|City of Los Angeles|
|Nickname: L. The Flag of Los Angeles California consists of a background of three notched stripes of green gold and red The seal of Los Angeles contains the Coat of arms of the city of Los Angeles, a city in the U A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. A. , The City of Angels|
Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California
|County||Los Angeles County|
|Settled||September 4, 1781|
|Incorporated||April 4, 1850|
|- Mayor||Antonio Villaraigosa|
|- City attorney||Rocky Delgadillo|
|- Governing body||City Council|
|- City||498. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. A county of the United States is a local level of government created as a subdivision of a state by the state government or by the federal or territorial government as a subdivision Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. Events 476 - Romulus Augustus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself Year 1781 ( MDCCLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. For the game see 1850 (board game. 1850 ( MDCCCL) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link The Mayor-Council government system sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system is one of two variations of Government used for the most part in modern The Mayor of Los Angeles is the Chief Executive Officer of the City Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio Ramon Villar Jr on January 23 1953 or Tony Villar, is the mayor of Los Angeles California. Rockard John "Rocky" Delgadillo (born July 15 1960) is the current City Attorney of Los Angeles California. The Los Angeles City Council is the governing body of the City of Los Angeles, California United States Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 3 sq mi (1,290. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 6 km²)|
|- Land||469. To help compare different Orders of magnitude and geographical regions we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km² 1 sq mi (1,214. 9 km²)|
|- Water||29. 2 sq mi (75. 7 km²) 5. 8%|
|- Urban||1,667. 9 sq mi (4,319. 9 km²)|
|Elevation||233 (city hall) ft (71 m)|
|- City||3,849,378 (US: 2nd)|
|- Density||8,205/sq mi (3,168/km²)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|- Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP code||90001-90068, 90070-90084, 90086-90089, 90091, 90093-90097, 90099, 90101-90103, 90174, 90185, 90189|
|Area code(s)||213, 310, 323, 424, 661, 818|
Los Angeles (IPA: /lɑˈsændʒələs/) is the largest city in the state of California and the second largest in the United States. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International The Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place The Pacific Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-8) UTC−8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Universal Coordinated Time by 8 hours Daylight saving time ( DST UTC−7 can be observed in Mountain Standard Time Zone Pacific Daylight Time Zone Canada The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks North American area code 213 is a California Telephone Area code which was one of the first three area codes created in California in October North American area code 323 is a State of California Telephone Area code which covers roughly the area of central Los Angeles California area code 661 covers the majority of California 's Kern County, as well as part of Los Angeles County and Tulare County. Area code 818 is a California Telephone area code consisting largely of the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles California. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the  Often abbreviated as L. A. , it is rated an alpha world city, having an estimated population of 3. 8 million and spanning over 469. 1 square miles (1,215. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 0 km²) in Southern California. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of Additionally, the Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to nearly 12. 9 million people who hail from all over the globe and speak 224 different languages. Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populous and one of the most diverse counties in the United States. A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. Its inhabitants are known as "Angelenos" (IPA: /ændʒəˈlinoʊz/).
Los Angeles was founded in 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of Porziuncola). Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Felipe de Neve was the Spanish governor of Las Californias, an area that included present-day California ( USA) Baja California ( Porziuncola, also called Portiuncula (in Latin or Porzioncula, is a small church in the Frazione of Santa Maria degli Angeli It became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its independence from Spain. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican-American War, Los Angeles and California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thus becoming part of the United States; Mexico retained the territory of Baja California. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ( Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo in Spanish) is the Peace treaty, largely dictated by the United States to The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. The Baja California peninsula ( English: Lower California peninsula) is a Peninsula in western Mexico. It was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850 — five months before California achieved statehood. A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to cities, counties, Towns Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. For the game see 1850 (board game. 1850 ( MDCCCL) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government
Los Angeles is one of the world's centers of culture, technology, media, business, and international trade. Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate" generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic Technology is a broad concept that deals with a Species ' usage and knowledge of Tools and Crafts and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt International trade is exchange of Capital, Goods, and Services across International borders or Territories. It is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields, and it is one of the most substantial economic engines of the United States. Los Angeles also leads the world in producing popular entertainment — such as motion picture, television, internet content, video games and recorded music — which forms the base of its international fame and global status. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic The Internet is a global system of interconnected Computer networks A video game is a Game that involves interaction with a User interface to generate visual feedback on a video device. The music industry is the business of Music. Although it encompasses the activity of many music-related businesses and organizations it is currently dominated by the "big
Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes hundreds of years ago. For the main article see Los Angeles California. The history of Los Angeles California, begins in the 18th century with a tiny Spanish settlement Tongva may also refer to the Tongva language. The Tongva are a Native American people who inhabited the area in and around Los Angeles The Chumash are Native American people who historically inhabit chiefly central and southern coastal regions of California, in portions of what is now San Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States The first Europeans arrived in 1542 under João Cabrilho, a Portuguese explorer who claimed the area as the City of God for the Spanish Empire; he continued with his voyage and did not establish a settlement. Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo (ca 1499 &ndash January 3 1543 was a Portuguese explorer known as João Rodrigues Cabrilho in Portuguese noted for his exploration Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español was one of the largest Empires in history and one of the first Global empires In the 15th and 16th centuries  The next contact would not come until 227 years later, when Gaspar de Portola, along with Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. Gaspar de Portolà i Rovira (1716 1784 was a soldier Governor of Baja and Alta California (1767&ndash1770 Explorer and founder of The term Franciscan is commonly used to refer to members of Catholic Father Juan Crespí ( March 1, 1721 — January 1, 1782) was a Spanish missionary and explorer of Las Californias. Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Year 1769 ( MDCCLXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Crespi noted that the site had the potential to be developed into a large settlement. 
In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra built the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel near Whittier Narrows, in what is now called San Gabriel Valley. Fra Junípero Serra ( November 24, 1713 &ndash August 28, 1784) was a Spanish Franciscan Friar who founded The Mission San Gabriel Arcángel is a fully functioning Roman Catholic mission and a historic landmark in San Gabriel California. The Whittier Narrows is located at the southern boundary of the San Gabriel Valley, in Los Angeles County California. The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California.  In 1777, the new governor of California, Felipe de Neve, recommended to the viceroy of New Spain that the site noted by Juan Crespi be developed into a pueblo. A governor is a governing official usually the executive (at least nominally to different degrees also politically and administratively of a non-sovereign level of government A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the Monarch. The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Virreinato de Nueva España was a name given to the Viceroy -ruled territories of the Spanish Empire in North America, The town was founded on September 4, 1781, by a group of 44 settlers and was named "El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los ángeles Del Río de Porciúncula" ("The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels on the River Porciúncula"). Events 476 - Romulus Augustus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself Year 1781 ( MDCCLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common This ecumenical article is about general Christian views on and veneration of the Virgin Mary The Los Angeles River is a creek flowing through Los Angeles County California, from Canoga Park in the west end of the San Fernando Valley This ecumenical article is about general Christian views on and veneration of the Virgin Mary The Los Angeles River is a creek flowing through Los Angeles County California, from Canoga Park in the west end of the San Fernando Valley  These settlers were of Filipino, Native American, African, and Spanish ancestry, with two-thirds being mestizo or mulatto. Mestizo is a Spanish term that was coined during the Spanish Empire to refer to people of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry in Latin Mulatto is a term used to describe a person with one white parent and one black parent or a person whose Ancestry is a mixture of black and white A majority of the settlers had some African ancestry.  The settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820 the population had increased to about 650 residents.  Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. Olvera Street is in the oldest part of Downtown Los Angeles, California, and is part of the El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument. 
New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, and the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico. The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español was one of the largest Empires in history and one of the first Global empires In the 15th and 16th centuries The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican-American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating on on January 13, 1847, with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga. Californio's (Spanish for "Californian" is a term used to identify a Californian of Hispanic and/or Latin-American descent first as a part of New Spain, later Events 532 - Nika riots in Constantinople. 888 - Odo Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks Year 1847 ( MDCCCXLVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common The Treaty of Cahuenga. usually called the "Capitulation of Cahuenga" ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California in 1847 Later, with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, the Mexican government formally ceded Alta California and other territories to the United States. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ( Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo in Spanish) is the Peace treaty, largely dictated by the United States to Alta California (Upper California was formed in 1804 when the Province of the Californias, then a part of the Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas in the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
Railroads arrived when the Southern Pacific completed its line to Los Angeles in 1876. Los Angeles City Hall, completed 1928 is the tallest base isolated structure in the world "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation.  Oil was discovered in 1892, and by 1923 Los Angeles was producing one-quarter of the world's petroleum. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit 
By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000 people, putting pressure on the city's water supply.  1913's completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. There are two Los Angeles Aqueducts, the First Los Angeles Aqueduct (or the Owens Valley aqueduct) (completed 1913 and the Second Los Angeles Aqueduct William Mulholland ( September 11 1855 &ndash July 22 1935) was a water-services Engineer in Southern California, In 1915, Los Angeles began the annexation of dozens of neighboring communities without water supplies of their own. For the main article see Los Angeles California. The history of Los Angeles California, begins in the 18th century with a tiny Spanish settlement
In the 1920s, the motion picture and aviation industries flocked to Los Angeles. United States cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century Aviation refers to activities involving man-made flying devices ( Aircraft) including the people organizations and regulatory bodies involved with them In 1932, with population surpassing one million, the city hosted the Summer Olympics. The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1932 This period also saw the arrival of exiles from the increasing pre-war tensions of Europe, including Thomas Mann, Fritz Lang, Bertolt Brecht, Arnold Schoenberg, and Lion Feuchtwanger. Paul Thomas Mann ( June Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang ( December 5, 1890 &ndash August 2, 1976) was an Austrian German - American (born; 10 February 1898&ndash14 August 1956 was a German Poet, Playwright, and Theatre director. Arnold Schoenberg ( pronounced ˈʃøːnbɛrk (13 September 1874 &ndash 13 July 1951 was an Austrian and later American Composer, associated with Lion Feuchtwanger (pseudonym JL Wetcheek) ( 7 July 1884 - 21 December 1958) was a German - Jewish Novelist
World War II and the expansion of defense industries brought new growth and prosperity to the city. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Thousands of African Americans migrated from Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi to work in these expanding fields. The state also succumbed to war fears, transporting most Japanese American residents from Los Angeles and other cities to distant internment camps for the duration of the war. are Americans of Japanese heritage Japanese Americans have historically been among the three largest Asian American communities but in recent decades have become the sixth largest group Internment is the imprisonment or confinement of people commonly in large groups without trial
The post-war years saw an even greater boom, as urban sprawl expanded the city into the San Fernando Valley. Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading of a city and its Suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area The San Fernando Valley or The Valley is an urbanized Valley located in the north-western section of the city of Los Angeles California, United States  In 1969, Los Angeles became one of the birthplaces of the Internet, as the first ARPANET transmission was sent from UCLA to SRI in Menlo Park. The Internet is a global system of interconnected Computer networks The ARPANET ( Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) developed by ARPA of the United States Department of Defense, was the world's first operational The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United SRI International, based in the United States is one of the world's largest contract Research institutes. Menlo Park is an affluent City in San Mateo County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California 
As in other major cities, long-unresolved racial problems erupted in the 1960s and 1970s. Los Angeles grappled with the Watts Riots in 1965, the high school walkout by Chicano students in 1968, and the 1970 Chicano Moratorium, all representative of racial strife within the city. The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale Race riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles California, in August Chicano (feminine Chicana) is a politically-loaded word for a Mexican American (in the sense of native-born Americans of Mexican ancestry as opposed to Mexican The Chicano Moratorium, formally known as the National Chicano Moratorium Committee, was a movement of Chicano Anti-war activists that built a broad-based Los Angeles was one of the cities to pass gay rights bills during the 1970s (1979 after years of pressure from prominent performing arts members), seeing how the earliest homophile organization, Mattachine, was formed there in 1950, and the first city where AIDS was discovered and focused upon during the 1980s. Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender social movements share related goals of social acceptance of Homosexuality, Bisexuality and Transgenderism Lesbian The word homophile is an alternative to the word homosexual, preferred by some because it emphasizes love (" -phile " from Greek φιλία over The Mattachine Society was the earliest lasting Homophile organization in the United States.
Also in the 1980s, Los Angeles became the center of the heavy metal music scene, especially glam metal bands. Glam metal (also known as pop metal) is a sub-genre of Heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s and early 1980s in the United States. In 1984, the city hosted the Summer Olympic Games for the second time. The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad are an International Multi-sport event, usually quadrennial organised by the International The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, It became the most financially successful Olympics in history, and only the second Olympics to turn a profit — the other being the 1932 Summer Olympics, also held in Los Angeles.
During the remainder of the 1980s, Los Angeles was plagued by increasing gang violence and police corruption. Gangsters redirects here For the computer game see Gangsters (video game. Leadership and corruption is a specific form of Leaders misconduct sometimes involving Political corruption, and generally designed to gain a financial or political Racial tensions erupted again in 1992 with the Rodney King controversy and the large-scale riots that followed the acquittal of his police attackers. Rodney Glen King April 9, 1965 in Fort Worth Texas) --> (born April 2, 1965 The Los Angeles riots of 1992, also known as the Rodney King uprising or the Rodney King riots, were sparked on April 29, 1992 when a jury In 1994, the 6. 7 Northridge earthquake shook the city, causing $12. 5 billion in damage and 72 deaths. 
Voters defeated efforts by the San Fernando Valley and Hollywood to secede from the city in 2002. The San Fernando Valley or The Valley is an urbanized Valley located in the north-western section of the city of Los Angeles California, United States 
Gentrification and urban redevelopment have occurred in many parts of the city, most notably Hollywood, Koreatown, Silver Lake, Echo Park and Downtown. Gentrification, or urban gentrification, is the change in an Urban area associated with the movement of more affluent individuals into a lower-class Koreatown is a community in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles California. Silver Lake is a district east of Hollywood in the city of Los Angeles California. Echo Park is a neighborhood in Los Angeles northwest of downtown. Downtown Los Angeles is the Central business district of Los Angeles, California, United States, located close to the geographic center  Gentrification has recently spilled into the eastern and southern portions of Los Angeles, with announcements of several billion-dollar residential high-rise and commercial center projects.
Los Angeles is irregularly shaped and covers a total area of 498. The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal Sediment -filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. This is a list of area codes in California and when they were created 209 - Stockton, Modesto, Merced; the 3 square miles (1,291 km²), comprising 469. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 1 square miles (1,214. 9 km²) of land and 29. 2 square miles (75. 7 km²) of water. The city extends for 44 miles (71 km) longitudinally and for 29 miles (47 km) latitudinally. The perimeter of the city is 342 miles (550 km). It is the only major city in the United States bisected by a mountain range.
The highest point in Los Angeles is Mount Lukens, also called Sister Elsie Peak. Palos Verdes is a name often used to refer to a group of rich people on the Palos Verdes Peninsula in southwestern Los Angeles County in California. Located at the far reaches of the northeastern San Fernando Valley, it reaches a height of 5,080 ft (1,548 m). The San Fernando Valley or The Valley is an urbanized Valley located in the north-western section of the city of Los Angeles California, United States The major river is the Los Angeles River, which begins in the Canoga Park district of the city and is largely seasonal. The Los Angeles River is a creek flowing through Los Angeles County California, from Canoga Park in the west end of the San Fernando Valley Canoga Park (formerly known as Owensmouth is a section of the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California, United States about 25 miles (40 kilometers The river is lined in concrete for almost its entire length as it flows through the city into nearby Vernon on its way to the Pacific Ocean. Vernon is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions
Los Angeles is subject to earthquakes due to its location in the Pacific Ring of Fire. An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth 's crust that creates Seismic waves Earthquakes are recorded with a Seismometer The geologic instability produces numerous fault lines both above and below ground, which altogether cause approximately 10,000 earthquakes every year.  One of the major fault lines is the San Andreas Fault. The San Andreas Fault is a geologic Transform fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 km through California in the United States. Located at the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, it is predicted to be the source of Southern California's next big earthquake. The Pacific Plate is an oceanic Tectonic plate beneath the Pacific Ocean. The North American Plate is a Tectonic plate covering most of North America, Greenland and part of Siberia.  Major earthquakes to have hit the Los Angeles area include the 1994 Northridge earthquake, the 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake, the 1971 San Fernando earthquake near Sylmar, and the 1933 Long Beach earthquake. The Whittier Narrows earthquake struck the southern San Gabriel Valley and surrounding communities of Southern California at 742 a The 1971 San Fernando earthquake (also known as Sylmar earthquake) struck the San Fernando Valley near Sylmar at 60055 a Sylmar is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles California. The Long Beach earthquake of 1933 took place on March 10, 1933 at 1755 PST ( March 11, 0155 UTC) with a magnitude Nevertheless, all but a few quakes are of low intensity and are not felt.  Parts of the city are also vulnerable to Pacific Ocean tsunamis; harbor areas were damaged by waves from the Valdivia earthquake in 1960. A tsunami ((tsuːˈnɑːmi is a series of waves created when The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean Earthquake (Gran terremoto de Valdivia of 22 May, 1960 is the most powerful Earthquake ever 
The city is situated in a Mediterranean climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical zone (Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast, Csa inland), USDA Zones 8-11, experiencing mild, somewhat wet winters and warm to hot summers. A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the Climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems It was developed by Wladimir Köppen, a German climatologist The prevalent warm southerly airflow and the blocking effect of mountains to the north give the city a much warmer climate than would be expected. The average annual temperature is 18. 86°C (around 66 °F), much higher than some comparable coastal locations at the same distance from the equator elsewhere such as Cape Town. Cape Town (Kaapstad Xhosa: Ikapa) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the metropolitan municipality of the Breezes from the Pacific Ocean tend to keep the beach communities of the Los Angeles area cooler in summer and warmer in winter than those further inland; summer temperatures can sometimes be as much as 18 °F (10°C) warmer in the inland communities compared to that of the coastal communities. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions A few coastal "micro-climates" have never recorded a temperature below freezing. Coastal areas also see a phenomenon known as the "marine layer," a dense cloud cover caused by the proximity of the ocean that helps keep the temperatures cooler throughout the year. A marine layer is an air mass which develops over the surface of a large body of water such as the ocean or large lake in the presence of a Temperature inversion. When the marine layer becomes more common and pervades farther inland during the months of May and June, it is called May Gray or June Gloom. June Gloom (also May Gray) is a California term for a Weather pattern that results in overcast skies with mild temperatures during the late spring 
Temperatures in the summer can exceed 90°F (32°C), but average summer daytime highs in downtown are 82°F (27°C), with overnight lows of 63°F (17°C). Echo Park is a neighborhood in Los Angeles northwest of downtown. Arecaceae or Palmae (also known by the name Palmaceae, which is taxonomically invalid or commonly palm tree) the palm family is a family of Flowering Winter daytime high temperatures reach around 65°F (18°C), on average, with overnight lows of 48°F (10°C) and during this season rain is common. The warmest month is August, followed by July and then September. This somewhat large case of seasonal lag is caused by the influence of the ocean and its latitude of 34° north. Seasonal lag is the phenomenon whereby the date of maximum average air temperature at a geographical location on a Planet is delayed until some time after the date of maximum
The median temperature in January is 57°F (13°C) and 73°F (22°C) in August. The highest temperature recorded within city borders was 119. 0°F (48. 33°C) in Woodland Hills on July 22, 2006; the lowest temperature recorded was 18. Woodland Hills is a district in the City of Los Angeles, California, United States. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 0°F (−7. 8°C) in 1989, in Canoga Park. Canoga Park (formerly known as Owensmouth is a section of the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California, United States about 25 miles (40 kilometers The highest temperature recorded for Downtown Los Angeles was 112. 0°F (44. 4°C) on June 26, 1990, and the lowest temperature recorded was 28. Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) 0°F (−2. 0°C) on January 4, 1949. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
Rain occurs mainly in the winter and spring months (February being the wettest month), with great annual variations in storm severity. Rain is Liquid precipitation. On Earth it is the condensation of atmospheric Water vapor into drops heavy enough to fall often making it to Los Angeles averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation per year. Inches redirects here To see the Les Savy Fav album see Inches. Tornado warnings are also issued, which are extraordinarily rare downtown, though waterspouts are seen during severe storms at beaches. A waterspout is an intense columnar Vortex (usually appearing as a Funnel -shaped Cloud) that occurs over a Body of water and is connected to Snow is extraordinarily rare in the city basin, but the mountainous slopes within city limits typically receive snow every year. "Snowfall" redirects here For other uses see Snow (disambiguation or Snowfall (disambiguation. The greatest snowfall recorded in downtown Los Angeles was 2. 0 inches (5 cm) on January 15, 1932. Events 588 BC - Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah 's reign Year 1932 ( MCMXXXII) was a Leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. 
|Weather averages for Los Angeles, California (downtown)|
|Record high °F (°C)||90 (32)||92 (33)||93 (33)||96 (35)||99 (37)||104 (40)||103 (39)||102 (39)||110 (43)||104 (40)||96 (35)||92 (33)||110 (43)|
|Average high °F (°C)||65 (18)||66 (18)||68 (20)||70 (21)||73 (22)||76 (24)||84 (29)||82 (27)||81 (27)||77 (25)||73 (22)||68 (20)||73 (22)|
|Average low °F (°C)||48 (8)||49 (9)||50 (10)||53 (11)||56 (13)||58 (14)||63 (16)||63 (17)||61 (16)||58 (14)||53 (11)||50 (10)||55 (12)|
|Record low °F (°C)||28 (-2)||34 (1)||38 (3)||41 (5)||43 (6)||50 (10)||54 (12)||51 (10)||50 (10)||46 (8)||40 (4)||30 (-1)||28 (-2)|
|Precipitation inches (cm)||2. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric 7 (6)||3. 1 (7)||2. 2 (5)||1. 3 (3. 3)||0. 3 (0. 8)||0. 1 (0. 2)||0 (0)||0 (0)||0. 2 (0. 5)||0. 4 (1)||1. 1 (2)||2. 5 (6)||14 (35)|
|Source: weatherbase. com Jun 2007|
The Los Angeles area is rich in native plant species due in part to a diversity in habitats, including beaches, wetlands, and mountains. The most prevalent botanical environment is coastal sage scrub, which covers the hillsides in combustible chaparral. Coastal sage scrub (or simply coastal scrub) is a low Scrubland plant community found in the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion of The California chaparral and woodlands is a Terrestrial ecoregion of central and southern California ( United States) and northwestern Baja California Native plants include: California poppy, matilija poppy, toyon, Coast Live Oak, and giant wild rye grass. The California poppy ( Eschscholzia californica) is native to grassy and open areas from sea level to 2000m (6500 feet altitude in the western United States throughout The Matilija poppy or tree poppy ( Romneya Harvey) is a Poppy of Southern California and Northern Mexico, belonging Toyon ( Heteromeles arbutifolia) is a common perennial Shrub native to southwestern California, USA and the extreme The Coast Live Oak ( Quercus agrifolia) is an Evergreen Oak, highly variable and often shrubby native to the California Floristic Province Many of these native species, such as the Los Angeles sunflower, have become so rare as to be considered endangered. Helianthus nuttallii ( Nuttall's Sunflower) is a species of sunflower native to northern and western North America, from Newfoundland Though they are not native to the area, the official tree of Los Angeles is the tropical Coral Tree and the official flower of Los Angeles is the Bird of Paradise, Strelitzia reginae. Strelitzia reginae is a Monocotyledonous Flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. 
Owing to geography, heavy reliance on automobiles, and the Los Angeles/Long Beach port complex, Los Angeles suffers from air pollution in the form of smog. Smog is a kind of Air pollution; the word "smog" is a Portmanteau of Smoke and Fog. Mulholland Drive is a very well-known (due to its proximity to Hollywood) road in Los Angeles, California named after engineer William Mulholland Air pollution is the human introduction into the atmosphere of Chemicals Particulate matter, or Biological materials that cause harm or discomfort Smog is a kind of Air pollution; the word "smog" is a Portmanteau of Smoke and Fog. The Los Angeles Basin and the San Fernando Valley are susceptible to atmospheric inversion, which holds in the exhausts from road vehicles, airplanes, locomotives, shipping, manufacturing, and other sources. The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal Sediment -filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in In meteorology an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude A locomotive is a railway Vehicle that provides the motive power for a Train. Shipping is physical process of Transporting goods and Cargo.  Unlike other large cities that rely on rain to clear smog, Los Angeles gets only 15 inches (381 mm) of rain each year. Pollution accumulates over multiple consecutive days. Issues of air quality in Los Angeles and other major cities led to the passage of early national environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act. More recently, the state of California has led the nation in working to limit pollution by mandating low emissions vehicles. 
As a result, pollution levels have dropped in recent decades. The number of Stage 1 smog alerts has declined from over 100 per year in the 1970s to almost zero in the new millennium. Despite improvement, the 2006 annual report of the American Lung Association ranks the city as the most polluted in the country with short-term particle pollution and year-round particle pollution. The American Lung Association ( ALA) is a Non-profit organization that "fights lung disease in all its forms with special emphasis on Asthma,  In addition, the groundwater is increasingly threatened by MTBE from gas stations and perchlorate from rocket fuel. Groundwater is Water located beneath the Ground surface in Soil pore spaces and in the Fractures of lithologic formations Methyl tert -butyl ether, also known as methyl tertiary butyl ether and MTBE, is a Chemical compound with molecular formula C5H12O A filling station, fueling station, gas station, service station, petrol station, or gasbar, Retail Outlet Perchlorates are the salts derived from Perchloric acid ( H[[chlorine Cl]] O4) Rocket propellant is mass that is stored usually in some form of Propellant tank prior to being used as the propulsive mass that is ejected from a rocket engine in the form With pollution still a significant problem, the city continues to take aggressive steps to improve air and water conditions. 
The city is divided into many neighborhoods, many of which were towns that were annexed by the growing city. The Santa Ana Mountains are a short peninsular Mountain range along the coast of Southern California in the United States. Downtown Los Angeles is the Central business district of Los Angeles, California, United States, located close to the geographic center Wilshire Boulevard is one of the principal east-west Arterial roads in Los Angeles, California, United States. History The south-facing San Pedro Bay was originally a shallow Mudflat, too soft to support a Wharf. Palos Verdes is a name often used to refer to a group of rich people on the Palos Verdes Peninsula in southwestern Los Angeles County in California. Santa Catalina Island, often called Catalina Island, or just Catalina, is a rocky Island off the coast of the U Los Angeles International Airport is the primary Airport serving Los Angeles, California, the second-most populated metropolitan area of There are also several independent cities in and around Los Angeles, but they are popularly grouped with the city of Los Angeles, either due to being completely engulfed as enclaves by Los Angeles, or lying within its immediate vicinity. Generally, the city is divided into the following areas: Downtown Los Angeles, Northeast - including Highland Park and Eagle Rock areas, the Eastside, South Los Angeles (still often colloquially referred to as South Central by locals), the Harbor Area, Hollywood, Wilshire, the Westside, and the San Fernando and Crescenta Valleys. Downtown Los Angeles is the Central business district of Los Angeles, California, United States, located close to the geographic center Highland Park is a district of North East Los Angeles. It includes the Garvanza and San Pasqual neighborhoods and some would argue Mt Eagle Rock is an artistic neighborhood in northeastern Los Angeles California. Alternate meaning East LA, an unincorporated community bordering the East LA region described below South Los Angeles, often abbreviated as South LA, is the official name for a large geographic and cultural portion lying to the southwest and southeast of downtown The Harbor Area is the area along the Port of Los Angeles. It contains neighborhoods of Los Angeles (including Wilmington & San Pedro) Wilshire (pronounced wilsher by residents is a region of the City of Los Angeles, California. West Los Angeles (also known as West LA or the Westside) comprises the Los Angeles city communities of Bel Air, Beverly Crest The San Fernando Valley or The Valley is an urbanized Valley located in the north-western section of the city of Los Angeles California, United States The Crescenta Valley is a small inland valley in Los Angeles County California.
Some well-known communities of Los Angeles include West Adams, Watts, Venice Beach, the Downtown Financial District, Los Feliz, Silver Lake, Hollywood, Koreatown, Westwood and the more affluent areas of Bel Air, Benedict Canyon, Hollywood Hills, Hancock Park, Pacific Palisades, and Brentwood. West Adams, also known as Historic West Adams, is a large district located in the center of Los Angeles, California, southwest of Downtown and Watts is a residential district in southern Los Angeles California (more specifically part of South Los Angeles) Venice is a district in western Los Angeles California. It is known for its Canals Beaches and Circus -like Ocean Front Walk, The centerpoint of Downtown Los Angeles, the Financial District was built adjacent to and parallel with the redevelopment of Bunker Hill. Los Feliz, also Rancho Los Feliz ("Feliz Ranch" is a district of the City of Los Angeles California, named for its land grantee José Vicente Feliz Silver Lake is a district east of Hollywood in the city of Los Angeles California. Koreatown is a community in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles California. Westwood is a district in western Los Angeles, California, United States. Bel Air is a wealthy and prominent faux-gated residential community in the Westside of the city of Los Angeles California, United States. Geography and History Benedict Canyon is an area near Sherman Oaks north west of Beverly Hills in the City of Los Angeles California. The Hollywood Hills, an unofficial designation of part of Los Angeles, California, United States, are part of the eastern section of the low transverse Hancock Park is a historic and affluent urban neighborhood in Los Angeles California. Pacific Palisades is a district within the US city of Los Angeles California, located between Brentwood to the east Malibu to the west Brentwood is an affluent district in western Los Angeles, California, United States; it is not to be confused with Brentwood California, in
Important landmarks in Los Angeles include Chinatown, Koreatown, Little Tokyo, Walt Disney Concert Hall, Kodak Theatre, Griffith Observatory, Getty Center, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Hollywood Sign, Hollywood Boulevard, Capitol Records Tower, Los Angeles City Hall, Hollywood Bowl, Watts Towers, Staples Center, Dodger Stadium and La Placita Olvera/Olvera Street. Chinatown in Los Angeles, California ( is a Chinatown in Downtown Los Angeles that was founded in the late 1800s Koreatown is a community in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles California. Little Tokyo, also known as Little Tokyo Historic District, is an ethnic Japanese American district in Downtown Los Angeles and one of only three official The Walt Disney Concert Hall at 111 South Grand Avenue in Downtown Los Angeles, California is the fourth hall of the Los Angeles Music Center. The Kodak Theatre is a live theatre in the Hollywood and Highland retail dining and entertainment complex on Hollywood Boulevard and North Highland Avenue Griffith Observatory is located in Los Angeles California, United States. The Getty Center in Brentwood Los Angeles California, USA, is the current home of part of the J The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is a large outdoor sports Stadium in the University Park neighborhood of Los Angeles California at Exposition The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, also known as LACMA, is an Art museum in Los Angeles County California. Grauman's Chinese Theatre is a movie theatre located at 6925 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood. The Hollywood Sign is a famous Landmark in the Hollywood Hills area of Los Angeles California, spelling out the name of the area in high white letters Hollywood Boulevard is a boulevard in Hollywood Los Angeles California, United States, beginning at Sunset Boulevard in the east and running northwest Capitol Records is a major United States -based Record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood California and New York City as Los Angeles City Hall, completed 1928 is the tallest base isolated structure in the world The Hollywood Bowl is a famous modern Amphitheatre in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles California, USA, that is used primarily for music Performances The Watts Towers or Nuestro Pueblo in the Watts district of Los Angeles California, is a collection of 17 interconnected structures Staples Center is a multi-purpose sports Arena in Downtown Los Angeles California adjacent to the L Dodger Stadium is a large outdoor ballpark in Los Angeles California at Chávez Ravine. Another mission bearing the name Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles is the Mission Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles de Porciúncula de los Pecos in Olvera Street is in the oldest part of Downtown Los Angeles, California, and is part of the El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument.
The people of Los Angeles are known as Angelenos. The Walt Disney Concert Hall at 111 South Grand Avenue in Downtown Los Angeles, California is the fourth hall of the Los Angeles Music Center. The Hollywood Sign is a famous Landmark in the Hollywood Hills area of Los Angeles California, spelling out the name of the area in high white letters Grauman's Chinese Theatre is a movie theatre located at 6925 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood. Griffith Observatory is located in Los Angeles California, United States. The Hollywood Bowl is a famous modern Amphitheatre in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles California, USA, that is used primarily for music Performances The Kodak Theatre is a live theatre in the Hollywood and Highland retail dining and entertainment complex on Hollywood Boulevard and North Highland Avenue Capitol Records is a major United States -based Record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood California and New York City as The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is a large outdoor sports Stadium in the University Park neighborhood of Los Angeles California at Exposition The arts and culture of Los Angeles are varied Motion pictures The greater Los Angeles area is the most important site in the United States for movie The following is a list of notable people who were born in or are residents of or otherwise closely associated with the city of Los Angeles California. List of songs about CaliforniaThis is a list of songs about Los Angeles, California: set there named after a location or feature of the city named after a famous Nighttime hot spots include places such as Downtown Los Angeles, Silver Lake, Hollywood, and West Hollywood, which is the home of the world-famous Sunset Strip. West Hollywood, a city in Los Angeles County California, was incorporated on November 29, 1984. The Sunset Strip is the name given to the mile and a half stretch of Sunset Boulevard that passes through West Hollywood California.
Some well-known shopping areas are the Hollywood and Highland complex, the Beverly Center, Melrose Avenue, Robertson Boulevard, Rodeo Drive, 3rd St. Promenade in Santa Monica, The Grove, Westside Pavilion, The Promenade at Howard Hughes Center and Venice Boardwalk.
The major daily newspaper in the area is The Los Angeles Times; La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. The Media of Los Angeles serves a large population in the Los Angeles area This is a list of television shows set in the Greater Los Angeles area (including Los Angeles and Orange County communities such as Beverly Hills, Santa Monica This is a list of films set in Los Angeles California: This list is incomplete 1920s Hollywood (1923 Fox Plaza is a 492- foot (150- Meter) high Skyscraper with 34 floors in Century City Los Angeles California, a local Landmark. West Los Angeles Los Angeles California, a neighborhood of Los Angeles The Westside, a region of Los Angeles County, incorporating The Los Angeles Times (also known as the LA Times) is a daily Newspaper published in Los Angeles California and distributed La Opinión is a Spanish-language daily Newspaper published in Los Angeles California and distributed throughout the six counties of Investor's Business Daily is distributed from its L. Investor's Business Daily ( IBD) is a national newspaper in the United States, published Monday through Friday that covers international Business A. corporate offices, which are headquartered in Playa Del Rey. There are also a number of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including the Daily News (which focuses coverage on the San Fernando Valley), LA Weekly, Los Angeles CityBeat, L. The Daily News of Los Angeles, also known as the Los Angeles Daily News, is the second largest circulating daily Newspaper of Los Angeles The San Fernando Valley or The Valley is an urbanized Valley located in the north-western section of the city of Los Angeles California, United States LA Weekly is a free weekly Tabloid -sized Newspaper (a so-called " Alternative weekly " in Los Angeles California A. Record (which focuses coverage on the music scene in the Greater Los Angeles area), Los Angeles magazine, Los Angeles Business Journal, Los Angeles Daily Journal (legal industry paper), The Hollywood Reporter and Variety (entertainment industry papers), and Los Angeles Downtown News. The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and The Los Angeles Business Journal, established c 1979, is a weekly Newspaper in Los Angeles California, which covers general business news The Hollywood Reporter is a major trade publication of the Film industry in the United States. Variety is a weekly entertainment trade newspaper founded in New York in 1905 by Sime Silverman The Los Angeles Downtown News is a free weekly Newspaper in Los Angeles, California, serving the Downtown Los Angeles area In addition to the English- and Spanish-language papers, numerous local periodicals serve immigrant communities in their native languages, including Armenian, Korean, Persian, Russian, Chinese and Japanese. Many cities adjacent to Los Angeles also have their own daily newspapers whose coverage and availability overlaps into certain Los Angeles neighborhoods. Examples include The Daily Breeze (serving the South Bay), and The Long Beach Press-Telegram. The Daily Breeze is a 70000-circulation daily Newspaper published in Torrance California. South Bay is a Region in the southwest peninsula of Los Angeles County, California, United States. The Long Beach Press-Telegram is a major conservative daily newspaper published in Long Beach California.
The Los Angeles metropolitan area is served by a variety of local television stations and is the second-largest media market in North America, behind New York City. The City of New York
The city's first television station (and the first in California) was KTLA, which began broadcasting on January 22, 1947. KTLA, channel 5 is a television station in Los Angeles California. The major network-affiliated television stations in this city are KABC-TV 7 (ABC), KCBS 2 (CBS), KNBC 4 (NBC), KTTV 11 (FOX), KTLA 5 (The CW), and KCOP-TV 13 (MyNetworkTV), and KPXN 30 (i). KABC-TV, channel 7 is an owned-and-operated television station of the Walt Disney Company -owned American Broadcasting Company, licensed to Los Angeles The American Broadcasting Company ( ABC) is an American Television network. KCBS-TV, channel 2 is an owned-and-operated station of the CBS Television Network, located in Los Angeles California. CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. KNBC, channel 4 is an owned-and-operated television station of the NBC Television Network and the westcoast flagship station of NBC licensed to Los Angeles The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's KTTV, channel 11 is an Owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation -owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in Los Angeles California KTLA, channel 5 is a television station in Los Angeles California. The CW Television Network ( The CW) is a Television network in the United States launched at the beginning of the 2006-2007 television season. KCOP-TV, channel 13 is a television station in Los Angeles California. MyNetworkTV (unofficially abbreviated MyNet or MNT) is a Television network in the United States, owned by the Fox Broadcasting Company KPXN, licensed to San Bernardino California broadcasts on analog channel 30 and digital channel 38 in the Inland Empire metropolitan area. Ion Television is a broadcast television network first broadcast on August 31 1998 There are also three PBS stations in the area, including KCET 28, KOCE-TV 50, and KLCS 58. The Public Broadcasting Service ( PBS) is a Non-profit Public broadcasting Television service with 354 member TV stations in the For the Japanese computer game developer see Konami Computer Entertainment Tokyo KCET is the PBS member-television station in KOCE-TV is a member station of the Public Broadcasting Service with programming focused on the communities of Orange County California. KLCS Channel 58 is a member station of the Public Broadcasting Service, and is owned by the Los Angeles Unified School District. World TV operates on two channels, KNET-LP 25 and KSFV-LP 6. KNET-LP is a low-power Television station in Los Angeles California, owned by the Venture Technologies Group KSFV-LP channel 6 is a low-power Television station in the San Fernando Valley, owned by Venture Technologies Group LLC, and leased to There are also several Spanish-language television networks, including KMEX-TV 34 (Univision), KFTR 46 (TeleFutura), KVEA 52 (Telemundo), and KAZA 54 (Azteca América). KMEX-TV, "Univisión 34 Los Angeles", is the Univision Owned-and-operated station in Los Angeles and the network's Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States and Puerto Rico. TeleFutura is a US Spanish-language broadcast Television network owned by Univision with headquarters in Miami Florida. KVEA, "Telemundo 52" is an NBC -owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles area and is the West Coast flagship station of the Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah Florida a suburb of Miami Florida. KAZA-TV is a full-service Television station in Avalon California, broadcasting locally in analog on UHF channel 54 and in digital on UHF channel Azteca América is a broadcast television network marketed toward Spanish-speaking families residing in the United States KTBN 40 (Trinity Broadcasting Network), is a religious station in the area. The Trinity Broadcasting Network ( TBN) is a Christian television network headquartered in Costa Mesa California with studios in Irving Texas
Several independent television stations also operate in the area, including KCAL-TV 9 (owned by CBS Corporation), KSCI 18 (focuses primarily on Asian language programming), KWHY-TV 22 (Spanish-language), KNLA-LP 27 (Spanish-language), KSMV-LP 33 (variety)—a low power relay of Ventura-based KJLA 57—KPAL-LP 38, KXLA 44, KDOC-TV 56 (classic programming and local sports), KJLA 57 (variety), and KRCA 62 (Spanish-language). KCAL-TV, channel 9 is an independent television station in Los Angeles California, owned by the CBS Corporation. CBS Corporation () is an American Media conglomerate focused on Broadcasting, Publishing, Billboards, and Television KSCI (known on air as LA-18) is an independent Television station operating in Los Angeles and on channel 48 ( KUAN-LP) in San Diego KWHY-TV Channel 22 is a Spanish Independent station owned by the Telemundo network / NBC, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. KNLA-LP is a low-power Television station in Los Angeles California, owned by the Venture Technologies Group KJLA channel 49 is a digital only full power television station licensed to Ventura California, with studios based in West Los Angeles California. KXLA channel 44 is an independent Television station licensed to Rancho Palos Verdes California and serving the Los Angeles area KDOC-TV (Channel 56 is an independent Television station based in Orange County California (licensed to Anaheim, with studios and offices in Santa KJLA channel 49 is a digital only full power television station licensed to Ventura California, with studios based in West Los Angeles California. KRCA Analog UHF Channel 62 Digital UHF Channel 68 is a Spanish language Television station in the Los Angeles California metropolitan region formerly broadcasting
The city's first radio station was KNX, which began as an experimental station in 1920 and then became a commercially licensed station in December 1921. KNX (1070 kHz is an all-news radio station in Los Angeles California, USA
The Roman Catholic Archbishop of Los Angeles leads the largest archdiocese in the country.  Roger Cardinal Mahony oversaw construction of the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, completed in 2002 at the north end of downtown. Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony (born February 27, 1936) is an American Prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, also called the Los Angeles Cathedral, is a Cathedral church of the United States in Los Angeles Construction of the cathedral marked a coming of age of the Catholic, heavily Latino community. There are numerous Catholic churches and parishes throughout the city.
The Los Angeles California Temple, the second largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is on Santa Monica Boulevard in the Westwood district of Los Angeles. The Los Angeles California Temple (formerly the Los Angeles Temple) the tenth operating and the second-largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the fourth largest Christian denomination in the United States and the largest and most well-known TalkMormon#Latter Day Saint vs Latter-day Saint --> Mormon The Los Angeles California Temple (formerly the Los Angeles Temple) the tenth operating and the second-largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ In the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the fourth largest Christian denomination in the United States and the largest and most well-known State Route 2 is a State highway in the US state of California. Westwood is a district in western Los Angeles, California, United States. Dedicated in 1956, it was the first Mormon temple built in California and it was the largest in the world when completed. TalkMormon#Latter Day Saint vs Latter-day Saint --> Mormon  The grounds includes a visitors' center open to the public, the Los Angeles Regional Family History Center, also open to the public, and the headquarters for the Los Angeles mission. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church is one of the most active modern practitioners of Missionary work with over 50000 full-time missionaries
With 621,000 Jews in the metropolitan area (490,000 in city proper), the region has the second largest population of Jews in the United States. American Jews, or Jewish Americans  Many synagogues of the Reform, Conservative, Orthodox, and Reconstructionist movements can be found throughout the city. Most are located in the San Fernando Valley and West Los Angeles. The San Fernando Valley or The Valley is an urbanized Valley located in the north-western section of the city of Los Angeles California, United States The area in West Los Angeles around Fairfax and Pico Boulevards contains a large number of Orthodox Jews. The Breed Street Shul in East Los Angeles, built in 1923, was the largest synagogue west of Chicago in its early decades. See also East Los Angeles (region East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L  (It is no longer a sacred space and is being converted to a museum and community center. ) The Kabbalah Centre, devoted to one line of Jewish mysticism, is also in the city. The Kabbalah Centre is a 501(c(3 not-for-profitspiritual organization with headquarters in Los Angeles California which provides courses online and through its
The Azusa Street Revival (1906–1909) in Los Angeles was a key milestone in the history of the Pentecostal movement, not long after Christian Fundamentalism received its name and crucial promotion in Los Angeles. The Azusa Street Revival was a historic Pentecostal Revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism Fundamentalism refers to a "deep and totalistic commitment" to a belief in and strict adherence to a set of basic principles (often Religious in nature a reaction In 1909, the Bible Institute of Los Angeles (B. I. O. L. A. , now Biola University)
published and widely distributed a set of books called The Fundamentals, which presented a defense of the traditional conservative interpretation of the Bible. Biola University is a private, Non-denominational, Evangelical Christian university located near Los Angeles, noted for its conservative The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, also called the Los Angeles Cathedral, is a Cathedral church of the United States in Los Angeles Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin The term fundamentalism is derived from these books. Los Angeles is also a major hub of the house church Movement. House church (or " home church " is an informal term for an independent assembly of Christians intentionally gathering in a home or on other grounds Dr. Gabe Veas is one of the leaders of this group, pastoring the house church network known as Authentic LA.
In the 1920s, Aimee Semple McPherson established a thriving evangelical ministry, with her Angelus Temple in Echo Park open to both black and white church members of the Foursquare Church. Aimee Semple McPherson ( October 9, 1890 &ndash September 27, 1944) also known as "Sister Aimee" or "Sister" was a Angelus Temple is the central house of worship of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the Echo Park district of Los Angeles California Echo Park is a neighborhood in Los Angeles northwest of downtown. The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination Billy Graham became a celebrity during a successful revival campaign in Los Angeles in 1949. William Franklin Graham Jr KBE (born November 7 1918 better known as Billy Graham, is an evangelist and an Evangelical Christian Herbert W. Armstrong's Worldwide Church of God used to have its headquarters in nearby Pasadena, now in Glendale. Herbert W Armstrong ( 31 July 1892 - 16 January 1986) was the founder of the Worldwide Church of God and an early pioneer of The Worldwide Church of God (WCG formerly the Radio Church of God, is a Christian church currently based in Glendora California, United States. Pasadena ( is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Glendale ( is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Until his death in 2005, Dr. Eugene Scott was based near downtown. William Eugene Scott, also known as Dr Gene Scott, ( August 14, 1929 - February 21, 2005) was a United States
The Metropolitan Community Church, a fellowship of Christian congregations with a focus on outreach to gays and lesbians, was started in Los Angeles in 1968 by Troy D. Perry. The Metropolitan Community Church (in full The Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches or UFMCC or more commonly MCC is an international fellowship of Troy Deroy Perry II (born July 27, 1940) founded the Metropolitan Community Church, a Christian denomination with a special affirming Jack Chick, of "Chick Tracts," was born in Boyle Heights and lived in the area most of his life. Jack Thomas Chick (born April 13, 1924) is an American Publisher, writer and comic book artist, and has been called the most published Chick Publications is an American publishing company founded and run by Jack Chick which produces and markets Protestant fundamentalist pamphlets Boyle Heights is a district east of Downtown Los Angeles on the East Side of Los Angeles California, USA
Because of Los Angeles' large multi-ethnic population, a wide variety of faiths are practiced, including Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, Bahá'í, various Eastern Orthodox Churches, Sufism and others. For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices Hinduism is a religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent. Zoroastrianism (ˌzɔroʊˈæstriəˌnɪzəm is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings Sikhism ( IPA: or; ਸਿੱਖੀ sikkhī, IPA:) founded on the teachings of Nanak and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century The Bahá'í Faith is a Religion founded by Bahá'u'lláh in nineteenth-century Persia, emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind The Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest single Christian Communion in the world Sufism ( تصوّف - taṣawwuf, Persian: صوفیگری sufigari, Turkish: tasavvuf, Urdu: تصوف
Immigrants from Asia for example, have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the greatest variety of Buddhists in the world. In Hinduism, a murti ( Devanagari: मूर्ति typically refers to an image a deity in which the Divine Spirit is expressed ( murta) A Hindu ( Devanagari: हिन्दू is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, a set of religious, Philosophical Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari kṛṣṇa in IAST, ˈkr̩ʂɳə in classical Sanskrit is a deity worshiped across many traditions of Hinduism Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices Los Angeles currently has the largest Buddhist population in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the There are more than 300 Buddhist temples in Los Angeles.
Los Angeles has been a destination for Hindu Swamis and Gurus since as early as 1900, including Paramahansa Yogananda (1920). Hinduism is a religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent. Swami (Sw (स्वामी Svāmi, IPA:) is primarily a Hindu honorific title for either males or females A guru (गुरु গুরু is a person who is regarded as having great knowledge wisdom and authority in a certain area and uses it to guide others Paramahansa Yogananda ( Bengali: পরমহংস যোগানন্দ Pôromohôngsho Joganondo, Sanskrit: परमहंस योगानंद The Self-Realization Fellowship is headquartered in Hollywood and has a private park in Pacific Palisades. Self-Realization Fellowship / Yogoda Satsanga Society of India is a worldwide spiritual organization founded by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920 and based in Los Angeles California Pacific Palisades is a district within the US city of Los Angeles California, located between Brentwood to the east Malibu to the west Maharishi Mahesh Yogi founded the Transcendental Meditation movement in Los Angeles in the late 1950s. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi ( January 12, 1917 &ndash February 5 2008) founded and developed the Transcendental Meditation technique and Transcendental Meditation or TM is the trademarked name of a Meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1917-2008
Los Angeles is the home to a number of Neopagans, as well as adherents of various other mystical religions. Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is an Umbrella term used to identify a wide variety of modern religious movements particularly those influenced by historical One wing of the Theosophist movement is centered in Los Angeles, and another is in neighboring Pasadena. This article is about the philosophy introduced by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky Pasadena ( is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
The Church of Scientology has had a presence in Los Angeles since it opened February 18, 1954. The Church of Scientology is the largest organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin of the Kali Yuga. 1229 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II Holy Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) It has several churches and museums in the area, most notably the Celebrity Centre in Hollywood. Celebrity Centres are Church of Scientology facilities that are open to the public but serve mostly artists and celebrities and other "professionals leaders and promising
Los Angeles is the home of the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball, the Los Angeles Kings of the National Hockey League, the Los Angeles Clippers and Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association, the Los Angeles Sparks of the WNBA, the Los Angeles Riptide of Major League Lacrosse, and the Los Angeles Avengers of the Arena Football League. The media market of Los Angeles, California consists of many sports teams The Los Angeles Dodgers are a Major League Baseball team based in Los Angeles California, USA The Los Angeles Kings are a professional ice hockey team based in Los Angeles California. The National Hockey League ( NHL) is a professional Ice hockey league composed of 30 teams in North America The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA team based in Los Angeles, California. The Los Angeles Sparks are a Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA team based in Los Angeles California. The Los Angeles Riptide is a Lacrosse team based in Carson, California. The Los Angeles Avengers is an Arena Football League (AFL team based in Los Angeles California and they began play as a 2000 expansion team Los Angeles is also home to the USC Trojans and the UCLA Bruins in the NCAA, both of which are Division I teams in the Pacific-10 Conference. The phrase "USC Trojans" also refers to the University of Southern California student body in general The UCLA Bruins are the sports teams for University of California Los Angeles (UCLA The Pacific-10 Conference ( Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States. UCLA has more NCAA national championships, all sports combined, than any other university in America. The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United USC has the third most NCAA national championships, all sports combined, in the United States. The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly Several more teams are in the greater Los Angeles media market: the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim of Major League Baseball and the Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League are both based in nearby Anaheim; and the Los Angeles Galaxy and Club Deportivo Chivas USA of Major League Soccer are both based in neighboring Carson. A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the Population The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim are a professional baseball team based in Anaheim, California. The Anaheim Ducks are a professional Ice hockey team based in Anaheim California, USA. The National Hockey League ( NHL) is a professional Ice hockey league composed of 30 teams in North America Los Angeles Galaxy (aka LA Galaxy) is an American soccer club based in Los Angeles California. Club Deportivo Chivas USA (short form CD Chivas USA or Chivas USA) is a professional soccer club based in Carson, California, United States Major League Soccer ( MLS) is the top-flight professional Soccer league in the United States and Canada with 14 teams 13 in the U Carson is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
There was a time when the Los Angeles media market boasted two NFL teams, the Rams and the Raiders. Dodger Stadium is a large outdoor ballpark in Los Angeles California at Chávez Ravine. The Los Angeles Dodgers are a Major League Baseball team based in Los Angeles California, USA The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. The St Louis Rams are a professional American football team based in St The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football team based in the city of Oakland California. Both left the media market in 1995, with the Rams moving to St. Louis and the Raiders heading back to Oakland. Oakland (ˈoʊklənd founded in 1852 is the eighth-largest city in the U Through the 2007-08 season there is no NFL franchise in the Los Angeles market, which is the second-largest city and television market in the United States. The 2007 season of the National Football League (NFL was the 88th season played by the major professional American football league in the United A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the Population The United States of America —commonly referred to as the  Prior to 1995, the Rams called Memorial Coliseum (1946-1979) and Anaheim Stadium (1980-1994) home; and the Raiders played their home games at Memorial Coliseum from 1982 to 1994. The St Louis Rams are a professional American football team based in St The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football team based in the city of Oakland California. 
Since the franchise's departures the NFL as an organization, and individual NFL owners, have attempted to relocate a team to the city. Immediately following the 1995 NFL season, Seattle Seahawks owner Ken Behring went as far as packing up moving vans to start play in the Rose Bowl under a new team name and logo for the 1996 season. The Seattle Seahawks are a professional American football team based in Seattle Washington, USA Kenneth Eugene Behring (born June 13, 1928 in Freeport Illinois) is a Real-estate developer, former owner of the Seattle Seahawks The Rose Bowl is an outdoor football Stadium in Pasadena California, near Los Angeles. The State of Washington filed a law suit to successfully prevent the move. Washington ( is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.  In 2003, then NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue indicated L. Paul John Tagliabue (born November 24 1940 in Jersey City New Jersey) was the Commissioner of the National Football League A. would get a new expansion team, a thirty-third franchise, after the choice of Houston over L. A. in the 2002 league expansion round.  When the New Orleans Saints were displaced from the Superdome by Hurricane Katrina media outlets reported the NFL was planning to move the team to Los Angeles permanently. The New Orleans Saints are a professional American football team based in New Orleans Louisiana. The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest hurricane, as well as one of the five deadliest in the history of the United States  Despite these efforts, and the failure to build a new stadium for an NFL team, L. A. is still expected to return to the league through expansion or relocation.
Los Angeles has twice played host to the summer Olympic Games, in 1932 and in 1984. The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1932 The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, When the tenth Olympic Games were hosted in 1932, the former 10th Street was renamed Olympic Blvd. The 1984 Summer Olympics inspired the creation of the Los Angeles Marathon, which has been held every year in March since 1986. The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, The Los Angeles Marathon is an annual Marathon held in Los Angeles California since 1986 Super Bowls I and VII were also held in the city as well as soccer's international World Cup in 1994. The FIFA World Cup, occasionally called the Football World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international Association football Los Angeles applied to represent the USOC in international bidding for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but lost to Chicago. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States.
Beach volleyball and windsurfing were both invented in the area (though predecessors of both were invented in some form by Duke Kahanamoku in Hawaii). Windsurfing is a surface water sport using a windsurf board also commonly called a sailboard usually two to five meters long and powered by a single sail The Big Kahuna redirects here For the film see The Big Kahuna (film. The State of Hawaii ( or həˈwaɪʔiː Hawaiian: Mokuāina o Hawaii) is a state in the United States located on an Archipelago in the Venice, also known as Dogtown, is credited with being the birthplace of skateboarding and the place where roller skating first became popular. Skateboarding is the act of riding and performing tricks using a Skateboard. Roller skating is the Traveling on smooth terrain with roller skates Area beaches are popular with parties, sunbathers, surfers, swimmers and barefooters, who have created their own subcultures. A party is a Social gathering for Celebration and Recreation. Sun tanning describes a darkening of the skin (especially of fair-skinned individuals in a natural physiological response stimulated by exposure to ultraviolet (UV radiation Surfing is a surface water sport in which the participant is carried along the face of a breaking wave, most commonly using a Surfboard, although wave-riders Swimming is the movement by humans or animals through Water, usually without artificial assistance For people with the name Barefoot see Barefoot (surname Going barefoot (also barefoot ed) means for a person not to use or For the term in biology see Subculture (biology. For the song by New Order see Sub-culture (song.
The Los Angeles area contains varied topography, notably the hills and mountains rising around the metropolis, making Los Angeles the only major city in the United States bisected by a mountain range; four mountain ranges extend into city boundaries. Topography ( topo-, "place" and graphia, "writing" is the study of Earth 's Surface features or those of Planets A mountain is a Landform that extends above the surrounding Terrain in a limited area with a peak A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status A mountain range is a chain of Mountains bordered by highlands or separated from other mountains by passes or valleys Thousands of miles of trails crisscross the city and neighboring areas, providing opportunities for exercise and wilderness access on foot, bike, or horse. A trail is a Path or Road used for Walking, Cycling, Cross-country skiing, or other activities Wilderness is generally defined as a Natural environment on Earth that has not been significantly modified by Human activity The word 'hiking' is understood in all English-speaking countries but there are differences in usage Mountain biking entails the Sport of riding Bicycles off-road often over rough terrain whether riding specially equipped Mountain bikes or hybrid road bikes The horse ( Equus caballus) is a hoofed ( Ungulate) Mammal, one of eight living species of the family Equidae. Across the county a great variety of outdoor activities are available, such as skiing, rock climbing, placer mining, hang gliding, and windsurfing. Snow skiing is a group of sports utilizing Skis as primary equipment Rock climbing is a Sport in which participants climb up or across natural rock formations or man-made rock walls with the goal of reaching the Placer mining (pronounced "plass-er" refers to the mining of alluvial deposits for Minerals This may be done by open-pit (also called open-cast History See also History of hang gliding Summary: Hang gliding existed in China perhaps by the 4th century AD according to the writing of the Windsurfing is a surface water sport using a windsurf board also commonly called a sailboard usually two to five meters long and powered by a single sail Numerous outdoor clubs serve these sports, including the Angeles Chapter of the Sierra Club, which leads over 4,000 outings annually in the area. Mission statement To explore enjoy and protect the wild places of the earth To practice and promote the responsible use of the earth's ecosystems and resources To educate and
Los Angeles also boasts a number of sports venues, including the Staples Center, a sports and entertainment complex that also hosts concerts and awards shows such as the Grammys. Staples Center is a multi-purpose sports Arena in Downtown Los Angeles California adjacent to the L The Staples Center also serves as the home arena for the Los Angeles Clippers and Los Angeles Lakers of the NBA, the Los Angeles Sparks of the WNBA, the Los Angeles Kings of the NHL and the Avengers of the AFL. The Arena Football League (AFL was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league.
The economy of Los Angeles is driven by international trade, entertainment (television, motion pictures, recorded music), aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. The Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce is Southern California 's largest not-for-profit business federation representing over 1600 businesses Ernst & Young is one of the largest Professional services firms in the world and one of the Big Four auditors, along with PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC, Manulife Financial Corporation (,,) also known as The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company, is a major Canadian insurance company and Financial Paul Hastings Janofsky & Walker LLP, known more commonly as Paul Hastings, is a leading international law firm with over 1300 attorneys and 18 offices worldwide City National Bank, headquartered in Beverly Hills California, is owned by City National Corporation ( with total assets of $15 Union Bank of California is among the 25 largest banks in the United States based on assets International trade is exchange of Capital, Goods, and Services across International borders or Territories. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic The music industry is the business of Music. Although it encompasses the activity of many music-related businesses and organizations it is currently dominated by the "big This article is about the field of research and industry for the corporation see The Aerospace Corporation Aerospace comprises the Los Angeles is also the largest manufacturing center in the United States. Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale  The contiguous ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach together comprise the most significant port in North America. History The south-facing San Pedro Bay was originally a shallow Mudflat, too soft to support a Wharf. Long Beach is a city located in southern California, USA, on the Pacific coast They are one of the most important ports in the world, and vital to trade within the Pacific Rim. The Pacific Rim refers to the countries and cities located around the edge of the Pacific Ocean.  Other significant industries include media production, finance, telecommunications, law, health medicine, and transportation. The field of finance refers to the concepts of Time, Money and Risk and how they are interrelated Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the
Until the mid-1990s, Los Angeles was home to many major financial institutions in the western United States. Mergers meant reporting to headquarters in other cities. For instance, First Interstate Bancorp merged with Wells Fargo in 1996, Great Western Bank merged with Washington Mutual in 1998, and Security Pacific Bank merged with Bank of America in 1992. First Interstate Bancorp was a bank holding company based in the United States that was taken over in 1996 by Wells Fargo. Wells Fargo & Co ( is a diversified Financial services company headquartered in San Francisco California, United States with operations around the Great Western Bank is also the name of a bank that operates in the midwestern United States, with branches in Iowa Nebraska South Dakota Missouri Kansas and Arizona Washington Mutual Inc (abbreviated to WaMu) ( is a savings bank holding company and the former owner of Washington Mutual Savings Bank, which was the Security Pacific National Bank (SPNB was a large US Bank headquartered in Los Angeles, California. Banc of America Securities Bank of America () is the largest bank by asset and second largest commercial Bank by deposits and Market capitalization in United Los Angeles was also home to the Pacific Exchange, until it closed in 2001. The Pacific Exchange was a Regional stock exchange with a main exchange floor and building in San Francisco, California, USA and a branch in
The city has six major Fortune 500 companies, including aerospace contractor Northrop Grumman, energy company Occidental Petroleum, healthcare provider Health Net, homebuilding company KB Home, metals distributor Reliance Steel & Aluminum, and real estate group CB Richard Ellis. Please do not add the complete list of fortune 500 companies The list is copyrighted by Fortune which makes money by selling the content Northrop Grumman Corporation ( is an Aerospace and defense technology company formed by the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. Occidental Petroleum Corporation (" Oxy " is an international Oil and Gas exploration and production company with operations in the United Health Net Inc ( is among the United States of America 's largest publicly traded managed health care companies KB Home ( is a homebuilding company based in the United States founded in 1957 as Kaufman & Broad. CB Richard Ellis Group Inc (known as CBRE) is the world's largest commercial real estate services company
The University of Southern California (USC) is the city's largest private sector employer. The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly 
Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles include 20th Century Fox, Latham & Watkins, Univision, Metro Interactive, LLC, Premier America, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, Guess?, O’Melveny & Myers; Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker, Tokyopop, The Jim Henson Company, Paramount Pictures, Robinsons-May, Sunkist Growers, Incorporated, Fox Sports Net, Capital Group, 21st century Insurance and The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf. Wells Fargo & Co ( is a diversified Financial services company headquartered in San Francisco California, United States with operations around the KPMG is one of the largest Professional services firms in the world US Bancorp ( is a Financial services Holding company, headquartered in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Banc of America Securities Bank of America () is the largest bank by asset and second largest commercial Bank by deposits and Market capitalization in United Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu (also branded as Deloitte) is one of the largest Professional services firms in the world and one of the Big Four auditors, along Latham & Watkins LLP is a prominent global law firm It is one of the largest law firms in the world currently employing more than 2100 attorneys in the US Europe the Middle East Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States and Puerto Rico. Premier America is a 13 billion dollar Credit union headquartered in Chatsworth California. Gibson Dunn & Crutcher is a global Law firm, founded in Los Angeles in 1890. Guess, (styled as GUESS?) is an American name-brand clothing line. O’Melveny & Myers LLP is an international law firm founded in Los Angeles California. Paul Hastings Janofsky & Walker LLP, known more commonly as Paul Hastings, is a leading international law firm with over 1300 attorneys and 18 offices worldwide For the music movie see Tokyo Pop. Tokyopop, stylized TOKYOPOP, and formerly known as Mixx, is a distributor licensor The Jim Henson Company is an American company founded in 1958 by puppeteer Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and Distribution company, based in Hollywood California. Robinsons-May was a chain of Department stores operating in Southern California, Arizona and Las Vegas Nevada, previously with headquarters Sunkist Growers Incorporated is a Citrus grower's non-stock membership Cooperative comprised of 6000 members from California and Arizona. The Fox Sports Regional Networks, or simply Fox Sports Net (FSN are a collection of cable TV Regional sports networks owned and operated by News The Capital Group Companies is one of the world’s largest Investment management organizations with assets in excess of $1 The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf (sometimes shortened to simply "The Coffee Bean" is a Los Angeles California -based Coffee chain owned and operated by International
The metropolitan area contains the headquarters of companies who moved outside of the city to escape its taxes but keep the benefits of proximity.  For example, Los Angeles charges a gross receipts tax based on a percentage of business revenue, while many neighboring cities charge only small flat fees.  The companies below benefit from their proximity to Los Angeles, while at the same time avoiding the city's taxes (and other problems). Some of the major companies headquartered in the cities of Los Angeles county are Shakey's Pizza (Alhambra), Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (Beverly Hills), City National Bank (Beverly Hills), Hilton Hotels (Beverly Hills), DIC Entertainment (Burbank), The Walt Disney Company (Fortune 500 – Burbank), Warner Bros. (Burbank), Countrywide Financial (Fortune 500 – Calabasas), THQ (Calabasas), Belkin (Compton), Sony Pictures Entertainment (parent of Columbia Pictures, located in Culver City), California|El Segundo]]), DirecTV (El Segundo), Mattel (Fortune 500 – El Segundo), Unocal Corporation (Fortune 500 – El Segundo), DreamWorks (Glendale), Sea Launch (Long Beach), ICANN (Marina del Rey), Cunard Line (Santa Clarita), Princess Cruises (Santa Clarita), Activision (Santa Monica), and RAND (Santa Monica). Shakey's Pizza is a Pizza Restaurant chain based in the United States. Alhambra (pronounced or) is a City ( incorporated on 11 July 1903) located in the western San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences ( AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization ostensibly dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of Motion City National Bank, headquartered in Beverly Hills California, is owned by City National Corporation ( with total assets of $15 UH Hilton Hoteljpg|thumbnail|right|The Hilton University of Houston in Houston Texas, located on the campus of the University of Houston, contains the Hilton College of Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County California, United States. Please do not add the complete list of fortune 500 companies The list is copyrighted by Fortune which makes money by selling the content Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Countrywide Financial Corporation is a diversified financial marketing and service Holding company engaged primarily in residential mortgage banking and related businesses Calabasas is a city in Los Angeles County California in the western United States. THQ Inc ( Toy Headquarters) is a global American developer and publisher of Video games. Belkin International Inc is a global manufacturer of Computer hardware which specializes in Connectivity devices Compton is a city located in Southern Los Angeles County California, USA, south-southeast of downtown Los Angeles. Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc ( SPE) is the television and Film production/distribution unit of Japanese Media conglomerate Sony }} Columbia Pictures Industries Inc is an American Film production and distribution company DirecTV (trademarked as "DIREC' TV' " is a Direct broadcast satellite (DBS service based in El Segundo California, USA, that was founded Mattel Inc ( is the world's largest Toy importing company based on revenue Union Oil Company of California dba Unocal is a defunct company that was a major petroleum explorer and marketer in the late 19th century through the 20th century and into the early DreamWorks LLC, also known as DreamWorks Pictures, DreamWorks SKG, or DreamWorks Studios, is a major American Film studio Glendale ( is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Long Beach is a city located in southern California, USA, on the Pacific coast ICANN (aɪkæn eye-can is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. Marina del Rey is a seaside Unincorporated area of Los Angeles County California. Cunard Line is a British shipping company operator of the Ocean liners RMS ''Queen Elizabeth 2'' ( QE2) RMS ''Queen Mary 2'' ( Santa Clarita is the fourth largest city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Princess Cruises is an American Cruise line, based in the Valencia section of the city of Santa Clarita, California, that Activision Inc is an American Video game developer and publisher. The RAND Corporation ( R esearch AN d D evelopment is a Nonprofit global policy Think tank first formed to offer research and analysis
The L. A. area is also home to the U. S. headquarters of all but two of the major Asian automobile manufacturers. Further, virtually all the world's automakers have design and/or tech centers in the L. A. region. Downtown Los Angeles is also the home of the Los Angeles Convention Center which hosts many popular events.
|Est. 2006||3,849,378||4. 2%|
The census of 2000 recorded 3,694,820 people, 1,275,412 households, and 798,407 families residing in the city, with a population density of 7,876. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 8 people per square mile (3,041. 3/km²). There were 1,337,706 housing units at an average density of 2,851. 8 per square mile (1,101. 1/km²). Los Angeles has become a multiethnic/racially diverse city, with major new groups of Latino and Asian immigrants in recent decades. Multi-ethnic societies, in contrast to single ethnic societies integrate different Ethnic groups irrespective of differences in culture race and history under a common The term multiculturalism generally refers to a state of racial, cultural and ethnic diversity within the Demographics of a specified
42. 2% spoke English, 41. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States 7% Spanish, 2. 4% Korean, 2. This article is mainly about the spoken Korean language See Hangul for details on the native Korean writing system 3% Filipino, 1. Tagalog is one of the major languages used in the Philippines. 7% Armenian, 1. The Armenian language (hy հայերեն լեզու hajɛɹɛn lɛzu —, conventional short form) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian 5% Chinese (including Cantonese and Mandarin) and 1. Standard Mandarin, also known as Standard Spoken Chinese, is the official modern Chinese spoken language used in mainland China and Taiwan 3% Persian as their first language. A first language (also mother tongue, native language, arterial language, or L1) is the language a human being learns from birth  Since the mid-1980s, Los Angeles has been a minority-majority city. For the use of the term minority-majority in the United Kingdom, see here Minority-majority state is a term used to describe a
According to the census, 33. 5% of households had children under 18, 41. 9% were married couples, 14. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37. 4% were non-families. 28. 5% of households were made up of individuals and 7. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. In Mathematics, an average, or central tendency of a Data set refers to a measure of the "middle" or " expected " value of 83 and the average family size 3. 56.
The age distribution was: 26. 6% under 18, 11. 1% from 18 to 24, 34. 1% from 25 to 44, 18. 6% from 45 to 64, and 9. 7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32. For every 100 females there were 99. 4 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 97. 5 males.
The median income for a household was $36,687, and for a family was $39,942. Males had a median income of $31,880, females $30,197. The per capita income was $20,671. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country 22. 1% of the population and 18. 3% of families were below the poverty line. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 30. 3% of those under the age of 18 and 12. 6% of those aged 65 or older were below the poverty line.
Los Angeles is home to people from more than 140 countries speaking 224 different identified languages.  Ethnic enclaves like Chinatown, Historic Filipinotown, Koreatown, Little Armenia, Little Ethiopia, Tehrangeles, Little India, Little Tokyo, and Thai Town provide examples of the polyglot character of Los Angeles. Chinatown in Los Angeles, California ( is a Chinatown in Downtown Los Angeles that was founded in the late 1800s Historic Filipinotown, is a district of Los Angeles California, that lies within the communities of Echo Park and Westlake. Koreatown is a community in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles California. Little Armenia is a community that is part of the Hollywood district of Los Angeles California. Little Ethiopia refers to the stretch of Fairfax Avenue in the Carthay district of Los Angeles California between Olympic and Pico Tehrangeles is a Portmanteau deriving from the combination of Tehran, the capital of Iran, and Los Angeles. Artesia is a general law city in southeast Los Angeles County, California, United States and is one of the county's Gateway Cities. Little Tokyo, also known as Little Tokyo Historic District, is an ethnic Japanese American district in Downtown Los Angeles and one of only three official Thai Town is a neighborhood of Los Angeles centered along Hollywood Boulevard between Normandie Avenue and Western Avenue in Hollywood
The city is governed by a mayor-council system. The Mayor-Council government system sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system is one of two variations of Government used for the most part in modern The current mayor is Antonio Villaraigosa. The Mayor of Los Angeles is the Chief Executive Officer of the City Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio Ramon Villar Jr on January 23 1953 or Tony Villar, is the mayor of Los Angeles California. There are 15 city council districts. The Los Angeles City Council is the governing body of the City of Los Angeles, California United States Other elected city officials include the City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo and the City Controller Laura N. Chick. Rockard John "Rocky" Delgadillo (born July 15 1960) is the current City Attorney of Los Angeles California. Laura N Chick (1952- is the current Los Angeles City Controller The city attorney prosecutes misdemeanors within the city limits. The district attorney, elected by county voters, prosecutes misdemeanors in unincorporated areas and in 78 of the 88 cities in the county, as well as felonies throughout the county. The Los Angeles Civic Center (where city hall is located) is the largest grouping of government buildings in the U. S. , outside of Washington D. C.
The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) polices the city of Los Angeles, but the city also maintains four specialized police agencies; The Office of Public Safety, within the General Services Department (which is responsible for security and law enforcement services at city facilities, including City Hall, city parks and libraries, the Los Angeles Zoo, and the Convention Center), the Port Police, within the Harbor Department (which is responsible for land, air and sea law enforcement services at the Port of Los Angeles), the Los Angeles City Schools Police department which handles law enforcement for all city schools, and the Airport Police, within the Los Angeles World Airports Department (which is responsible for law enforcement services at all four city-owned airports, including Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), LA/Ontario International Airport (ONT), LA/Palmdale Regional Airport (PMD), and Van Nuys Airport (VNY), (the busiest general aviation airport in the country). Los Angeles International Airport is the primary Airport serving Los Angeles, California, the second-most populated metropolitan area of LA/Ontario International Airport, (formerly Ontario International Airport is a public Airport located two miles (3 km east of the Central business district LA/Palmdale Regional Airport, also '''United States Air Force Plant 42''', is an airport in the city of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, Van Nuys Airport is a public Airport located in Van Nuys in the San Fernando Valley section of the city limits of Los Angeles, California
LAPL, Los Angeles Public Library System and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) are among the largest such institutions in the country. This library serves the city of Los Angeles For the library serving the county, see County of Los Angeles Public Library. Los Angeles Unified School District (" LAUSD " is the largest (in terms of number of students Public school system in California. LAUSD is the second largest school district in the United States; only the New York City Department of Education is larger. The New York City Department of Education ( NYCDOE) is the branch of municipal government in New York City that manages the city's public school system The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power provides service to city residents and businesses. The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP is the largest municipal utility in the United States, serving over 4 million residents as of 2008 A business (also called firm or an enterprise) is a legally recognized organizational entity designed to provide goods and/or services to
Voters created Neighborhood Councils in the Charter Reform of 1999. This is a list of elected officials serving the city of Los Angeles California. Spanish Colonial 1781-1822 The office of Alcalde was elected annually without the right to reelection for two years Neighborhood councils are governmental or non-governmental bodies composed of local people who handle Neighborhood problems First proposed by City Council member Joel Wachs in 1996, they were designed to promote public participation in government and make it more responsive to local needs. Joel Wachs served for several terms as Los Angeles City Councilman for the 2nd district
The councils cover districts which are not necessarily identical to the traditional neighborhoods of Los Angeles.
Almost ninety neighborhood councils (NCs) are certified and all "stakeholders" — meaning anyone who lives, works or owns property in a neighborhood — may vote for members of the councils' governing bodies. A corporate stakeholder is a party who affects or can be affected by the company's actions Some council bylaws allow other people with a stake in the community to cast ballots as well.
The councils are official government bodies and so their governing bodies and committees must abide by California's Brown Act, which governs the meetings of deliberative assemblies. The Brown Act, officially known as the Ralph M Brown Act (California Government Code sections 54950-54963 authored by Ralph M
The first notable concern of the neighborhood councils collectively was the opposition by some of them in March 2004 to an 18% increase in water rates by the city's Department of Water and Power. This led the City Council to approve only a limited increase pending independent review. More recently, some of the councils petitioned the City Council in summer 2006 to allow them to introduce ideas for legislative action, but the City Council put off a decision.
The neighborhood councils have been allocated $50,000 each for administration, outreach and approved neighborhood projects.
Los Angeles has been experiencing significant decline in crime since the mid-1990s, and hit a record low in 2007, with 392 homicides. Crime in Los Angeles has been a major problem in Southern California and concern for Angelenos since the early 20th century May Day occurs on May 1 and refers to any of several Public holidays In many countries May Day is synonymous with International Workers' Day, or Labour Criminality peaked in 1992 with 72,667 recorded acts of violence — of which 1,096 were homicides — and 245,129 recorded property crimes. The year before, Los Angeles recorded 1,025 murders. The distribution of homicides in the city is uneven with nearly half of them occurring in the four stations of the South Bureau of the LAPD encompassing South Los Angeles and the Harbor area. The LAPD makes live crime statistics available on the LAPD crimestats and epolice web site.
Current mayor Antonio Villaraigosa is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition, an organization formed in 2006 and co-chaired by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg and Boston mayor Thomas Menino. The Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition is a coalition of Mayors from 225 different United States cities, with a stated goal of "making the public safer The City of New York Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born February 14, 1942) is an American businessman and the Mayor of New York City. Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the mayor of Boston Massachusetts, United States and the city's first
Many movies and songs about Los Angeles depict the notion that the city is home to a large number of gangsters and professional criminals. For other uses see Gangsta. A gangster is a criminal who is or at some point almost invariably becomes a member of a persistent violent In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment According to a May 2001 Drug Threat Assessment by the National Drug Intelligence Center, Los Angeles County is home to 152,000 gang members organized into 1,350 gangs. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States.  Among the most infamous are the Crips, Bloods, 18th Street, Florencia 13, Mara Salvatrucha, Cyclones13, and Surenos street gangs. The Crips are a primarily but not exclusively African American gang founded in Los Angeles California in 1969 mainly by 16-year-old Raymond The Bloods is one of the street Gangs originally founded in Los Angeles 18th Street Gang is a largely- Hispanic Los Angeles -based Street gang. Mara Salvatrucha are large gangs in Northern Central America and the United States. The Mexican Mafia, also known as La eMe (Spanish for the letter M is a Mexican Criminal organization, and is one of the oldest and most powerful This has led to the city being referred to as the "Gang Capital of America. " Car chases happen more often than in most other major cities, with the city's complex freeway system allowing for lengthier pursuits. Car chase often describes the pursuit of a criminal by Police, and is increasingly captured on film from media and police Helicopters.
There are three public universities located within the city limits: California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA), California State University, Northridge (CSUN) and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly California State University Los Angeles (also known as Cal State L California State University Northridge (also known as CSUN, Cal State Northridge) is a public university in the San Fernando Valley, within the city limits Loyola Marymount University (LMU is a comprehensive co-educational private Roman Catholic Jesuit university in Los Angeles California, United States Occidental College is a small private coeducational liberal arts college located in Los Angeles California. Mount St Mary's College is a private, independent Catholic Liberal arts college, primarily for women, in Los Angeles California The American Jewish University, formerly the separate institutions University of Judaism and Brandeis-Bardin Institute, is a Jewish non-denominational California State University Los Angeles (also known as Cal State L California State University Northridge (also known as CSUN, Cal State Northridge) is a public university in the San Fernando Valley, within the city limits The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United
Private colleges in the city include the American Film Institute Conservatory, Alliant International University, American InterContinental University, American Jewish University, The American Musical and Dramatic Academy - Los Angeles campus, Antioch University's Los Angeles campus, Art Center College of Design (Art Center), Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising's Los Angeles campus (FIDM), Los Angeles Film School, Loyola Marymount University (LMU is also the parent university of Loyola Law School located in Los Angeles), Mount St. Mary's College, National University of California, Occidental College ("Oxy"), Otis College of Art and Design (Otis), Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI-Arc), Southwestern Law School, and University of Southern California (USC). History Alliant International University is an independent not-for-profit university formed in July 2001 as a result of a merger between California School of Professional American InterContinental University Los Angeles Campus is a location of American InterContinental University Location The American Jewish University, formerly the separate institutions University of Judaism and Brandeis-Bardin Institute, is a Jewish non-denominational The American Musical and Dramatic Academy (AMDA is a college conservatory for the performing arts located New York City, New York, and in Los Angeles California Antioch University is a six-campus American university with campuses in four states Art Center College of Design (commonly referred to as Art Center) is a Private college located in Pasadena, California. Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science is a private non-profit school founded in 1966 in response to inadequate medical facilities within the Watts region The Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising or FIDM is a co-educational specialized private college located in California dedicated to educating students for The Los Angeles Film School or LA Film School was founded by Hollywood professionals with the goal of balancing the practical with the academic Loyola Marymount University (LMU is a comprehensive co-educational private Roman Catholic Jesuit university in Los Angeles California, United States Loyola Law School is the Law school of Loyola Marymount University, a private Jesuit school in Los Angeles California. Mount St Mary's College is a private, independent Catholic Liberal arts college, primarily for women, in Los Angeles California A national university is a University created or run by a national government and may not be autonomous from Government interference Occidental College is a small private coeducational liberal arts college located in Los Angeles California. Otis College of Art and Design is an art and design college located in Los Angeles, California. The Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI-Arc, was founded in 1972 by Ray Kappe. Southwestern Law School (formerly known as Southwestern University School of Law) is a private ABA -accredited Law school located in Los Angeles The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly
The community college system consists of nine campuses governed by the trustees of the Los Angeles Community College District: East Los Angeles College (ELAC), Los Angeles City College (LACC), Los Angeles Harbor College, Los Angeles Mission College, Los Angeles Pierce College, Los Angeles Valley College (LAVC), Los Angeles Southwest College, Los Angeles Trade-Technical College and West Los Angeles College. East Los Angeles College is a Community college, of the Los Angeles Community College District, located in the Los Angeles suburb of Monterey Los Angeles City College, known as LACC is a public Community college in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles California. Los Angeles Harbor College (LAHC is one of two Community colleges serving the South Bay region of Los Angeles. Los Angeles Mission College is a two-year Community college located in Sylmar neighborhood of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley region of This article is about a community college in Los Angeles For the community college near Tacoma Washington, see Pierce College. Los Angeles Southwest College is located in an Unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States, near Los Angeles Los Angeles Trade-Technical College ( LA Trade-Tech) is a public Community college in Los Angeles California. West Los Angeles College (also called West LA College or WLAC) is a public Community college located in unincorporated Los Angeles County
Los Angeles Unified School District serves almost all of the city of Los Angeles, as well as several surrounding communities, with a student population over 800,000. Downtown Los Angeles is the Central business district of Los Angeles, California, United States, located close to the geographic center Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. This is a list of high schools in Los Angeles County, California. Los Angeles Unified School District (" LAUSD " is the largest (in terms of number of students Public school system in California.  After Proposition 13 was approved in 1978, urban school districts had considerable trouble with funding. Proposition 13, officially titled the "People's Initiative to Limit Property Taxation" was a ballot Initiative to amend the constitution of the state of California LAUSD has become known for its underfunded, overcrowded and poorly maintained campuses, although its 162 Magnet schools to help compete with local private schools. A magnet school is a School which offers specialized courses or curricula.  Several small sections of Los Angeles are in the Las Virgenes Unified School District. Las Virgenes Unified School District ( LVUSD) is a K-12 school district in the western section of Los Angeles County, USA consisting of 14 public schools in the cities Los Angeles County Office of Education operates the Los Angeles County High School for the Arts. Los Angeles County High School for the Arts ( Arts High or LACHSA, ˈlæksə is a Public high school that operates on the campus of California The Los Angeles Public Library system operates 72 public libraries in the city. This library serves the city of Los Angeles For the library serving the county, see County of Los Angeles Public Library. 
Los Angeles has 27 intertwining freeways handling millions of commuters on a daily basis. The intercity transportation system of Los Angeles California serves as a regional national and international hub for passenger and freight traffic
The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and other agencies operate an extensive system of bus lines, as well as subway and light rail lines across Los Angeles County, with a combined daily ridership of 1. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (also known as Metro MTA or LACMTA) is the state chartered regional transportation planning and Public transportation A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. 7 million. . With 1. 4 million daily boardings, the ridership on Los Angeles' bus network is second only to that of New York. The city's subway system is the ninth busiest in the United States and its light rail system is the third most ridden in the country. The following is a list of all heavy rail rapid transit systems in the United States, ranked by ridership The following is a list of all Light rail systems in the United States ranked by ridership
Nevertheless, given the population of the city, Los Angeles' mass transit system does not have high ridership, averaging 276,900 trips a day, a mere 0. 4% of the 65 million daily commutes. . Altogether, 11% of Los Angeles commuters use public transit (including both bus and rail), compared with 54% and 38% in New York and Washington, D. C. , respectively.
The rail system includes the Red and Purple subway lines, as well as the Gold, Blue, and Green light rail lines. The Metro Red Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a Heavy rail Rapid transit line in Los Angeles. The Metro Purple Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a Heavy rail metro line in Los Angeles, USA. The Metro Gold Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a Light rail line in Los Angeles County. The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a Light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station The Metro Green Line is a Light rail line in Los Angeles County that connects the cities of Manhattan Beach, El Segundo Hawthorne Lynwood South Gate Los Angeles The Orange Line, although a bus rapid transit line rather than a rail line, is usually considered part of the system. The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its operation on October Bus rapid transit ( BRT) is a broad term given to a variety of transportation systems that through improvements to infrastructure vehicles and scheduling attempt to use The Metro Rapid buses are a bus rapid transit program with stops and frequency similar those of a light rail. Metro Rapid is a Bus rapid transit system in Los Angeles County California, mainly operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Bus rapid transit ( BRT) is a broad term given to a variety of transportation systems that through improvements to infrastructure vehicles and scheduling attempt to use For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems.
An extension of the Gold Line running from Downtown to East Los Angeles is currently under construction, and is expected to open in late 2009. See also East Los Angeles (region East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L A second extension from Pasadena into the foothills is being considered. Pasadena ( is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The foothills of California are groups of Foothills that are located along and around San Gabriel Valley in Los Angeles County, California Also in the works is the new Expo Line, which will run from Downtown into Culver City. The Metro Expo Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a Light-rail line currently under construction in Los Angeles County California Culver City is a city in western Los Angeles County California. Construction of this line is expected to finish in the summer of 2010. Plans of a second phase extending the line into Santa Monica are currently being assessed. Momentum is slowly building to extend the Purple Line under Wilshire Boulevard all the way to the ocean in Santa Monica, extending the city's public transportation system further.
Metrolink Commuter rail connects Los Angeles' historic Union Station to far-flung suburbs of Ventura, San Bernardino, Riverside, Orange, and San Diego Counties. Metrolink is a Regional rail system that serves Southern California. Commuter rail, regional rail or suburban rail is a Passenger rail transport service between a city center and outer suburbs and Commuter towns Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the US state of California ( Southern California) San Bernardino County is a county in the US state of California. Riverside County is a County located in the southeastern part of the U Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. San Diego County is a County located on the Pacific Ocean in the far southwest of the U
Intercity passenger service is provided by Amtrak. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 Rail shipping is handled by Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway. The BNSF Railway headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining Transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in
The Los Angeles metropolitan area is served by more airports than any other city in the world. Los Angeles International Airport is the primary Airport serving Los Angeles, California, the second-most populated metropolitan area of  There are six commercial airports and many more general-aviation airports. The main Los Angeles airport is Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAX, ICAO: KLAX). Los Angeles International Airport is the primary Airport serving Los Angeles, California, the second-most populated metropolitan area of An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around The fifth busiest commercial airport in the world and the third busiest in the United States, LAX handled over 61 million passengers and 2 million tons of cargo in 2006. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
Other major nearby commercial airports include:
The world's third busiest general-aviation airport is also located in Los Angeles, Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNY, ICAO: KVNY). Van Nuys Airport is a public Airport located in Van Nuys in the San Fernando Valley section of the city limits of Los Angeles, California An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around 
The Port of Los Angeles is located in San Pedro Bay in the San Pedro neighborhood, approximately 20 miles (30 km) south of Downtown. The Vincent Thomas Bridge is a long Suspension bridge crossing the Los Angeles Harbor in the U History The south-facing San Pedro Bay was originally a shallow Mudflat, too soft to support a Wharf. San Pedro Bay is an inlet on the Pacific Ocean coast of southern California, United States. San Pedro is a beach community within Los Angeles California, USA Downtown Los Angeles is the Central business district of Los Angeles, California, United States, located close to the geographic center Also called Los Angeles Harbor and WORLDPORT LA, the port complex occupies 7,500 acres (30 km²) of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of waterfront. It adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach. The Port of Long Beach, also known as Long Beach’s Harbor Department, is the 2nd busiest Seaport in the United States
The sea ports of the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach together make up the Los Angeles – Long Beach Harbor. History The south-facing San Pedro Bay was originally a shallow Mudflat, too soft to support a Wharf. The Port of Long Beach, also known as Long Beach’s Harbor Department, is the 2nd busiest Seaport in the United States There are also smaller, non-industrial harbors along L. A. 's coastline. Most of these like Redondo Beach and Marina del Rey are used primarily by sailboats and yachts. Redondo Beach is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Marina del Rey is a seaside Unincorporated area of Los Angeles County California. In some cases less is more The purpose of this article is to give an overview A yacht is a recreational boat It designates two rather different classes of Watercraft, sailing and power yachts Safety is provided at the only beach controlled by Los Angeles City by the highly trained Los Angeles City Lifeguards.
The Port of Los Angeles along with the Port of Long Beach comprise the largest seaport complex in the United States and the fifth busiest in the world. History The south-facing San Pedro Bay was originally a shallow Mudflat, too soft to support a Wharf. The Port of Long Beach, also known as Long Beach’s Harbor Department, is the 2nd busiest Seaport in the United States The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
The port includes four bridges: the Vincent Thomas Bridge, Henry Ford Bridge, Gerald Desmond Bridge, and Commodore Schuyler F. Heim Bridge. The Vincent Thomas Bridge is a long Suspension bridge crossing the Los Angeles Harbor in the U The Henry Ford Bridge carried the Pacific Harbor Line railroad across the Cerritos Channel to Terminal Island and the Port of Los Angeles The Gerald Desmond Bridge is an Arch bridge that carries 4 lanes of Interstate 710 across the Cerritos Channel between Terminal Island and The Commodore Schuyler F Heim Bridge is a vertical-lift bridge in the Port of Los Angeles.
University of California Press, also known as UC Press, is a Publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in Academic Wikitravel is a Web -based project "to create a free, complete up-to-date and reliable worldwide travel guide. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system.