A location identifier is a symbolic representation for the name and the location of an airport, navigation aid, or weather station, and is used for manned air traffic control facilities in air traffic control, telecommunications, computer programming, weather reports, and related services. An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land Navigation is the process of reading and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another A weather station is a facility with instruments and equipment to make observations of atmospheric conditions in order to provide information to make weather forecasts Air traffic control ( ATC) is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct Aircraft on the ground and in the air
The International Civil Aviation Organization establishes sets of 4-letter location indicators which are published in ICAO Publication 7910. The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around The International Civil Aviation Organization ( ICAO) an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation These are used by air traffic control agencies to identify airports and by weather agencies to produce METAR weather reports. METAR (METeorological Aviation Report is a format for reporting Weather information The first letter indicates the region: K for conterminous United States, C for Canada, E for northern Europe, R for the Asian Far East, and Y for Australia. The remainder of the identifiers are established at the national level. Examples of ICAO location indicators are RPLL for Manila Ninoy Aquino Airport and KCEF for Westover Air Reserve Base/Metropolitan Airport. For the civil airport use of this facility see Westover Metropolitan Airport Westover Air Reserve Base / Metropolitan is an Air Force Reserve Command
The International Air Transport Association uses sets of 3-letter IATA identifiers which are used for airline operations, baggage routing, and ticketing. An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many There is no specific organization scheme to IATA identifiers; typically they take on the abbreviation of the airport or city such as MNL for Manila Ninoy Aquino Airport.
In the United States, the IATA identifier usually equals the FAA identifier, but this is not always the case. A prominent example is Sawyer International Airport, Michigan, which uses the FAA identifier SAW and the IATA identifier MQT. Sawyer International Airport is a public Airport located 17 miles (27 km south of the Central business district of Marquette, a city in Marquette
The Federal Aviation Administration identifier is a three-letter or four-letter alphanumeric code identifying United States airports. The Federal Aviation Administration ( FAA) is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation with authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of They were developed in the 1960s, replacing an old system that relied on plain language, teletype station identifiers, and weather reporting codes.
For nearly all major airports, the letters are alphabetic three-letter codes, such as SFO for San Francisco International Airport. Minor airfields typically have a mix of alphabetic and numeric codes, such as 8N2 for Skydive Chicago Airport and 0B5 for Turners Falls Airport. Turners Falls Airport is a public Airport located three miles (4 Private airfields have a four-letter identifier, such as 1CA9 for Los Angeles County Fire Department Heliport. The system is designed to mesh with the Transport Canada Identifiers described below.
The FAA is the authority for assigning three-letter identifiers (except those beginning with the letters N, W, Y, and Z), three and four character identifiers, and five-letter name codes for the United States and its jurisdictions. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Department of the Navy assigns three-letter identifiers beginning with the letter N for the exclusive use of that Department. The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30 1798 to provide administrative and technical support and civilian leadership The block beginning with letter Q is under international telecommunications jurisdiction and is used by FAA Technical Operations to capture National Airspace equipment not published in this order.
Three-letter identifiers are assigned as radio call signs to aeronautical navigation aids; to airports with a manned air traffic control facility or navigational aid within airport boundary; to airports that receive scheduled route air carrier or military airlift service, and to airports designated by the United States Customs Service as Airports of Entry. Until March 2003 the United States Customs Service was the portion of the U An airport of entry (AOE is an Airport that provides customs and immigration services for incoming flights Some of these identifiers are assigned to certain aviation weather reporting stations.
Most one-number, two-letter identifiers have been assigned to aviation weather reporting and observation stations and special-use locations. Some of these identifiers may be assigned to public-use landing facilities within the United States and its jurisdictions, which do not meet the requirements for identifiers in the three-letter series. In this identifier series, the number is always in the first position of the three-character combination.
Most one-letter, two-number identifiers are assigned to public-use landing facilities within the United States and its jurisdictions, which do not meet the requirements for identifiers in the three-letter series. Some of these identifiers are also assigned to aviation weather reporting stations.
Two-letter, two-number identifiers are assigned to private-use landing facilities in the United States and its jurisdictions which do not meet the requirements for three-character assignments. They are keyed by the two-letter Post Office or supplemental abbreviation of the state with which they are associated. The two letter code appears in the first two, middle, or last two positions of the four character code.
The use of the FAA identifier system in meteorology ended in 1996 when airways reporting code was replaced by METAR code. The METAR code is dependent wholly on the ICAO identifier system.
Transport Canada assigns two, three, and four character identifiers, including three letter identifiers beginning with letters Y and Z, for its areas of jurisdiction. Transport Canada is the department within the government of Canada which is responsible for developing Regulations, Policies and services These identifiers are designed to mesh with the FAA Identifier system described above, though a few conflicts exist (such as WMC for both Winnemucca NV and Maple Creek SK, and WAL for Wallops Island VA and Cooking Lake AB).
The World Meteorological Organization uses a system of five-digit numeric station codes to represent synoptic weather stations. An example is 72295 for Los Angeles International Airport. The first number specifies the region: 0 through 1 for Europe, 2 through 3 for Russia, 4 for Asia, 5 for the Far East, 6 for Africa, 7 for North America, 8 for South America, and 9 for the Pacific. The remainder of the numbers are set at the regional and national level.
The National Weather Service uses several schemes for identifying stations. It typically relies on the ICAO and WMO identifiers. Climatological applications use the WBAN (Weather Bureau Army Navy) system, which is a five-digit numeric code for identifying weather stations under its jurisdiction. Recently it began using four-letter-one-number identifiers for specialized weather requirements such as hydrometeorological stations.
The United States Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA), acting on behalf of all the American military services, assigns special use ICAO identifiers beginning with "KQ", for use by deployed units supporting real world contingencies; deployed/in-garrison units providing support during exercises; classified operating locations; and units that have requested, but not yet received a permanent location identifier. The Air Force Weather Agency ( AFWA) is a Field Operating Agency (FOA and the lead Weather center of the United States Air Force.
One system still used by both the Air Force and National Climatic Data Center is the Master Station Catalog or MASLIB code. This is a 6-digit numeric code that is essentially the same scheme as the WMO station identifier but adds an extra digit, allowing many more stations to be indexed. This extra digit is always "0" when referencing an actual WMO station using the 5-digit identifier, but may be 1. . 9 to reference other stations that exist in the vicinity. The MASLIB identifiers are not generally recognized outside the United States.
Aeronautical waypoints use a pronouncable five-letter word. It serves as the fix name, assigned identifier and computer code for the waypoint. If a new fix is to be collocated with an existing navigation aid, Instrument Landing System marker, waypoint, or other type fix, the original name or name-code applies to both. The Instrument Landing System (ILS is a ground-based Instrument approach system that provides precision guidance to an Aircraft approaching a Runway A marker beacon is a beacon used in Aviation in conjunction with an Instrument landing system (ILS to give pilots a means to determine distance to A waypoint is a reference point in physical space used for purposes of Navigation.
There have been rare instances where identifiers have been transplanted to new locations. Prominent examples are ICAO:KDEN/IATA:DEN, which migrated from Denver Stapleton to Denver International Airport in 1996, and ICAO:AUS/IATA:AUS, which migrated from Austin Mueller Municipal Airport to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport in 1999. Identifier transplants tend to be poorly documented, and can cause problems in data systems and software which process historical records and in research and legal work.