The order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. This article is about the taxonomic rank for the sequence of species in a taxonomic list see Taxonomic order In scientific classification used A taxon (plural taxa) or taxonomic unit, is a name designating an organism or a group of Organisms In Biological nomenclature according to Asteridae is a Botanical name at the rank of subclass. Circumscription of the subclass has varied with the taxonomic system being Dicotyledons, or "dicots", is a name for a group of Flowering plants whose Seed typically has two embryonic leaves or Cotyledons There The flowering plants or angiosperms ( Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta) are the most widespread group It includes approximately 11,000 species divided up into about 10 families. In Biology, a species is one of the basic units of Biological classification and a Taxonomic rank. In Biological classification, family ( Latin Well-known members of this order include the lavender, the lilac, the olive, the jasmine, the ash tree, the teak, the snapdragon, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary. The Lavenders Lavandula are a Genus of about 25–30 species of Flowering plants in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean The unrelated but somewhat similar-looking Chinaberry ( Melia azedarach) is sometimes called "lilac" too The Olive ( Olea europaea) is a Species of small Tree in the family Oleaceae, native to the coastal areas of the eastern Jasmine or Jessamine ( Jasminum) (from Persian yasmin, ie "gift from God" via Arabic) is a Genus of Shrubs An ash can be any of four different tree genera from four very distinct families; most commonly in a combined form (e Teak ( Tectona) is a genus of tropical Hardwood Trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia Mentha ( mint) is a Genus of about 25 Species (and many hundreds of varieties) of Flowering plants in the family Basil ( Ocimum basilicum) (ˈbeɪzəl or /ˈbæzəl/ of the Family Lamiaceae. Rosemary ( la Rosmarinus officinalis) is a woody perennial Herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves.
Species in this order typically have the following characteristics, although there are exceptions to all of them:
Lamiales formerly had a restricted circumscription (e. In Biology, a species is one of the basic units of Biological classification and a Taxonomic rank. In the Flowering plants an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or Gynoecium. A gynoecium (from Ancient Greek gyne, "woman" is the Female reproductive part of a Flower. A petal (from Ancient Greek petalon "leaf" "thin plate" regarded as a highly modified leaf is one member or part of the corolla A petal (from Ancient Greek petalon "leaf" "thin plate" regarded as a highly modified leaf is one member or part of the corolla The stamen ( Plural stamina or stamens, from Latin stamen meaning "thread of the warp " is the male g. , by Arthur Cronquist) that included the major families Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, and Boraginaceae plus a few smaller families. Arthur John Cronquist (1919&ndash1992 was a North American botanist and a specialist on Compositae. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also known as the mint family is a family of Plants comprising about 210 genera and some 3500 species The verbena family or vervain vamily, Verbenaceae, is a family of mainly Tropical Plants They are Trees Shrubs Boraginaceae Juss 1789 the Borage or Forget-me-not family includes a variety of Shrubs Trees and Herbs totaling about 2000 species Recent phylogenetic work has shown that Lamiales is polyphyletic with respect to order Scrophulariales and the two groups are now usually combined in a single order that also includes the former orders Hippuridales and Plantaginales. In Phylogenetics, a Taxon is polyphyletic ( Greek for "of many races" if the trait its members have in common evolved separately in different The order Lamiales is a Taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous Flowering plants. The Plantaginaceae Juss or plantain family, is a family of Flowering plants in the order Lamiales. Lamiales has become the preferred name for this much larger combined group. The placement of Boraginaceae is unclear but phylogenetic work shows that this family does not belong in Lamiales. Boraginaceae Juss 1789 the Borage or Forget-me-not family includes a variety of Shrubs Trees and Herbs totaling about 2000 species
Also, the circumscription of family Scrophulariaceae, formerly a paraphyletic group defined primarily by plesiomorphic characters and from within which numerous other families of the Lamiales were derived, has been radically altered to create a number of smaller, better-defined and putatively monophyletic families. Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family, is a family of Flowering plants The plants are annual or perennial herbs with Zygomorphic (rarely Cladistics is the hierarchical classification of Species based on evolutionary ancestry