City of Latakia
|Latakia in Syria|
|Governor:||Zahed Hajj Mousa|
|Location:||35° 31' N, 35° 47'E|
Latakia or Latakiyah (Arabic: اللاذقية Al-Ladhiqiyah, Greek: Λαοδικεία, transliterated as Laodicea, Laodikeia or Laodiceia, Turkish: Lazkiye; Latin: Laodicea ad Mare) is the principal port city of Syria, capital of the Latakia Governorate. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Turkish ( tr Türkçe IPA) is a language spoken by over 63 million people worldwide making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية Latakia Governorate (مُحافظة اللاذقية is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces of Syria. Its population is 554,000.
Two thousand years ago, Laodicea was described by Strabo (xvi. Strabo ( Greek: Στράβων 63/64 BC – ca AD 24 was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher. 2. 9 et seq. ) as admirably built, with an excellent harbor, surrounded by a rich country specially fruitful in vines, the wine of which furnished its chief supply to Alexandria. Alexandria ( Egyptian Arabic: اسكندريه Eskendereyya; Standard Arabic: ar الإسكندرية Al-Iskandariyya; Ἀλεξάνδρεια The vineyards were planted on the sides of gently-sloping hills, which were cultivated almost to their summits, and extended far to the east, nearly to Apamea.
The site, on the peninsula, has been occupied for a long time. The Phoenicians had a city here named Ramitha, and to the Greeks it was known as Leukê Aktê 'white coast'. Phoenicia ( Phoenician: Phoenician nunsvg|12px|נ]]Phoenician nun It was re-founded and named Laodicea by Seleucus I Nicator, after his mother. Seleucus I (surnamed for later generations Nicator, Greek: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, i It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. The Syrian Tetrapolis consisted of the cities Antioch, Seleucia Pieria, Apamea, and Laodicea in Syria. It was furnished with an aqueduct by Herod the Great (Joseph. Bel. Josephus (AD 37 – c 100 also known as Yosef Ben Matityahu (Joseph son of Matthias and after he became a Roman citizen, as Titus Flavius Josephus Jud. i. 21. § 11), a large fragment of which is still to be seen. Strabo mentions that Dolabella, when he fled to Laodicea before Cassius, distressed it greatly, and that, being besieged there until his death, he destroyed many parts of the city with him (43 CE). Publius Cornelius Dolabella, 70 BC - 43 BC, was a Roman general by far the most important of the Dolabellae a Plebian family For the Roman consul see Gaius Cassius Longinus (consul 171 BC. Year 43 was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Julian calendar. (Dict. of Biog. Vol. I. p. 1059. )
An arch from the time of Septimius Severus has survived. Lucius Septimius Severus (or rarely Severus I) ( April 11 145 - February 4 211) was a Roman general and Roman Emperor There seems to have been a sizable Jewish population at Laodicea in the first century (Joseph. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ The 1st century was the Century that lasted from 1 to 100 according the Julian calendar. Ant. xiv. 10 § 20). The heretic Apollinarius was bishop of Laodicea in the 4th century. A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 4th century (per the Julian calendar and Anno Domini / Common era) was that Century The city minted coins from an early date.
It was devastated by earthquakes in 494 and 555, and captured by the Arabs of the Muslim caliphate in 638. An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth 's crust that creates Seismic waves Earthquakes are recorded with a Seismometer Events By Place Byzantine Empire An earthquake devastates Latakia. Events By Place Byzantine Empire An Earthquake devastates Latakia. The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding A Muslim (مسلم pronounced Muslim, not Muzlim) is an adherent of the Religion A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfa) is the political leadership of the Muslim community in classical and medieval Islamic history Events By Place Asia The Muslims capture Jerusalem, Antioch, Caesarea Maritima and Akko It was taken by the Byzantine Empire in 969 and then by the Seljuks in 1084. 969 was a year in the 10th century. Events By Place Byzantine Empire December 11 — John I becomes The Seljuq (also Seljuq Turks, Seldjuks, Seldjuqs, Seljuks; in Turkish Selçuklular; in Ṣaljūqīyān; in In 1097, it was captured by Crusaders and made part of the Principality of Antioch. The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II with the dual goals of conquering the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land and freeing The Principality of Antioch, including parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria, was one of the Crusader states created during the First Crusade The Byzantines held it again from 1098 and 1100 and then Saladin took it in 1188. Salahadin Ayyubi ( Arabic:صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب Kurdish: سهلاحهدین ئهیوبی Selah'edînê Eyubî; c It was captured by the Crusader County of Tripoli in 1260 and by Qalawun in 1287. The County of Tripoli (1109–1289 was the last Crusader state founded in the Levant, located in what today is known as northern Lebanon Saif al-Din Qalawun Al-Salihi (also Qala'un or Kalavun) (قلاوون الصالحي ( epithet al-Malik al-Mansour Saif al-Din Qalawun al-Alfi From the 16th century to World War I, it was part of the Ottoman Empire. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish
In the Ottoman period, the region of Latakia became predominantly Alawi. For the Alaouite dynasty of Morocco see Alaouite Dynasty, for the former state now in Yemen see Alawi (sheikhdom The Alawites The city itself, however, contained significant numbers of Sunni and Christian inhabitants. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic The landlords in the countryside tended to be Sunni while the peasants were mostly Alawi. Like the Druzes who also had a special status before the end of WWI, the Alawis had a strained relationship with the Ottoman overlords. The Druze ( Arabic: درزي derzī or durzī, plural دروز durūz) are a religious community found primarily in Syria, Lebanon In fact, they were not even given the status of millet, although they enjoyed relative autonomy (Rabinovich, 694). Millet is an Ottoman Turkish term for a Confessional community in the Ottoman Empire.
After the government of King Faisal was removed from power, the French governed the region of Latakia as a separate entity and granted it autonomy as the Alawite State (État des Alaouites). Faisal bin Al Hussein Bin Ali El-Hashemi, GCB, GCMG ( فيصل بن حسين Fayṣal ibn Ḥusayn; 20 May 1883 &ndash September 8 The Alawite State (العلويين also known in French as Alaouites, after the locally dominant Alawite sect of Shi'a Islam, was a
Between September 22, 1930 and 1936, Latakia was the capital of the Sanjak of Latakia, a nominally autonomous state ruled by France under a League of Nations mandate, the French Mandate of Syria. Events 66 - Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica. 1236 - The Lithuanians Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1936 ( MCMXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The League of Nations was an International organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919–1920 The French Mandate of Syria was a League of Nations Mandate created after the First World War and the Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire. The state extended along the coast and into the mountains inland. As it did for Alaouites earlier, between 1931 and 1933 France overprinted postage stamps of Syria with "LATTAQUIE", and the Arabic version of the name underneath. The Alawite State (العلويين also known in French as Alaouites, after the locally dominant Alawite sect of Shi'a Islam, was a Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics to the face of a Postage stamp after it has been printed (although some overprints are solely in the Selvedge A postage stamp is an adhesive paper evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language
The Franco-Syrian treaty of 1936 called for the incorporation of the Alawi and Druze states into Syria. The Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence was a treaty negotiated between France and Syria to provide for Syrian independence from French authority which had been Although the French Parlement never ratified the treaty, it was implemented until 1939 when the French High-Commissioner suspended the treaty and reinstated the autonomy of the Alawi and Druze regions. After the 1943 elections, the two areas were integrated into the state of Syria.
In 1973 during the Yom Kippur War, the naval Battle of Latakia between Israel and Syria, just offshore, was the first to be fought using missiles and ECM (electronic countermeasures). Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War (מלחמת יום הכיפורים transliterated: Milkhemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום The Battle of Latakia ( معركة اللاذقية) was a small but revolutionary naval battle of the Yom Kippur War, fought on 7 October, 1973 For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. A missile (see also pronunciation differences) is a self-propelled explosive Projectile used as a weapon towards a target Electronic Countermeasures ( ECM') are a subsection of Electronic warfare which includes any sort of electrical or electronic device designed to trick
Latakia is now the principal port of Syria; it is located on a good harbor, with an extensive agricultural hinterland. Exports include bitumen and asphalt, cereals, cotton, fruits, eggs, vegetable oil, pottery, and tobacco. Cotton ginning, vegetable-oil processing, tanning, and sponge fishing are local industries. The University of Latakia was founded in 1971 and renamed Tishreen University (University of October) in 1976, to commemorate their victory in the October War of 1973. Tishreen University (جامعة تشرين is a Public university located in Latakia, Syria. The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War (מלחמת יום הכיפורים transliterated: Milkhemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום The city is linked by road to Aleppo, Homs, Tripoli, and Beirut. For other meanings see Aleppo (disambiguation. Halab redirects here for other meanings see Halab (disambiguation. For military actions near the city see Battle of Homs. Homs ( حمص,, anciently called Emesa (ἡ Ἔμεσα or "La Chamelle" Tripolis ( Arabic: طرابلس Ṭarābulus - also طرابلس الغرب Ṭarā-bu-lus al-Gharb Libyan vernacular: Beirut (بيروت Bayrūt) is the Capital and Largest city of Lebanon with a population of over 2 All but a few classical buildings have been destroyed, often by earthquakes; those remaining include a Roman triumphal arch and Corinthian columns known as the colonnade of Bacchus.
The modern city still exhibits faint traces of its former importance, notwithstanding the frequent earthquakes with which it has been visited. The marina is built upon foundations of ancient columns, and there are in the town, an old gateway and other antiquities, as also sarcophagi and sepulchral caves in the neighbourhood. This gateway is a remarkable triumphal arch, at the southeast corner of the town, almost entire: it is built with four entrances, like the Forum Jani at Rome. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 It is conjectured that this arch was built in honour of Lucius Verus, or of Septimius Severus. Lucius Aurelius Verus ( December 15 130 &ndash 169 born as Lucius Ceionius Commodus, known simply as Lucius Verus, was Roman co-emperor (Description of the East, vol. ii. p. 197. ) Fragments of Greek and Latin inscriptions, are dispersed all over the ruins, but entirely defaced.
Notable points of interest in the nearby include the massive Saladin's Castle and the ruins of Ugarit, where some of the earliest alphabetic writings have been found. The Citadel of Salah Ed-Din (Arabic Qalaat Salah ed-Din; once known as Saone, also known as Saladdin Castle) is a Castle in Syria Ugarit ( Ugaritic: ʼugrt; Hebrew:; Arabic:) (modern Ras Shamra رأس شمرة ("top/head/cape of the wild Fennel An alphabet is a standardized set of letters basic written symbols each of which roughly represents a Phoneme, a Spoken language, either There are also several popular beaches.
Latakia tobacco is a specially treated tobacco formerly produced in Syria, but now mainly produced in Cyprus. Latakia tobacco ( تبغ اللاذقية) is a specially prepared Tobacco originally produced in Syria and named after the port city of Latakia Cyprus (Κύπρος transliterated: Kýpros,; Kıbrıs officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία Kypriakī́ Dīmokratía It is cured over a stone pine or oak wood fire, which gives it an intense smoky taste and smell. The (Italian Stone Pine (or Umbrella Pine) ( Pinus pinea; family Pinaceae) is a species of Pine native of Southern Europe in The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of about 400 species of Trees and Shrubs in the Genus Quercus (from Latin It is an essential part of many pipe tobacco mixtures, especially so-called "English blends. "
Latakia's main university is Tishreen University. Tishreen University (جامعة تشرين is a Public university located in Latakia, Syria. It also houses a branch of the Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport. The Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport (also known as AASTMT or AAST) is an Arab University specialized in Science
Latakia is the city with the largest proportion of Alawites in Syria. For the Alaouite dynasty of Morocco see Alaouite Dynasty, for the former state now in Yemen see Alawi (sheikhdom The Alawites Famous people from Latakia and its surroundings include: