|Full name||Maastrichtse Voetbal|
|Founded||April 2, 1902|
|2007-08||Eerste Divisie, 5th|
MVV (Maastrichtse Voetbal Vereniging) is a Dutch professional football club from the city of Maastricht, founded on April 2, 1902. Football club names are a part of the sport 's culture reflecting century-old traditions This is a of lists of the use of Nicknames in football (soccer. Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of Year 1902 ( MCMII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting De Geusselt is a multi-use Stadium in Maastricht, Netherlands. Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: The following is a list of Association football stadia. They are ordered by their capacity, that is the maximum number of spectators that the Robert Patrick Maaskant (born January 10, 1969 in Schiedam, Zuid-Holland) is a former football Midfielder from the The Eerste Divisie ( English: First Division) is the second-highest division of football in the Netherlands. The 2007/2008 season of the Eerste Divisie began in August 2007 and will end in May 2008 The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: Because their logo is based on the city's coat of arms, an armed angel holding a red shield with a white star, they are nicknamed "de Sterrendragers" ("Wearers of Stars") and, in local dialect, "Us MVV'ke" ("our little MVV").
In 1902 in an establishment on the famous Vrijthof square, plans were made to found a Maastricht football team. Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: It started with the name MVC (Maastricht Football Club) but they changed its name often during their first years. It was not until 1908 that their current name MVV (Maastrichtse Voetbal Vereniging) was adopted. From the start in 1902 until 1976 MVV played continuously in the highest Dutch leagues. Periods of top rankings were varied with periods of anonymity. In the 1926/27 season they lost out the Dutch championship by losing a decisive match against SC Enschede. FC Twente (also incorrectly referred to as Twente Enschede) is a Dutch professional football club from the city of Enschede, playing in the the In 1932 they ranked second again, behind champions PSV. The 1935/36, 1938/39 and 1945/46 seasons were also successful with two second place finishes. In 1946/47 the team even won their league and was to participate in the champions group. This group was made up of the four champions of each region. Like in 1927, MVV had no success and finished last.
During that period some MVV players were selected for the Dutch national team. The Netherlands national football team is the national football team of the Netherlands and is controlled by the Royal Netherlands Football Association A remarkable achievement, given the fact that the KNVB (Dutch Football Association) mostly selected players from teams in the "Randstad", Bèr Felix, Sjo Soons and Jeu van Bun were selected for the national team. ImageRandstad_with_scalepng|400px|thumb|right|Schematic map of the Randstadcircle 528 380 26 Schiphol rect 426 356 498 436 Haarlemmermeer rect 399 166 479 245
1952 was an important year for the team. MVV celebrated its 50th anniversary and the call to establish professional football in Holland became louder. Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. A maritime and economic power in the 17th century Holland today consists of the Dutch provinces of In the 1954/55 season the official Dutch Football Association (KNVB) and the professional football organisation (NBVB), supported by the newly founded professional teams, put their differences aside and a semi-professional league was born. In the new competition (Eredivisie) the top 9 teams of the NBVB and the KNVB leagues were to participate. The Eredivisie ( English: Honorary Division) is the highest football league in the Netherlands. MVV came in third and was allowed entry in the new league.
During the 1950s and 1960s MVV had some good seasons and Fons van Wissen, Giel Haenen and Gerard "Pummy" Bergholtz were selected for the national team. In 1957 the Boschpoort stadium was expanded to 18. 000 seats due to increasing popularity. In 1961 the club moved to the new Geusselt ground. The popularity of the club led to a total of 100,000 fans passing the stadium entry in the 1969 season. In 1963 the club was given 14 golden stars by a committee of supporters celebrating the period of 50 years in the highest divisions. Since then, the team wore occasionally imitation golden stars, instead of the white star from the city of Maastricht weapon. The sixties were a mixed period of glory and struggling against relegation with no numerous achievements.
Times changed when MVV bought a young player from neighbouring third division team Chèvremont. Chèvremont is a village and commune in the Territoire de Belfort département, in the French region of Franche-Comté Willy Brokamp had an impressive stay there and his debut in the Eredivisie was at age 18. Willy Brokamp ( Kerkrade, February 25, 1946) is a former footballplayer For MVV Maastricht in the 1960s and 1970s who recruited him from The Eredivisie ( English: Honorary Division) is the highest football league in the Netherlands. He led the team to some top rankings in the early seventies and in 1973 he was even voted best player in the Eredivisie and became top scorer. During that period the team arguably played their best football in history. In 11 seasons with MVV Brokamp scored 141 goals. While playing for MVV, he played 6 caps (6 goals) in the national team. Due to a conflict with MVV, who lacked his unprofessional and laid-back attitude, he moved on to AFC Ajax. Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax ( also referred to as AFC Ajax, or simply Ajax, is a professional football club from Amsterdam
His former team-mate and currently tv-analyst, Johan Derksen, said the following about him: "He never did a warming-up, because then he would be dead-tired before the match began. Johannes Gerrit (Johan Derksen (born January 31, 1949 in Heteren) is a Dutch Sports journalist and former football player In a game against Excelsior he pulled his shirt over his head and did not participate in the game any more, because he was ashamed by the performance of the team. At that time, they travelled by intercity train when playing an away-game. InterCity (commonly abbreviated IC on timetables and tickets is the classification applied to certain long-distance Passenger train services in When he overslept, the station chief would hold up the train and waited for Brokamp to arrive. "
In 1976 MVV was relegated to the second division (Eerste Divisie). The Eerste Divisie ( English: First Division) is the second-highest division of football in the Netherlands. A disastrous season without Brokamp, who had moved to AFC Ajax in 1974, led to the first relegation in their history. The first year in the second division ended with a third place finish and the team just missed out on promotion. The second year they finished second and the team won promotion via the promotion/relegation group (nacompetitie). In 1980 they beat Ajax in a historic match by 3-6. Still the biggest home-defeat in the old De Meer stadium for the Amsterdam squad. Amsterdam (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland in the west After some years of midtable finishes the team relegated again in 1982. In 1984 they won the second division, only to be relegated in 1986 for the third time in a short period of time. After earning a promotion in 1988, they were back in the Eredivisie. MVV finally managed to avoid the drop and remained in the highest division until 1995. During that period strikers Cees Schapendonk and Erik Meijer played their caps for the national team and defender Erik Gerets was selected for the Belgian national team. Cees Schapendonk (born December 24, 1955 in Den Bosch, Noord-Brabant) is a former Football (soccer Striker from the Erik Meijer (born August 2, 1969 in Meerssen, Limburg) is a retired Dutch Soccer player Eric Gerets (born May 15, 1954 in Rekem, Belgium) is a Belgian former football defender who is currently the The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those In the 1991/92 and 1992/93 seasons the team finished seventh for two years in a row, nearly achieving European football. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered In 1992 MVV was voted Team of the Year" by the KNVB, mostly because of their attacking playing style, implemented by coach Sef Vergoossen. Sef Vergoossen (born May 8, 1947 in Echt) is a former Dutch football manager. Surprisingly, the 1995 season ended in disaster with another relegation. Once again it took the team two years to taste first division football again. A young and talented squad, led by coach and former MVV goalkeeper Frans Körver, won the second division again in 1997. A massive number of almost 50,000 fans celebrated this achievement on the market square. Yet the fifth relegation followed in 2000, forcing the renowned team to celebrate their 100th anniversary in the second division. Breaking with the tradition of promoting after two seasons, MVV even came in 18th in the 2004 season. Their poorest season in history. Currently, the club is still in the second division and occupying a 10th position on the all-time Eredivisie list. The Eredivisie ( English: Honorary Division) is the highest football league in the Netherlands.
It has been proposed that MVV will merge with Roda JC, VVV-Venlo and Fortuna Sittard to create a new club, FC Limburg. Roda JC is a Dutch football club located in Kerkrade, Netherlands. VVV-Venlo is a Dutch football club which returned to the Dutch highest league ( Eredivisie) by defeating RKC Waalwijk (3-0 on May Fortuna Sittard is a football club in Sittard, The Netherlands. FC Limburg is a Dutch football club to be based in the province of Limburg which will be created if the proposed merger of Roda JC, VVV-Venlo 
In the early days MVV changed grounds often, starting by playing promotional games on the Vrijthof square. Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: They moved to a cycling track on the edge of the city, before finally creating their own ground at the Boschpoort location. The stadium was given the same name. It is claimed that the first MVV players themselves raised the pasture to create a playable pitch. Later on stands were built, improved and enlarged during various periods in time.
In January 1962 they moved to their current ground at the Geusselt terrain. Again, the name of the location also became the name of the stadium. The Geusselt was restructured at different occasions. In a first major reconstruction the athletic track was removed, the pitch was turned 90 degrees and newly build seat-only stands reduced the capacity of the ground. In the new millennium the open corners of the stadium were closed and the last stand-only stand was replaced by a seat-only stand. Currently the stadium has a capacity of approximately 10,000.
MVV has always been known in The Netherlands as a team with very passionate fans. In the eighties and early nineties MVV had a notorious hardcore fan base called the Angel Side. The name chosen because of Maastricht's city coat of arms, which features an angel, they were infamous for causing trouble and rioting on numerous occasions throughout the country. Today the group still exists but is weakened by anti-hooliganism legislation and the bad achievements of the team.
The dramatic sportive and financial situation of the team led to some serious incidents. In 2003 when fans gathered around the town hall to listen to the debate over a municipal loan for MVV, eventually leading to riots. Mayor Leers decided that the city of Maastricht should not support MVV financially anymore and bankruptcy was minutes away. Leers is a commune of the Nord département, in northern France. Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: Bricks and bottles were thrown at the town hall and groups of people tried to force their way in the building. A city hall or town hall is the chief administrative building of a City or Town 's administration and usually houses the city or Aldermen, council members and riot police were attacked, when they tried to leave the town hall. An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions Riot control refers to the measures used by police military or other forces to control, disperse and arrest civilians that are involved in a Riot, demonstration  This also led to a massive pitch invasion at the last game of the season.
During the years the fans also protested heavily against a merger with archrivals Roda JC and Fortuna Sittard. Roda JC is a Dutch football club located in Kerkrade, Netherlands. Fortuna Sittard is a football club in Sittard, The Netherlands. This led to another pitch invasion, death threats to club directors and a blockade of the A2 highway.
For a time MVV had a reputation as a well-playing team, where older players and former stars could end their career for a substantial compensation. In 1946 MVV even tried to lure the legendary striker Faas Wilkes to Maastricht. Servaas ("Faas" Wilkes ( October 13, 1923, Rotterdam &mdash August 15, 2006, Rotterdam) was a Dutch Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: They offered two Bedford trucks to the Wilkes’ family transport corporation for him and his brother Leen. They both accepted. But in a time where football was only played on amateur basis in Holland, the KNVB discovered the transaction and threatened to ban Wilkes for a long time. An amateur is generally considered a person attached to a particular pursuit study or science without formal training or pay Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. A maritime and economic power in the 17th century Holland today consists of the Dutch provinces of So Wilkes and his brother stayed with their team Xerxes in Rotterdam. Rotterdam (pronounced) is the 2nd-largest City by population in the Netherlands, located in the province of A few years later he moved to Inter Milan to become one of the first professional football players from Holland. Football Club Internazionale Milano, most commonly referred to as simply Internazionale, or Inter, is an Italian professional football club The KNVB banned him for nearly 5 years.
In 1983 under the reign of VVD MP Max Tripels, the club got into a financial abyss. The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy ( VVD) (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie is a Dutch liberal Political party. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. The debt was 4. 5 million guilders. Tripels asked horse and construction billionaire Léon Melchior to reorganise the finances. In cooperation with others, Melchior started a project for a new stadium and in 1986 the municipal government gave the Geusselt ground to MVV. They even gave the team 3. 7 million for the new stadium. But when Melchior started making ambitious plans and wanted to invest heavily in MVV, he was forced out by an old boys network, who had ruled MVV for a long time. The old stadium was renovated but a new one never came.
In 1993 the team was hit with another blow. The FIOD (Fiscal Police) raided the offices of MVV and arrested chairman Karl Dittrich, director Ron Weijzen and former chairman Bert Lieben. The Fiscal Information and Investigation Service/Economic Investigation Service, in Dutch ' Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst en Economische controledienst' The reason for the arrests were the claims made by former financial administrator Marcel Koenen, who was arrested for stealing from the bank accounts of MVV. The directors were accused of bribe, tax fraud and forgery. Bribery, a form of pecuniary corruption is an act usually implying money or gift given that alters the behaviour of the recipient in ways not consistent with the duties of that person Tax avoidance is the legal utilization of the Tax regime to one's own advantage in order to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law Forgery is the process of making adapting or imitating objects statistics or documents (see False document) with the intent to deceive. Dittrich admitted that talks were held over bribing FC Utrecht after the match and the FIOD found a curious flow of funds but charges were dropped because the evidence was not sufficient. FC Utrecht is a Dutch football club founded on July 1, 1970. It was a merger of three clubs from the city of Utrecht: DOS Elinkwijk The claims of forgery and tax fraud stood and Dittrich settled the case. Forgery is the process of making adapting or imitating objects statistics or documents (see False document) with the intent to deceive. Tax avoidance is the legal utilization of the Tax regime to one's own advantage in order to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law 
In 2001, just before their 100th anniversary in 2002, disaster struck again. The financial situation was bad and a bankruptcy was only minutes away. The question was again whether MVV would celebrate their 100th anniversary. Yet again, the MVV management decided to go to the municipal government. Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. With arguments such as "the bankruptcy of the Sport7 channel caused the bad financial situation" and "MVV is very important to the people of Maastricht" etc. Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: they were able to convince mayor Houben and the aldermen. An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions So eventually they managed to keep the club alive for 2002. MVV had a debt of 1. 5 million euros and the last solution was to go to the municipal government again, for the second time within only a couple of years. But now, in April 2003, they refused. According to newly appointed mayor Leers, "the town could not grant MVV yet another loan because the citizens would not accept it. Leers is a commune of the Nord département, in northern France. " However, thousands of people gathered around the town hall to protest the intentions of the municipal government. Later, just in time, billionaire Léon Melchior saved the club again by paying off its debts. Currently, the club has reorganised their finances and is building on a solid financial basis.