The Lancashire Cotton Famine, also known as The Cotton Famine (1861 – 1865) was a depression in the textile industry in northwest England, brought about by the American Civil War. With the establishment of overseas colonies, the British Empire at the end of the 17th century/beginning of the 18th century had a vast source of raw materials and a vast market North West England is one of the nine official Regions of England. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South It was estimated at the time to have cost the Lancashire mill-owners about £30 m. Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea
When the Union blockaded the Confederacy in 1861, it was originally thought that United Kingdom cotton stocks would be adequate to see through the anticipated brief conflict. During the American Civil War, the Union was a name used to refer to the federal government of the United States, which was supported by the twenty-three The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located All early Union advances on Richmond, Virginia were driven back with varying degrees of ignominy, however, and it was clear to European observers that the Union would not win the war quickly (if at all). This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. By the beginning of 1862, mills were closing and workers were being laid off; one-third of the families in one Lancashire cotton town were in receipt of relief. 
It was hoped by the Confederacy that distress in the European cotton manufacturing areas (similar hardships occurred in France), together with distaste in European ruling circles for Yankee democracy would lead to European intervention to force the Union to make peace on the basis of accepting secession on the Confederacy. However, after Union forces had repulsed a Confederate incursion at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation consists of two executive orders issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. After that, to the British public, to intervene in any way that helped the South would be to support slavery.
On December 31, 1862, a meeting of cotton workers at the Free Trade Hall in Manchester, despite their increasing hardship, resolved to support the Union in their fight against slavery. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 1862 was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Monday The Free Trade Hall in Manchester, England, was for many years a focal point for public debate and cultural activity in the city As a social-economic system slavery is a legal institution under which a Person (called "a slave" is compelled to work for another On January 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln sent an address thanking the cotton workers of Lancashire for their support. Events 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. Year 1863 ( MDCCCLXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea A monument in Lincoln Square, Manchester, commemorates the events and reproduces portions of both documents. 
Extract of the Address from the Working People of Manchester to His Excellency Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America. Public Meeting, Free Trade Hall, Manchester, 31 December 1862.
". . . the vast progress which you have made in the short space of twenty months fills us with hope that every stain on your freedom will shortly be removed, and that the erasure of that foul blot on civilisation and Christianity - chattel slavery - during your presidency, will cause the name of Abraham Lincoln to be honoured and revered by posterity. We are certain that such a glorious consummation will cement Great Britain and the United States in close and enduring regards. "
Extract of the President Abraham Lincoln's letter in respone to the Working People of Manchester
19th January, 1863
". . . I know and deeply deplore the sufferings which the working people of Manchester and in all Europe are called to endure in this crisis. It has been often and studiously represented that the attempt to overthrow this Government which was built on the foundation of human rights, and to substitute for it one which should rest exclusively on the basis of slavery, was likely to obtain the favour of Europe.
"Through the action of disloyal citizens, the working people of Europe have been subjected to a severe trial for the purpose of forcing their sanction to that attempt. Under the circumstances I cannot but regard your decisive utterances on the question as an instance of sublime Christian heroism which has not been surpassed in any age or in any country. It is indeed an energetic and re-inspiring assurance of the inherent truth and of the ultimate and universal triumph of justice, humanity and freedom.
"I hail this interchange of sentiments, therefore, as an augury that, whatever else may happen, whatever misfortune may befall your country or my own, the peace and friendship which now exists between the two nations will be, as it shall be my desire to make them, perpetual. "
Abraham Lincoln statue - Lincoln Square, Brazenose Street, by George Grey Barnard, 1919. Formerly located in the gardens at Platt Hall in Rusholme. Platt Fields Park is a Park off Wilmslow Road in Fallowfield, Manchester, England.
In order to moderate the effects of the cotton famine, Great Britain also tried to diversify its sourcing of cotton by making former subsistence farmers in British India, Egypt and elsewhere grow cotton for export instead of staple food. With the ending of the American Civil War, these new cotton farmers became useless and their cotton was hardly demanded. This led to their impoverishment and aggravated various famines in these countries in the second half of the 19th century.