Macmillan Publishers Ltd, also known as The Macmillan Group, is a privately-held international publishing company owned by Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. The term privately held company refers to ownership of a business company in two different ways first referring to ownership by non-governmental organizations and second International or internationally most often describes interaction between Nations or encompassing two or more nations constituting a group or association having Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of Literature or Information &ndash the activity of making information available for public view Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck is a Stuttgart -based Publishing holding company which owns publishing companies worldwide It has offices in 41 countries worldwide and operates in more than thirty others. In Political geography and International politics, a country is a Political division of a geographical entity
Macmillan was founded in 1843 by Daniel and Alexander Macmillan, two brothers from the Isle of Arran, Scotland. Year 1843 ( MDCCCXLIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Daniel MacMillan (1813-1857 Scottish Gaelic: Dòmhnall MacMhaolain) was a Scottish publisher from the Isle of Arran, Scotland. Alexander Macmillan, ( October 3 1818 - January 26 1896; Scottish Gaelic: Alasdair MacMhaolain) born in Irvine The Isle of Arran ( Scots Gaelic: Eilean Arainn) is the largest island in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, with an area of 430 km² (167 square Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Daniel was the business brain, while Alexander laid the literary foundations, publishing such great authors as Charles Kingsley (1855), Thomas Hughes (1859), Francis Turner Palgrave (1861), Christina Rossetti (1862), Matthew Arnold (1865) and Lewis Carroll (1865). Charles Kingsley ( June 12 1819 &ndash January 23 1875) was an English Novelist, particularly associated with the Year 1855 ( MDCCCLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year Thomas Hughes ( October 20, 1822 – March 22, 1896) was an English lawyer and author Year 1859 ( MDCCCLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Francis Turner Palgrave ( September 28, 1824 - October 24, 1897) was a British Critic and Poet. Year 1861 ( MDCCCLXI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Christina Georgina Rossetti ( December 5, 1830 &ndash December 29, 1894) was an English Poet, who wrote a variety of romantic devotional Year 1862 was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Monday Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 &ndash 15 April 1888 was an English Poet, and Cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools Year 1865 ( MDCCCLXV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (ˈdɒdsən (27 January 1832 &ndash 14 January 1898 better known by the Pen name Lewis Carroll (/ˈkærəl/ was an English Year 1865 ( MDCCCLXV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Alfred Tennyson joined the list in 1884, Thomas Hardy in 1886 and Rudyard Kipling in 1890. Alfred Tennyson 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892 was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom and remains one of the most popular English poets Year 1884 ( MDCCCLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Thomas Hardy OM (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928 was an English novelist Short story writer and poet of the naturalist movement though he saw Year 1886 ( MDCCCLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936 was an English Author and poet Year 1890 ( MDCCCXC) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common 
As the company evolved, the brothers' vision continued to inspire the publishing of major writers including WB Yeats, Sean O'Casey, John Maynard Keynes, Charles Langbridge Morgan, Hugh Walpole, Margaret Mitchell, C.P. Snow and Rumer Godden. Seán O'Casey ( Irish Seán Ó Cathasaigh (30 March 1880 &ndash 18 September 1964 was a major Irish dramatist and Memoirist A committed irish John Maynard Keynes 1st Baron Keynes CB (ˈkeɪnz "cains" (5 June 1883 &ndash 21 April 1946 was a British Economist whose ideas Charles Langbridge Morgan ( January 22 1894 &ndash February 6 1958) was an English-born Playwright and Novelist of English Sir Hugh Seymour Walpole ( March 13, 1884 - June 1, 1941) was an English Novelist Biography He was born Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell Marsh ( November 8 1900 – August 16 1949) popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American Charles Percy Snow Baron Snow CBE ( 15 October 1905 &ndash 1 July 1980) was an English Physicist and Novelist Margaret Rumer Godden OBE ( December 10 1907 &ndash November 8 1998) was an English Author of over 60 books
Beyond literature, their vision led to the creation of such enduring titles as Nature (1869), the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1877) and Palgrave's Dictionary of Political Economy (1899). Nature is a prominent Scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869 The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an Encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians
After retiring from politics in 1964, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan became chairman of the company. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political leader of the United Kingdom (Maurice Harold Macmillan 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC (10 February 1894 &ndash 29 December 1986 was a British Conservative Politician After his death, his grandson Alexander Macmillan, 2nd Earl of Stockton became head of the company. Alexander Daniel Alan Macmillan 2nd Earl of Stockton (born 10 October 1943) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.
The company was one of the oldest independent publishing houses until 1995 when a 70% share of the company was bought by German media giant Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group (Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck GmbH). Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck is a Stuttgart -based Publishing holding company which owns publishing companies worldwide Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung ( GmbH) is a type of legal entity very common in Germany (where it was created in 1892 Austria Holtzbrinck purchased the remaining shares in 1999, ending the Macmillan family's ownership of the company. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar)
Macmillan sold its U. S. operations to the Brett family, George Platt Brett, Sr. and George Platt Brett, Jr. George Platt Brett Sr (1859-1936 was a British-born chairman and publisher of the American division of Macmillan Publishing. George Platt Brett Jr (1893-1984 served at Chairman of the American division of Macmillan Publishing and secured publishing rights to Gone With the Wind in 1951, resulting in the creation of an American company, Macmillan Publishing. Previously, Mr. Brett managed the U. S. subsidiary, which his grandfather George Edward Brett created in 1896. George Edward Brett (1829 -1890 opened the first American office of Macmillan Publishing called Macmillan & Co Even with the split of the American company from its parent company in England, George Brett, Jr. and Harold MacMillan remained close personal friends.
Mr. George P. Brett, Jr. made the following comments in a letter dated 23 January 1947 to Daniel Macmillan about his family's devotion to the American Publishing Industry:
For the record my grandfather was employed by Macmillan's of England as a salesman. He came to the United States with his family in the service of Macmillan's of England and built up a business of approximately $50,000 before he died. He was succeeded . . . by my father, who eventually incorporated The Macmillan Company of New York and built up business of about $9,000,000. I succeeded my father, and we currently doing a business of approximately $12,000,000. So then, the name of Brett and the name of Macmillan have been and are synonymous in the United States.
Under the leadership of the Brett family, MacMillan served as the publisher of American authors, Winston Churchill, Margaret Mitchell, who wrote "Gone with the Wind", and Jack London, author of "White Fang" and "Call of the Wild". Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell Marsh ( November 8 1900 – August 16 1949) popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American This is about the 1936 American Novel. For the film see Gone with the Wind (film Gone with the Wind is a 1936 American Jack London (January 12 1876 &ndash November 22 1916 was an American author who wrote The Call of the Wild, White Fang, and The This article is about the novel For films and other uses see White Fang (disambiguation. The Call of the Wild is a Novel by American writer Jack London.
The Bretts remained in control of the American offices of Macmillan from its creation in 1869 to the early 1960s, “a span matched by few other families in the history of United States business. ”
Through its merger with Crowell Collier and other acquisitions, the U. S. publisher became a media giant in its own right, as Macmillan, Inc. It was acquired by the controversial British tycoon Robert Maxwell in 1989 and eventually dismembered in the wake of Maxwell's death (1991) and the subsequent bankruptcy proceedings. Ian Robert Maxwell MC ( June 10, 1923 – November 5, 1991) was a Czechoslovakian born British Media proprietor
Pearson acquired the Macmillan name in America since 1998, following its purchase of the Simon & Schuster educational and professional group (which included various Macmillan properties).  Holtzbrinck purchased it from them in 2001. . However, McGraw-Hill continues to market its pre-kindergarten through elementary school titles under its Macmillan/McGraw-Hill brand. U. S. operations of Georg von Holtzbrinck are now known as Macmillan.
The company is made up of over 50 different divisions operating in five areas of publishing:
MacMillan A Publishing Tradition by Elizabeth James ISBN 0-333-73517-XDistribution (or place) is one of the four elements of Marketing mix.