The Las Vegas metropolitan area includes the Las Vegas Valley, a 600-square-mile (1600 km²) basin, and surrounding areas, that are part of Clark County in southern Nevada. Clark County is a County located in the US state of Nevada. The county had a population of 1375765 at the 2000 census, and a 2006 estimated Nevada ( is a state located in the western region of the United States of America. The area contains the largest concentration of people in the state. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume The history of the Las Vegas metropolitan area largely coincides with the history of the city of Las Vegas. Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally "Las Vegas" is often used generically to describe the entire area covered in this article. It is currently the fastest growing metropolitan area in the nation, with a population rise of nearly 25% from 2000 to 2006, and a current population of approximately two million. Table of United States Combined Statistical AreasThe United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas.  The metropolitan area consists of the cities of Las Vegas, Henderson, North Las Vegas, Boulder City, and other unincorporated locales surrounding these cities. In 2005, the valley hosted 34. 7 million visitors. The area is part of the Las Vegas-Paradise Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is by defined by the United States Census Bureau to include all of Clark County. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 
As of the 2006 census estimate, the Las Vegas metropolitan area contained over 1. 7 million residents, and contains the largest ethnic Hawaiian community outside of Hawaii. The State of Hawaii ( or həˈwaɪʔiː Hawaiian: Mokuāina o Hawaii) is a state in the United States located on an Archipelago in the
The area was previously settled by Mormon farmers in 1854 and later became the site of a U.S. Army fort in 1864, beginning a long relationship between southern Nevada and the U. This History of Las Vegas covers both the Las Vegas, Nevada and the Las Vegas metropolitan area. TalkMormon#Latter Day Saint vs Latter-day Saint --> Mormon The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. S. military. Since the 1930s, Las Vegas has generally been identified as a gambling center as well as a resort destination primarily targeting adults. A resort town, sometimes called a resort destination, is a town or area where Tourism or vacationing is a primary component of the local Culture and Relatively inexpensive real estate prompted a residential population boom in the Las Vegas Valley in the 1990s and continues to the present day. Real estate is a legal term (in some jurisdictions notably in the USA, United Kingdom
Nellis Air Force Base is located in the northeast corner of the valley. Nellis Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located in Clark County, Nevada. The ranges that the Nellis pilots use and various other land areas used by various federal agencies limit growth of the valley to the north.
The Las Vegas Valley is an area generally defined by the Spring Mountains on the west, Sheep Mountains to the north, Muddy Mountains, Eldorado Range and Lake Mead to the east, and the Black Mountains to the south. The Spring Mountains are a Mountain range of southern Nevada in the United States, running generally northwest-southeast along the west side of The Sheep Range is located north of Las Vegas Nevada in the United States. Lake Mead is the largest man-made Lake and Reservoir in the United States. The Black Mountains, a mid-Miocene formation in Nevada are a series of rugged rocky volcanic mountains ranging in elevations to 3025 feet
The land in the Las Vegas Valley is sandy desert with mountains in the distance. A desert is a Landscape or region that receives very little precipitation.
The Las Vegas Valley lies in a relatively high-altitude portion of the Mojave Desert, and this can result in drastic changes of temperature between seasons, and even between day and night. For the indigenous American tribe see Mohave. The Mojave Desert (moʊˈhɑːvi or /məˈhɑːvi/ ( Hayikwiir Mat'aar in Mojave The Valley generally averages less than five inches (130 mm) of rain annually. Daily summer temperatures from June through August typically exceed 100 °F (38 °C). While low ambient humidity tempers the effect of these temperatures, dehydration, heat exhaustion, and sun stroke can occur after even a limited time outdoors in the summer. Dehydration ( hypohydration) is the removal of Water ( hydro in ancient Greek) from an object Hyperthermia, in its advanced state referred to as heat stroke or sunstroke, is an acute condition which occurs when the Body produces or absorbs more Hyperthermia, in its advanced state referred to as heat stroke or sunstroke, is an acute condition which occurs when the Body produces or absorbs more The interiors of automobiles often prove deadly to small children and pets during the summer and surfaces exposed to the sun can cause first- and second- degree burns to unprotected skin. A burn is a type of Injury that may be caused by Heat, cold, Electricity, Chemicals, Light, Radiation, or The late summer, especially in July and August, is marked by "monsoon season" when moist winds from the Gulf of California soak much of the Southwestern United States. " Sea of Cortez " redirects here For the book by John Steinbeck, see The Log from the Sea of Cortez. The Southwestern area of the United States could be defined as the states west of the Mississippi River, with the qualification of a certain northern limit such as the 37 While raising humidity levels, these winds develop into dramatic desert thunderstorms that cause flash flooding. A flash flood is a rapid flooding of geomorphic lowlying areas - washes rivers and streams
Winter temperatures are very mild with lows of around 30 °F (-1 °C). Snow accumulation at the valley floor is rare but the surrounding mountains receive as much as ten feet (3 m) in the winter.
Being located in a desert valley creates issues with air quality. The Air Quality Index ( AQI) is a standardized indicator of the Air Quality in a given location From the dust the wind picks up from disturbed desert, to the smog produced by vehicles to the pollen in the air, the valley can have some bad air days.
Pollen can be a major issue several weeks a year with counts occasionally in the 70,000 plus range. Pollen is a fine to coarse powder consisting of microgametophytes ( pollen grains) which produce the male Gametes (sperm cells of Pollen count is the measurement of the number of grains of Pollen in a Cubic meter of Air. Local governments are trying to control this by banning plants that produce the most pollen.
The dust problems usually happen on very windy days, so they tend to be seasonal and of a short duration. A season is one of the major divisions of the Year, generally based on yearly periodic changes in Weather.
Smog on the other hand gets worst when there is no wind to move the air out of the valley. Smog is a kind of Air pollution; the word "smog" is a Portmanteau of Smoke and Fog. Also in winter it is possible to get an inversion in the valley air that actually traps any smog in the valley. In meteorology an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude
The county is working to control these problems and has shown some success over the years. The constant tightening of Federal requirements for allowable particles in the air, make the task of meeting air quality standards difficult. The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. Air pollution is the human introduction into the atmosphere of Chemicals Particulate matter, or Biological materials that cause harm or discomfort
The native flora does little to help the soil retain water. In Botany, flora ( Plural: floras or florae has two meanings The first meaning flora of an area or of time period, refers to all Soil, often typeset as SOiL, is a four piece rock band from Chicago Illinois United States founded by Shaun Glass Tom Schofield Tim King and Adam Zadel During the intense rains of monsoon season or (relatively) wet months of January and February, a network of dry natural channels, called washes or arroyos, carved into the valley floor allows water to flow down from the mountains and converge in the Las Vegas Wash which runs through the Clark County Wetlands Park. A monsoon is a seasonal prevailing wind which lasts for several months An arroyo (literally brook in Spanish) also called a wash or draw, is a usually dry creek bed or Gulch that temporarily Las Vegas Wash is a natural flow of water sometimes called an urban river that exists in its present capacity because of an urban population and works in a systemic conjunction The Clark County Wetlands Park is the largest park in the Clark County, Nevada park system The wash system used to form a large natural wetlands which then flowed into the Colorado River until the construction of Hoover Dam on the Colorado River led to the creation of Lake Mead. The Colorado River (' Aha Kwahwat in Mojave) is a River in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately Hoover Dam, also sometimes known as Boulder Dam, is a Concrete Arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the Further development in the 1980s and 1990s made Lake Las Vegas, which required directing the Las Vegas Wash into tunnels which run under Lake Las Vegas and into Lake Mead. Lake Las Vegas is located in Henderson, Nevada. Lake Las Vegas refers to both a man made Lake and to the area built around the lake
The Las Vegas area is limited to about 300,000 acre feet (370,000,000 m³) of water each year from Lake Mead, with credits for water it returns to the lake. An acre-foot is a unit of Volume commonly used in the United States in reference to large-scale water resources such as reservoirs, Aqueducts The allocations were made when Nevada had virtually no people or agriculture. The allocations were also made during a wet string of years which overstated the available water in the entire watershed. As a result, precipitation that is below normal for a few years can have a major impact on the Colorado River Reservoirs.
Early Vegas depended on the aquifer which fed the springs, but the pumping of water from these caused a large drop in the water levels and ground subsidence over wide areas of the valley. An aquifer is an underground layer of Water -bearing Permeable rock or unconsolidated materials ( Gravel, Sand, Silt, or Clay Today, the aquifers are basically used to store water that is pumped from the lake during periods of low demand and pumped out during periods of high demand.
The population doubling time in the greater metropolitan area was under ten years since the early 1970s and the Las Vegas metropolitan area now has a population of over two million people. This rapid population growth led to a significant urbanization of desert lands into industrial and commercial areas, but, by and large, low-density, single-family tract homes (see suburbia). Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing South San Jose (cropjpg||thumb|A suburban development in San Jose California.
The driving force is the tourism industry. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel In the past the casinos were the one major attraction. Now shopping, conventions and fine dining are also major forces in attracting the tourist dollar. Shopping is the examining of Goods or services from Retailers with intent to purchase at that time A convention, in the sense of a meeting is a gathering of individuals who meet at a arid place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest There are various types of Restaurants. Restaurants fall into several industry classification based upon menu style preparation methods and pricing With about 130,000 hotel rooms, as of 2005, to fill, the conventions help fill the hotels, destination restaurants, and shopping malls on the Strip. A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging usually on a short-term basis Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared Food to Customers. A shopping mall or shopping centre is a building or set of buildings that contain Retail units with interconnecting Walkways enabling visitors
There is a balance between all of the tourist operations in town. The conventions need hotel rooms, dining, and entertainment options. The hotels need the conventions, and tourists to fill their rooms. The restaurants depend on travelers in the hotel rooms to fill their tables. Everyone depends on a good road system to get travelers into town as well as available and reasonably priced airline seats. A road is an identifiable route, way or path between two or more places. An airline provides air transport services for Passengers or Freight, generally with a recognized operating certificate or license
Over the past few years, retirees have been moving to the valley driving businesses that support them, from housing to health care. Retirement is the point where a person stops employment completely Health care is the prevention treatment and management of illness and the preservation of mental health through the services offered by the medical, Nursing
Las Vegas has been trying to expand its manufacturing and research base. Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale Research is defined as Human activity based on Intellectual application in the investigation of Matter. There have been some positive signs from the World Market Center being developed in the city and opening of Lou Ruvo Alzheimer's Institute in 2007 in addition to many smaller businesses. World Market Center Las Vegas at 495 S Grand Central Parkway in Las Vegas, Nevada is intended to be the United States' and possibly the world's largest and most The Lou Ruvo Brain Institute is a planned research center which is being built in Las Vegas, Nevada.
While the cost of housing spiked up over 40% in 2004, the lack of business and income taxes still makes Nevada an attractive place for many companies to relocate to as well as expand into. Corporate tax refers to a Tax levied by various jurisdictions on the Profits made by companies or associations. Being a true twenty-four hour town, call centers have always seemed to find Vegas a good place to find workers willing to work at all hours. A call centre or call center (see spelling differences) is a centralized office used for the purpose of receiving and transmitting a large volume of requests by
Construction is strong. In the fields of Architecture and Civil engineering, construction is a process that consists of the Building or assembling of Infrastructure New strip casinos take years to build and employ thousands of workers. The same could be said of the housing boom with new home sales around 15,000 units in 2004. With the introduction of Turnburry Towers several years ago, developers discovered that there was a large demand for high-end condominiums. A condominium, or condo, is a form of Housing tenure and other Real property where a specified part of a piece of real estate (usually of an apartment At the end of 2004, it was estimated that as many as eighty major condominiums were in various stages of development.
Las Vegas has expanded into shopping, especially high end merchandise, as it deversifies away from gaming as the major attraction.  Major malls include:
In addition to the malls, most casinos on the Strip offer extensive shopping options. Bonanza Gift Shop is a landmark located on the Las Vegas Strip between the Sahara Hotel and Casino and the Stratosphere Las Vegas. The Boulevard Mall is located at 3528 S Maryland Pkwy in Paradise, Nevada, Galleria at Sunset in Henderson, Nevada, (informally referred to as Galleria) is the only enclosed Shopping mall in Henderson and The Grand Canal Shoppes is a shopping mall adjacent to The Venetian Hotel & Casino and The Palazzo on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Fashion Outlets of Las Vegas is a Shopping mall located in Primm, Nevada, and owned by Primadonna Resorts. Fashion Show Las Vegas is located at 3200 Las Vegas Boulevard South on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada (an unincorporated town in the Las Vegas The Forum Shops at Caesars is a 634000 ft² mall connected to Caesars Palace on the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas Nevada. Meadows Mall is located at 4300 Meadows Lane in Las Vegas, Nevada. Miracle Mile Shops is a 475000 square foot (44129 m² 15 mile long enclosed Shopping mall on the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas Nevada. Town Square, designed as a European village in Paradise, Nevada on Las Vegas Boulevard.
Slab-on-grade foundations is the common base for residential buildings in the area. A shallow foundation is a type of foundation which transfers building loads to the earth very near the surface rather than to a subsurface layer or a range of depths as does
Traditionally housing consisted primarily of single family detached housing. Apartment complexes generally were two story buildings. There have been exceptions, but they were few and far between. In the 1990s, Turnberry Associates constructed the first high rise condominium. Prior to this there were only a handful of mid rise multi family housing.
By the mid 2000s, there was a major move into high rise condominiums which had a noticeable impact on the skyline, especially in the area around The Strip. A skyline is best described as the overall or partial view of a Silhouette of a city's tall buildings and structures consisting of many Skyscrapers
Las Vegas has been one of the top areas in the nation adversely affected by the recent subprime mortgage crisis and United States housing market correction, resulting in a freefall in home prices and mass foreclosures. The subprime mortgage crisis is an ongoing financial crisis characterized by contracted Liquidity in global credit markets and Banking A United States housing market correction is a market correction or "bubble bursting" of a United States housing bubble; the most recent one started in 2005 As of January 2008, 1. 9% of homes in the Las Vegas area were in the foreclosure process, almost triple the rate of a year earlier.  The problem was exacerbated by rampant speculation from house flippers, who seeked quick profits and never intended to live in the homes they purchased. Flipping is a term used primarily in the United States to describe practice of buying an asset and quickly reselling (or "flipping" it for profit As of April 2008, 51% of the more than 22,000 homes for sale in the area were vacant, according to Las Vegas real estate research firm SalesTraq. 
Las Vegas is the home of the following minor league teams:
|Las Vegas 51s||Pacific Coast League||Cashman Field||1983||2|
|Las Vegas Wranglers||ECHL||Orleans Arena||2003||0|
|Las Vegas Gladiators||Arena Football League||Orleans Arena||2003||0|