|Primary outflows||La Chute River|
|Basin countries||United States|
|Max. The Adirondack Mountains are a Mountain range located in the northeastern part of New York, that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin In Hydrology, the discharge or outflow of a River is the volume of Water transported by it in a certain amount of time A drainage basin is an extent of Land where Water from Rain or Snow melt drains downhill into a body of water such as a River, length||32 mi (54 km)|
|Max. width||1-3 mi (1. 6-5 km)|
|Surface area||28,160 acres (113 km²)|
|Max. depth||200 feet (61 m)|
|Surface elevation||319 ft (97 m)|
|Settlements||Lake George, NY; Ticonderoga, NY; Bolton Landing, NY|
Lake George, nicknamed the Queen of American Lakes, is a long, narrow lake at the southeast base of the Adirondack Mountains, northern New York, U.S. The lake extends about 32. Ticonderoga is a Town in Essex County, New York, USA. The population was 5167 at the 2000 census Bolton is a Town in Warren County, New York, United States. It is part of the Glens Falls, New York Metropolitan Statistical A lake (from Latin lacus) is a Terrain feature (or Physical feature) a body of Liquid on the surface of a world that is localized to the The Adirondack Mountains are a Mountain range located in the northeastern part of New York, that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 2 miles (54 km) on a north-south axis and varies from 1 to 3 miles (1. 7 to 5 km) in width.
Lake George drains into Lake Champlain to its north through a short stream (La Chute River) with many falls and rapids, dropping about 230 feet (70 meters) in its 3½-mile (6 km) course. Lake Champlain (French lac Champlain) is a natural freshwater Lake in North America, located mainly within the borders of the United States Ultimately the water flows into the St. Lawrence River and then into the Atlantic Ocean. Saint Lawrence River (in French: fleuve Saint-Laurent; Kahnawáˀkye in Tuscarora, Kaniatarowanenneh meaning big waterway The original name in Iroquois was said to be Andiatarocte, the lake shut in and was named by the French Lac du Saint-Sacrement, (Lake of the Holy Sacrament). The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the "League of Peace and Power" the "Five Nations" the "Six Nations" or the "People of the Longhouse
The Village of Lake George is located at the south end of Lake George and the unincorporated village of Ticonderoga is at the northern end. The Village of Lake George is a Village within the town of Lake George in Warren County New York, United States. Ticonderoga is a hamlet, in the southeast of the Town of Ticonderoga, in Essex County, New York, United States. The area is a well-known resort center and summer colony.
There are several towns and villages on the shore of the lake. The southern most, Lake George village, is especially popular with tourists. To the north is Bolton Landing, substantially quieter and more affluent. Bolton Landing is a hamlet in Warren County, New York, United States, on Lake George in the Adirondacks. Bolton houses the largest of the Lake's resorts, the Sagamore Hotel. The Sagamore is a Victorian era hotel located on Lake George in Bolton Landing New York. The center of Bolton lies on Bolton Bay, as does Green Island (Sagamore Island). At the north end of the lake are Silver Bay, Hague and Huletts Landing. Hague is a Town in Warren County, New York, United States located on the scenic Lake George. Huletts Landing is a small lakeside community on the eastern shore of Lake George in the Adirondack Mountains of northern New York, USA.
Lake George is located in the Adirondack Park and mountain range. Notable landforms include Anthony's Nose, Deer's Leap, Roger's Rock, the Indian Kettles, Diver's Rock (a 15ft jump into the lake), and Double-Diver's (a 30ft jump). Robert Rogers ( 7 November, 1731 &ndash 18 May, 1795) was an American colonial Frontiersman. Some of the mountains include Tongue Mountain, Sugarloaf Mountain, Prospect Mountain, Shelving Rock, Pilot Knob, and Black Mountain. Black Mountain may refer to Places Australia Black Mountain (Australian Capital Territory, a mountain in Canberra the capital city Some of the more famous bays are Silver Bay, Kattskill Bay, Northwest Bay, Basin Bay and Oneida Bay. The lake is distinguished by "The Narrows," an island-filled narrow section (approximately five miles long) that is bordered on the west by Tongue Mountain and the east by Black Mountain. In all, Lake George is home to approximately 165 islands, most of them state owned. They range from the car-sized Skipper's Jib to larger Vicar's and Long Island. Camping permits are attainable for the larger portion of islands.
The first European visitor to the area, Samuel de Champlain, noted the lake in his journal on July 3, 1609, but did not name it. Samuel de Champlain (c 1575 - 25 December 1635) "The Father of New France " was a French navigator geographer cartographer Events 324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium. In 1646, the missionary Isaac Jogues named it Lac du Saint-Sacrement, and the exit stream as the river La Chute (the fall). Saint Isaac Jogues ( January 10, 1607 – October 18, 1646) was a Jesuit priest, Missionary, and Martyr
On August 28, 1755, Sir William Johnson led British colonial forces to occupy the area in the French and Indian War. Events 475 - The Roman General Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his Capital Year 1755 ( MDCCLV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or The French and Indian War (1754&ndash1763 was the North American chapter of the Seven Years' War. He renamed the lake as Lake George for King George II and built a protecting fortification at its southern end. George II (George Augustus 10 November 1683 &ndash 25 October 1760 was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg ( The fort was named Fort William Henry for the King's grandson Prince William Henry, a younger brother of the later King George III. The British Fort William Henry on the shores of Lake George, New York (NY was built during the French and Indian War ( 1754 - Prince William Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh KG PC FRS (William Henry was born at Leicester House, London. George III (George William Frederick 4 June 1738 George III's long reign was marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdom much of the rest of Europe and places On September 8, 1755 the Battle of Lake George was fought between the forces of Britain and France. Events 70 - Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem. 1264 - The Statute of Kalisz The Battle of Lake George was fought on September 8 1755, in the north of the Province of New York.
In September, the French responded by beginning construction of Fort Carillon, later called Fort Ticonderoga, on a point where La Chute enters Lake Champlain. Fort Ticonderoga is a large Eighteenth-century Fort built at a strategically important narrows in Lake Champlain where a short traverse gives access These fortifications controlled the easy water route between Canada and Colonial New York. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous
On March 13, 1758, an attempted attack on that fort by irregular forces lead by Robert Rogers was one of the most daring raids of that war. The Battle on Snowshoes refers to two separate military engagements during the French and Indian War. Robert Rogers ( 7 November, 1731 &ndash 18 May, 1795) was an American colonial Frontiersman. The unorthodox (to Europeans) tactics of Rogers' Rangers are seen as the inspiring the later creation of similar special forces in later conflicts — including the United States Army Rangers. Rogers' Rangers was an independent company of rangers attached to the British Army during the French and Indian War. In most countries special forces (SF is a generic term for highly-trained Military teams/units that conduct specialized operations such as Reconnaissance The United States Army Rangers or simply Army Rangers are specialized elite American light infantry and Special operations troops
Lake George’s key position on the Montreal-New York water route made possession of the forts at either end — particularly Ticonderoga — strategically crucial during the American Revolution.
In 1775, in a daring winter assault, American troops had captured the fort and, with it, the British artillery. The Americans, led by Colonel Henry Knox transported the cannons by sledge over the frozen lake, across the Berkshire Mountains, arriving in Boston on the 24th of January 1776. Henry Knox ( July 25, 1750 &ndash October 25, 1806) was an American Bookseller from Boston who became the chief Please note that this article on the Berkshires is about a geologic and cultural region in the United States for other uses see Berkshire (disambiguation The unexpected arrival of the captured cannons in Boston broke the stalemate between the British forces, commanded by General Gage, who held the city and General George Washington’s troops who were laying siege to it. George Washington (February 22 1732 December 14 1799 served as the first President of the United States of America (1789&ndash1797 and led the Background Prior to 1775 the British had imposed taxes onto the Americans which they did not take kindly to After Washington’s forces managed to place the cannons on Dorchester Heights, the British abandoned the city.
Later in the war, British General Burgoyne’s decision to bypass the easy water route to the Hudson River that Lake George offered and, instead, attempt to reach the Hudson though the marshes and forests at the southern end of Lake Champlain led to the British defeat at Saratoga. The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk, the Great Mohegan by the Iroquois, or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami Lake Champlain (French lac Champlain) is a natural freshwater Lake in North America, located mainly within the borders of the United States British strategy As the year's campaigns were winding down in the autumn of 1776 the British began to plan operations for the next year
On May 31, 1791, Thomas Jefferson wrote, in a letter to his daughter, "Lake George is without comparison, the most beautiful water I ever saw; formed by a contour of mountains into a basin. . . finely interspersed with islands, its water limpid as crystal, and the mountain sides covered with rich groves. . . down to the water-edge: here and there precipices of rock to checker the scene and save it from monotony. "
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Lake George was a common spot sought out by well known artists including E. Charlton Fortune and Frank Vincent DuMond. E Charlton Fortune (1885 - 1969 was a famous California artist within the style of Impressionism. Frank Vincent DuMond (1865-1951 was an American impressionist painter born in Rochester New York whose students included Norman Rockwell
At one time, Lake George was one of the nation's first elite tourist destinations. Conveniently situated on the rail line halfway between New York City and Montreal, the lake became a magnet for the era's rich and famous by the late 19th and early 20th century.
Tourists from all over North America and Europe flocked to Lake George and the surrounding majestic Adirondack Mountains. By the turn of the 19th century Lake George was equaled only by Newport, Saratoga and the Hamptons as a summer enclave for America's aristocracy. Newport is a city on Aquidneck Island in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States, about 30 miles (48 km south of Providence Saratoga Springs is a City in Saratoga County, New York, USA. The Hamptons refers specifically to the towns of Southampton and East Hampton on the east end of Long Island New York. Members of the Roosevelt, van Rensselaer, Vanderbilt, Rockefeller, and Whitney families visited its shores. The Fort William Henry Hotel, in what is now Lake George Village, and The Sagamore in Bolton Landing were popular spots for those who could afford a "vacation", something that was only then becoming available to a privileged few. The Sagamore is a Victorian era hotel located on Lake George in Bolton Landing New York. Bolton Landing is a hamlet in Warren County, New York, United States, on Lake George in the Adirondacks. The wealthiest of the period were more likely to stay with their peers at their private country estates.
Created as part of several other leadership training facilities located throughout the nation, the Silver Bay YMCA on Lake George was constructed in 1900. It has since evolved into a summer family camp, serving several hundred organizations and tourists every summer.
Millionaire's Row was the haunt of Lake George's richest summer residents. A stretch of Bolton Road (now Lake Shore Drive) on the west side of the lake was where the aristocrats built their large and elegant mansions. Millionaire's Row was inhabited in the summer months by such notables as Spencer Trask, the famous Wall Street financier, and Robert Pitcairn, friend of Andrew Carnegie (and one of the world's richest men). Spencer Trask was an American financier philanthropist and Venture capitalist. Robert Pitcairn (1836 - 1909 was a Scottish-American Railroad executive who headed the Pittsburgh Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad in the late 19th Andrew Carnegie (properly kɑrˈneɪgi but commonly /ˈkɑrnɨgi/ or /kɑrˈnɛgi/ (25 November 1835 – 11 August 1919 was a Scottish -born American Industrialist The palatial homes of Millionaire's Row typically had dozens of bedrooms and were sometimes in excess of 20,000 square feet. Ironically, they were coyly called "cottages" by their owners in a vain attempt at being unpretentious. These grand houses, with every modern comfort and convenience, were in marked contrast to the more rustic summer "camps" built by other wealthy Adirondack summer residents such as William Durant and John D. Rockefeller. William Durant is the name of more than one prominent individual Will Durant was an historian William C John Davison Rockefeller ( July 8, 1839 &ndash May 23, 1937) was an American Industrialist and philanthropist Instead of log and timber construction such as Durant's famous Uncus Lodge near Raquette Lake, the houses of Millionaire's Row were huge stone and masonry structures in the Tudor, Georgian, and Italianate styles. Raquette Lake is the source of the Raquette River in the Adirondack Mountains of New York State, USA. In the course of the history of Classical architecture, an Italianate style of architecture was a distinct nineteenth-century phase in which Italian sixteenth-century In the 1920s, Pitcairn's estate, which is now a condominium and marina, even had a landing pad for an "auto gyro", predecessor of the modern helicopter. Configuration An autogyro is characterised by a free-spinning rotor that turns due to passage of air upwards through the rotor Unlike their contemporaries in Newport and The Hamptons which were built on tiny pieces of land, the cottages of Millionaire's row were mansions in the true sense of the word. They were often built on hundreds of acres of pristine lakeside wilderness.
With the changing economic climate and the introduction of income tax, the mansions of Millionaire's Row had begun to become unaffordable by the 1930s. By the 1950s, with the advent of affordable auto and air travel, Lake George became more attractive to the growing middle class and less so to the "jet set". Most of the mansions of Millionaire's Row were torn down or turned into hotels and restaurants. Among the surviving remnants are the Sagamore, as well as three Millionaire's Row "cottages": Melody Manor, Sun Castle, and Green Harbor Mansion.
The Lake George Stakes, a Grade III race on turf for three-year-old Thoroughbred fillies is run at the Saratoga Race Course each year. The Lake George Stakes is an American race for Thoroughbred Race horses open to three-year-old fillies and run at a distance of one and one-sixteenth miles A graded stakes race is a term applied by the American Graded Stakes Committee of the Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association to a Thoroughbred horse race in The Thoroughbred is a horse breed A filly is a young Female Horse too young to be called a mare. History John Hunter who became the first chairman of The Jockey Club, and William R The race is named for this lake.
On October 2, 2005, at 2:55 p. The Ethan Allen was a 40-foot glass-enclosed tour boat operated by Shoreline Cruises on Lake George in Upstate New York. Events 1187 - Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. m. , the Ethan Allen, a 40-foot glass-enclosed tourist boat carrying 47 passengers and operated by Shoreline Cruises, capsized on the lake. The Ethan Allen was a 40-foot glass-enclosed tour boat operated by Shoreline Cruises on Lake George in Upstate New York. According to reports from a local newspaper, 20 people (mostly senior citizens) died when the boat capsized during calm weather, possibly due to the wake from passing boats.
Initial reports indicated that the tour group was from Canada, but these reports were later found to be incorrect. It was later determined that the group was from the Trenton, Michigan, area on a weeklong fall trip along the East Coast by bus and rail, organized by Trenton's parks and recreation department and arranged through a Canadian company. Trenton is a small city in Wayne County in the southeast portion of the U Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. Police said they have never seen a disaster of this magnitude on the lake. The captain survived and cooperated with police. 
The National Transportation Safety Board investigation of the incident revealed that, although the boat was rated to carry 50 people when it was manufactured in 1966, subsequent alterations to the boat's design had greatly reduced its stability. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB is an independent U At the time of the accident, the boat should have been rated to carry no more than 14 passengers. On February 5, 2007, the captain, Richard Paris, and the company that owned the boat, Shoreline Cruises, were indicted for only having one crew member aboard the boat. Events 1576 - Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. More serious charges were not filed because neither the captain nor the owners were aware they were violating safety standards. 
Lake George, by John F. Kensett, Hudson River School
View from Bolton Landing
View of southern end of Lake George.