Land use is the human modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as fields, pastures, and settlements. See also Nature The natural environment, commonly referred to simply as the environment, is a terminology that is comprised of all living and Wilderness is generally defined as a Natural environment on Earth that has not been significantly modified by Human activity The phrase built environment refers to the man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity ranging from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places The major effect of land use on land cover since 1750 has been deforestation of temperate regions. Land cover is the physical material at the surface of the earth Year 1750 ( MDCCL) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Deforestation is the conversion of Forested areas to non-forest land for use such as Arable land, Pasture, urban use logged area or wasteland  More recent significant effects of land use include urban sprawl, soil erosion, soil degradation, salinization, and desertification. Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading of a city and its Suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area Erosion is the carrying away or displacement of solids ( Sediment, Soil, rock and other particles usually by the agents of currents such as wind Soils retrogression and degradation in the French school of pedology are two regressive evolution processes associated with the loss of equilibrium of a stable Soil Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil Salt affected soils are caused by excess accumulation of salts typically most pronounced at the soil surface Desertification is the degradation of land in arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting primarily from human activities and influenced by climatic variations  Land-use change, together with use of fossil fuels, are the major anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide, a dominant greenhouse gas. Fossil fuels or mineral fuels are fossil source Fuels that is Hydrocarbons found within the top layer of the Earth’s crust. Anthropogenic effects processes objects or materials are those that are derived from Human activities as opposed to those occurring in Natural environments without Greenhouse gases are gaseous constituents of the atmosphere bothnatural and anthropogenic that absorb and emit radiation at specific wavelengths within the spectrum of thermal infrared  It has also been defined as "the total of arrangements, activities, and inputs that people undertake in a certain land cover type" (FAO, 1997a; FAO/UNEP, 1999). 
Villages, cities, towns, boroughs, townships and counties are all governed by a set of designations assigned to particular parcels of land. Each designation, known as a parcel’s zoning, comes with a list of approved uses that can legally operate on the zoned parcel. Zoning is a term used in Urban planning for a system of land-use Regulation in various parts of the world including North America the United Kingdom These are found in a government’s ordinances or zoning regulations. Zoning is a term used in Urban planning for a system of land-use Regulation in various parts of the world including North America the United Kingdom
Land use and land management practices have a major impact on natural resources including water, soil, nutrients, plants and animals. Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified ( natural) form Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. Soil, often typeset as SOiL, is a four piece rock band from Chicago Illinois United States founded by Shaun Glass Tom Schofield Tim King and Adam Zadel A nutrient is food or chemicals that an organism needs to live and grow or a substance used in an organism's metabolism which must be taken in from its environment Plants are living Organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. Land use information can be used to develop solutions for natural resource management issues such as salinity and water quality. Water quality is the physical chemical and biological characteristics of Water in relationship to a set of standards For instance, water bodies in a region that has been deforested or having erosion will have different water quality than those in areas that are forested. A forest is an area with a high density of Trees There are many definitions of a forest based on various criteria
According to a report by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organisation, land degradation has been exacerbated where there has been an absence of any land use planning, or of its orderly execution, or the existence of financial or legal incentives that have led to the wrong land use decisions, or one-sided central planning leading to over-utilization of the land resources - for instance for immediate production at all costs. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security As a consequence the result has often been misery for large segments of the local population and destruction of valuable ecosystems. An ecosystem is a natural unit consisting of all plants animals and micro-organisms( Biotic factors in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical ( Such narrow approaches should be replaced by a technique for the planning and management of land resources that is integrated and holistic and where land users are central. This will ensure the long-term quality of the land for human use, the prevention or resolution of social conflicts related to land use, and the conservation of ecosystems of high biodiversity value
In the US, every legal activity must have its place in municipal and county zoning laws. Biodiversity is the variation of Life forms within a given Ecosystem, Biome or for the entire Earth. A township (or Municipality) is a settlement which has the status and powers of a unit of local government A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State. Zoning is a term used in Urban planning for a system of land-use Regulation in various parts of the world including North America the United Kingdom Meaning if an adult entertainment facility can legally operate in a given jurisdiction, then the zoning laws must offer a proper and by-right zone for that business to operate within. With this example in mind, one can guess that choosing zoning wisely can make or break a city’s image and inevitably its ability to attract more favorable business and industry.
To regulate what can be built where, cities create comprehensive plans and zoning ordinances to create an order to the potential uses of land within their political boundaries. A municipality will spend thousands if not hundreds of thousands of dollars to determine where best to encourage industrial growth, allow residential building and permit commercial activity. The dollar (often represented by the Dollar sign: "$" is the name of the official Currency in several countries dependencies and other These decisions have dramatic impacts on land values, safety and community interests. With so much at stake, the process of determining what can be built where has become extremely politicized.
Today active community groups wield much strength in the public land use approval process. Informed residents know the potential impacts of a large big box coming to their neighborhood or the opening of a quarry a mile down the road. Big-box store is a term that refers to a style of physically large Chain store, and by extension to the company behind the store When involved they shape the process and are more likely now than ever to actually impact the process. Politics plays a big part in the approval process. But the reality is that mostly developers create the rules. In the absence of opposition, a developer can change the real estate landscape for years to come by successfully rezoning one large parcel in area. Where there is opposition, today’s developers have to take heed and listen to their demands.
With financial stakes so high for developers and residents and the approval process being susceptible to public pressure and politics, it is no surprise that there is now a subset of political culture known as land use politics.
Patterns of land use arise naturally in a culture through customs and practices, but land use may also be formally regulated by land use planning through zoning and planning permission laws, or by private agreements such as restrictive covenants. Land use planning is the term used for a branch of public policy which encompasses various disciplines which seek to order and regulate the use of land in an efficient Zoning is a term used in Urban planning for a system of land-use Regulation in various parts of the world including North America the United Kingdom See Development Control for an overall explanation of how control under the Town and Country Planning legislation is operated in the United Kingdom A real covenant is a Legal obligation imposed in a Deed by the seller upon the buyer of Real estate to do or not to do something For example, the setting aside of wilderness either publicly as a Wilderness Area or privately as a conservation easement. A wilderness area is a region where the land is in a natural state where impacts from human activities are minimal—that is as a Wilderness. In the United States, a conservation easement is an Encumbrance &mdash sometimes including a transfer of usage rights ( Easement) &mdash which creates