|Katmai National Park and Preserve|
|IUCN Category Ib (Wilderness Area)|
|Location||Lake and Peninsula, Kodiak Island, Kenai Peninsula, and Bristol Bay boroughs, Alaska, USA|
|Nearest city||King Salmon|
|Area||4,725,188 acres (19,122 km²)|
|Established||December 2, 1980|
|Visitors||82,634 (in 2007)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
Katmai National Park and Preserve is a United States National Park in southern Alaska, notable for the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes and for its brown bears. A wilderness area is a region where the land is in a natural state where impacts from human activities are minimal—that is as a Wilderness. Lake and Peninsula Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska, United States. Kodiak Island Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska, United States. Kenai Peninsula Borough is a borough of the US state of Alaska with a population of 49700 at the 2000 census. Bristol Bay Borough is a borough of the US state of Alaska located on Bristol Bay or Iilgayaq Bay Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent The United States of America —commonly referred to as the King Salmon is a Census-designated place (CDP in Bristol Bay Borough in the U Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The National Park Service ( NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation The National Park Service ( NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes is a Valley within Katmai National Park and Preserve in Alaska which is filled with ash flow from the The Brown Bear ( Ursus arctos) is an Omnivorous Mammal of the family Ursidae, distributed across much of northern Eurasia and The park covers 7,383 mi² (19,122 km²), being roughly the size of Wales. To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions  Areas between 10000 km² and 100000 km² are listed here This article describes unusual units of measurement that are sometimes used by Anglophone Scientists, especially Physicists and Mathematicians, and other Most of this is a designated wilderness area, including 5,288 mi² (13,696 km²) of the park. A wilderness area is a region where the land is in a natural state where impacts from human activities are minimal—that is as a Wilderness. The park is named after Mount Katmai, its centerpiece stratovolcano. Mount Katmai is a large Stratovolcano (composite volcano on the Alaska Peninsula in southern Alaska, located within Katmai National Park and A stratovolcano, also called a composite volcano is a tall conical Volcano composed of many layers of hardened Lava, Tephra, and Volcanic
Established on December 2, 1980, the park is located on the Alaska Peninsula, across from Kodiak Island, with headquarters in nearby King Salmon, about 290 air miles southwest of Anchorage. Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The Alaska Peninsula is a Peninsula extending about 800 km (500 miles to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands. Kodiak Island is a large island on the south coast of the US state of Alaska, separated from the Alaska mainland by the Shelikof Strait. King Salmon is a Census-designated place (CDP in Bristol Bay Borough in the U Originally, on September 24, 1918, the area was designated a national monument to protect the area around the major 1912 volcanic eruption of Novarupta, which formed the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, a forty square mile (100 km²), 100 to 700 foot deep, pyroclastic flow. Events 622 - Prophet Muhammad completes his hegira from Mecca to Medina. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common A National Monument in the United States is a Protected area that is similar to a National Park except that the President of the United States Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting Plate tectonics and hotspots Divergent plate boundaries At the Novarupta, meaning "new eruption" is a Volcano located on the Alaska Peninsula in the Katmai, about southwest of Anchorage. A pyroclastic flow (also known as a pyroclastic density current) is a common and devastating result of some volcanic eruptions.
Activities at Katmai include hiking, backpacking, camping, backcountry skiing, fishing, kayaking, boat tours, and interpretive programs. The word 'hiking' is understood in all English-speaking countries but there are differences in usage Backpacking (in US tramping, trekking, or bushwalking in other countries combines Hiking and camping in a single Definition Camping describes a range of activities Survivalist campers set off with little more than their boots whereas Recreational vehicle travelers arrive equipped Backcountry skiing is Skiing in a sparsely inhabited Rural region over ungroomed and unmarked slopes or Pistes More importantly the land and the snow pack For the computer security term see Phishing. Fishing is the activity of catching Fish. Kayaking is the use of a Kayak for moving across water Kayaking is generally differentiated from Canoeing by the sitting position of the paddler and the number of There are at least fourteen active volcanoes within the national park, most recently Fourpeaked Volcano, which became active September 17, 2006 after more than 10,000 years of dormancy. Plate tectonics and hotspots Divergent plate boundaries At the Fourpeaked Mountain also known as Fourpeaked volcano is an active Stratovolcano in Alaska This park contains numerous archaeological sites which indicate a long history of prehistoric occupations from the Paleoarctic tradition up to the Thule tradition. An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either Prehistoric or historic or contemporary and
Katmai is also well known for brown bears and the salmon which attract both bears and people. The Brown Bear ( Ursus arctos) is an Omnivorous Mammal of the family Ursidae, distributed across much of northern Eurasia and Salmon is the common name for several species of Fish of the family Salmonidae. Katmai contains the world's largest protected brown bear population, estimated to number in excess of 2,000. Bears are especially likely to congregate at the Brooks Falls viewing platform when the salmon are spawning, and many well known photographs of brown bears have been taken there. The coastal areas such as Hallo Bay, Kukak Bay and Chiniak host the highest population densities year-round, due to the availability of clams and edible coastal sedge as well as salmon and other fish. The family Cyperaceae, or the sedges, is a taxon of monocot Flowering plants that superficially resemble grasses or rushes
The vast majority of Katmai visitors come to Brooks Camp, one of the only developed areas of the park, and few venture further than the bear viewing platforms. Rangers at the park are extremely careful not to allow bears to obtain human food or get into confrontations with humans. As a result, bears in Katmai Park are uniquely unafraid of and uninterested in humans, and will allow people to approach (and photograph) much more closely than bears elsewhere.