The Lushais are a tribe native to Mizoram, in Northeast India. Mizoram is one of the Seven Sister States in North Eastern India. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country They are one of the three main subgroups of the Mizos. The Mizos are a Scheduled tribe in northeastern India, primarily in the state of Mizoram, where they are a majority and minority community Chakma The other two subgroups are the Pawis or Lais and the Lakhers or Mara.
There have been many speculations as to what the name means. It was first interpreted as 'head-cutters' ('lu' meaning head and 'shai' meaning cutter). Others believe that it means 'long-headed', as they believe that it is actually 'lushei' and not 'lushai'('shei' means long). This name seems more probable at the time, pertaining to the fact that the Lushai people tie their hair in knots at the back of their heads.
The Lushai people are usually described as "short, sturdy and heavy people of Mongolian type. Mongolia (mɒŋˈɡoʊliə, literally Mongol country/nation,) is a Landlocked Country in East " The average height of men was usually between 162 cm and 170 cm. The average women's height ranged from 140 cm to 160 cm. Their skin complexion varied between dark brown to light yellow. Beards and whiskers are very rare in a Lushai tribe. Both men and women have their hair tied in a knot over the nape of the neck. This was carefully parted in the middle. Children's hair is allowed to grow unchecked until it is long enough to be tied into a knot. Young men dress their hair quite carefully using pig fat. Widows let their hair hang loose.
Infant mortality was quite high. Infant mortality is defined as the number of deaths of Infants (one year of age or younger per 1000 live births Due to this, an average women bore 8 to 10 children but only 2 or 3 of the 10 would grow up to be adults. Both men and women could easily walk long distances and swim. Hill climbing came naturally to these people, who lived in the hilly terrain of the Lushai hills. The Lushai Hills (or Mizo Hills) are part of the Patkai range in Mizoram and partially in Tripura, India.
Mental abnormalities were not rare in the Lushai tribes. Lunacy was quite common. There were cases of transvestites too, in which case men would dress up and live like women. Such cases were, however, accepted in the society. Suicidal tendency was also quite common, especially in older members of the tribe.
The Lushai tribe, being one of the major subgroups of the Mizos, influenced many other neighbouring, smaller clans. Some examples of such tribes are the Fanai, the Ralte, the Paite and the Rangte. The Ralte clan is found scattered in the Lushai villages to the north of Aizawl, India. The Paites are one of the constituting tribes of the ZOMI/ZOs who inhabit Burma, India and Bangladesh.
Several languages are spoken in the Lushai hills. However, the main one spoken is Lushai. The Mizo language is spoken in Mizoram, known as the Lushai Hills District till 1954 and which is now a state in the Indian Union Other languages of the Kuki-Chin group were Zahao, Lakher, Hmar, Paite, Lai and Ralte. The Kuki-Chin-Naga languages form a sub-group of the Tibeto-Burman family Many of the smaller clans' people communicate amongst each other through their tribe's own language but usually speak Lushai with outsiders. Lushai is a spoken Language only and is not written.