Kish (Sumerian: KIŠKI, modern Tell al-Uhaymir, Iraq) was an ancient city of Sumer, situated some 12 km east of Babylon, now ca. Not to be confused with Kish (Sumer Kesh was an ancient Sumerian city and religious site whose patron goddess was Ninhursag In Sumerian mythology, Ninhursag (NINURSAG was the earth and mother- Goddess, one of the seven great deities of Sumer. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. Sumer ( Sumerian: sux-Latn [[Ki (earth ki]]-[[EN (cuneiform en]]-'''ĝir15''', Akkadian: Šumeru; possibly Biblical Shinar Babylon was a City-state of ancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which can be found in present-day Al Hillah, Babil Province, Iraq 80 km south of Baghdad, in the Babil Governorate, Iraq. Baghdad (بغداد) is the Capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate, with which it is also coterminous Babil (بابل is a province in Iraq. It has an area of, with an estimated population of 1385783 people in 2003 For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. The Sumerian king list states it was the first city to have kings after a flood mentioned in the king list. The Sumerian king list is an ancient text in the Sumerian language that lists kings of Sumer from Sumerian and foreign dynasties The city's patron deity was Zababa in Akkadian times. A tutelary spirit or patron deity serves as the guardian of or an entity to watch over and protect a particular site person culture or nation Zababa (also Zamama) was a Hittite war god drawn from the Akkadian tradition
"King of Kish" is one of the early titles assumed by Sumerian rulers of other city states used to indicate hegemony over the region. Some scholars believe that Kish had a Semitic population from earliest times, based on some early dynastic king names from the list that are considered to be Semitic. In Linguistics and Ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical " Shem " Hebrew שם translated as "name" Arabic: ساميّ
A French archaeological team under Henri de Genouillac excavated there between 1912 and 1914, and later an Anglo-American team under Stephen Langdon from 1923 to 1933.