|- Mayor||Piotr Uszok|
|- City||164. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Voivodeship The voivodeship or province (województwo has been a high-level Administrative subdivision of Poland since the 14th century Silesian Voivodeship (also known as Silesia Province or by its Polish name of województwo śląskie or simply Śląskie) is a Voivodeship A powiat (pronounced; Polish plural powiaty) is the second-level unit of Local government and administration in Poland, equivalent to a County Piotr Uszok (1955- is a Polish politician Since 1990 member of Katowice City Council. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 67 km² (63. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 6 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||352 m (1,155 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||266 m (873 ft)|
|- Density||1,926. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 4/km² (4,989. 3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|- Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||40-001 to 40-999|
|Area code(s)||+48 32|
Katowice [katɔˈvit͡sɛ] ( listen) (German: Kattowitz, Czech: Katovice) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, on the Kłodnica and Rawa rivers (tributaries of the Oder and the Vistula). The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Czech (ˈʧɛk čeština ˈʧɛʃcɪna in Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers it is the majority language in the A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Etymology One theory claims that the name Silesia is derived from the Silingi, who were most likely a Vandalic (East Germanic people Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Kłodnica (Klodnitz is a river in the Upper Silesia region It is about 75 km long and a right tributary of the Odra river. Rawa (pronounced) older name Roździanka) is a minor River (about 19 The Oder (known in Czech and Polish as Odra) is a River in Central Europe. Katowice is located in the Silesian Highlands, about 50 km from the Silesian Beskids (part of the Carpathian Mountains) and about 100 km from Sudetes Mountains. Silesian Highlands (or Silesian Uplands, Wyżyna Śląska are highlands located in Silesia, Poland. Silesian Beskids ( Polish:, Czech:, Schlesischen Beskiden is one of the Beskids Mountain ranges in Outer Western Carpathians The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians (Carpaţi Czech, Polish and Slovak: Karpaty; Ukrainian: Карпати The Sudetes (suˈdiːtiːz is a Mountain range in Central Europe.
Katowice has been the capital of Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Silesian Voivodeship (also known as Silesia Province or by its Polish name of województwo śląskie or simply Śląskie) is a Voivodeship Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Previously, it was the capital of the Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Katowice Voivodeship (województwo katowickie was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975&ndash1998 superseded by the The Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship (Autonomiczne Województwo Śląskie Autonome Woiwodschaft Schlesien was an autonomous region of the Poland created as the Katowice is the main city of the Upper Silesian Industry Area and the central district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union. Upper Silesian Industry Area (Upper Silesian Industrial Region ( Polish: Górnośląski Okręg Przemysłowy, GOP is a Conurbation in Upper Silesia Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, USMU also known under official name Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia MAUS (Górnośląski Związek Metropolitalny is a Union Its population is 317,220 (2006), within a greater urban area populated by about 3. 5 million people.
The area around Katowice in Upper Silesia has been inhabited by ethnic Silesians from its earliest documented history. Upper Silesia (Horní Slezsko Oberschlesien Latin: Silesia Superior; Górny Śląsk Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk) is the southeastern part Silesians ( Silesian: Ślůnzoki; Ślązacy Slezané Schlesier are the inhabitants of Silesia in Poland, Germany and the It was first ruled by the Polish Silesian Piast dynasty (until its extinction). Silesian Piasts - line of Piast dynasty started by Władysław II the Exile, son of Bolesław III Wrymouth. From 1335 it was a part of the Crown of Bohemia. The " Czech lands " (České země is an auxiliary term used mainly to describe the combination of Bohemia, Moravia and Czech Silesia. In 1526 the territory passed to the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy after the death of King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Habsburg Monarchy (alternatively Habsburg Empire) refers to the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor In 1742 most of Silesia was annexed from Austria by the Kingdom of Prussia during the First Silesian War. The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918 and from 1871 was the leading state of the German Empire, comprising The Silesian Wars were a series of wars between Prussia and Austria (and their changing allies for control of Silesia.
Katowice was founded in the 19th century and gained city status in 1865 as Kattowitz in the Prussian Province of Silesia. The Province of Silesia (Provinz Schlesien Prowincja Śląsk was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1815 to 1919 the territory had been conquered from The city flourished due to large mineral (especially coal) deposits in the nearby mountains. Extensive city growth and prosperity depended on the coal mining and steel industries, which took off during the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was a period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when major changes in agriculture manufacturing and transportation had a profound effect on the Kattowitz was inhabited mainly by Germans, ethnic Silesians, Jews and Poles. The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ The Polish people, or Poles, (Polacy) are a Western Slavic Ethnic group of Central Europe, living predominantly in Poland. Previously part of the Beuthen district, in 1873 it became the capital of the new Kattowitz district. Landkreis Kattowitz was a rural district of the German -state of Prussia from 1873&ndash1922 and 1939&ndash45 On 1 April 1899, the city of Kattowitz was separated from the district, becoming an independent city. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1899 ( MDCCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common An independent city is a City that does not form part of another general-purpose Local government entity
As Katowice, the city became part of the Second Polish Republic following the Silesian Uprisings (1918-21). The Second Polish Republic or interwar Poland is the Republic of Poland between World War I and World War II. The Silesian Uprisings (Aufstände in Oberschlesien Powstania śląskie were a series of three armed uprisings of the Poles and Polish Silesians The land was subsequently divided by an allied commission and the League of Nations, leaving the city on the Polish side with significant autonomy (Silesian Parliament as a constituency and Silesian Voivodeship Council as the executive body). The League of Nations was an International organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919–1920 Silesian Parliament or Silesian Sejm (Sejm Śląski was the governing body of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship, an Autonomous Voivodeship
Between 1953-56 the city was renamed Stalinogród ("Stalin City") by Polish communists. Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party Polish communists can trace their origins to early 1800s as is the case in nearby countries Due to economic reforms, there has been a shift away from heavy industry, and towards small businesses. An economy is the realized social system of production exchange distribution and consumption of goods and services of a country or other area Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning as compared to Light industry.
Severe ecological damage to the environment occurred during the post-Second World War time of communist governance in the People's Republic of Poland, but recent changes in regulations, procedures and policies of Polish government since the fall of Communism have reversed much of the harm that was done. Ecological health or ecological integrity or ecological damage is used to refer to symptoms of an Ecosystem 's pending loss of Carrying capacity See also Natural environment The '''biophysical''' environment is the symbiosis between the physical environment and the Biological World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The People's Republic of Poland or Polish People's Republic ( Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL Russian In the 1970s and 1980s tension grew between the people of Poland and its Communist government as with the rest of the Eastern bloc as the influence of the Soviet
In administrative terms, Katowice is an urban community in the eastern part of Upper Silesia, now in Silesian Voivodeship in south-west Poland, within the central portion of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Upper Silesia (Horní Slezsko Oberschlesien Latin: Silesia Superior; Górny Śląsk Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk) is the southeastern part Silesian Voivodeship (also known as Silesia Province or by its Polish name of województwo śląskie or simply Śląskie) is a Voivodeship Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Górnośląskie Zagłębie Węglowe GZW is a Coal basin in Silesia, mostly in Poland but also partly in the It borders the towns of Chorzów, Siemianowice Śląskie, Sosnowiec, Mysłowice, Lędziny, Tychy, Mikołów, Ruda Śląska and Czeladz. Chorzów Subcarpathian Voivodeship Chorzów (Königshütte) is a city in Silesia southern Poland with around 114680 (2006 inhabitants and an area of 33 Siemianowice Śląskie is a city of the Upper Silesian Industry Area in Poland. Sosnowiec is a city located in the south of Poland. A county capital neighbouring Katowice, and a mining and industrial region it was one of the largest cities Mysłowice ( German Myslowitz) is a town in south Poland with 75183 inhabitants (2006 Lędziny (Lendzin is a town in south Poland with 16050 inhabitants (2006 Tychy (Tichau is a city in southern Poland with a population of 132600 Mikołów (Nikolai Silesian Mikouůw) is a town in south Poland with 42053 inhabitants (2005 Ruda Śląska is a city in south Poland with 149000 inhabitants (2001 member of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union. Czeladź is a town in south Poland with 34402 inhabitants (2004 In geographical terms, it lies between the Vistula and Oder rivers, on the Silesian Highlands. The Oder (known in Czech and Polish as Odra) is a River in Central Europe. Silesian Highlands (or Silesian Uplands, Wyżyna Śląska are highlands located in Silesia, Poland. Several rivers flow through the city, the major two being the Kłodnica and Rawa Rivers. Kłodnica (Klodnitz is a river in the Upper Silesia region It is about 75 km long and a right tributary of the Odra river. Rawa (pronounced) older name Roździanka) is a minor River (about 19 Within 600 kilometres of Katowice are the capital cities of six countries: Berlin, Vienna, Prague, Bratislava, Budapest and Warsaw. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. Vienna ( in Wien; see also other names) is the Capital of Austria, and is also one of the nine States of Austria. Prague (ˈprɑːg Praha (ˈpraɦa see also other names) is the Capital and Largest city of the Czech Republic. ARTICLE TEXT BEGINS AFTER THESE COMMENTS - PLEASE READ 1 Please do not edit the lead without reading Budapest ( also /ˈbʊ-/) is the capital city of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary it serves as the country's principal Political, Warsaw (Warszawa; also known by other names) is the Capital and Largest city of Poland.
The climate of the area is continental humid. The average temperature is 8 degrees Celsius (average -1. The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. 7°C in January and up to average 17. The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. 7°C in July). Yearly rainfall averages at 750 mm, the most rainy month being July. The Millimetre ( American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to The area's characterisitc weak winds blow at about 2 m/s from from the west (Moravian Gate). The Moravian Gate (Moravská brána Brama Morawska Mährische Pforte is a Geomorphological feature in Moravia, Czech Republic.
IV. Brynów is a District in Katowice, Poland. It is located in the south-west part of Katowice and is divided into two subdistricts Brynów East-Town
V. Location Giszowiec is located some 7 kilometers southeast from the center of Katowice and its geographical coordinates are 50° 14' N 19° 04' O coordinates 50° 14' N 19° South-Town
Katowice lies in the center of the largest agglomeration in Poland and is one of the largest in the European Union, numbering at about 3. Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, USMU also known under official name Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia MAUS (Górnośląski Związek Metropolitalny is a Union 5 million. This urban expansion bloomed in the 19th century thanks to the rapid development of the mining and metallurgical industries. The greater Katowice area (including the Upper Silesian Industrial Region consists of about 25 neighbouring cities. Upper Silesian Industry Area (Upper Silesian Industrial Region ( Polish: Górnośląski Okręg Przemysłowy, GOP is a Conurbation in Upper Silesia However, the whole metropolitan area (encompassing the Upper Silesian Coal Basin) consists of over 30 cities. Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Górnośląskie Zagłębie Węglowe GZW is a Coal basin in Silesia, mostly in Poland but also partly in the Katowice is also part of a megalopolis of over 7 million inhabitants covering Cracow, Katowice and Ostrava regions.
In the year 2006 Katowice and 14 neighboring cities united under one municipal organism - the union of cities - Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union. Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, USMU also known under official name Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia MAUS (Górnośląski Związek Metropolitalny is a Union Its population is 2 million and its area is 1,304 km². In 2006 and 2007, the union planned to unite these cities in one city under the name "Silesia"; however, this proved unsuccessful.
Examples of Modernism (International Style and Bauhaus inspired architecture) may be found in the city downtown. Modernism describes an array of Cultural movements rooted in the changes in Western society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century The International style was a major Architectural style of the 1920s and 1930s ("House of Building" or "Building School" is the common term for the, a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts and was famous Central Katowice also contain a significant number of Art Nouveau (Secesja) buildings along with the Communist Era giants such as Spodek or Superjednostka. Art Nouveau ( nu vo anglicised /ˈɑːt nuːvəu/ ( French for 'new art' also known as Jugendstil ( German for 'youth style' is an international
Katowice's Rynek is the old centre and marketplace of the city. Unfortunately many old buildings were demolished in the 1950s to make space for monumental communist modern buildings. The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive
Several streets around the Rynek and the Rynek itself are now closed to traffic and have been made into a shopping promenades. An esplanade is a long open level area usually next to a river or large body of water where people may walk
Regeneration of the Rynek area should start at 2007-2008 and there was an international architectural competition in 2006 to find the best design.
Best buildings and places to see in Katowice:
Katowice is a large coal and steel centre. Silesia City Center is a Shopping mall in Katowice, Silesia, Poland. It has several coal mines (Wujek Coal Mine, Mysłowice-Wesoła Coal Mine, Wieczorek Coal Mine, Murcki Coal Mine, Staszic Coal Mine) organized into unions - Katowice Coal Holding company (pl: Katowicki Holding Węglowy), two steelworks (Huta Baildon, Huta Ferum), and one foundry of non-ferrous metals (Huta Metali Nieżelaznych Szopienice). Kopalnia Wujek (English the "Uncle" Mine is a Coal mine in Katowice, Poland.
Katowice is also a large business and trade fair centre. Every year in Katowice International Fair and Spodek, tens of international trade fairs are organized. Katowice International Fair (Międzynarodowe Targi Katowickie MTK is an international Trade fair in Katowice and one of the largest in Poland (the largest being Spodek ( saucer in Polish) is a multipurpose Arena complex in Katowice, Poland, opened in 1971 at 35 Korfantego street Katowice has the second largest business centre in Poland (after Warsaw Business Centre). Skyscrapers stand along Chorzowska, Korfantego and Roździeńskiego street in the centre of the city. The newest office buildings (A-class) in Katowice are the Chorzowska 50, Altus Skyscraper and Silesia Towers (yet in build). Altus (also known as Uni Centrum or Business Center 2000) is a Skyscraper in Katowice, Silesia, Poland.
Katowice is the seat of Katowice Special Economic Zone (Katowicka Specjalna Strefa Ekonomiczna). A Special Economic Zone ( SEZ) is a geographical region that has economic laws that are more liberal than a country's typical economic laws
The unemployment rate in Katowice is one of the lowest in Poland, at 2,8% (in 2008), according to the official figures.
Katowice is the third largest scientific centre in Poland (after Warsaw and Cracow). Silesian Library (Biblioteka Śląska is one of the most modern libraries in Poland, and is located in the south-western city of Katowice, Silesia. It has over 20 schools of higher education, at which over 100,000 persons study.
There are also:
The public transportation system of the Katowice and Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union consists of four branches - buses, trams, trolleybuses and the regional rail united in the KZK GOP. Historical and Social Background The University of Silesia in Katowice was established in 1968 as the ninth university in Poland and is an autonomous The Karol Adamiecki University of Economics in Katowice ( Poland) is the only state University specializing in Economics and Business University of Music in Katowice ( The Karol Szymanowski Academy of Music in Katowice) The Medical University of Silesia is located in Katowice, Poland. Silesian University of Technology ( Polish name Politechnika Śląska) is a University located in Gliwice, Silesia, Poland The Polish Academy of Sciences, headquartered in Warsaw, is one of two Polish institutions having the nature of an Academy of sciences. High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution A gymnasium (pronounced with ɡ- in several languages is a type of school providing Secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English grammar See also Primary education A primary school (from French école primaire) is an institution where children receive the first stage of Compulsory A library is a collection of information sources resources and services and the structure in which it is housed it is organized for use and maintained by a public body an institution Silesian Library (Biblioteka Śląska is one of the most modern libraries in Poland, and is located in the south-western city of Katowice, Silesia. A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, USMU also known under official name Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia MAUS (Górnośląski Związek Metropolitalny is a Union A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train Various terms are used for Passenger rail lines and equipment Additional services are operated by private companies and the state-owned railways.
Silesian Interurbans - one of the largest tram systems in the World, in existence since 1894. Silesian Interurbans - one of the largest tram (streetcar systems in the world has been in existence since 1894 A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train Year 1894 ( MDCCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The system spreads for more than 50 kilometres (east-west) and covers fourteen districts of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union. Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, USMU also known under official name Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia MAUS (Górnośląski Związek Metropolitalny is a Union
Several important roads in neighbourhoods of Katowice (USMU):
The city and the area is served by the Katowice International Airport, located about 30 km from the center of Katowice. ||-||-||} European route E40 is the longest European route, more than 8000 km long connecting Calais in France via Belgium, Germany This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan ( Uzbek: O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or Ўзбекистон Республикаси is a doubly Kazakhstan, also Kazakstan ( Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, qɑzɑqˈstɑn Казахстан, Kazakhstán,) officially the The E75 is part of the International E-road network, which is a series of main roads in Europe. (Vuoreija Vuorea Várggát is a town and municipality in the county of Finnmark in the extreme northeast of Norway. Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional Finland, officially the Republic of Finland ( is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. Slovakia (long form Slovak Republic; Slovak:, long form, is a Landlocked country in Central Europe with a population of over five million Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic Serbia (Србија Srbija) officially the Republic of Serbia (Република Србија Republika Srbija) is a Landlocked Country The Republic of Macedonia (Република Crete ( Greek: Κρήτη transliteration: Krētē, modern transliteration Kriti) is the largest of the Greek islands and the Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία The Czech Republic ( ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka short form in Česko ˈt͡ʃɛskɔ also called Czechia, Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, USMU also known under official name Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia MAUS (Górnośląski Związek Metropolitalny is a Union The A1 motorway in Poland is a planned Motorway which when completed will run from North to South through central Poland from Gdańsk The Czech Republic ( ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka short form in Česko ˈt͡ʃɛskɔ also called Czechia, Tricity (or Tri-City, also called Treble City, in Polish Trójmiasto) is an Urban area The Baltic Sea is a Brackish inland sea located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N Latitude and from 20°E to 26°E Longitude. Katowice International Airport (Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy Katowice-Pyrzowice is an international Airport located in Pyrzowice, 30 km north of the The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand With over 20 international and domestic flights daily, it is by far the biggest airport in Silesia (~2 million passengers served in 2007; a new passenger terminal is currently being constructed).
Because of the long commute to the airport, there is a proposal to convert the much nearer sport aviation-serving Katowice-Muchowiec Airport into a so-called city airport, a second international airport for smaller, business-oriented traffic. Katowice-Muchowiec Airport (Lotnisko Katowice-Muchowiec ICAO code: EPKM) is a General aviation (mainly sport use Airport in the Muchowiec
The first railroad reached this area in 1846 (the Upper Silesia Railway, in Polish: Kolej Górnośląska; in German: Oberschlesische Eisenbahn). For the game see 1846 (board game. Year 1846 ( MDCCCXLVI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display Polish ( język polski, polszczyzna) is the Official language of Poland. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Nowadays Katowice is one of the main railway nodes and exchange points in Silesia and in Poland. Cheap and fairly efficient, the Polskie Koleje Państwowe (Polish State-Owned Railways) in the area of the proposed union constitute one of the main transport hubs in Poland (the most important one being Warsaw). Warsaw (Warszawa; also known by other names) is the Capital and Largest city of Poland. The main railroad station is Katowice Central Station. Katowice Central Station (or Katowice Main Station, Dworzec główny w Katowicach in Katowice, Silesia, Poland, is the biggest and most important Both the domestic and the international connections run from there to almost every major city in Poland and Europe.
Linia Hutnicza Szerokotorowa (known by its acronym LHS, English: Broad gauge metallurgy line) is the longest broad gauge railway line in Poland. Katowice Central Station (or Katowice Main Station, Dworzec główny w Katowicach in Katowice, Silesia, Poland, is the biggest and most important Broad Gauge Metallurgy Line (Polish Linia Hutnicza Szerokotorowa often known by its acronym LHS) is the longest Broad gauge Railway line English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Broad gauge Railways use a Rail gauge (distance between the rails greater than the Standard gauge of. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Except for this one line, and a few very short stretches near border crossings, Poland uses the standard gauge for its railways, unlike Russia and the other former countries of the Soviet Union. The standard gauge (also named the Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson, or Normal gauge) is a widely-used Rail gauge. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 The line runs on a single track for almost 400 km from the Polish-Ukrainian border, crossing it just east of Hrubieszów, to Sławków (one of the suburbs of the proposed union). Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. Hrubieszów is a town in southeastern Poland, with a population of 18661 (2004 Sławków Łódź Voivodeship Sławków is a town in Będzin County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland, with 6866 inhabitants (2007 It is used only for freight transport, mainly iron ore and coal. It is the westernmost broad gauge railway line in Europe that is connected to the broad gauge rail system of the countries which before 1991 constituted the Soviet Union. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. The line is managed by PKP Linia Hutnicza Szerokotorowa Spólka z o.o. company. This is an article about Polish railway company For an article about Railway line the company services go to Linia Hutnicza Szerokotorowa Previous name of this line was Linia Hutniczo Siarkowa (English: Metallurgy - Sulfur Line), but after sulfur ceased to be transported on the line its name was changed. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States
Katowice also has several canals, including the Gliwice Canal (pl:Kanal Gliwicki) which links Gliwice Harbour to the Oder River and thus to the waterway network across much of Germany and to the Baltic Sea. The Gliwice Canal (Kanał Gliwicki Gleiwitzer Kanal is a Canal connecting the Oder (Odra River to the city of Gliwice in Silesian Voivodeship
Kłodnica Canal (pl: Kanal Klodnicki) is no longer used to transport goods, but it is popular with leisure cruisers. The Kłodnicki Canal (Kanał Kłodnicki is a Canal along the Kłodnica River in Upper Silesia, Poland between the Oder River and
Discontinued sports clubs:
Katowice is twinned with:
Hans Sachs ( June 6, 1877, Katowice – March 25, 1945, Dublin) was a German serologist. Kurt Goldstein ( November 6, 1878 - September 19, 1965) was a German neurologist and psychiatrist who was a pioneer in modern Franz Leopold Neumann ( May 23, 1900 &ndash September 2 1954) was a German left-wing Political activist and labor Hans Bellmer ( 13 March[[ 902]] Katowice, Silesia, &ndash 23 February 1975 Paris, France) was an artist best Maria Goeppert-Mayer ( June 28, 1906 &ndash February 20, 1972) was a German -born American Chaskel Besser (February 12 1923&ndashpresent is a well known Orthodox Rabbi living in Manhattan. Kazimierz Julian Kutz (born 1929 is a Polish Film director, author journalist and politician one of the representatives of the Polish Film School Henryk Mikołaj Górecki (ˈxɛnrɨk mʲiˈkɔwaj guˈrɛ͡tski (born December 6 1933 in Czernica, Silesia, Poland) is a Polish Composer Henryk Modest Broder (born Henryk Marcin Broder on August 20, 1946) is a German Journalist and Author. Jerzy Kukuczka ( March 24 1948 – October 24 1989) born in Katowice, Poland, was a Polish alpine and high-altitude Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Groningen is the capital city of the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Miskolc (miʃkolts approximate pronunciation "Me-shkolts" in Slovak Miškovec, in Polish Miszkolc) is a city in North-East Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The city of Odense (Danish ˈoð̞ˀn̩sə) is the fourth largest city in Denmark. The Kingdom of Denmark ( ˈd̥ænmɑɡ̊ (archaic ˈd̥anmɑːɡ̊ commonly known as Denmark, is a country in the Scandinavian region of northern Europe Ostrava ( pronounced, Ostrau Ostrawa is the third largest city in the Czech Republic, however it is the second largest urban agglomeration after Prague The Czech Republic ( ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka short form in Česko ˈt͡ʃɛskɔ also called Czechia, Saint-Étienne ( Sant-Etiève in Arpitan) is a city in the central eastern part of France, 60 km (40 miles southwest of Lyon. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. St Francis is a city in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 'There is the only one American City in Poland' this is how Katowice was described in Thirties This is a list of Mayors of Katowice, Poland. 1866 - 1871: Louis Diebel 1871 - 1873 Wikitravel is a Web -based project "to create a free, complete up-to-date and reliable worldwide travel guide.