Lothrop Stoddard (June 29, 1883–May 1, 1950), born Theodore Lothrop Stoddard, was an American political theorist, historian, eugenicist, and anti-immigration advocate who wrote a number of prominent books of early 20th-century scientific racism. Events 512 - A Solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland. Year 1883 ( MDCCCLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor. Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Eugenics is a social Philosophy which advocates the improvement of Human Hereditary traits through various forms of intervention Scientific racism denotes the use of scientific or ostensibly scientific findings and methods to support or validate racist attitudes and worldviews
Stoddard was born in Brookline, Massachusetts in 1883. Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States, which borders on the cities of Boston and Newton. He attended Harvard College, graduating magna cum laude in 1905, and studied Law at Boston University until 1908. Harvard College is the undergraduate section and oldest school of Harvard University, a Private university in the United States founded in 1636 by the Massachusetts For similarly-named academic institutions see Education in Boston MA. Stoddard received a Ph. D. in History from Harvard University in 1914, and was also an avid stamp collector. History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Stamp collecting is the Collecting of Postage stamps and related objects such as covers (envelopes or packages with stamps on them He published many unashamedly racist books on what he saw as the peril of immigration, his most famous being The Rising Tide of Color Against White World-Supremacy in 1920. List of racism-related topics|Racism by country Racism, by its simplest definition is the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term The Rising Tide of Color Against White World-Supremacy is a book by Lothrop Stoddard published in 1920 In this book he presented a view of the world situation pertaining to race focusing concern on the coming population explosion among the "colored" peoples of the world and the way in which "white world-supremacy" was being lessened in the wake of World War I and the collapse of colonialism. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All See Colony and Colonization for examples of colonialism which do not refer to Western colonialism
Stoddard argued race and heredity were the guiding factors of history and civilization, and that the elimination or absorption of the "white" race by "colored" races would result in the destruction of Western civilization. Like Madison Grant, Stoddard divided the white race into three main divisions: Nordic, Alpine, and Mediterranean. Madison Grant ( November 19, 1865 &ndash May 30, 1937) was an American Lawyer, known primarily for his work as a He considered all three to be of good stock, and far above the quality of the colored races, but argued that the Nordic was the greatest of the three and needed to be preserved by way of eugenics. Unlike Grant, Stoddard was less concerned with which varieties of European people were superior to others (Nordic theory), but was more concerned with what he called "bi-racialism," seeing the world as being composed of simply black and white races. The European peoples are the various Nations and Ethnic groups of Europe. The Nordic race was one of the racial categories into which the Europeans were divided by anthropologists in the first half of the twentieth century In the years after the Great Migration and World War I, Grant's racial theory would fall out of favor in the U. See also Second Great Migration (African American The Great Migration was the movement of approximately seven million African-Americans out of the World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All S. in favor of a model closer to Stoddard's. (Guterl 2004)
Stoddard's racial theories would help depopularize Grant's Nordicism and usher in a new kind of racial thinking, which would later be called "Pan-Aryanism" (Aryanism was the belief in a superior white European race). The " Aryan race " is a concept in European culture that was influential in the period of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries The post-World War II White Supremacist movement would embrace Pan-Aryanism, as it incorporated all whites into a supposed superior race rather than just Northern Europeans. White supremacy is a racist ideology based on the assertion that White people are superior to other racial groups. Northern Europe is a term for the northern part of Europe. The United Nations defines Northern Europe as (Finland
Some predictions made in The Rising Tide of Color were accurate, other were not. Accurate ones — not all of which were original to Stoddard or predicated on white supremacy — include: Japan's rise as a major power, a Nippo–American war, a second war in Europe, the overthrowing of African and Asian European colonial, the mass migration of colored peoples to white countries, and, most interestingly, the rise of Islam as a threat to the West, because of Muslim religious fanaticism; (Stoddard was an Islamic scholar and wrote the book, The New World of Islam).
An allusion to the book occurs in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby . Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24 1896 – December 21 1940 was an American writer of Novels and Short stories, whose works are evocative of the The Great Gatsby is a Novel by the American author F Scott Fitzgerald. Tom Buchanan, the violent, arrogant husband of Daisy Buchanan, the novels principal woman character, is reading a book titled The Rise of the Colored Empires by "this man Goddard" (a combination of Grant's name and Stoddard's). Throughout The Great Gatsby, Tom confusedly espouses Goddard's racial theories; the narrator calls Tom's focus on Goddard's ideas "pathetic. "
Stoddard was appointed to the Board of Directors of the American Birth Control League, a forerunner to Planned Parenthood by Margaret Sanger. The American Birth Control League was founded by Margaret Sanger in 1921 at the First American Birth Control Conference in New York City Planned Parenthood is the collective name of organizations worldwide who are members of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF Margaret Higgins Sanger ( September 14, 1879 &ndash September 6, 1966) was an American Birth control activist an advocate He was also a member of the American Historical Association, the American Political Science Association, and the Academy of Political Science. Stoddard was a lifelong Unitarian and Republican. During his lifetime, he engaged W.E.B. DuBois in debate on white supremacy and its assertion of the natural inferiority of "colored" races. William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (duːˈbɔɪz ( February 23, 1868 August 27, 1963) was an American Civil rights activist
In The Revolt Against Civilization (1922) he put forward the theory that civilization places a growing burden on individuals, leading to a growing underclass of individuals who cannot keep up, and a 'ground-swell of revolt'. Stoddard advocated immigration restriction and birth control legislation in order to reduce the numbers of the underclass while promoting the growth of the middle and upper classes. He believed social progress was impossible unless it was guided by a "neo-aristocracy" made up of the most capable individuals and reconciled with the findings of science rather than based on abstract idealism and egalitarianism.
After the passing of the Immigration Act of 1924, which severely limited immigration from southern and eastern Europe, Stoddard urged for white unity and the assimilation of the immigrants in his book "Reforging America. The Immigration Act of 1924, or Johnson-Reed Act, including the National Origins Act, Asian Exclusion Act, (43 Statutes-at-Large 153 was a United " Unlike Madison Grant and others, who only concerned themselves with keeping America racially "Nordic," Stoddard argued the non-Nordic white peoples who were now in the country needed to be Americanized, and believed the country could continue to function so long as it was mostly "white" and retained its Nordic, Anglo-Saxon core. Stoddard argued that there would be a coming racial struggle between "white" civilization and the "colored" world, and believed animosity between white ethnic groups and nationalities had to be diminished if the white race was to survive.
Stoddard authored over two dozen works, most related to race and civilization, echoing the themes of his previous works about the dangers of "colored" peoples against "white" civilization.
During World War II he also wrote Into the Darkness (1940), about the effect of war on Nazi Germany. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Stoddard was relatively nonpartisan in his coverage of the Nazi regime, but he did express concern for the welfare of the European Jewish community, foreseeing intense violence against the Jews. He was always wary of and often opposed to the Nazis, despite their common support for eugenics. In "The Rising Tide of Color," Stoddard blasted the ethnic supremacism of the Germans, blaming the "Teutonic imperialists" for the outbreak of the First World War, and the Nazis, of course, simply carried this ethnic supremacism to more extreme ends. He opposed what he saw as the disuniting of the white peoples through intense nationalism within Europe. Nevertheless, after World War II, Stoddard's theories were judged as too closely aligned with those of the Nazis and he suffered a large drop in popularity. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including (Guterl 2004) His death in 1950 from cancer went almost entirely unreported, despite his previously broad readership and influence. Cancer (medical term Malignant Neoplasm) is a class of Diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled (Fant 2000)