Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon, Marquis de Saint-Veran (February 28, 1712 – September 14, 1759) was the commander of the French forces in North America during the Seven Years' War (the North American phase of which is called the French and Indian War in the United States). Events 202 BC - coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty 's rule Year 1712 ( MDCCXII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap Events 81 - Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus. Year 1759 ( MDCCLIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Seven Years' War (1756&ndash1763 involved all of the major European powers of the period causing 900000 to 1400000 deaths The French and Indian War (1754&ndash1763 was the North American chapter of the Seven Years' War. He is most remembered for his role in the Fall of Quebec, and remains a controversial figure. The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec, was a pivotal battle in the French and Indian War, the North American theatre of the
Louis-Joseph was the son of Louis-Daniel de Montcalm and Marie-Thérèse de Lauris and was born at their Chateau de Candiac in southern France, near Nîmes. Nîmes ( Provençal Occitan: Nimes in both classical and Mistralian norms is a city in southern France. He joined the French Army in 1727 as an ensign in the Régiment d'Hainault. The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Land Army is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and its largest On the death of his father in 1735, he became the Marquis de Saint-Veran, inheriting the honours, rights, and debts of that position. Year 1735 ( MDCCXXXV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a But his finances were improved soon after by his marriage to Angelique Louise Talon du Boulay. Despite a marriage arranged for money and influence, they were a devoted couple. They made their home at Candiac and had 10 children.
His father purchased a captaincy for him in 1729 and he served in the War of Polish Succession and the War of Austrian Succession, reaching the rank of Colonel of the Régiment d'Auxerrois in 1743. Year 1729 ( MDCCXXIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The War of the Polish Succession ( 1733 - 1738) was sparked by a Polish Civil war over the succession to Augustus II, King of Poland The War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748 involved nearly all the powers of Europe Colonel ( RP ˈkɜnəl GA ˈkɜrnəl is a Military rank of a Commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every country Year 1743 ( MDCCXLIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a He took part in Marshal de Maillebois' Italian campaign, where he was taken prisoner in the Battle of Piacenza after receiving five sabre wounds while rallying his men. The Battle of Piacenza was a pitched battle between a Franco-Spanish army and Austrian army near Piacenza on June 16 1746. He was released on parole after several months imprisonment, and promoted to Brigadier for his actions during the campaign. He was wounded again by a musket ball before the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the war in 1748.
General Montcalm was sent to Quebec in 1756 as the commander of French troops in North America during the French and Indian War. Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Year 1756 ( MDCCLVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The French and Indian War (1754&ndash1763 was the North American chapter of the Seven Years' War. His early campaigns against the British were major successes. He expanded the defenses at Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain. Fort Ticonderoga is a large Eighteenth-century Fort built at a strategically important narrows in Lake Champlain where a short traverse gives access Lake Champlain (French lac Champlain) is a natural freshwater Lake in North America, located mainly within the borders of the United States He captured and destroyed Fort Oswego on Lake Ontario in 1756. The Battle of Fort Oswego was one in a series of early French victories in the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War won in spite of Fort Oswego was an important Frontier post for British traders in the 18th century His victory at Fort William Henry in 1757 was a military and personal victory, but the conduct of his Algonquin allies made this a political loss. The Battle of Fort William Henry was General Montcalm 's siege and capture of the British held Fort William Henry in August 1757 Year 1757 ( MDCCLVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a These actions were immortalized in James Fenimore Cooper's novel The Last of the Mohicans. James Fenimore Cooper (September 15 1789 &ndash September 14 1851 was a prolific and popular American writer of the early 19th century The Last of the Mohicans is a Historical novel by James Fenimore Cooper, first published in January 1826 It should also be noted that during the "massacre" at Fort William Henry, Montcalm was disgusted by the Algonquin slaughter of the English troops and their Iroquis allies, and is said to have ridden out immediately upon hearing of it. He came to the scene and put an abrupt halt to the carnage, at one point even offering his own life for the lives of the prisoners. The "massacre", however is now under question due to new evidence of incorrect numbers that in the past were taken as fact. The event itself is, by some, now considered false, and an early use of propaganda by the British at that time.
Regardless, he led the French forces to victory at the Battle of Carillon, facing and defeating a British army five times his size. The Battle of Carillon was fought at Fort Carillon (later known as Fort Ticonderoga) on the shore of Lake Champlain on what was then the border between It was considered his greatest victory, but the battle's outcome was due partly to the fact that the British commander, James Abercrombie, failed to adapt his tactics when the initial frontal attacks proved insufficient to dislodge the defenders. James Abercrombie or Abercromby (1706 &ndash April 23, 1781) was a British Army general and commander-in-chief of forces in North America Before and throughout the battle, Montcalm displayed a high level of military competence and leadership in all affairs regarding the fort itself and leading his men. However, Montcalm's feud with the governor of New France, Le marquis de Vaudreuil, severely hamstrung the defense of la Nouvelle-France as King Louis XV had few interests in America.
Later actions at Quebec were less successful and his army was defeated on the Plains of Abraham (near Quebec City) by the British under James Wolfe, but only after repelling the initial British landing at Montmorency Falls several days before. The Plains of Abraham is a historic 108- Acre (44- Hectare) Plateau within The Battlefields Park in Quebec City, Canada, Quebec City ( French: Ville de Québec, or simply Québec) (kwɨˈbɛk or /keˈbɛk/ is the Capital of the Canadian province The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located General James Wolfe ( 2 January, 1727 &ndash 13 September, 1759) was a British Army officer known for his training reforms The Montmorency Falls form a large Waterfall in Quebec, Canada, located near Quebec City. Outnumbered and without Lévis' division, the battle lasted only 15 minutes outside the city's fortress.
Montcalm was hit in the abdomen by British grape-shot. Placed in a litter, he was borne back to the field hospital on the banks of the St. Charles river. As he was carried into the city the people started to cry, "O mon dieu! Mon deiu! Le marques est tues!" (Oh my god, my god, the marques is killed). Told by the surgeons he could recover, Montclam replied calmly, "I am glad of it. " According to American historian Francis Parkman
He (Montcalm) then asked how long he might survive,
and was told that he had not many hours remaining. Francis Parkman ( September 16, 1823 &ndash November 8, 1893) was an American historian best known as author of The Oregon Trail
"So much the better," he said; "I am
happy that I shall not live to see the surrender of
Officers from the garrison came to his
bedside to ask his orders and instructions "I will
give no more orders," replied the defeated soldier;
"I have much business that must be attened to,
of greater moment than your ruined garrison and
this wretched country. My time is very short;
therefore, pray leave me. "
The officer withdrew, and none remained in the chamber but his
confessor and the Bishop of Quebec. To the last,
he expressed his contempt for his own mutinous and
half famished troops, and his admiration for the
disciplined valor of his opponents. He died
midnight, and was buried at his own desire
in a cavity of the earth formed by
the bursting of a bombshell.
His remains, consisting of a skull and a leg bone, were exhumed in the 1800s and were put on display at the convent in a stone crypt alongside a plaque commemorating him. In a ceremony in September 2001, Montcalm's remains were buried in the cemetery of the Quebec General Hospital, where hundreds of casualties from both sides of the battle had been buried 242 years earlier.
Many sites and landmarks were named to honor Montcalm. The armored cruiser, or armoured cruiser (see spelling differences) is a type of Cruiser, a naval warship. Photographs They include: