Panorama of Münster
|Coat of arms||Location|
|City subdivisions||6 Stadtbezirke|
|Lord Mayor||Dr Berthold Tillmann (CDU)|
|Governing parties||CDU / FDP|
|Area||302. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Germany (Deutschland is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen States, known in German as Länder (singular North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen usually shortened to NRW, official short form NW is the westernmost and - in terms of population and economic output - the A Regierungsbezirk is a type of government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states ( ''Bundesländer'') Münster is one of the five Regierungsbezirke ' of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north of the state and named after the city of German districts (de ''Kreise'' or de ''Landkreise'' in the states of Nordrhein-Westfalen and Schleswig-Holstein, singular de ''Kreis'' and de ''Landreis'' This is a list of urban districts in Germany. Germany is divided into 429 districts (not to be confused with the larger Regierungsbezirk) these consist A Stadtbezirk is a form of German City district. A city district is an administrative unit within a larger city The Lord Mayor is the title of the Mayor of a major city with special recognition The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest Political party in Germany. This is a list of political parties in Germany. Germany has a Multi-party system with two large parties three substantial smaller parties and a number of minor The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest Political party in Germany. The Free Democratic Party ( Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP is a liberal Political party in Germany. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 89 km² (116. 9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60 m (197 ft)|
|- Density||898 /km² (2,327 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
02501 (Hiltrup, Amelsbüren)
02506 (Wolbeck, Angelmodde)
Münster (IPA: [ˈmʏnstɐ]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume Events By Place Europe June 8 - Viking age: Vikings sack the Monastery of Lindisfarne, Northumbria Central European Time ( CET) is one of the names of the Time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. Central European Summer Time ( CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 Time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+1 is used in the following locations Central European Time West Africa Time Western European Summer Time UTC+2 corresponds to the following Time zones Eastern European Time Egypt Standard Time Central Africa Time German car number plates ( Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered __FORCETOC__ Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen abbreviated to PLZ consist of five digits which indicate the wider area (first two digits and the see also Telephone numbering in Germany for further codes including service numbers cell phones etc A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen usually shortened to NRW, official short form NW is the westernmost and - in terms of population and economic output - the Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region and it is also capital of the government region Regierungsbezirk Münster. Westphalia (Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Bielefeld, Bochum, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster Münster is one of the five Regierungsbezirke ' of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north of the state and named after the city of It is most well known as the location of the Anabaptist rebellion during the Protestant Reformation, as the site of the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years' War in 1648 and as bicycle capital of Germany. The Münster Rebellion was an attempt by radical Anabaptists to establish a Theocracy in the German city of Münster. The Protestant Reformation was a reform movement in Europe that began in 1517 though its roots lie further back in time The term Peace of Westphalia refers to the two peace treaties of Osnabrück and Münster, signed on May 15 and October 24 of For the Mauritanian Thirty Years' War see Char Bouba war. For the band see The 30 Years War.
Münster gained the status of a Großstadt (major city) with more than 100,000 inhabitants in 1915. Currently there are around 270,000 people living in the city, with about 48. 500 students of whom only a part are reflected by the official population statistics having their primary residence in Münster.
Münster's economy is mainly based on service companies and public administrations. Additionally, Münster is seat of eight universities and colleges as well as important courts such as the constitutional court and the higher administrative court for North Rhine-Westphalia.
Founded in 793 by Frisian Ludger, who gained episcopal consecration as the first bishop of the diocese Münster in 805. Saint Ludger (also Lüdiger or Liudger) (born at Zuilen near Utrecht about 742 died 26 March 809 at Billerbeck His successors held power over the largest clerical territory within the Holy Roman Empire until 1803. The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in
Münster is situated at the river Aa, approximately 15 km south of its flowing into the river Ems, in the Westphalian Bight in a landscape embossed by dispersed settlements and farmyards, the so called "Münsterland". Gerard ter Borch (or Terburg) (December 1617 in Zwolle &ndash December 8 1681 in Deventer) Dutch genre painter Adriaan Pauw ( 1581 - February 21, 1653) was Grand Pensionary of Holland from 1631 to 1636 and from 1651 to 1653 The term Peace of Westphalia refers to the two peace treaties of Osnabrück and Münster, signed on May 15 and October 24 of The Münstersche Aa is a River in the Münster region of Westphalia in Germany. The Ems (Ems Eems is a River in northwestern Germany and northeastern Netherlands. The Wolstonian glaciation sediments of the mountain ridge called "Münsterländer Kiessandzug" crosses the city in north south direction. Sedimentary rock is one of the three main rock types (the others being igneous and Metamorphic rock) The highest elevation is the "Mühlenberg" with 97 m above sea level in the northwest of Münster. The lowest elevation is at the Ems with 44 m above sea level. The city center lies at 60 m above sea level, measured at the Prinzipalmarkt in front of the historical city hall.
The Dutch city of Enschede is located approximately 65 km northwest of Münster. or Eanske in the local dialect ( Twents) is a Municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel, in the Other major cities in closer distance include Osnabrück, about 44 km in the north, Dortmund, about 61 km in the south, and Bielefeld, about 62 km in the east. Osnabrück (ɔsnaˈbʁʏk is a City in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due Dortmund (ˈdɔʁtmʊnt is a City in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Bielefeld (ˈbiːləfɛlt is a district-free town in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Münster is one of the 42 agglomeration areas and one of the biggest cities of Germany in terms of acreage. In the study of human settlements an agglomeration is an extended City or Town area comprising the built-up area of a central place ( usually a Municipality But this also includes larger, sparsely populated, agrarian areas of formerly independent and in 1975 amalgamated municipalities. Joining two or more political units such as municipalities, counties, or cities into one entity is referred to as amalgamation when the process occurs Thus nearly half of the urban area is used by agriculture and resulting in a relatively small population density of approximately 900 inhabitants per km².
Moreover the city area covered with buildings is relatively large, because of smaller buildings compared with other cities of this size. This is a result of the high ratio of one-family houses and mansions. High-rise buildings exist only sporadicly, skyscrapers don't exist in Münster. Nevertheless the population density reaches about 15,000 inhabitants per km² in the city center.  Calculating the population density based on the actual populated area results in approximately 2890 inhabitants per km². 
The urban area of Münster of 302. 91 km² is distributed into 57,54 km² covered with buildings, 0. 99 km² are used for maintenance and 25. 73 km² for traffic areas, 156. 61 km² for agricultural and recreational purposes, 8. 91km ² are covered with waterbodies, 56. 69 km² is used by forests and 6,23 km² is used for other purposes.  The perimeter has a length of 107 km, the largest extend of the urban area in north south direction is 24. 4 km, in east west direction 20. 6 km. 
A well known saying in Münster is "Entweder es regnet oder es läuten die Glocken. Und wenn beides zusammen fällt, dann ist Sonntag" ("Either it rains or the church bells ring. And if both occurs at the same time, it's Sunday. "), but in reality the rainfall with approximately 744 mm per year meets the rainfall average in Germany.  The impression of Münster as a rain-laden city depends not on the absolute amount of rainfall but on the above-average number of rainy days with relatively little rainfall. The average temperature is 9. 2 °C with approximately 1500 sun hours per year.  In terms of this figure, Münster is in the bottom fifth in comparison with other German cities. The winter in Münster is fairly mild and snow is rare. The temperature during summertime meets the average in Germany.
Münster borders on following cities and municipalities, named clockwise and beginning in the northwest: Altenberge and Greven (District of Steinfurt), Telgte, Everswinkel, Sendenhorst and Drensteinfurt (District of Warendorf), as well as Ascheberg, Senden and Havixbeck (District of Coesfeld). Altenberge is a municipality in the district of Steinfurt, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Greven (ˈgʁeːvən is a town in the district of Steinfurt, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Steinfurt is a Kreis (district in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Telgte is a Town in the Warendorf district, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Everswinkel is a municipality in Warendorf District, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Sendenhorst is a town in the district of Warendorf, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Drensteinfurt (in low german Stewwert) is a town in the district of Warendorf, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Warendorf is a Kreis (district in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Ascheberg is a municipality in the district of Coesfeld in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The town of Senden is the second-largest town of the district of Neu-Ulm in Bavaria and is located at the border to Baden-Württemberg. Havixbeck is a municipality at the north-east edge of the Baumberge in the district of Coesfeld, in northern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Coesfeld (ˈkoːsfɛlt is a Kreis (district in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster.
According to § 1 of the main constitution of Münster, the city is divided into six administrative districts (Stadtbezirke). A Stadtbezirk is a form of German City district. A city district is an administrative unit within a larger city These are "Mitte" (Center), "Nord" (North), "Ost" (East), "West", "Süd-Ost" (South-East) and "Hiltrup". Each district is represented by a council of 19 representatives elected every local election. At top of each council is the district mayor, in German called "Bezirksvorsteher". Further, every district is subdivided into living quarters ("Wohnbereiche"). This official term, however, isn't used in common speech, as there are no discrete definitions of the individual quarters. The term "Stadtteil" is used instead, mainly referring to the incorporated communities. For statistical purposes, the districts are divided into 45 statistical districts.
The following list names each district with its living and additional quarters according to the constitution. These are the official names, which partly differ from the use in common speech. 
The center can be subdivided into the historical evoled city quarters, whose borders aren't always clearly defined. Among these quarters are Aaseestadt, Erphoviertel, Geistviertel, Hansaviertel, Herz-Jesu-Viertel, Kreuzviertel, Kuhviertel, Mauritzviertel, Pluggendorf, Rumphorst, Südviertel, Uppenberg, and the Zentrum Nord.
Münster has approximately 270,000 inhabitants and additionally more than 10,000 have their secondary residence in the city. About 9 % are resident aliens. The rate of unemployment was 6. 3 % in December 2007.  Of the approximately 130,000 employees subject to social insurance contribution more than 80 % work in the tertiary sector, about 17 % work in the secondary sector and 1 % work in the primary sector.  The average age of Münster's residents was 40. 0 years in 2006.  The life-expectancy in Münster is 76. 3 years for a male and 83. 1 years for a female.
In 793 Charlemagne sent out as missionary the Frisian Liudger (later canonized) to convert the Saxons with whom he had been battling, offering as headquarters his recently demolished Frankish stronghold of Mimigernaford ("ford over the Aa river"), at the crossroads of the road from Cologne and the road to Frisia. In 793 Charlemagne sent out as missionary the Frisian Liudger (later canonized to convert the Saxons with whom he had been battling offering Events By Place Europe June 8 - Viking age: Vikings sack the Monastery of Lindisfarne, Northumbria Charlemagne (ˈʃɑrlɨmeɪn Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus meaning Charles the Great) (747 – 28 January 814 was King of the Franks from 768 to his The Frisians are an ethnic group of Germanic people living in coastal parts of The Netherlands and Germany. Saint Ludger (also Lüdiger or Liudger) (born at Zuilen near Utrecht about 742 died 26 March 809 at Billerbeck The Saxons or Saxon people were a Confederation of Old Germanic tribes. Liudger was a product of Utrecht and the York school of Ethelbert, which produced many of the clerics who served in Charlemagne's chancelry. Ethelbert (or Æthelbeorht, Aethelberht, Adalberht, Ælberht, Aelberht, Aldbert or Æthelbert) (died 8 He built his church and cloister on the right bank of the Aa, on the height called the Horsteberg: it was the monastery ("monasterium") from which Münster derives its name. In 805 Liudger travelled to Rome to be ordained the first bishop of Münster, and soon founded a school (The Gymnasium Paulinum is believed to have been founded as the monastery school in 797). Saint Ludger (also Lüdiger or Liudger) (born at Zuilen near Utrecht about 742 died 26 March 809 at Billerbeck The Bishopric of Münster was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located in the northern part of today's North Rhine-Westphalia and western Gymnasium Paulinum is a Gymnasium (secondary school in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The combination of ford and crossroad, marketplace, episcopal administration center, library and school, established Münster as an important center .
In the Middle Ages Münster was a leading member of the Hanseatic League. The Hanseatic League (also known as the Hansa) was an alliance of trading cities and their Guilds that established and maintained trade
In 1534 the Anabaptists (specifically the Melchiorites), led by John of Leiden, took power in the Münster Rebellion and founded a democratic proto-socialistic state. Anabaptists ( Greek ανα (again twice + βαπτιζω (baptize thus "re-baptizers" are Christians of the Radical Reformation John of Leiden ( Dutch: Jan van Leiden, Jan Beukelsz or Jan Beukelszoon; aka John Bockold or John Bockelson The Münster Rebellion was an attempt by radical Anabaptists to establish a Theocracy in the German city of Münster. They claimed all property, burned all books except the Bible, and called it the "New Jerusalem". John of Leiden believed he would lead the elect from Münster to capture the entire world and purify it of evil with the sword in preparation of Jesus's Second Coming and the beginnings of a New Age. However, the town was recaptured in 1535; the Anabaptists were tortured to death, their corpses were exhibited in cages, which can still be seen hanging on the Tower of St. Lamberti's steeple.
The signing of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 at Münster and Osnabrück ended the Thirty Years' War and Eighty Years' War and was one of the foundations upon which modern Europe was built. The term Peace of Westphalia refers to the two peace treaties of Osnabrück and Münster, signed on May 15 and October 24 of Osnabrück (ɔsnaˈbʁʏk is a City in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due For the Mauritanian Thirty Years' War see Char Bouba war. For the band see The 30 Years War. The Dutch Revolt, Eighty Years' War or the Revolt of the Netherlands (1568—1648 was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Low Countries It also guaranteed the future of the prince-bishop and the diocese; the area was to be exclusively Roman Catholic.
In 1780 the University of Münster (today called "Westphalian Wilhelms-University", WWU) was established, now a major European centre for excellence in education and research with large faculties in the arts, humanities, theology, sciences, business and law. Year 1780 ( MDCCLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The University of Münster ( German Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, WWU is a public University located in the city of Münster Currently there are about 40,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students enrolled. In 1802 Münster was conquered by Prussia during the Napoleonic Wars. Year 1802 ( MDCCCII) was a Common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Prussia ( Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Prūsija Prūsija Prusy Old Prussian: Prūsa) was most recently a historic state The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815 involved Napoleon's French Empire and a shifting set of European allies and opposing coalitions It became the capital of the Prussian province of Westphalia. The Province of Westphalia (Provinz Westfalen was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815-1946 A century later in 1899 the city's harbour started operations when the city was linked to the Dortmund-Ems Canal. Year 1899 ( MDCCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Dortmund-Ems Canal is a 269 km long canal in Germany between the river port of the city of Dortmund and Emden. With the spread of radio technology, in 1924 the radio and television organisation Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) was set up in Münster's harbour area. Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR, officially " Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln " translated "Western German Broadcasting Cologne" is a German
During World War II Münster was maintained as the headquarters (Hauptsitz) for the 6th Military District (Wehrkreis) of the German Wehrmacht, under the command of Infantry General (General der Infanterie) Gerhard Glokke. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Originally made up of Westphalia and the Rhineland, after the Battle of France it was expanded to include the Eupen - Malmedy district of Belgium. Westphalia (Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Bielefeld, Bochum, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster The Rhineland ( Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. In World War II, the Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries Eupen is a Municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège, 15 km from the German border ( Aachen) from the Dutch Malmedy is a Municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Province of Liege. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those The headquarters controlled military operations in Münster, Essen, Düsseldorf, Wuppertal, Bielefeld, Coesfeld, Paderborn, Herford, Minden, Detmold, Lingen, Osnabrück, Recklinghausen, Gelsenkirchen, and Cologne. Essen (ˈɛsən is a City in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Düsseldorf (ˈdʏsəldɔɐf is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ||-||} Wuppertal (ˈvʊpɐtaːl is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Bielefeld (ˈbiːləfɛlt is a district-free town in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Coesfeld (ˈkoːsfɛlt is the capital of the district of Coesfeld in North Rhine-Westphalia. Paderborn (paːdɐˈbɔʁn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. Herford (ˈhɛɐ̯fɔɐ̯t is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the lowlands between the mountain chains of the Wiehengebirge and the Minden is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Minden-Lübbecke. Detmold (ˈdɛtmɔlt is a City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with a population of about 74000 Lingen is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. In 2008 the population was 52 Osnabrück (ɔsnaˈbʁʏk is a City in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due Recklinghausen (ʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzən is a City in the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Gelsenkirchen (ˌgɛlzənˈkɪʁçən is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Münster was the home station for the VI and XXIII Infantry Corps (Armeekorps), as well as the XXXIII and LVI Panzerkorps. The VI Corps (VI Armeekorps or VIAK) was an infantry Corps in the German Army A Panzer Corps (German Panzerkorps) was a military formation type in the German Wehrmacht during World War II. Münster was also the home of the 6th, 16th and 25th Panzer Division; the 16th Panzergrenadier Division; and the 6th, 26th, 69th, 86th, 106th, 126th, 196th, 199th, 211th, 227th, 253rd, 254th, 264th, 306th, 326th, 329th, 336th, 371st, 385th, and 716th Infantry Divisions (Infanterie-division). 1leichte-Brigade 1leichte-Division 6Panzer-Division The German 1st Light Brigade was a mechanized unit established in October 1937 in imitation The 25th Panzer Division was a German Tank unit during World War II. A panzer division is an Armored division in the German Army (Panzerdivision (abbreviated PzGren or Pzg) (Literally armored grenadeer is a German term for motorised or Mechanized infantry, as introduced during The 6th Infantry Division was a unit of the German Army during World War II. The 26th Infantry Division ( 26 Infanterie-Division) was a pre war German Infantry Division of the 1st Mobilisation wave ( 1 The 69th Infantry Division was a combat division of the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War. The 227th Infantry Division was created on 26 August 1939 in Krefeld. The 326th Infantry Division ( 326 Infanterie-Division) was formed on November 9 1942 to serve as an occupation force in France. The 385th Infantry Division, (German 385 Infanterie-Division) also known as the "Rheingold" Division was created on 10 January 1942 in Thanks to its military presence, Münster was a guaranteed Allied target. About 91% of the Old City and 63% of the entire city was destroyed by Allied air raids. In the 1950s the Old City was rebuilt to match its pre-war state, though many of the surrounding buildings were replaced with cheaper modern structures. The Bishop of Münster in the 1940s was Cardinal Clemens August Graf von Galen, one of the most prominent critics of the Nazi government. Blessed Clemens August Cardinal Graf von Galen ( March 16, 1878 – March 22, 1946) was a German In retaliation for his success, Münster was heavily garrisoned during WWII and five large complexes of barracks are a still resented feature of the city.
From 1974 onward, the city was the residence of the American artist Moondog, an eccentric individual who idolized postwar Germany. Moondog was the Pseudonym of Louis Thomas Hardin ( May 26, 1916 &ndash September 8, 1999) a blind American composer musician In 2003, Münster hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI is an annual informatics competition for secondary school students In 2004, Münster won an honorable distinction: the LivCom-Award for the most livable city in the world with a population between 200,000 and 750,000. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " For more information about the honour, see the leaflet (.pdf) and the 10-minute DivX coded film: the 48mb-version or the 87mb-version from the official Münster-homepage. DivX is a brand name of products created by DivX Inc (formerly DivXNetworks Inc
Münster is twinned with the following places: