Karl Landsteiner (June 14, 1868 – June 26, 1943), was an Austrian biologist and physician. Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Year 1868 ( MDCCCLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich A biologist is a Scientist devoted to and producing results in Biology through the study of Organisms Typically biologists study organisms and their relationship A physician, medical practitioner or medical doctor who practices Medicine, and is concerned with maintaining or restoring human Health He is noted for his development in 1901 of the modern system of classification of blood groups from his identification of the presence of agglutinins in the blood, and in 1930 he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting A blood type (also called a blood group) is a classification of Blood based on the presence or absence of inherited Antigenic substances on the Agglutinin is a protein found in Cow 's milk Because agglutinin clumps cow's milk requires Homogenization in order to remain smooth Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin is awarded once a year by the Swedish Karolinska Institute. With Alexander S. Wiener, he identified the Rh factor in 1937. Dr Alexander S Wiener (1907-1976 a lifelong resident of New York City, was recognized internationally for his contributions to Science. The term Rhesus (Rh blood group system refers to the 5 main Rhesus Antigens (C c D E and e as well as the many other less frequent Rhesus antigens Year 1937 ( MCMXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He was awarded a Lasker Award in 1946 posthumously. The Albert Lasker Medical Research Awards have been awarded annually since 1946 to living persons who have made major contributions to Medical science.
He was born in Vienna, Austria to Leopold Landsteiner, a journalist and newspaper editor who was also a doctor of law. Vienna ( in Wien; see also other names) is the Capital of Austria, and is also one of the nine States of Austria. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich A journalist (also called a newspaperman) is a person who practices Journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events trends Editing Language, Images or Sound through correction condensation organization and other modifications in various media His father died when Karl was six, and he was raised by his mother, Fanny Hess. He earned a medical degree at the University of Vienna in 1891, and was also wellgrounded in chemistry, having studied under Hermann Emil Fischer. The University of Vienna (Universität Wien is a Public university located in Vienna, Austria. Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Chemistry (from Egyptian kēme (chem meaning "earth") is the Science concerned with the composition structure and properties Hermann Emil Fischer (9 October 1852 - 15 July 1919 was a German Chemist and recipient of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1902 In 1908 he became professor of pathology at the University of Vienna. Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The meaning of the word professor ( Latin: professor, person who professes to be an expert in some art or science teacher of highest rank) varies Pathology (from Greek grc πάθος pathos, "fate harm" and grc -λογία -logia) is the study and In 1916 he married Helen Wlasto, and the couple had one son. Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Following World War I, he left for the Netherlands. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands In 1922 he joined the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York, and he remained there for the remainder of his life. Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous During this period he became an American citizen. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Karl Landsteiner died of a heart attack while still working at his laboratory. Myocardial infarction ( MI or AMI for acute myocardial infarction) also known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply