August 27 1809 July 4 1891 was the fifteenth Vice President of the United States, serving under President Abraham Lincoln from Susan Margaret Collins (born December 7 1952, in Caribou Maine) is the junior U Ralph Owen Brewster ( February 22, 1888 &ndash December 25, 1961) was an American politician from Maine. Percival Proctor Baxter ( November 22, 1876 – June 12, 1969) was a Republican governor of the U
Maine's U.S. senators are Republicans Olympia Snowe and Susan Collins. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Olympia Jean Bouchles Snowe McKernan (born February 21, 1947) is the senior United States Senator from Maine. Susan Margaret Collins (born December 7 1952, in Caribou Maine) is the junior U Maine's Senators Snowe and Collins were among the group of 10 and then five Republican U. S. Senators to vote with 45 Democratic Senators in February 1999's vote of acquittal in the impeachment of President Bill Clinton. The state's two members of the U.S. House of Representatives are Democrats Tom Allen and Mike Michaud. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Thomas Hodge "Tom" Allen (born April 16 1945) is a member of the United States House of Representatives representing and a Democratic Michael Herman (Mike Michaud was born January 18 1955 in Millinocket Maine.
An organized municipality has a form of elected local government which administers and provides local services, keeps records, collects licensing fees, and can pass locally binding ordinances among other responsibilities of self-government. The governmental format of most organized towns and plantations is the Town Meeting while the format of most cities is the Council-Manager form. In the US state of Maine, a plantation is a type of Minor civil division falling between Township (or Unorganized territory) and As of 2007 the organized municipalities of Maine consists of 22 cities, 432 towns, and 34 plantations. Collectively these 488 organized municipalities cover less than half of the state's territory. This List of cities in Maine is arranged in alphabetical order with (county noted This is a List of towns in Maine presented alphabetically in a table and also organized by county and listed alphabetically within that county List of plantations in Maine, arranged in alphabetical order with (county noted Maine also has 3 Reservations: Indian Island, Indian Township Reservation, and Pleasant Point Indian Reservation. 
Unorganized territory has no local government. Administration, services, licensing, and ordinances are handled by the State Government. The Unorganized Territory of Maine consists of over 400 townships (towns are incorporated, townships are unincorporated), plus many coastal islands that do not lie within any municipal bounds. The UT land area is slightly over one half the entire area of the State of Maine. Year round residents in the UT number approximately 9,000, about 1. 3% of the state's total population, with many more people residing only seasonally within the UT. Only four of Maine's sixteen counties are entirely incorporated, although a few others are nearly so, and most of the unincorporated area is in the vast and sparsely populated Great North Woods of Maine. The Maine North Woods is the northern geographic area of the state of Maine in the United States. 
|Old Orchard Beach|
Throughout Maine, many municipalities, although each separate governmental entities, nevertheless form portions of a much larger population base. Portland is the largest city in the US state of Maine and the County seat of Cumberland County. Lewiston, in Androscoggin County, is the second-largest city in the U Bangor is the County seat of Penobscot County, Maine, United States, and the major commercial and cultural center for eastern and northern Maine South Portland is a city in Cumberland County, Maine, United States, and is the fourth-largest city in the state Auburn is a city in and the County seat of Androscoggin County, Maine, United States Brunswick is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. Biddeford is a city in York County, Maine, United States. It is the largest city in the county and is the 6th largest in the State Sanford is a town in York County, Maine, United States. Sanford is the largest area in York County and the 8th largest area in the state Augusta is the Capital of the US state of Maine, County seat of Kennebec County, and Center of population Scarborough is a town in Cumberland County on the southern coast of the U Saco is a city in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 16822 at the 2000 census Westbrook is a city in Cumberland County Maine, United States. Waterville is a city in Kennebec County, Maine, United States, on the west bank of the Kennebec River. Windham is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. Gorham is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 14141 at the 2000 census York is a Town located in York County, Maine, United States at the southwest corner of the state "Kennebunk" redirects here For other uses see Kennebunk (disambiguation. Falmouth is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. Kittery is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 9543 at the 2000 census Presque Isle is the commercial center and largest city in the sparsely populated Aroostook County, Maine, United States. Wells is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 9400 at the 2000 census Standish is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. Bath is a city in Sagadahoc County, Maine, in the United States. Orono is a town in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. It was first settled in 1774 and named in honor of Chief Joseph Orono For other locations of this name see Topsham Topsham is a town in Sagadahoc County, Maine, United States Lisbon is a town in Androscoggin County, Maine, United States. Cape Elizabeth is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States, and is the state's Brewer is a city in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. It is part of the Bangor Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. Old Orchard Beach is a town and Census-designated place in York County, Maine, United States. Skowhegan (skaʊˈhiɡn̨is a town in and County seat of Somerset County, Maine, in the United States. There are other places named Yarmouth. Yarmouth is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States Caribou is a city in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. Its population was 8312 at the 2000 census Old Town is a city in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. Freeport is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. Winslow is a town and Census-designated place in Kennebec County, Maine, United States, along the Kennebec River. Rockland is a city in Knox County, Maine, in the United States. Buxton is a town in York County, Maine, USA. It is part of the Portland &ndash South Portland &ndash Biddeford Farmington is a town in and the County seat of Franklin County, Maine, United States. Cumberland is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. Gray is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 6820 at the 2000 census South Berwick is a town in York County, Maine, United States. Fairfield is a town in Somerset County, Maine, United States. Houlton is a town in Aroostook County Maine, on the United States-Canada border located at. Rumford is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 6474 at the 2000 census Ellsworth is a city in and the County seat of Hancock County, Maine, United States. Belfast is a city in Waldo County, Maine, in the United States. Berwick is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 6353 at the 2000 census Hampden is a town in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. The population was 6327 at the 2000 census Augusta is the Capital of the US state of Maine, County seat of Kennebec County, and Center of population Bangor is the County seat of Penobscot County, Maine, United States, and the major commercial and cultural center for eastern and northern Maine Bath is a city in Sagadahoc County, Maine, in the United States. Biddeford is a city in York County, Maine, United States. It is the largest city in the county and is the 6th largest in the State Lewiston, in Androscoggin County, is the second-largest city in the U Old Town is a city in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. Portland is the largest city in the US state of Maine and the County seat of Cumberland County. There are many such population clusters throughout Maine, but some examples from the municipalities appearing in the above listing are:
Maine has four types of school departments: the first is a local school, one which serves only one municipality, and is headed by a superintendent. List of school districts in Maine Public school systems in Maine are in several types of school administrative units: Cities which have their own School Departments Usually, it serves kindergarten through grade 12, although some only go to grade 8. Usually, independent school districts which do not have a high school are not totally independent; they are part of a school union, the second type of school district.
A school union is two or more school departments that share a superintendent but nothing else; each town has an independent school board. Usually, only one of the schools in the school union has a high school, but unlike MSADs (discussed below), students in the whole school union are not compelled to attend that school. School union students are given a choice of neighboring school districts, and the school union pays for the student's tuition.
The third type is a MSAD (Maine School Administrative District). This is a regional school district that incorporates two or more towns into one school department with one high school and middle school. These towns do not have independent school boards, but instead have one central board governing the entire district. Students are obligated to attend the central high school. Usually, a MSAD comprises one larger town and one or more smaller towns. The larger town is equipped with a high school and middle school, while the surrounding towns have elementary schools as well, but no secondary schools. The elementary schools usually cut off after grade 5 or grade 6. Sometimes, towns in a MSAD do not have an elementary school but possess a high school and/or middle school, whereas the surrounding towns have the elementary schools.
The last type of school district is a CSD (Community School District, sometimes called a Consolidated School District). This usually (but not always) exists in school districts with such a small student population between several towns that the school district cannot justify an elementary school outside the largest town in the district. In rare cases a CSD refers to only a high school of a school union. Sometimes, in towns geographically isolated (such as island towns) the entire student population attends one school grades PK-12.
Students can choose to attend a school in another district if the parents agree to pay the school tuition. Vocational centers are usually regional, so one school department will administer a technical center but other school districts will transport their students there to take classes.
Private schools are less common than public schools. A large number of private elementary schools with under 20 students exist, but most private high schools in Maine are actually semi-private high schools. This means that while it costs money to send children there, towns will make a contract with a school to take children from a town or MSAD at a slightly reduced rate. Often this is done when it is deemed cheaper to subsidize private tuition than build a whole new school when a private one already exists.
Maine has one major magnet school: The Maine School of Science and Mathematics in Limestone. The Maine School of Science and Mathematics is a Magnet school in Limestone, Maine, United States. Another specialty public school exists in Portland: the Maine School of Performing Arts.
(See also: www.maine.gov portal. This is a list of official US state foods: Blueberries are Flowering plants in the genus Vaccinium, sect This is a list of US state birds as designated by each state's legislature The Black-capped Chickadee ( Poecile atricapillus) is a small common Songbird, a Passerine Bird in the tit family A state mammal is the official or representative Animal of a U This is a list of official and *unofficial US state fish:The only states lacking a state fish as of 2008 are Arkansas Indiana Kansas and Ohio Salmon is the common name for several species of Fish of the family Salmonidae. This is a list of US state flowers: See also List of US state trees Lists of U Eastern White Pine' ( Pinus strobus) is a large Pine native to eastern North America, occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota Most American states have made a state fossil designation in many cases during the 1980s. Not every state has an official state mineral rock stone or gemstone Tourmaline is a Crystal Silicate mineral compounded with elements such as Aluminium, Iron, Magnesium, Sodium, Lithium Pyrolaceae was a small family of Flowering plants under the old Cronquist system of plant classification This is a list of United States state insects note that some states have more than one designated insect or have multiple categories (e A state mammal is the official or representative Animal of a U The moose (North America or elk (Europe Alces alces, is the largest extant Species in the Deer family. A state mammal is the official or representative Animal of a U The moose (North America or elk (Europe Alces alces, is the largest extant Species in the Deer family. This is a list of official state beverages: Moxie is a carbonated Beverage which was among the first mass produced Soft drinks in the United States, and is regionally popular to this day Soil, often typeset as SOiL, is a four piece rock band from Chicago Illinois United States founded by Shaun Glass Tom Schofield Tim King and Adam Zadel Introduction Forty-nine states of the United States (all except New Jersey) have one or more state songs, selected by the state State of Maine is a US state song by Roger Vinton Snow The song Grand State of Maine proudly we singTo tell your glories to the landTo shout your praises In a number of countries plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas Eastern White Pine' ( Pinus strobus) is a large Pine native to eastern North America, occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota This page lists state and national Mottos for the world's independent States The mottos for some states lacking general international recognition and )
A citizen of Maine is known as a "Mainer," though the term "Downeaster" may be applied to residents of the northeast coast of the state.
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