|By the grace of God, king of Sweden, Norway and Scania|
|Reign||8 July 1319 – February 1364 (in Sweden)|
August 1319 – 1343 (in Norway)
|Coronation||July 21, 1336, Stockholm|
|Died||December 1, 1374|
|Place of death||Bømlofjord, Norway (shipwreck)|
|Consort||Blanka of Namur, married 1335|
|Issue||Eric XII of Sweden (1339-1359)|
Haakon VI of Norway (1340-1380)
|Father||Erik Magnusson (c. Events 939 - The Major Occultation or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi 1099 - First Crusade: 15000 Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World ('stɔkhɔlm is Sweden 's Capital and its largest City. It is the site of the national Swedish government, the parliament, and the Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Bømlo is a municipality in Sunnhordland in the southern part of the county of Hordaland, Norway. Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional Queen Blanche of Sweden and Norway, (1320 &ndash 1363 was queen-consort of Sweden and Norway, as the wife of King Magnus Eriksson. Eric XII Magnusson (1339 &ndash June 21 1359) was rival king of Sweden to his father Magnus IV from 1356 to his death in 1359 Haakon VI Magnusson (Håkan Magnusson (appr 1340 &ndash 1380 was King of Norway 1343-80 and co-king of Sweden 1362-64 The House of Bjelbo (Bjälboätten also known as the House of Folkung ( Folkungaätten) was an Ostrogothian Swedish family that provided for several Eric Magnusson was the second son of Magnus Ladulås of Sweden and his Queen consort Helvig of Holstein. 1282-1318)|
|Mother||Ingeborg Håkonsdotter (1301-1361)|
Magnus Eriksson or Magnus VII of Norway and Magnus IV of Sweden was king of Sweden (1316 – December 1, 1374), Norway, and Terra Scania, and was son of Duke Erik Magnusson of Sweden and Ingeborg, daughter of Haakon V of Norway. Ingeborg of Norway, aka Duchess Ingeborg, Old Norse Ingibjörg Hákonardóttir, Swedish Ingeborg Håkansdotter, ( 1301 "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional This region should not be confused with Skånland in Norway Official status When Skåneland was an official entity in its original Danish Eric Magnusson was the second son of Magnus Ladulås of Sweden and his Queen consort Helvig of Holstein. Haakon V Magnusson ( 1270 - May 8, 1319) was king of Norway from 1299 until 1319 Also known by his nickname "Magnus Smek" (Eng. "Pet-Magnus").
Magnus was elected king of Sweden on 8 July 1319, and acclaimed as hereditary king of Norway at the thing of Haugathing in Tønsberg in August the same year. Events 939 - The Major Occultation or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi 1099 - First Crusade: 15000 History of Monarchy of Norway redirects here The Kingdom of Norway as a unified realm was initiated by King Harald Fairhair See also Medieval Scandinavian laws A thing or ting ( Old Norse, Old English and Icelandic: þing; other modern is a town and municipality in the county of Vestfold, Norway The town of Tønsberg was established as a municipality 1 January 1838 (see Formannskapsdistrikt) Under the Regencies of his Grandmother Queen Helvig and his Mother Duchess Ingeborg the countries were ruled by Knut Jonsson and Erling Vidkunsson. Ingeborg of Norway, aka Duchess Ingeborg, Old Norse Ingibjörg Hákonardóttir, Swedish Ingeborg Håkansdotter, ( 1301 Ridder Erling Vidkunsson, Lord of Bjarkoy and Giske (1293&ndash1355 was Lord High Justiciar of Norway and the country's regent
Magnus was declared to have come of age at 15 in 1331. This caused resistance in Norway, where a statute from 1302 made clear that kings came of age at the age of 20, and a rising by Erling Vidkunsson and other Norwegian nobles ensued. In 1333, the rebels submitted to king Magnus.
In 1332 the king of Denmark, Christopher II, died as a "king without a country" after he and his older brother and predecessor had pawned Denmark piece by piece. Christopher II ( September 29, 1276 - August 2, 1332) was king of Denmark from 1320 to 1326 and again from 1329 until his death King Magnus took advantage of his neighbour's distress, redeeming the pawn for the eastern Danish provinces for a huge amount of silver, and thus became ruler also of Terra Scania. This region should not be confused with Skånland in Norway Official status When Skåneland was an official entity in its original Danish
On 21 July 1336 Magnus was crowned king of both Norway and Sweden in Stockholm. Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World ('stɔkhɔlm is Sweden 's Capital and its largest City. It is the site of the national Swedish government, the parliament, and the This caused further resentment in Norway, where the nobles and magnates wished a separate Norwegian coronation. A second rising by members of the high nobility of Norway ensued in 1338.
In spite of his many formal expansions his rule was considered a period of decrease both to the Swedish royal power and to Sweden as a whole. Foreign nations like Denmark (after its recovery in 1340) and Mecklenburg intervened and Magnus himself does not seem to have been able to resist the internal opposition. Mecklenburg ( Low German: Mekelnborg) is a region in northern Germany comprising the western and larger part of the federal state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern He was regarded a weak king and criticised because for giving favourites too much power. In historical writings when used in reference to a person favourite ( British English and the English of Commonwealth Countries or favorite ( American
In 1336 he married Blanche of Namur, daughter of Count Jean of Namur and Marie of Artois, a descendant of Louis VIII of France. Queen Blanche of Sweden and Norway, (1320 &ndash 1363 was queen-consort of Sweden and Norway, as the wife of King Magnus Eriksson. List of Governors 1830 - 1834 Goswin de Stassart (Liberal 1834 - 1840 Joseph Lebeau (Liberal 1840 - 1847 Edouard Louis VIII the Lion ( 5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226
Opposition to Magnus' rule in Norway led to a settlement between the king and the Norwegian nobility at Varberg on 15 August 1343. Varberg is a city in the province of Halland on the Swedish west coast situated at. Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed In violation of the Norwegian laws on royal inheritance, Magnus' younger son Håkon would become king of Norway, with Magnus as regent during his minority. Haakon VI Magnusson (Håkan Magnusson (appr 1340 &ndash 1380 was King of Norway 1343-80 and co-king of Sweden 1362-64 A regent, from the Latin regens "who reigns" is a person selected to act as Head of state (ruling or not because the ruler is a minor Later the same year, it was declared that Magnus' older son, Eric would become king of Sweden on Magnus' death. Eric XII Magnusson (1339 &ndash June 21 1359) was rival king of Sweden to his father Magnus IV from 1356 to his death in 1359 Thus, the union between Norway and Sweden would be severed. This occurred when Håkon came of age in 1355.
Magnus' young favorite courtier was Bengt Algotsson, whom he elevated to Duke of Finland and Halland, as well as Viceroy of Skane. Duke Benedict of Halland and Finland, aka Bengt Algotsson (c 1330 - c 1360 was a medieval Swedish lord and royal Favourite. Duke of Finland (in Finnish Suomen herttua; Swedish hertig av Finland) was an occasional medieval title granted as a Tertiogeniture is one of the traditional Provinces of Sweden ( landskap in Swedish on the western coast of Sweden. Scania ( in Swedish and Danish) is a geographical region on the southernmost tip of the Scandinavian peninsula, a traditional province ( Because homosexuality was a mortal sin and vehemently scorned at that time, revelations about the king's alleged love relationship with Algotsson, and other erotic excapades, were spread by his enemies in the Roman Church, particularly by his demonstrably hateful relative St. Bridget (Birgitta) who had turned on him for policital and financial reasons. Saint Birgitta, also known as Santa Brigida or St Bridgid of Sweden and Birgitta of Vadstena, born Birgitta Birgersdottir ( 1303 The allegations earned Magnus the epithet of Magnus the Petter (M. Smek), and caused him a lot of harm, but there is no factual basis for them in historical sources. Magnus and Blanche had at least five children, of whom three daughters died in infancy.
Because of the raise in taxation to pay for the acquisition of the Scanian province, some Swedish nobles supported by the Church attempted to oust Magnus, setting up his elder son Eric as king (Eric XII of Sweden), but Eric died supposedly of the plague in 1359, with his wife Beatrice of Brandenburg and their two sons. Eric XII Magnusson (1339 &ndash June 21 1359) was rival king of Sweden to his father Magnus IV from 1356 to his death in 1359 Bubonic plague is the best-known manifestation of the bacterial disease plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis (formerly known as
King Valdemar IV of Denmark conquered Terra Scania in 1360. Valdemar Atterdag (c 1320 &ndash October 24, 1375) was a King of Denmark (1340 - 1375 He went on to conquer Gotland in 1361. is a county, province and municipality of Sweden and the largest Island in the Baltic Sea. On the 27th of July, 1361, outside the city of Visby, the main city of Gotland, the final battle took place. It ended in a complete victory for Valdemar. Magnus had warned the inhabitants of Visby in a letter and started to gather troops to reconquer Scania. Valdemar went home to Denmark again in August and took a lot of plunder with him. Either in late 1361 or early 1362 the inhabitants of Visby raised themself against the few Danish that Valdemar left behind and killed them. In 1363 a rebellion against Magnus broke out. It was supported by Valdemar and resulted a few months later (February 1364) in that Magnus was deposed from the Swedish throne being replaced by the Duke of Mecklenburg's son Albert of Sweden. Albert of Sweden (or Albrecht von Mecklenburg in German or Albrekt av Mecklenburg in Swedish (c Magnus was seeking refuge with his younger son in Norway, where he drowned in 1374.
According to an allegedly autobiographic account known as the "Rukopisanie Magnusha" (Magnus's Testament) which has been inserted into the Russian Sofia First Chronicle composed in Novgorod (against whom Magnus had crusaded in the 1340s and 50s), Magnus in fact, did not drown at sea, but saw the errors of his ways and converted to Orthodoxy, becoming a monk in a Novgorodian monastery in Karelia. Veliky Novgorod (Вели́кий Но́вгород is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia and the administrative center of Novgorod The account is apocryphal. 
Magnus ErikssonBorn: Spring of 1316 Died: December 1, 1374
as Regent of Sweden
|King of Sweden|
with Erik Magnusson (1356-1359)
Haakon Magnusson (1362-1364)
Albrekt of Mecklenburg
Haakon V Magnusson
|King of Norway|
Haakon VI Magnusson