|Population||57,890 (December 2006)|
|- Density||2,397 /km² (6,208 /sq. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the states of the Federal state of Switzerland. Lucerne (Luzern is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the centre of Switzerland In contrast to centrally organised States in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton iscompletely free to decide its own The District of Lucerne ( Luzern) is an Amt (administrative district of the Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume mi. )|
|Area||24.15 km² (9.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||436 m (1,430 ft)|
|Mayor (list)||Urs W. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. To help compare sizes of different geographic regions we list here Areas between 10 km² (1000 Hectares and 100 km² (10000 hectares The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit This page is a summary of the Postal codes of Switzerland and Liechtenstein. This is a list of Mayors ( Stadtpräsident) of Lucerne, Switzerland. Studer (as of 2008) Ind.|
|Adligenswil, Ebikon, Emmen, Horw, Kriens, Littau, Meggen|
|Twin towns||Bournemouth (United Kingdom), Chicago (United States), Cieszyn (Poland), Guebwiller/Murbach (France), Olomouc (Czech Republic), Potsdam (Germany)|
Lucerne (German: , Italian Lucerna) is a city in Switzerland. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation It is the capital of the Canton of Lucerne and seat of the district with the same name. Lucerne (Luzern is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the centre of Switzerland The District of Lucerne ( Luzern) is an Amt (administrative district of the Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. With a population of 57,890, Lucerne is the most populous city in Central Switzerland and focal point of the region. Central Switzerland is the region of the Alpine foothills geographically the heart and historically the origin of Switzerland, with the cantons of Uri, The city's agglomeration consists of 17 municipalities in three cantons with an overall population of nearly 200,000. In the study of human settlements an agglomeration is an extended City or Town area comprising the built-up area of a central place ( usually a Municipality The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the states of the Federal state of Switzerland.
Due to its location on the shore of Lake Lucerne (Vierwaldstättersee) within sight of Mount Pilatus and Rigi in the Swiss Alps, Lucerne is traditionally considered first and foremost as a tourist destination. Lake Lucerne ( German: Vierwaldstättersee, lit "Lake of the Four Forest Cantons " is a Lake in central Switzerland, the Pilatus is a Mountain near Lucerne, Switzerland. Jurisdiction over the mountain is divided between the cantons of Obwalden, Nidwalden Rigi is a Mountain in central Switzerland and part of the Swiss Alps. The Swiss Alps (Schweizer Alpen Alpes suisses Alpi svizzere Alps svizras are the central portion of the Alps Mountain range that lies within One of the city's famous landmarks is Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke), a wooden bridge first built in the 14th Century. The Kapellbrücke (" Chapel Bridge " in German) is a 204 m (670 ft long Bridge crossing the Reuss River in the city of
After the fall of the Roman Empire beginning in the 6th century, Germanic Alemannic peoples increased their influence on this area of present day Switzerland. The Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni were originally an alliance of Germanic tribes located around the upper Main river ( Germany
Around 750 the Benedictine Monastery of St. Leodegar was founded, which was later acquired by Murbach Abbey in Alsace in the middle of the 9th century, and by this time the area had become known as Luceria. Murbach Abbey ( Abbaye de Murbach) was a once famous Benedictine monastery in southern Alsace, in a valley at the foot of the Grand Ballon Alsace (Alsace alzas Alsatian and Elsass pre-1996 German: Elsaß; Alsatia is one of the 26 Regions of France, located on the eastern In 1178 Lucerne acquired its independence from the jurisdiction of Murbach Abbey, and the founding of the city proper probably occurred this same year. The city gained importance as a strategically located gateway for the growing commerce from Gotthard trade route. St Gotthard Pass ( Italian: San Gottardo) (el 2108 m. is a high Mountain pass in Switzerland between Airolo in the
By 1290 Lucerne became a good-sized, self-sufficient city with about 3000 inhabitants. About this time King Rudolph I von Habsburg gained authority over the Monastery of St. Rudolph I, also known as Rudolph of Habsburg ( German: Rudolf von Habsburg, Latin Rudolfus) May 1, 1218 &ndash Leodegar and its lands, including Lucerne. The populace did not appreciate the increasing Habsburg influence, and Lucerne allied with neighboring towns to seek independence from Habsburg rule. Along with Lucerne, the three other forest cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden formed the "eternal" Swiss Confederacy, known as the Eidgenossenschaft, on November 7, 1332. Uri (German) is one of the 26 Cantons of Switzerland. It is located in Central Switzerland. Schwyz ( German) is a canton in central Switzerland between the Alps in the south Lake Lucerne in the east and Lake Zurich Unterwalden is the old name for what is now two cantons in central Switzerland, south of Lake Lucerne. The Old Swiss Confederacy was the precursor of modern-day Switzerland. Eidgenossenschaft is a German word meaning Confederation. The term literally translates as " Oath fellowship" Events 1492 - The Ensisheim Meteorite the oldest Meteorite with a known date of impact strikes the Earth around noon in a Wheat Later the cities Zurich, Zug and Berne joined the alliance. Zürich (, Zürich German: Züri, Zurich, Zurigo; in English generally Zurich) is the largest city in Switzerland and capital of the Zug (German) is the capital of the Canton of Zug in Switzerland. The city of Berne or Bern (, Berne, Berna, Romansh: Berna, Bernese German: Bärn) is the Bundesstadt ( Federal With the help of these additions, the rule of Austria over the area was ended. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich The issue was settled through Lucerne’s victory over the Habsburgs in the Battle of Sempach in 1386. The Battle of Sempach was fought on July 9, 1386 between Leopold III Duke of Austria, and the Old Swiss Confederacy. For Lucerne this victory ignited an era of expansion. The city shortly granted many rights to itself, rights which had been withheld by the Habsburgs so far. By this time the borders of Lucerne approximately matched those of today.
In 1415 Lucerne gained Reichsfreiheit from Emperor Sigismund and became a strong member of the Swiss confederacy. Imperial immediacy (Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit) was a privileged feudal and political status a form of statehood which a City, religious For other nobles of the same name please see Sigismund. Sigismund ( February 14, 1368 – December 9, The city developed its infrastructure, raised taxes, and appointed its own local officials. The city’s population of 3000 dropped about 40% due to the Black Plague around 1350 and several wars. The Black Death, or the Black Plague, was one of the deadliest Pandemics in human history widely thought to have been caused by a bacterium named Yersinia
In 1419 town records show the first witch trial against a male person.
Among the growing towns of the confederacy, Lucerne was especially popular in attracting new residents. As the confederacy broke up during Reformation after 1520, most cities became Protestant, but Lucerne remained Catholic. The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initially by Huldrych Zwingli, who gained the support of the magistrate (Mark Reust and population of After the victory of the Catholics over the Protestants in the Battle at Kappel in 1531, the Catholic towns dominated the confederacy. The second war of Kappel ( Zweiter Kappelerkrieg) was an armed conflict in 1531 between the Protestant and the Catholic cantons The future, however, belonged to the Protestant cities like Zurich, Berne and Basel, who defeated the catholics in the second Villmerg War in 1712. "Basilia" redirects here For the Fly Genus, see Basilia (fly. The Battles of Villmergen ( Canton of Aargau,) were two battles between Reformed and Catholic cantons. The former prominent position of Lucerne in the confederacy was lost forever. In the 16th and 17th centuries wars and epidemics became more and more seldom, and so the population in the country increased strongly.
Lucerne was also involved in the Swiss peasant war of 1653. The Swiss peasant war of 1653 was a popular revolt in the Old Swiss Confederacy at the time of the Ancien Régime.
In 1798, nine years after the beginning of the French Revolution, the French army marched into Switzerland. The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an The old confederacy collapsed and the government became democratic. The industrial revolution hit Lucerne rather late, and by 1860 only 1. 7% of the population worked in industry, which was about a quarter of the countrywide rate at that time. Agriculture, which employed about 40% of the workers, was the main form of economic output in the Canton. Nevertheless, industry was attracted to the city from areas around Lucerne. From 1850 to 1913 the population quadrupled and the flow of settlers increased. In 1856 trains first linked the city to Olten and Basel, then Zug and Zurich in 1864 and finally in 1897 to the south. Olten is a City in the homonymous municipality of Olten in the district of Olten in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland
On June 17, 2007, voters of Lucerne and the adjacent municipality of Littau agreed on a merger in a simultaneously held referendum, becoming effective on January 1, 2010. Municipalities (sometimes called communities or communes, after the French/Italian names are the smallest government division in Switzerland and are called Littau is also the German name of Litovel, Czech Republic Littau is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the A referendum (plural referendums or referenda) ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita The combined municipality will have a population of around 75,000, making it the seventh largest city in Switzerland, and keep the name and coat of arms of the city of Lucerne. The successful referendum is expected to pave the way for negotiations with other neighbouring municipalities in an effort to create a unified city-region, based on the results of a study.
Since the city straddles the Reuss River where it drains the lake, it has a number of bridges. The Kapellbrücke (" Chapel Bridge " in German) is a 204 m (670 ft long Bridge crossing the Reuss River in the city of The Reuss is a River in Switzerland. With a length of and a Drainage basin of, it is the fourth largest river in Switzerland (after The most famous is the Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke), a 204 m (670 ft) long wooden bridge originally built in 1333, although much of it had to be replaced after a 1993 fire, allegedly caused by a group of smokers. The Kapellbrücke (" Chapel Bridge " in German) is a 204 m (670 ft long Bridge crossing the Reuss River in the city of Partway across, the bridge runs by the octagonal Water Tower (Wasserturm), a fortification from the 13th century. Inside the bridge are a series of paintings from the 17th century depicting events from Luzern's history. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar The Bridge with its Tower is the city's most famous landmark.
Downriver, between the Kasernenplatz and the Mühlenplatz, the Spreuerbrücke or Mill Bridge zigzags across the Reuss. Constructed in 1408, it is the oldest covered bridge in Europe and features a series of medieval-style 17th Century plague paintings by Kaspar Meglinger titled Dance of Death. Dance of Death, also variously called Danse Macabre (French Danza Macabra (Italian or Totentanz Meglinger's paintings portray various conditions of men and women, priests and warriors, princes and men of learning, the young bride, the devout nun, the lawmaker, the hunter, the miller, even the artist himself, are all depicted at the mercy of Death, with his mocking smile and his ever-changing garb. These paintings, suitable for a Benedictine abbey, are seen by every inhabitant of beautiful Lucerne who crosses the river via the Spreuerbrücke. It has a small chapel in the middle that was added in 1568.
Old Town Lucerne is located just north of the Reuss River, and still has several fine half-timber structures with painted fronts. Timber framing (Fachwerk or Half-timbering, is the method of creating framed structures of heavy timber jointed together with pegged Mortise and tenon joints Remnants of the old town walls exist on the hill above Lucerne, complete with eight tall watch towers. An additional gated tower sits at the base of the hill on the banks of the Reuss River.
The twin needle towers of the church of St. Leodegar, which was named after the city's patron saint, sit on a small hill just above the lakefront. Saint Leodegar or Leger, Bishop of Autun (c 615 &ndash Sarcing Somme October 2, 679) was the great opponent of Ebroin &mdash Originally built in 735, the present structure was erected in 1633 in the late Renaissance style. Events A Smallpox epidemic starts in Ancient Japan, which reduces the population by 30% The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere However, the towers are surviving remnants of an earlier structure. The interior is richly decorated. The church is popularly called the Hofkirche (German) and is known locally as the Hofchile (Swiss-German).
Bertel Thorvaldsen's famous carving of a dying lion (the Lion Monument, or Löwendenkmal) is found in a small park just off Lowenplatz. (Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen ( November 19, 1770 – March 24, 1844) was a Danish / Icelandic sculptor The Lion Monument ( German: Löwendenkmal) or the Lion of Lucerne, is a sculpture in Lucerne, Switzerland, designed by Bertel The carving commemorates the hundreds of Swiss Guards who were massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution, when the mob stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Swiss Guards Swiss mercenary is the name given to those soldiers who have served as Bodyguards, ceremonial guards and palace guards at foreign European courts since Year 1792 ( MDCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an A crowd is a group of people. The crowd may have a common purpose or set of emotions such as at a political rally, at a Sports game, or during Looting The Palais des Tuileries was a royal Palace in Paris. It stood on the right bank of the River Seine until 1871, when it was destroyed Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
The Swiss Transport Museum is a large and comprehensive museum exhibiting all forms of transport, including locomotives, automobiles, ships, and aircraft. The Swiss Transport Museum or Verkehrshaus der Schweiz, in Lucerne, is a Museum exhibiting all forms of Transport (including Locomotives A locomotive is a railway Vehicle that provides the motive power for a Train. A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size
The Culture and Convention Center beside the lake in the center of the city was designed by Jean Nouvel. The Culture and Congress Centre in Lucerne (or KKL for Kultur- und Kongresszentrum Luzern) is a multi-functional building with a concert hall Jean Nouvel (born 12 August 1945) is a French Architect. Nouvel studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and was a founding The center has one of the world's leading concert halls, with acoustics by Russell Johnson.
Since plans for the new culture and convention center arose in the late 1980s, Lucerne has found a balance between the so-called established culture and alternative culture. Alternative culture is a type of Culture that exists outside or on the fringes of mainstream or Popular culture, usually under the domain of one or more A consensus was reached that culminated in a culture compromise (Kulturkompromiss). The established culture comprises KKL with its concert hall, the city theater (Luzerner Theater) and in a broader sense smaller establishments such as Kleintheater founded by Lucerne native and comedian Emil Steinberger or Stadtkeller, a music restaurant in the city's old town and the like. A comedian or comic is a person who seeks to entertain an audience primarily by making them laugh Emil Steinberger (born January 6 1933) is a Swiss Comedian, writer director and Actor.
Alternative culture took place mostly in the premises of a former tube factory, which became known as Boa. Boa Kwon (born November 5, 1986) have contributed to her commercial success in South Korea and Japan and her popularity throughout Asia Other localities for alternative culture have emerged since in the very same quarter as Boa. At the beginning, Boa staged various plays, but concerts became more and more common. That new use was disparate with the development of apartment buildings on the nearby lots of land. Due to possible noise pollution, Boa was closed and a replacement in a less heavily inhabited area is currently under construction. Critics claimed though, that the new establishment wouldn't meet the requirements for alternative culture. Lucerne's Modern Musseum (Kuntsmusseum) is also placed on the KKL.
Every year, towards the end of winter, Carnival breaks out in the streets, alleyways and squares of the old town. Carnival is a festival season which occurs immediately before Lent; the main events are usually during February and March This is a glittering outdoor party, where chaos and merriness reign and nothing is as it normally is. Strange characters in fantastic masks and costumes make their way through the alleyways, while carnival bands (Guggenmusigen) blow their instruments in joyful cacophony and thousands of bizarrely clad people sing and dance away the winter. Lucerne Carnival starts every year on the Thursday before Ash Wednesday with a big bang. In the Western Christian Calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent and occurs forty days before Easter (excluding Sundays There are big parades on Dirty Thursday and the following Monday, called Fat Monday, which attracts tens of thousands of people. Lucerne's Carnival ends with a crowning finish on Fat Tuesday evening with a tremendous parade of big bands, lights and lanterns. " Mardi Gras " ( French for Fat Tuesday) is the day before Ash Wednesday. After the parade all the bands wander through the city playing their hearts out and shaking the old buildings down to their foundations.
The city hosts various renowned festivals throughout the year. The Lucerne Festival for classical music takes place in summer and around Easter. Easter ( Greek: Πάσχα Pascha or Pasxa) is the most important religious feast in the Christian Liturgical year. Its orchestra, the Lucerne Festival Orchestra is hand-picked from some of the finest instrumentalists in the world. The Lucerne Festival Orchestra is an Ad hoc seasonal orchestra based at the annual Lucerne Festival in Switzerland. In July, Blue Balls Festival brings jazz, blues and funk music to the lake promenade and halls of the Culture and Convention Center. The Blue Balls Festival is an annual music festival held in Lucerne, Switzerland. The Lucerne Blues Festival is another musical festival which usually takes place in November. Since spring 2004, Lucerne hosts the Festival Rose d'Or for television entertainment. The Rose d'Or ( Golden Rose in English is a highly prestigious Television award given annually since 1961 at the Festival Rose d'Or in spring each year And in April, the well-established comics festival Fumetto attracts an international audience.
Being the cultural center of a rather rural region, Lucerne regularly holds different folklore festivals, such as Lucerne Cheese Festival which is held annually. History The concept of folklore developed as part of the 19th century ideology of Romantic nationalism, leading to the reshaping of oral traditions to serve modern ideological The Lucerne Cheese Festival is a Cheese Festival held annually in Lucerne, Switzerland. In 2004, Lucerne was the focus of Swiss Wrestling fans when it had hosted the Swiss Wrestling and Alpine festival (Eidgenössisches Schwing- und Älplerfest), which takes place every three years in a different location. Swiss wrestling ( German de Schwingen, colloquially gsw Hoselupf) is the Swiss variant of Folk wrestling. A national music festival (Eidgenössiches Musikfest) attracted marching bands from all parts of Switzerland in 2006. In summer 2008, the jodelling festival (Eidgenössisches Jodlerfest) is expected to have similar impact.
There are several football (soccer) clubs throughout the city. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered The most successful one is FC Luzern of the Swiss Super League, coached by former Swiss international footballer Ciriaco Sforza. FC Lucerne (FC Luzern is a Swiss football club founded in 1901 The Swiss Super League or Axpo Super League is the top tier of the Swiss Football League. A footballer is a person who plays in various games known as " Football " &ndash especially Association football, although the term is also used to refer Ciriaco Sforza (born March 2, 1970) is a Swiss former professional football player and current coach of FC Luzern. The club plays its home matches at Allmend stadium, an outdated 13. Stadion Allmend is a multi-use Stadium in Lucerne, Switzerland. 000-capacity field in the south of the city. There are plans for a modern football arena combined with an indoor swimming pool and public sports facilities. The complex is not expected to be ready before 2009. This article is about the year For the film see 2009 Lost Memories.
In the past, Lucerne also produced national successes in men's handball and women's volleyball. Handball (also known as team handball, European handball, or Olympic handball) is a Team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six Volleyball is an Olympic team sport in which two teams of 6 active players (5 normal players and one 'libero' are separated by a net that is usually four feet
Having a long tradition of equestrian sports, Lucerne has co-hosted CSIO Switzerland, an international equestrian show jumping event, until it left entirely for St. Gallen in 2006. For the Roman class see Equestrian (Roman Equestrianism refers to the skill of riding or driving Horses This broad description Show jumping, also known as "stadium jumping" or "jumpers" is a member of a family of English riding equestrian events that also includes St Gallen ( Saint-Gall San Gallo is the capital of the canton of St Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Since then, the Lucerne Equestrian Masters took its place. There is also an annual horse racing event, usually taking place in August. This article is about the sport For other uses see Horserace (drinking game or Horse race (politics.
Lucerne annually hosts the final leg of the Rowing World Cup on Rotsee Lake, and has hosted numerous World Rowing Championships, among others the first ever in 1962. The Rowing World Cup is an International rowing competition organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation The Rotsee ( Red Lake in German) is a natural rowing Lake on the northern edge of Lucerne, Switzerland. The World Rowing Championships is an International rowing Regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lucerne was also bidding for the 2011 issue but failed. 2011 ( MMXI) will be a Common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar.
The city also provides facilities for ice-hockey, figure-skating, golf, swimming, basketball, rugby, skateboarding, climbing and more. Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice. Figure skating is an athletic Sport in which individuals pairs or groups perform spins, jumps, footwork and other intricate and challenging Swimming is the movement by humans or animals through Water, usually without artificial assistance Basketball is a team Sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 feet (3 m Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short Skateboarding is the act of riding and performing tricks using a Skateboard. UserStan Shebs for a timetable --> Climbing is the activity of using one's hands and feet (or
Lucerne boasts a developed and well-run transport network, with the main operator being VBL which runs both buses and trolleybuses in the city. Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL is the main provider of Public transport in the Swiss city of Luzern. Other operators, such as Auto AG Rothenburg provide bus services to the neighbouring towns and villages. Auto AG ( Rothenburg) is a Subsidiary of the Swiss haulage company Auto AG, which operates bus services linking the Swiss city of Luzern The city enjoys excellent links to the rest of Switzerland, with rail services operated by SBB and Zentralbahn. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. Swiss Federal Railways ( German: SBB Schweizerische Bundesbahnen French: CFF Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses Italian: FFS Ferrovie federali svizzere The Zentralbahn is a Swiss railway company that was created on January 1 2005, with the merger of the Luzern-Stans-Engelberg-Bahn (LSE and the
Lucerne is twinned with the following towns: