|Assumed office |
January 7, 2003
Serving with Jim DeMint
|Preceded by||J. Strom Thurmond|
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Butler Derrick|
|Succeeded by||J. Gresham Barrett|
|Born||July 9, 1955 |
Central, South Carolina
|Alma mater||University of South Carolina|
|Service/branch||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1982 – 1988 (active)|
1988 – present (reserve)
|Unit||Judge Advocate General's Corps|
Lindsey Olin Graham (born July 9, 1955) is an American politician from South Carolina. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America. Events 1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal. 1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. James Warren DeMint (born September 2, 1951) has been a US Senator from South Carolina since 2005 James Strom Thurmond ( December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003) was an American politician who served as governor of South Carolina and The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America. The 3rd Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in western South Carolina bordering both Georgia and North Carolina. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Butler Carson Derrick Jr (born September 30 1936) was a US Representative from South Carolina. James Gresham Barrett (born February 14, 1961) is an American politician from the Republican Party and a U Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) Central is a town in Pickens County, South Carolina, United States. Alma mater is Latin for "nourishing mother" It was used in Ancient Rome as a title for the mother Goddess, and in Medieval This article is about the University of South Carolina in Columbia The Southern Baptist Convention ( SBC) is a United States -based mostly conservative Christian denomination The Air Force Reserve Command ( AFRC) is a major command (MAJCOM of the U See also Colonel In the United States Army, the United States Marine Corps and the United States Air Force, colonel The Judge Advocate General's Corps also known as the "JAG Corps" or " JAG " is the legal arm of the United States Air Force. The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America. A member of the Republican Party, he is currently the senior United States Senator from that state. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives He serves on the Armed Services and Judiciary Committees. The Committee on Armed Services is a Committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nation's military, including the The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a Standing committee of the United States Senate, the
Graham was born in Central, South Carolina, where his father, Florence James Graham, owned a liquor store. Central is a town in Pickens County, South Carolina, United States. After graduating high school, Graham became the first member of his family to attend college and joined the Reserve Officer Training Corps. ROTC links here For other uses see ROTC (disambiguation A Reserve Officers' Training Corps ( ROTC) ROTC produces officers in all branches When he was 21 his mother died, and his father died 15 months later. Because he and his sister were now left orphaned, the service allowed Graham to attend University of South Carolina Columbia so he could be near home and care for his sister, whom he adopted. This article is about the University of South Carolina in Columbia At the University he became a member of the fraternity Pi Kappa Phi. Fraternities and sororities (from the Latin words la frater and la soror, meaning "brother" and "sister" respectively are fraternal History Nu Phi In 1904 the College of Charleston was a small municipal College.
Graham graduated from the University of South Carolina Columbia with a B.A. in Psychology in 1977 and from its school of law with a J.D. in 1981, Upon graduating Graham was sent to Europe as a military prosecutor, and eventually entered private practice as a lawyer. Juris Doctor (abbreviated JD or JD, from the Latin, Teacher of Law) is a first professional graduate degree and Professional
Graham decided to join the United States Air Force in 1982, and served on active duty until 1988. Following his departure he stayed in the military by joining the South Carolina Air National Guard and the U.S. Air Force Reserves. The Air National Guard ( ANG), often referred to as the Air Guard, is the air force militia organized by each of the several states and The Air Force Reserve Command ( AFRC) is a major command (MAJCOM of the U During the Gulf War, he was recalled to active duty, serving as a Judge Advocate at McIntire Air National Guard Station in Eastover, South Carolina, where he helped brief departing pilots on the laws of war. Judge Advocate General's Corps, also known as JAG, can refer to the judicial arm of any of the United States Armed Forces including the Air Force Eastover is a town in Richland County, South Carolina, United States. The law of war (also law of armed conflict, LOAC) is Law concerning acceptable practices relating to war
In 2004, Graham received a promotion to Colonel in the U. See also Colonel In the United States Army, the United States Marine Corps and the United States Air Force, colonel S. Air Force Reserves at a White House ceremony officiated by President George W. Bush. See also Executive Office of the President of the United States The White House, formerly known as the Executive Mansion, is the Official residence George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States.
Graham served in Iraq as a reservist on active duty for short periods during April and two weeks in August 2007, where he worked on detainee and rule-of-law issues. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics.  That makes him the only Iraq war veteran serving in the United States Senate. The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old" is a person who has or is working in the armed forces The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives
In 1992, Graham was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives from a district in Oconee County. The South Carolina House of Representatives is the lower house of the South Carolina General Assembly, the upper house being the South Carolina Senate. After only one term, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives from the 3rd district in the northwestern part of the state after 20-year incumbent Butler Derrick retired. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Butler Carson Derrick Jr (born September 30 1936) was a US Representative from South Carolina. He won by a surprisingly large margin; the 3rd had never elected a Republican before. In his first reelection bid, in 1996, Debbie Dorn, daughter of longtime 3rd District congressman W.J. Bryan Dorn and Derrick's niece, challenged Graham. Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) William Jennings Bryan Dorn ( April 14, 1916 &ndash August 13, 2005) was a United States Politician from South Carolina However, Graham turned back this challenge fairly easily, and was reelected in 1998 and 2000 with no substantive opposition. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
In Congress, Graham quickly became powerful as a member of the Judiciary Committee during the impeachment of President Bill Clinton in 1998. United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary US House Committee on the Judiciary, or (more commonly the House Judiciary Committee, is a Standing committee of The Lewinsky scandal was a political Sex scandal emerging from a sexual relationship between United States President Bill Clinton and a then William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States Graham opposed some articles, but vigorously supported others. In January and February of 1999, after two impeachment articles had been passed by the full House, he was one of the managers who brought the House's case to Clinton's trial in the Senate. Though the Senate did not convict Clinton, Graham became nationally known.
He was reelected to the House in 1996, 1998 and 2000. In 2002, upon the retirement of the long-serving Senator Strom Thurmond, the much younger Graham defeated his Democratic opponent, Alex Sanders. James Strom Thurmond ( December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003) was an American politician who served as governor of South Carolina and Alex Sanders is an American politician from the state of South Carolina. He became South Carolina's first new Senator since 1965, and the state's first freshman Republican Senator since Reconstruction. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. He faces a potentially difficult Republican primary in 2008 (see below), but should he survive he is not expected to face substantive Democratic opposition for a second term.
SC House of Representatives: Judiciary Committee
Though Graham's stances are often conservative, he has gained a reputation for sometimes speaking out against or criticizing the party line, as well as being open to making compromises. The United States Senate Committee on Health Education Labor and Pensions (HELP generally considers matters relating to health education labor and pensions The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a Standing committee of the United States Senate, the The Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts is one of seven subcommittees within the Senate Judiciary Committee. The Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs is one of seven subcommittees within the Senate Judiciary Committee. The Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Human Rights and the Law is one of seven subcommittees within the Senate Judiciary Committee. The Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution is one of seven subcommittees within the Senate Judiciary Committee. The Committee on Armed Services is a Committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nation's military, including the The Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Personnel is one of six subcommittees within the Senate Armed Services Committee. The Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Airland is one of six subcommittees within the Senate Armed Services Committee. The Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities is one of six subcommittees within the Senate Armed Services Committee. The Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces is one of six subcommittees within the Senate Armed Services Committee. The United States Senate Committee on Budget was established by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974. The United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs is responsible for dealing with oversight of United States Veterans issues The Committee of Agriculture Nutrition and Forestry is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with Legislative oversight of all matters relating to the The US Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Domestic & Foreign Marketing Inspection & Plant & Animal Health is one of four subcommittees of the U US Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Energy Science and Technology" is one of five subcommittees of the U The US Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Rural Revitalization Conservation Forestry and Credit Jurisdiction is one of five subcommittees of the U The United States Senate Special Committee on Aging was initially established in 1961 as a temporary committee it became a permanent committee in 1977. The United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (sometimes referred to as SSCI) is Graham votes as a conservative roughly 90 percent of the time, roughly the same as Thurmond's record, but is considered to be more independent-minded than his Senate colleague, Jim DeMint. James Warren DeMint (born September 2, 1951) has been a US Senator from South Carolina since 2005
Graham notably supported John McCain's presidential bid in 2000, and is currently national co-chairman of McCain's 2008 presidential bid.
On May 23, 2005, Graham was one of the Gang of 14 senators to forge a compromise that brought a halt to the continued blockage of an up or down vote on judicial nominees. Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Gang of 14 was a term coined to describe the Bipartisan group of Senators in the 109th United States Congress who successfully negotiated a compromise This compromise negated both the Democrats' threatened use of a filibuster and the so-called Republican "nuclear option" as described in the media. A filibuster, or "talking out a bill", is a form of obstruction in a Legislature or other decision-making body The nuclear option, also called the constitutional option, is an attempt by the presiding officer of the United States Senate to end a filibuster by majority Under the agreement, the Democrats would retain the power to filibuster a Bush judicial nominee only in an "extraordinary circumstance", and three conservative Bush appellate court nominees (Janice Rogers Brown, Priscilla Owen and William Pryor) would receive a vote by the full Senate. Court of Appeal, Court of Appeals, and Appellate Division redirect here for a list of specific courts using those titles see Court of Appeal Janice Rogers Brown (born May 11, 1949 in Greenville Alabama) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District Priscilla Richman Owen (born October 4, 1954) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. William Holcombe "Bill" Pryor Jr (born April 26 1962, Mobile Alabama, USA) is a federal judge on the United States
However, during the confirmations of John Roberts and Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court, Graham let it be known that he did not consider Supreme Court nominations to be "extraordinary circumstances. John Glover Roberts Jr (born January 27 1955) is the seventeenth and current Chief Justice of the United States. Samuel Anthony Alito Jr (born April 1, 1950) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. " If the Democrats had filibustered these nominations, Graham would have voted to implement the "nuclear option. "
In July 2005, Graham secured the declassification and release of memorandums outlining concerns made by senior military lawyers as early as 2003 about the legality of the interrogations of prisoners held at Guantanamo Bay. Guantánamo Bay ( Spanish Bahía de Guantánamo) is a bay located in Guantánamo Province at the south-eastern end of Cuba 
In response to this and a June 2004 U. S. Supreme Court decision allowing detainees to file habeas corpus petitions to challenge their detentions, Graham authored an amendment to a Department of Defense Authorization Act attempting to clarify the authority of American courts which passed in November 2005 by a vote of 49-42 in the Senate despite opposition from human rights groups and legal scholars because of the lack of rights it provides detainees. Habeas corpus (ˈheɪbiəs ˈkɔɹpəs ( Latin: command that you have the body is the name of a legal action or Writ, through which a person can seek relief 
The Graham amendment was itself amended by Democratic Senator Carl Levin so that it would not strip the courts of their jurisdiction in cases like Hamdan v. Rumsfeld that had already been granted cert; this compromise version passed by a vote of 84-14, though it did little to satisfy many critics of the original language. Carl Milton Levin (born June 28, 1934) is a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan and is the Chairman of the Senate Hamdan v Rumsfeld, 548 US 557 (2006 is a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that military commissions set up by the The Graham-Levin amendment, combined with Republican Senator John McCain's amendment banning torture, became known as the Detainee Treatment Act and attempted to limit interrogation techniques to those in the U.S. Army Field Manual of Interrogation. Torture, according to the United Nations Convention Against Torture, is "any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental is intentionally The US Army Field Manual on Interrogation, sometimes known by the military nomenclature FM 34-52, is a 177 page manual describing to military interrogators how to conduct effective Verbal statements by Senators at the time of the amendment's passage indicated that Congress believed that Levin's changes would protect the courts' jurisdiction over cases like Hamdan, though Levin and his cosponsor Senator Kyl placed in the Congressional Record a statement indicating that there would be no change. The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress.
In February 2006, Graham joined Senator Jon Kyl in filing an amicus brief in the Hamdan v. Rumsfeld case which appears to have been an attempt to mislead the Supreme Court by presenting an “extensive colloquy” added to the Congressional record but not included in the Dec 21 debate as evidence that "Congress was aware" that the Detainee Treatment Act would strip the Supreme Court of jurisdiction to hear "pending cases, including this case" brought by the Guantanamo detainees. This page is about the current Arizona Senator for his father a U Amicus curiae or amicus curiæ (plural amici curiae) is a Legal Latin phrase literally translated as "friend of the court" Hamdan v Rumsfeld, 548 US 557 (2006 is a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that military commissions set up by the The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. The Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp is a controversial United States Detention center operated by Joint Task Force Guantanamo since 2002 in Guantanamo 
Graham has been an adamant supporter of "comprehensive immigration reform" and of S. 2611, the McCain-Kennedy Immigration Reform Bill of 2006 as well as the equally hotly debated S. 1348 of 2007, the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007. This Bill did not passIt should be written in the past tense --> The Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act ( CIRA,) was a United States Senate bill The Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007, or in its full name the Secure Borders Economic Opportunity and Immigration Reform Act of 2007 ( was a bill discussed in The Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007, or in its full name the Secure Borders Economic Opportunity and Immigration Reform Act of 2007 ( was a bill discussed in Despite Graham's support the bill failed on a key Senate vote on June 28, 2007 and is unlikely to be revived.
Further the Washington Times reported that Lindsey Graham and John McCain "first checked with Mr. Kennedy before deciding to vote with the Massachusetts Democrat on an amendment to the Senate bill. "
Graham addressed this saying "We are going to solve this problem. We're not going to run people down. We're not going to scapegoat people. We're going to tell the bigots to shut up, and we're going to get this right. " He has also compared critics of the bill to anti-Catholic and anti-Jewish bigots. 
National polls, including South Carolina, were heavily opposed to amnesty and Graham's support prompted conservative activists to abandon support for Graham in the 2008 election.
Grassroots efforts to oppose Senator Graham's reelection have arisen due to his positions on judicial nominations and immigration. Recent polls in South Carolina indicate that Graham's outspoken support of what critics deem "amnesty" for illegal immigrants have driven away many Republican supporters.  He is now being challenged by longtime Republican national committeeman Dr. Buddy Witherspoon. Dr Walter P Witherspoon, better known as Buddy Witherspoon, served as the National Executive Committeeman of the South Carolina Republican Party from 1996 to 2008 
During the Judiciary Committee confirmation hearings for Judge Samuel Alito for a seat on the United States Supreme Court, Graham was accused by Democrats of having coached Alito before the hearings. Samuel Anthony Alito Jr (born April 1, 1950) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Graham did express his support for him during the hearings. One of the most controversial moments of the hearings occurred when Graham asked Alito, "Are you really a closet bigot?" Alito answered "I'm not any kind of a bigot, I'm not. A bigot is a person who is intolerant of opinions lifestyles or identities differing from his or her own and bigotry is the corresponding state of mind " and Graham continued his statement by expressing his opinion that Alito definitely was not a bigot. Alito’s wife cried and left the hearing briefly. 
Rosemary Alito, the judge's sister, said that her sister-in-law took the comments as a message of support. Rosemary responded with: "Martha understood them to be kind comments. " "It was that expression of warmth, the feeling of support for Sam, that triggered an emotional response. " After Samuel Alito's participation in the hearings ended, Martha-Ann Alito gave Graham a quick hug and he responded that he planned to give her children a book compiling "all the documents that we have from so many different people saying nice things about her husband. "
|1994||James E. The 3rd Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in western South Carolina bordering both Georgia and North Carolina. The US House election 1994 was an election for the United States House of Representatives on November 8 1994, in the middle of President Bryan, Jr.||59,932||40%||Lindsey Graham||90,123||60%||*|
|1996||Debbie Dorn||73,417||39%||Lindsey Graham||114,273||60%||Lindal Pennington||Natural Law||1,835||1%|
|1998||(no candidate)||Lindsey Graham||129,047||100%||Write-ins||402||<1%|
(On United Citizens line)
|Lindsey Graham||150,180||68%||Adrian Banks||Libertarian||3,116||1%||*|
|Year||Democrat||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2002||Alex Sanders||487,359||44%||Lindsey Graham||600,010||54%||Ted Adams||Constitution||8,228||1%||Victor Kocher||Libertarian||6,648||1%||*|
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from South Carolina's 3rd congressional district
1995 – 2003
J. Gresham Barrett
|United States Senate|
|United States Senator (Class 2) from South Carolina|
2003 – present
Served alongside: Ernest Hollings, Jim DeMint