Kunqu (崑曲; pinyin: Kūnqǔ; Wade-Giles: k'un-ch'ü), also known as Kunju, Kun opera or Kunqu Opera, is one of the oldest extant forms of Chinese opera. Pinyin, more formally Hanyu pinyin, is the most common Standard Mandarin Romanization system in use Wade-Giles (ˌweɪdˈʤaɪlz) sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization system (phonetic notation and Transcription) for the Mandarin Chinese Opera ( Chinese: 戏曲/戲曲 Pinyin: xìqǔ is a popular form of Drama and Musical theatre in China with roots going back It evolved from the Kunshan melody, and dominated Chinese theatre from the 16th to the 18th centuries. Kunshan ( is a satellite city in the greater Suzhou region that is administratively at the county-level in southeast Chinese theatre has a long and complex history Today it is often called Chinese opera although this normally refers specifically to the popular form known as
Kunqu boasts a 600-year history and is known as the "teacher" or "mother" of a hundred operas, because of its influence on other Chinese theatre forms, including Jingju. Beijing opera or Peking opera ( is a form of traditional Chinese theatre which combines music vocal performance mime dance and acrobatics Its emergence ushered in the second Golden Era of Chinese drama, but by the early twentieth century it had nearly disappeared, exacerbated by deliberate attempts to suppress it during the Cultural Revolution. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in the People’s Republic of China was a struggle for power within the Communist Party of China that manifested into
One of the major literary forms of the Ming and Qing dynasties was chuanqi drama, originating from the South. The Ming Dynasty ( or Empire of the Great Ming ( was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644 following the collapse of the Mongol -led Not to be confused with Qin Dynasty, the first dynasty of Imperial China Plays that continue to be famous today, including The Peony Pavilion and The Peach Blossom Fan, were originally written for the Kunqu stage. The Peony Pavilion ( is a play written by Tang Xianzu in the Ming Dynasty and first performed in 1598 at the Pavilion In addition, many classical Chinese novels and stories, such as Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Water Margin and Journey to the West were adapted very early into dramatic pieces. Romance of the Three Kingdoms ( written by Luo Guanzhong in the 14th century, is a Chinese Historical novel based upon events in Water Margin ( (also Outlaws of the Marsh, All Men Are Brothers or The Marshes of Mount Liang) is one of the Four Great Classical Novels Journey to the West ( is one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature.
Today, Kunqu is performed professionally in seven Mainland Chinese cities: Beijing (Northern Kunqu Theatre), Shanghai (Shanghai Kunqu Theatre), Suzhou (Suzhou Kunqu Theatre), Nanjing (Jiangsu Province Kunqu Theatre), Chenzhou (Hunan Kunqu Theatre), Yongjia County/Wenzhou (Yongjia Kunqu Theatre) and Hangzhou (Zhejiang Province Kunqu Theatre), as well as in Taipei. Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million Suzhou ( ancient name 吳) is a City on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu ( Chinese: 南京 Romanizations Nánjīng ( Pinyin) Nan-ching ( Wade-Giles Jiangsu Province Kun Opera is a professional company based in Nanjing, engaged in Kunqu research production and performance Chenzhou ( Chinese: 郴州 Pinyin: Chēnzhōu is a city located in the southern area of Hunan province in China. Yongjia County (永嘉县 is a county in the Prefecture-level city of Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Wenzhou currently administers 3 district, 2 county-level cities and 6 counties. ( Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a Sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the People's Republic of China, Taipei ( Taiwanese Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-pak-chhī Jhuyin Fuhao: ㄊㄞˊ ㄅㄟˇ ㄕˋ Hakka: Thòi-pet-sṳ has been the capital of Non-professional opera societies are active in many other cities in China and abroad, and opera companies occasionally tour.
Kunqu was listed as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2001. The Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity is a list maintained by UNESCO with pieces of Intangible culture considered relevant by that United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Its melody or tune is one of the Four Great Characteristic Melodies in Chinese opera. Four Great Characteristic Melodies (四大声腔 Pinyin: Sìdà Shēngqiāng in Chinese opera are Bangziqiang, Huangpiqiang, Kunqiang
|This article contains Chinese text. The Peony Pavilion ( is a play written by Tang Xianzu in the Ming Dynasty and first performed in 1598 at the Pavilion Tang Xianzu ( September 24 1550 — July 29 1616) Courtesy name Yireng (義仍 was a Chinese Playwright Kong Shangren ( Chinese: 孔尚任 Pinyin: Kǒng Shàngrèn 1648 - 1718 was a Qing Dynasty dramatist and poet best known for his chuanqi play The Wang Shifu ( Courtesy name of Wang Dexin (1250-1307? was a successful Chinese dramatic playwright of the Yuan Dynasty. Guan Hanqing ( fl 14th century CE sobriquet "the Oldman of the Studio" (齋叟 Zhāisǒu was a Chinese playwright in Yuan Dynasty. Li Yu ( given name Xianlu 仙侣 style name Liweng 笠翁 (1610—1680 was a Chinese playwright novelist and publisher Tang Xianzu ( September 24 1550 — July 29 1616) Courtesy name Yireng (義仍 was a Chinese Playwright Kong Shangren ( Chinese: 孔尚任 Pinyin: Kǒng Shàngrèn 1648 - 1718 was a Qing Dynasty dramatist and poet best known for his chuanqi play The Li Yu ( given name Xianlu 仙侣 style name Liweng 笠翁 (1610—1680 was a Chinese playwright novelist and publisher Feng Menglong ( 1574-1645 was a Chinese vernacular writer/poet of the late Ming Dynasty. |
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