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A literary magazine is a periodical devoted to literature in a broad sense. Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter An epic is a lengthy Narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation As a Literary genre of High culture, romance or chivalric romance refers to a style of heroic Prose and verse Narrative A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story Comedy (from the Greek κωμωδίαkomodia has a popular meaning (any discourse generally intended to amuse especially in Television, Film, and Drama is the specific mode of Fiction represented in Performance. Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and Performing arts In satire human A performance, in Performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers behave in a particular way for another group of people A Book is a set or collection of written printed illustrated or blank sheets made of Paper, Parchment, or other material usually fastened together For the Wikipedia guideline regarding editing articles see WikipediaManual of Style. The following is a list of literary terms; that is those words used in discussion classification criticism and analysis of Literature. The history of literature is the historical development of Writings in Prose or Poetry which attempt to provide Entertainment, enlightenment The History of literature in the Modern period in Europe begins with the Age of Enlightenment and the conclusion of the Baroque period in the 18th century This is a list of lists of Books in Wikipedia General lists List of anonymously published works List of books The following are lists of Writers: By name A &ndash B &ndash Y &ndash Z By type of writing This is a list of literary awards from around the world Worldwide in scope Nobel Prize in Literature Neustadt International Prize This is a list of awards that are or have been given out to writers of Poetry, either for a specific poem collection of poems or body of work Literary criticism is the study discussion evaluation and interpretation of Literature. Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of Literature and of the methods for analyzing literature Magazines, periodicals or serials are Publications generally published on a regular schedule containing a variety of articles, generally Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter Literary magazines usually publish short stories, poetry and essays along with literary criticism, book reviews, biographical profiles of authors, interviews and letters. The short story is a literary genre of Fictional Prose Narrative that tends to be more concise and to the point than longer works of fiction such An essay is usually a short piece of writing It is often written from an author's personal point of view. Literary criticism is the study discussion evaluation and interpretation of Literature. For book reviews in academia see also Academic Journal - Book reviews For the Looney Tunes cartoon see Book Revue. An author is defined both as "the person who originates or gives existence to anything" and that authorship determines responsibility for what is created An interview is a conversation between two or more people (the interviewer and the interviewee where Questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information from Literary magazines are often called literary journals, or little magazines, which is not meant as a pejorative but instead as a contrast with larger commercially oriented magazines. Words and phrases are pejorative if they imply disapproval or contempt Magazines, periodicals or serials are Publications generally published on a regular schedule containing a variety of articles, generally In general, literary magazines function as a sort of literary alternative for writers by publishing the work of people who may not yet be established or accepted in the mainstream press.
Literary magazines first began to appear in the early part of the 19th century, mirroring an overall rise in the number of books, magazines and scholarly journals being published at that time. There were a number of literary magazines in Europe (especially in England and Russia) and the United States. Even though many of these magazines were not necessarily entirely literary in content and most had a short lifespan, they thrived in cities both large and small (for example, several literary magazines were published in Charleston, South Carolina, including the Southern Review from 1828–32 and Russell's Magazine from 1857–60). Charleston is a city in Charleston county in the US state of South Carolina.  Two important exceptions to this short-lived rule are The North American Review, which was founded in 1815, and The Yale Review, founded in 1819, both of which are still in print. The North American Review ( NAR) was the first literary magazine in the United States. The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. The North American Review is the oldest American literary magazine, but publication was suspended during World War II whereas the Yale Review was not, making the Yale journal the oldest literary magazine in continuous publication. The North American Review ( NAR) was the first literary magazine in the United States. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including By the end of the century, literary magazines had become an important feature of intellectual life in many parts of the world.
Among the literary magazines that began in the early part of that century is Poetry Magazine, founded in 1912, which published T. S. Eliot's first poem, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. Poetry, published in Chicago Illinois since 1912 is one of the leading monthly Poetry journals in the English-speaking world Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26 1888 – January 4 1965 was a poet Dramatist, and Literary critic. The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock is the 1915 poem that marked the start of T " Other important early-20th century literary magazines include the Southern Review and New Letters, both founded in 1935, and The Times Literary Supplement, founded in 1902. The Southern Review is a Literary journal published by LSU. It was co-founded in 1935 by three-time Pulitzer Prize -winning writer New Letters magazine the name it has been published under since 1970 is one of the oldest literary magazines in the United States and continues to publish award-winning poems The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969 is a weekly literary review published in London by News International
Two of the most influential — and radically different — journals of the last-half of the 20th century were The Kenyon Review and The Partisan Review. KR, founded by John Crowe Ransom, espoused the so-called New Criticism. New Criticism was a dominant trend in English and American Literary criticism of the mid twentieth century from the 1920s to the early 1960s Its platform was avowedly unpolitical. Although Ransom came from the South and published authors from that region, KR also published many New York-based and international authors. The Partisan Review was first associated with the Communist Party and the John Reed Club. A Political party described as a communist party includes those that advocate the application of the social principles of Communism through a communist form of The John Reed Club was founded in October 1929 by staff members of The New Masses to support leftist and Marxist artists and writers But it soon broke ranks with the Party. Nevertheless, politics remained central to its character, while it also published significant literature and criticism.
The middle-20th century saw a boom in the number of literary magazines, which corresponded with the rise of the small press. See also Alternative media Small press is a term often used to describe Publishers with annual sales below a certain level Among the important journals which began in this period were Nimbus: A Magazine of Literature, the Arts, and New Ideas, which began publication in 1951 in England, and the Paris Review, which was founded in 1953. The Paris Review is an English-language Literary magazine based in New York City. The 1970s saw another surge in the number of literary magazines, with a number of distinguished journals getting their start during this decade (including Ploughshares, The Iowa Review, Granta, AGNI, The Missouri Review, "New England Review" and others). Ploughshares is an American Literary journal published quarterly by Emerson College. The Iowa Review is an American literary magazine that publishes stories poems essays and reviews many of which are later reprinted in annual anthologies Granta is a literary magazine and publisher in the United Kingdom. The Missouri Review is a top-ranked Literary magazine, one of the top five according to The Christian Science Monitor. Other highly regarded print magazines of recent years include The Threepenny Review, ZYZZYVA, Glimmer Train, Tin House, and Zoetrope: All-Story. The Threepenny Review is an American literary magazine now in its third decade ZYZZYVA ( is a triquarterly journal of West Coast writers and artists Glimmer Train is an American Literary journal founded in 1990 in Portland Oregon. Tin House is an American Literary magazine and book publisher based in Portland, Oregon and New York City. Zoetrope All-Story ( is an American Literary magazine that was launched in 1997 by Francis Ford Coppola.
One of the hallmarks of small literary magazines (particularly the small-press scene of the 1970s in the San Francisco Bay Area of California) was the fact that the editors were often poets and reciprocity was common. In other words, 'I'll publish yours if you'll publish mine' (rarely stated so bluntly) was a common attitude and practice. Contrary to the expectations of many purists, academics, mainstream publishers, etc. , this did not produce the publication of as much bad poetry as one might expect. It has never been a kind of glorified vanity press (the history of vanity press is often maligned unfairly — consider Whitman).
It remains an extremely open, democratic and fertile field for poets. The Committee Of Small Magazine Editors and Publishers (COSMEP) was founded by Hugh Fox in the mid-1970s. It was an attempt to organize the energy of the small presses. Len Fulton, editor and founder of Dustbook publishing, assembled and published the first real list of these small magazines and their editors in the mid-1970s. This made it possible for poets to pick and choose the publications most amenable to their work and the vitality of these independent publishers was recognized by the larger community, including The National Endowment of the Arts which created a committee to distribute support money for this burgeoning group of publishers called the Coordinating Council of Literary Magazines (CCLM).
Around 1996, online literary magazines began to appear. At first, some writers and readers dismissed online literary magazines as not equal in quality or prestige to their print counterparts, while others said that these were not properly magazines and were instead ezines. An ezine is a periodic Publication distributed by Email or posted on a Website. Since then, though, many writers and readers have accepted online literary magazines as another step in the evolution of the independent literary journals. Among the better known online literary magazines are 3:AM Magazine, The Barcelona Review, Eclectica Magazine, McSweeney's Internet Tendency, Pindeldyboz, Spike Magazine, storySouth, and Word Riot but there are literally thousands of online literary publications and it is difficult to judge the quality and overall impact of this relatively new publishing medium. 3AM Magazine was set up as 3ammagazinecom in April 2000 and is edited from Paris. Eclectica is one of the oldest surviving online literary publications McSweeney's is an American publishing house founded by editor Dave Eggers, author of the books You Shall Know Our Velocity, Spike Magazine is an Internet Cultural journal which began in 1996, founded by its editor Chris Mitchell in Brighton, England. Word Riot is an Online magazine that publishes poetry flash fiction creative non-fiction reviews and interviews