|Coat of arms||Location|
|Mayor||Bertram Hilgen (SPD)|
|Area||161 km² (62. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Germany (Deutschland is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen States, known in German as Länder (singular Hesse (Hessen is a state of Germany with an area A Regierungsbezirk is a type of government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states ( ''Bundesländer'') Kassel is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Hesse, Germany, located in the north of the country German districts (de ''Kreise'' or de ''Landkreise'' in the states of Nordrhein-Westfalen and Schleswig-Holstein, singular de ''Kreis'' and de ''Landreis'' This is a list of urban districts in Germany. Germany is divided into 429 districts (not to be confused with the larger Regierungsbezirk) these consist Burgomaster (alternatively spelled Burgo[[meister]], literally translated meaning master of the town or master of the Fortress Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||167 m (548 ft)|
|- Density||1,202 /km² (3,113 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Kassel [ˈkasl̩] (until 1926 officially Cassel) is a city situated along the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany, one of the two sources of the Weser river . Year 1926 ( MCMXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Fulda (ˈfʊlda is a river in Hesse, Germany. It is one of two headstreams of the Weser (the other one being the Werra) Hesse (Hessen is a state of Germany with an area Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Weser (ˈveːzɐ is a River in north-western Germany. Formed at Hann It is the administrative seat of the Kassel administrative region (Regierungsbezirk) and of the district (Kreis) of the same name. Kassel is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Hesse, Germany, located in the north of the country A Regierungsbezirk is a type of government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states ( ''Bundesländer'') Kassel is a Kreis ( District) in the north of Hesse, Germany. The city has c. 198,500 inhabitants (2007) and covers an area of 106. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 77 square kilometres.
The city's name is derived from the ancient Castellum Cattorum, a castle of the Chatti, a German tribe that has lived in the area since Roman times. The Chatti (also Chatthi or Catti) were an ancient Germanic tribe whose homeland was near the upper Weser.
Kassel as such is first mentioned in 913 as the place where two deeds were signed by king Conrad I. Events By Place Africa The Shiite Fatimid state in modern day Tunisia launches a failed military campaign against Egypt A deed is a Legal instrument used to grant a Right. Deeds are part of the broader category of documents under seal. Conrad I (Konrad c 890&ndash December 23 918) called the Younger, was duke of Franconia from 906 and King of Germany from The place was called Chasella and was a fortification at a bridge crossing the Fulda river. A deed from 1189 certifies that Kassel had city rights, but the date of their conveyance is not known.
In 1567 the landgraviate of Hesse, until then centered in Marburg, was divided among four sons, with Hesse-Kassel becoming one of its successor states. Marburg is a city in Hesse, Germany, on the River Lahn. It is the main town of the Marburg-Biedenkopf district Kassel was its capital and became a centre of Calvinist Protestantism in Germany. Calvinism (sometimes called the Reformed tradition, the Reformed faith, or Reformed theology) is a theological system and an approach to the Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Strong fortifications were built to protect the Protestant stronghold against Catholic enemies. In 1685 Kassel became a refuge for 1700 Huguenots who found shelter in the newly established borough of Oberneustadt. The Huguenots were members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France (or French Calvinists) from the sixteenth to the eighteenth Landgrave Charles, who was responsible for this humanitarian act, also ordered the construction of the Oktagon and of the Orangerie. In the late 18th century Hesse-Kassel became infamous for selling mercenaries (Hessians) to the British crown to help suppress the American Revolution and to finance the construction of palaces and the landgrave's opulent lifestyle. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots"
In the early 19th century the Brothers Grimm lived in Kassel and collected and wrote most of their fairy tales. The Brothers Grimm ( German: Die Gebrüder Grimm) Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, A fairy tale or fairy story is a fictional Story that may feature folkloric characters (such as fairies, enchantments]] often involving At this time (1803) the landgravate was elevated to a principality and its ruler to Prince-elector. The Prince-Electors (or simply Electors) of the Holy Roman Empire ( German: Kurfürst ( pl Shortly after, it was annexed by Napoleon and, in 1807 became the capital of the short-lived Kingdom of Westphalia under Napoleon's brother Jérôme. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. Year 1807 ( MDCCCVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Kingdom of Westphalia was a historical state that existed from 1807 - 1813 in parts of present-day Germany. Jérôme-Napoléon Bonaparte French Prince King of Westphalia, 1st Prince of Montfort ( November 15, 1784 &ndash June 24, 1860 The electorate was restored in 1813. Year 1813 ( MDCCCXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
Having sided with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War for supremacy in Germany, the principality was annexed by Prussia in 1866. The Austro-Prussian Prussia ( Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Prūsija Prūsija Prusy Old Prussian: Prūsa) was most recently a historic state Year 1866 ( MDCCCLXVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Prussian administration united Nassau, Frankfurt and Hesse-Kassel into the new Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. Nassau was a German state within the Holy Roman Empire and later in the German Confederation. The Province of Hesse-Nassau (Provinz Hessen-Nassau was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1868-1918 then a province of the Free State of Prussia Kassel ceased to be a princely residence, but soon developed into a major industrial centre as well as a major railway junction.
In 1870 after the Battle of Sedan, Napoleon III was sent as a prisoner to the castle of Wilhelmshöhe above the city. Year 1870 ( MDCCCLXX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Battle of Sedan was fought during the Franco-Prussian War on 1 September 1870 Napoléon III, also known as Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (full name Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte) (20 April 1808 9 January 1873 was the first President Schloss Wilhelmshöhe is a palace near the city of Kassel in Germany.
Kassel was the Headquarters for Germany’s Wehrkreis IX. This Wehrkreis included part of Thuringia and part of Hesse. The Commander was General der Infanterie Schellert.
Wehrkreis XII was made up of three Bereich Hauptsitze: Kassel; Frankfurt am Main; and Weimar. Weimar (ˈvaɪmaʁ is a City in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of Thuringia (Thüringen north of the Thüringer Wald,
Bereich Hauptsitze Kassel was the headquarters for nine Unterregion-Hauptsitze, namely Kassel I; Kassel II; Korbach; Marburg (Lahn); Hersfeld; Siegen; Wetzlar; Fulda; and Giessen. Korbach, an over one thousand-year-old former Hanseatic town is the district seat of Waldeck-Frankenberg in northern Hesse Germany Marburg is a city in Hesse, Germany, on the River Lahn. It is the main town of the Marburg-Biedenkopf district Siegen is a city in Germany in the South Westphalian part of the North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate. Wetzlar is a town in the German federal state ( Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of the Lahn-Dill district Fulda (ˈfʊlda is a city in Hesse, Germany; it is located on the Fulda River and is the administrative seat of the Fulda district ( Kreis Gießen (ˈgiːsən is a town in the German federal state ( Bundesland) of Hessen, capital of both the district of Gießen and the administrative
Bereich Hauptsitze Frankfurt am Main was the headquarters for six Unterregion-Hauptsitze, namely Frankfurt am Main I; Frankfurt am Main II; Offenbach (Main); Aschaffenburg; Friedberg; and Hanau. Aschaffenburg (aˈʃafənbʊɐ̯k dialect) is a large town in northwest Bavaria, Germany. Hanau is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreis, in Hesse, Germany. It is located 25 km east of Frankfurt am Main.
Bereich Hauptsitze Weimar was the headquarters for nine Unterregion-Hauptsitze; namely Weimar; Sangerhausen; Gera; Rudolstadt; Mulhausen (Thuringia); Erfurt; Eisenach; Gotha; and Meiningen. Weimar (ˈvaɪmaʁ is a City in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of Thuringia (Thüringen north of the Thüringer Wald, Sangerhausen (zaŋɐˈhaʊzən is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, capital of the district of Mansfeld-Südharz, without being part of it Gera is the third largest city in the German state of Thuringia after Erfurt, the Thuringian capital Rudolstadt is a Town in the German Bundesland of Thuringia, close to the Thuringian Forest to the southwest and to Jena Mühlhausen (official Mühlhausen/Thüringen) is a City in the Federal state Thuringia, Germany. Erfurt (ˈɛɐ̯fʊɐ̯t is a City in central Germany. It is the Capital of the state of Thuringia with a population of 202619 (2006 Eisenach is a city in Thuringia, Germany. It is situated between the northern foothills of the Thuringian Forest and the Hainich National Park Meiningen is a town in Germany - located in the Southern part of the state of Thuringia and the district seat of Schmalkalden-Meiningen.
During World War II, a subcamp of Dachau concentration camp was located here. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Dachau was a Nazi German Concentration camp, and the first one opened in Germany located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions Factory near the The inmates provided slave labour for Henschel. As a social-economic system slavery is a legal institution under which a Person (called "a slave" is compelled to work for another Henschel & Son (Henschel & Sohn is a German company situated in Kassel, best known during the 20th century as a maker of transportation equipment including  During the night of October 22/23, 1943, 569 British bombers razed Kassel (see: Bombing of Kassel in World War II), destroying 90% of the city centre; some 30,000 people died in the raid and 150,000 were rendered homeless, in a firestorm comparable to the one in Hamburg in July 1943. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The city of Kassel in Germany was severely bombed during World War II and more than 10000 civilians died during these raids Hamburg (English, German: ˈhambʊɐk local pronunciation Low German / Low Saxon: Hamborg) is the second-largest city in Germany Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The attack had been disguised by a feint attack on Frankfurt am Main that commenced five minutes before the raid on Kassel. By far most of the casualties were civilians or wounded soldiers recuperating in local hospitals, whereas Kassel's heavy weapons factories survived the attack generally undamaged. The attack included one of the most accurate target markings since the Hamburg firestorm raid. On the night of the Kassel firestorm raid RAF Bomber Command introduced Operation Corona to confuse the German nightfighters, making the raid a complete success -- so devastating that the regional Gauleiter, Karl Weinrich, was removed from his post soon after. RAF Bomber Command was the organisation that controlled the RAF 's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968 Operation 'Corona' was a RAF initiative to confuse German nightfighters during Allied bomber raids on German cities during WWII. A Gauleiter was the party leader of a regional branch of the NSDAP (more commonly known as the Nazi Party) or the head of a Gau or of a Karl Weinrich (born 2 December 1887 in Molmeck; died 22 July 1973 in Hausen ( Hesse) was NSDAP He was replaced by Karl Gerland. Karl Gerland ( 14 July 1905 &ndash 21 April 1945) was a Nazi Gauleiter of Kurhessen.
The US First Army captured Kassel on April 3, 1945. The First United States Army was a field army of the United States Army. Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar After the war, most of the ancient buildings were not restored, and large parts of the city centre were completely rebuilt in the style of the 1950s. A few historic buildings, however, such as the Museum Fridericianum (see below), were restored.
There is a frequently repeated legend among Kassel citizens alleging that the city was close to becoming the provisional capital of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. It is true that the interim parliament ("Parlamentarischer Rat") was at that time considering a new location for the capital, since Berlin was then a special administrative region controlled directly by the allies and surrounded by the Soviet zone of occupation. The Parlamentarischer Rat (parliamentary council was a predecessor of the West German Bundestag. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. A number of cities were proposed to host the federal government, but Kassel was eliminated in the first round. Most of the members of the German constitutional assembly (as well as the U. A constituent assembly is a body elected with the purpose of drafting and in some cases adopting a Constitution. S. Supreme Command) favoured Frankfurt am Main where the Hessian administration had already started the construction of a plenary assembly hall. In the end Bonn won after Chancellor Konrad Adenauer intervened emphatically for Bonn which was only fifteen kilometers away from his hometown. Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. Located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer ( 5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967 was a German Statesman. Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. Located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand
Due to the destruction of 1943, the city was almost completely rebuilt in the 1950s. Hence there are very few old buildings in the centre. The oldest monument is the "Druselturm". The "Brüderkirche" and the St. Martin Church are also in part of medieval origin, but the towers of St. Martin are from the 1950s.
What historic buildings have survived are mainly outside the center of town. Wilhelmshöhe Palace, above the city, was built in 1786 by landgrave Wilhelm IX of Hesse-Kassel. Year 1786 ( MDCCLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The palace now is a museum and houses a world-famous wall paper collection, an important collection of graeco-roman antiques and a fine gallery of paintings comprising the second largest collection of Rembrandts in Germany. Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15 1606 &ndash October 4 1669 was a Dutch painter and etcher. It is surrounded by a beautiful park with many appealing sights. The Oktagon is a huge octagonal stone structure carrying a giant replica of Hercules "Farnese" (now at Museo Archeologico Nazionale in Naples, Italy). Hercules is the Roman name for the Mythical Greek hero Heracles, son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmena. From its base down to Wilhelmshöhe Palace runs a long set of artificial cascades which delight visitors during the summer months. The Löwenburg ("Lions Castle") is a replica of a medieval castle, also built during the reign of Wilhelm IX. After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 Napoléon III was imprisoned in Wilhelmshöhe. The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War ( 19 July, 1870 — 10 May, 1871 Napoléon III, also known as Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (full name Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte) (20 April 1808 9 January 1873 was the first President In 1918 Wilhelmshöhe became seat of the German Army Command (OHL): it was there that the military commanders Hindenburg and Ludendorff prepared the German capitulation. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes given incorrectly as von Ludendorff) (9 April 1865–20 December 1937 was a German Army officer, Generalquartiermeister
Another large park is the Karlsaue along the Fulda River. Established in the 16th century, it is famous for the Orangerie, a palace built in 1710 as a summer residence for the landgraves. An Orangery was a building frequently found in the grounds of fashionable residences from the 17th to the 19th century and given a classicising architectural form Today there is also a planetarium in the park. A planetarium is a Theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about Astronomy and the night sky or for training in Celestial navigation
Kassel is scene of Documenta, an important international exhibition of modern and contemporary art. documenta is an exhibition of modern and Contemporary art which now takes place every five years in Kassel, Germany. Art exhibitions are traditionally the space in which Art objects (in the most general sense meet an Audience. History of Modern art Roots in the 19th century Although modern Sculpture and Architecture are reckoned to have emerged at the end of the nineteenth Contemporary art can be defined variously as art produced at this present point in time or art produced since World War II. Museums include: Schloss Wilhelmshöhe (Antiquities Collection and Old Masters; wall paper museum), Museum für Sepulkralkultur (the only German Museum of the culture of funerals); Art Gallery (Albrecht Dürer, Rubens, Rembrandt, Frans Hals, Anthony van Dyck), New Gallery (Tischbein Family, Joseph Beuys). Schloss Wilhelmshöhe is a palace near the city of Kassel in Germany. Albrecht Dürer (ˈalbʀɛçt ˈdyʀɐ ( May 21, 1471 &ndash April 6, 1528) was a German painter, Printmaker Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15 1606 &ndash October 4 1669 was a Dutch painter and etcher. Frans Hals (c 1580– August 26, 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter especially famous for portraiture. Joseph Beuys (ˈjoːzɛf ˈbɔʏs May 12, 1921 – January 23,
The city operates a tramway system; a Stadtbahn-like system with light rail vehicles running on both main line rail and tram tracks, called RegioTram, is currently being deployed. A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train See also Light rail Stadtbahn (literally in German: city railway) or Premetro, is a Tramway or Light railway which The city also operates buses, and was responsible for the development of the Kassel kerb which improves the alignment of modern low-floor buses with bus stops. A Kassel kerb is a concave-section made for buses kerb stone which is intended for use at Bus stops served by modern low floor buses which have improved A bus stop is a designated place where a Public transport Bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave a bus
The city is connected to the DB network by two stations, Kassel Hauptbahnhof, the traditional central station that has been reduced to the function of a regional station since the opening of the Hanover-Würzburg high-speed rail line in 1991, and Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe, the station on said high-speed line where InterCityExpress and InterCity services call at. Deutsche Bahn AG ( DB AG, DBAG or DB) is the German national Railway company History The Deutsche Bundesbahn began construction of the line in 1973. Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe is a Railway station in the city of Kassel, in the German state of Hesse. The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and neighbouring countries InterCity (commonly abbreviated IC on timetables and tickets is the classification applied to certain long-distance Passenger train services in
Regarding autobahn services, Kassel is connected to the A 7, A 49 and A 44. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor is the longest German Autobahn and the longest national motorway in Europe at 935 km (581 mi is an Autobahn in central Germany, currently serving as a local collector for the city of Kassel. History of construction The first section of this motorway which was opened was the connection between Aachen and the interchange Aachen
In 1558 the first German observatory was built in Kassel, followed in 1604 by the Ottoneum, the first permanent theater building, and in 1779 by Europe's first public museum, named the Museum Fridericianum after its founder. An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial and/or celestial events Theatre (or theater, see spelling differences) is the branch of the Performing arts defined by Bernard Beckerman as what "occurs when one Year 1779 ( MDCCLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common A museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development open to the public which acquires conserves researches communicates and exhibits the By the end of the 19th century the museum held one of the largest collections in the world of watches and clocks. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar A watch is a timepiece that is made to be worn on a person The term now usually refers to a wristwatch, which is worn on the wrist with a strap or Bracelet. Circadian Locomotor Output Cycles Kaput, or Clock is a gene which encodes proteins regulating Circadian rhythm. Since 1955 the documenta, an international exhibition of modern and contemporary art, has been held regularly in Kassel. documenta is an exhibition of modern and Contemporary art which now takes place every five years in Kassel, Germany. The documenta now takes place every 5 years and the next will be in mid-2012. As a result of the documenta 6 (1977), Kassel has become the first town worldwide, that was illuminated by LASER-beams at night (Laserscape, by artist Horst H. Baumann).
Famous inhabitants of Kassel include Jerome Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, while he was king of Westphalia; the Brothers Grimm; F. W. Murnau, the movie director; Paul Reuter, founder of the Reuters news agency; Philipp Scheidemann, briefly Germany's Chancellor after World War I; and Louis Spohr, the 19th-century composer and violinist, who is commemorated by a museum in the city. Jérôme-Napoléon Bonaparte French Prince King of Westphalia, 1st Prince of Montfort ( November 15, 1784 &ndash June 24, 1860 Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. The Brothers Grimm ( German: Die Gebrüder Grimm) Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau, better known as F W Murnau ( December 28, 1888 &ndash March 11, 1931) was one of the most influential Paul Julius Baron von Reuter ( July 21, 1816 - February 25, 1899) was a German -born British journalist and media owner Philipp Scheidemann ( 26 July 1865 &ndash 29 November 1939) was a German Social Democratic politician who proclaimed the World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Louis Spohr ( April 5, 1784 &ndash October 22, 1859) was a German Composer, Violinist and conductor. Astrid and Thorwald Proll, members of the German terrorist group the Red Army Faction (also known as the Baader-Meinhof gang) active during the 1970s and 1980s, were born here in 1947 and 1941, respectively. Astrid Proll (born 29 May 1947, in Kassel) was a German terrorist and member of the Baader-Meinhof Gang. The Red Army Faction or RAF ( German Rote Armee Fraktion) (in its early stages commonly known as Baader-Meinhof Group ''Gang'' was one Kassel is also the birthplace of Annika Mehlhorn, a German butterfly and medley swimmer who competed in the 2004 Summer Olympics. Annika Mehlhorn (born August 5, 1983 in Kassel, Hesse) is a butterfly and medley Swimmer from Germany The 2004 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, was an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated Helmut Hasse (1898 - 1979) did fundamental work in algebra and number theory. Helmut Hasse (ˈhasə ( 25 August 1898 – 26 December 1979) was a German Mathematician working in Algebraic
Kassel is twinned with