Lennon rehearsing "Give Peace a Chance" in 1969
|Birth name||John Winston Lennon|
|Born||9 October 1940|
|Died||8 December 1980 (aged 40)|
New York City, New York, United States
|Genre(s)||Rock, pop, experimental|
|Occupation(s)||Singer-songwriter, Musician, Poet, Artist, Peace activist|
|Instrument(s)||Vocals, guitar, bass guitar, piano, harmonica|
|Years active||1957 – 1975, 1980|
|Label(s)||Parlophone, Capitol, Apple, EMI, Geffen|
|Associated acts||The Beatles|
Plastic Ono Band
The Dirty Mac
Les Paul Junior
John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (born John Winston Lennon; 9 October 1940–8 December 1980) was an English rock musician, singer, songwriter, artist, and peace activist who gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. " Give Peace a Chance " is a song written by John Lennon and originally credited to Lennon/McCartney (John Lennon and Paul McCartney) Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Liverpool ( is a City and Metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The City of New York New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. Pop music as a genre features a noticeable rhythmic element catchy melodies and hooks, a mainstream style and conventional structure Experimental music is a term introduced by composer John Cage in 1955 Singer-songwriter is a term that refers to Performers who write, compose and sing their own material including Lyrics A musician is a person who plays or writes Music. Musicians can be classified by their roles in creating or performing music An instrumentalist plays a A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of Activities to do with creating Art, practicing the Arts and/or demonstrating A peace activist is a Political activist who advocates for a peaceful resolution of political disputes A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making Music. Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, which is often contrasted with Speech. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The electric bass guitar (also called electric bass, or simply bass; ˈbeɪs as in "base" is a Stringed instrument played primarily with the The piano is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with Felt covered hammers A harmonica is a free reed Wind instrument which is played by blowing air into it or drawing air out by placing lips over individual holes (reed chambers or In the Music industry, a record label can be a Brand and a Trademark associated with the Marketing of music recordings and Music Parlophone is a Record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company. Capitol Records is a major United States -based Record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood California and New York City as Apple Records is a record label founded by The Beatles in 1968 as a division of Apple Corps Ltd. The EMI Group is a British music company comprising the major record company EMI Music – which operates several labels and is based in Kensington in Geffen Records is an American Record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operated as one third of UMG's Interscope-Geffen-A&M label The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 The Plastic Ono Band was a conceptual supergroup formed by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1969 before the dissolution of The Beatles. The Dirty Mac were an English supergroup consisting of John Lennon, Eric Clapton, Keith Richards and Mitch Mitchell that Overview The Rickenbacker 325 features a 20-3/4" short scale dot fretboard inlays and a small (12-3/4" wide body The Epiphone Casino is a thinline hollow body electric Guitar manufactured by Epiphone, a branch of Gibson. The Gibson J-160E is one of the first acoustic-electric guitar models produced by the Gibson Guitar Corporation. The Gibson Les Paul Jr was initially released in 1954 as an affordable entry level Les Paul electric guitar The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. A musician is a person who plays or writes Music. Musicians can be classified by their roles in creating or performing music An instrumentalist plays a The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of Activities to do with creating Art, practicing the Arts and/or demonstrating A peace activist is a Political activist who advocates for a peaceful resolution of political disputes The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 As a member of the group, Lennon was one of the lead vocalists and co-wrote the majority of the band's songs with bassist Paul McCartney. Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942 is an English rock Singer, Bass guitarist songwriter Composer,
In his solo career, Lennon wrote and recorded songs such as "Give Peace a Chance" and "Imagine". " Give Peace a Chance " is a song written by John Lennon and originally credited to Lennon/McCartney (John Lennon and Paul McCartney) " Imagine " is a song by John Lennon, which appears on his 1971 album Imagine. Lennon revealed his rebellious nature and wit on television, in films such as A Hard Day's Night, in books such as In His Own Write, and in press conferences and interviews. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic A Hard Day's Night is a 1964 British Comedy film written by Alun Owen starring The Beatles — John Lennon, Paul McCartney A Book is a set or collection of written printed illustrated or blank sheets made of Paper, Parchment, or other material usually fastened together In His Own Write is a Book from 1964 by John Lennon. The book consists of short stories and line drawings often surreal and always nonsensical He was controversial through his work as a peace activist, artist, and author. Activism, in a general sense can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change Drawing is a Visual art that makes use of any number of drawing instruments to mark a two-dimensional medium A writer is anyone who creates a written work although the word usually designates those who write creatively or professionally as well as those who have written in many different forms
Lennon had two sons: Julian Lennon, with his first wife Cynthia Lennon, and Sean Ono Lennon, with his second wife, avant-garde artist Yoko Ono. John Charles Julian Lennon (born 8 April 1963) known universally as Julian Lennon, or by many fans Jude, is an English Cynthia Lennon (née Powell) (born 10 September 1939 in Blackpool, Lancashire, England is the former wife of John Lennon. Sean Taro Ono Lennon (aka Sean Ono Lennon, born 9 October 1975 is an American singer songwriter musician and actor Avant-garde (avɑ̃gaʁd in French) means "advance guard" or "vanguard born in Tokyo on February 18 1933 is a Japanese Artist and Musician. After a self-imposed retirement from 1976 to 1980, Lennon reemerged with a comeback album, but was murdered one month later in New York City on 8 December 1980. Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) In 2002, respondents to a BBC poll on the 100 Greatest Britons voted Lennon into eighth place. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Lennon number 38 on its list of "The Immortals: The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time" and ranked The Beatles at number one. Rolling Stone is a United States -based Magazine devoted to Music, Politics, and Popular culture that is published
John Winston Lennon was born on October 9, 1940, in the Liverpool Maternity Hospital, Oxford Street, Liverpool, to Julia Lennon (née Stanley) and Alfred (Alf, or Freddie) Lennon, during the course of a German air raid in World War II. Julia Stanley Lennon (née Stanley) (12 March 1914 &ndash 15 July 1958 was the mother of John Lennon. Alfred "Alf" Lennon (14 December 1912 – 1 April 1976 was the Father of English musician John Lennon. Mary Elizabeth "Mimi" Smith (née Stanley) (1903 – 6 December 1992 is best known as the maternal Aunt and parental guardian of the English musician George Toogood Smith (1903–5 June 1955 was the maternal uncle through marriage of John Lennon. Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Liverpool ( is a City and Metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary Julia Stanley Lennon (née Stanley) (12 March 1914 &ndash 15 July 1958 was the mother of John Lennon. Alfred "Alf" Lennon (14 December 1912 – 1 April 1976 was the Father of English musician John Lennon. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Strategic bombing is a Military strategy used in a Total war with the goal of defeating an enemy nation-state by destroying its economic ability to wage war rather World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including  He was named after his paternal grandfather, John 'Jack' Lennon, and Winston Churchill. The father is defined as the Male Parent of an offspring The Adjective "paternal" refers to father parallel to "maternal" for Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC, PC (Can ( 30 November 1874  Alf was a merchant seaman during World War II, and was often away from home, but sent regular pay cheques to Julia, who was living with Lennon at 9 Newcastle Road, Liverpool, but the cheques stopped when Alf went AWOL in 1943. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In Military terminology desertion is the Abandonment of a " Duty " or post without permission from one's Government or superior  When Alf eventually came home in 1944, he offered to look after Julia and Lennon, but Julia (who was pregnant with another man's child) rejected the idea.  After considerable pressure from her sister, Mary "Mimi" Smith (who contacted Liverpool's Social Services to complain about Julia) she handed the care of Lennon over to Mimi. Mary Elizabeth "Mimi" Smith (née Stanley) (1903 – 6 December 1992 is best known as the maternal Aunt and parental guardian of the English musician Child protection is used to describe a set of usually government-run services designed to protect Children and encourage Family stability  In July 1946, Alf visited Mimi and took Lennon to Blackpool, secretly intending to emigrate to New Zealand with him. Blackpool (/ˈblækˌpul is a seaside town in Lancashire, England. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island  Julia followed them, and after a heated argument Alf made the five-year-old Lennon choose between Julia or him, and Lennon chose Alf twice. As Julia walked away, Lennon began to cry and followed her. Alf then lost contact with Lennon until Beatlemania, when father and son met again. Beatlemania is a term that was used during the 1960s to describe the intense fan frenzy (particularly demonstrated by young teen girls directed toward The Beatles, particularly 
Throughout the rest of his childhood and adolescence, Lennon lived with his Aunt Mimi and her husband George Smith, who had no children of their own, in Woolton, in a house called "Mendips" (251 Menlove Avenue). George Toogood Smith (1903–5 June 1955 was the maternal uncle through marriage of John Lennon. Woolton is a suburb of Liverpool, Merseyside, England and a Liverpool City Council Ward. 251 Menlove Avenue, named Mendips, is a National Trust property the childhood home of John Lennon, singer and songwriter with The Beatles Mimi bought volumes of short stories for Lennon, and George, who was a dairyman at his family's farm, engaged Lennon in solving crossword puzzles, and bought him a harmonica. This article is about the occupation of milk delivery For the Phranc album see Milkman (album. (Smith died on 5 June 1955). Events 70 - Titus and his Roman Legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar)  Julia Lennon visited Mendips almost every day, and when Lennon was 11 he often visited her at 1 Blomfield Road, Liverpool. Julia taught Lennon how to play the banjo, and played Elvis Presley's records to him. The first song he learned was Fats Domino's "Ain't That A Shame". Antoine Dominique "Fats" Domino (born February 26, 1928 in New Orleans Louisiana) is a classic R&B and Rock and roll "After "Ain't It a Shame" mainstream artists began covering Domino's songs 
Lennon was raised as an Anglican, and attended Dovedale County Primary School until he passed his Eleven-Plus exam. Anglicanism is a tradition of Christian faith Churches in this tradition either have historical connections to the Church of England or have similar beliefs The following is a partial list of active Schools in Merseyside, England. In the United Kingdom the Eleven Plus or Transfer Test is an Examination administered to some students in their last year of primary education  From September 1952 to 1957, he attended the Quarry Bank High School in Liverpool, where he was known as a "happy-go-lucky" pupil, drawing comical cartoons and making fun of his teachers by mimicking their odd characteristics. Calderstones School is an English Comprehensive school located on Harthill Road in the Liverpool suburb of Allerton. An impressionist is a performer whose act consists of giving the "impression" of being someone else by imitating the other person's voice and mannerisms 
Julia bought Lennon his first guitar in 1957, which was a Gallotone Champion acoustic (a cheap model that was "guaranteed not to split"). The Gallotone Champion Guitar was an acoustic guitar manufactured in South Africa by the country's largest record company Gallo Africa, during the 1950s and '60s  Julia insisted it be delivered to her house and not to Mimi's, who hoped that Lennon would grow bored with music, as she was sceptical of Lennon's claim that he would be famous one day, often telling him, "The guitar's all very well, John, but you'll never make a living out of it. " On 15 July 1958, when Lennon was 17, Julia was killed on Menlove Avenue (close to Mimi's house) when struck by a car driven by an off-duty police officer. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final Year 1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  Her death was a bond between Lennon and Paul McCartney, who also had lost his own mother (to breast cancer) on 31 October 1956. Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942 is an English rock Singer, Bass guitarist songwriter Composer, Breast cancer is a Cancer that starts in the cells of the Breast in women and men Events 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 91 NLTse Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
Lennon failed all his GCE O-level examinations, and was only accepted into the Liverpool College of Art with help from his school's headmaster and Mimi. The General Certificate of Education or GCE is a secondary-level academic qualification that Examination boards in the United Kingdom confer to students Liverpool College of Art is located at 68 Hope Street, in Liverpool, England. Headmaster redirects here For the type of Transformers please see Headmaster (Transformers. Lennon met his future wife there, Cynthia Powell, when Lennon was a Teddy Boy. Cynthia Lennon (née Powell) (born 10 September 1939 in Blackpool, Lancashire, England is the former wife of John Lennon. The British Teddy Boy Subculture is typified by young men wearing clothes inspired by the styles of the Edwardian period, which Savile Row tailors  Lennon was often disruptive in class and ridiculed his teachers, resulting in them refusing to have him as a student.  Lennon failed an annual Art College exam despite help from Powell, and dropped out before his last year of college. 
Lennon started The Quarrymen in March 1957, while attending Quarry Bank Grammar School. The Quarrymen (circa late 1956—October 1959/1997—present are an English Skiffle band that was formed in Liverpool in the latter part of 1956 by John Calderstones School is an English Comprehensive school located on Harthill Road in the Liverpool suburb of Allerton.  On 6 July 1957, Lennon met McCartney at the Quarrymen's second concert at the St. Events 1044 - The Battle of Ménfő takes place 1189 - Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Peter's Church Woolton Garden fête. Woolton is a suburb of Liverpool, Merseyside, England and a Liverpool City Council Ward.  McCartney's father told his son that Lennon would get him "into trouble", but later allowed The Quarrymen to rehearse in the front room at 20 Forthlin Road. See also Jim and Mary McCartney 20 Forthlin Road is a National Trust property in south Liverpool, Merseyside, England.  It was there that Lennon and McCartney began writing songs together. The first song Lennon completed was "Hello, Little Girl" when he was 18 years old, which later became a hit for the Fourmost. The Fourmost were an English Merseybeat band that recorded in the 1960s  McCartney convinced Lennon to allow George Harrison to join the Quarrymen (even though Lennon thought Harrison to be too young) after Harrison played the song "Raunchy" for Lennon on the upper deck of a bus. George Harrison, MBE (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001 was an English rock Guitarist Singer - Songwriter, Author  Harrison joined the band as lead guitarist, and Stuart Sutcliffe—Lennon's art school friend—later joined as bassist. Lead guitar refers to the use of a Guitar to perform Melody lines instrumental fill passages, and Guitar solos within a song structure Stuart Fergusson Victor Sutcliffe (23 June 1940 &ndash 10 April 1962 was an Artist, and the original bassist of The Beatles for two years Art movement Art school is a colloquial term for any educational institution (whether elementary secondary post-secondary/undergraduate or graduate/postgraduate with a primary focus The electric bass guitar (also called electric bass, or simply bass; ˈbeɪs as in "base" is a Stringed instrument played primarily with the  After a series of name changes, the group decided on The Beatles. Lennon was always considered the leader of the group, as McCartney explained: "We all looked up to John. He was older and he was very much the leader - he was the quickest wit and the smartest and all that kind of thing. "
Allan Williams became the Beatles' first manager in May 1960, after they had played in his Jacaranda club. Allan Williams was born in Bootle, Liverpool, and is a former businessman and promoter of Welsh descent Jacaranda (pronounced,, or) is a Genus of 49 species of Flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical  A few months later he booked them into Bruno Koschmider's Indra club in Hamburg, Germany. Bruno Koschmider was a German entrepreneur in Hamburg, Germany. Bruno Koschmider was a German entrepreneur in Hamburg, Germany. Hamburg (English, German: ˈhambʊɐk local pronunciation Low German / Low Saxon: Hamborg) is the second-largest city in Germany Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe.  Lennon's Aunt Mimi was horrified when Lennon told her about the trip to Hamburg, and pleaded with him to continue his studies.  After the first residency Sutcliffe left The Beatles to concentrate on his artwork, and to be with Astrid Kirchherr. Astrid Kirchherr (born 20 May 1938 is a German Photographer and Artist and is well known for her association with the Beatles (along with her McCartney took over as bass player for the group.  Koschmider reported McCartney and drummer Pete Best for arson after the two attached a condom to a nail in the 'Bambi' (a cinema where they were staying) and set fire to it. Pete Best (b 24 November 1941 in Madras, British India) is a A condom is a device most commonly used during Sexual intercourse.  They were deported, as was George Harrison for working under age. George Harrison, MBE (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001 was an English rock Guitarist Singer - Songwriter, Author  A few days later Lennon's work permit was revoked and he went home by train. Work permit is a generic term for a legal authorization which allows a person to take employment 
After Harrison turned 18 and the immigration problems had been solved, The Beatles went back to Hamburg for another residency in April 1961. While they were there, they recorded "My Bonnie" with Tony Sheridan. My Bonnie is a 1962 album by Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers better known as The Beatles. Tony Sheridan (born Anthony Esmond Sheridan McGinnity on May 21,  News of Sheridan and The Beatles' record was published on the front page of Mersey Beat—a Liverpool music magazine—which was available at Brian Epstein's music store, and prompted Epstein to order extra copies from Polydor. Mersey Beat was a music publication in Liverpool, England in the early 1960s NEMS Enterprises defaults here For the Latin American record label see NEMS Enterprises (label. Polydor Records is a Record label currently headquartered in the UK, and is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group.  In April 1962, The Beatles went back to Hamburg to play at the Star-Club, and were told that Sutcliffe had died two days before they arrived. For the band see Starclub. The Star-Club was a music club in Hamburg, Germany that opened Friday 13 April  This was another shock for Lennon, after losing his Uncle and his mother. 
On 9 May 1962, George Martin signed The Beatles to EMI's comedy label, Parlophone. Events 1457 BC - Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Sir George Henry Martin CBE (3 January 1926 is a British record producer arranger and Composer. After their first recording session, Martin voiced his displeasure with drummer Pete Best. Pete Best (b 24 November 1941 in Madras, British India) is a  It was decided that Ringo Starr, drummer with Rory Storm and the Hurricanes, should join, although it was left to manager Epstein to inform Best. Ringo Starr, MBE (born Richard Starkey on 7 July 1940 is an English Musician, Singer, Songwriter and Actor Rory Storm (21 September 1939 - 28 September 1972 was an English singer and musician Epstein dismissed Best on 16 August 1962, which was almost exactly two years after Best had joined the group. Events 1384 - The Hongwu Emperor of Ming China, Emperor Dong hears a case of a couple who tore paper money bills while fighting Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  The Beatles released their first double-sided original single, "Love Me Do" b/w "P.S. I Love You" on 5 October; it reached #17 on the British charts (although Starr did not play on these tracks, Martin having secured the services of Andy White a session drummer, before he knew Best had been replaced). " Love Me Do " is an early Lennon/McCartney song principally written by Paul McCartney in 1958&ndash59 while playing truant from school Events 869 - The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch Photius of Constantinople Andy White (born 1930 Glasgow, Scotland) is a Drummer, best known for playing Drums on The Beatles first single, " On 11 February 1963, the group recorded their first album, Please Please Me. Events 660 BC - Traditional founding date of Japan by Emperor Jimmu. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Please Please Me is the first album recorded by The Beatles, rush-released on March 22, 1963 in the United Kingdom to capitalise They recorded the entire album in one day with Lennon suffering from a common cold. Acute viral nasopharyngitis or acute coryza, usually known as the common cold, is a highly contagious viral Infectious disease of the  Originally, the Lennon-McCartney songs on the first pressing of the album (recorded in one day on 11 February 1963) as well as the single "From Me to You", and its B-side, "Thank You Girl", are credited to "McCartney-Lennon", but this was later changed to "Lennon-McCartney". Events 660 BC - Traditional founding date of Japan by Emperor Jimmu. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. " From Me to You " is a song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney and released by The Beatles as a single in 1963. " Thank You Girl " is a song by The Beatles and released as the B-side of " From Me to You " which was recorded on the same day ( 5  Lennon and McCartney usually needed an hour or two to finish a song; most of which were written in hotel rooms after a concert, at Wimpole Street—Jane Asher's home—or at Cavendish Avenue; McCartney's home or at Kenwood (Lennon's house). Jane Asher (born 5 April 1946) is an English actress, who is well known in the United Kingdom for her Television career Kenwood is a house on the St George's Hill estate Weybridge, England 
The album and single hit #1 in Britain, and EMI offered the album to their U. S. subsidiary, Capitol Records, but they turned it down. Capitol Records is a major United States -based Record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood California and New York City as  Epstein finally secured a deal with Vee-Jay Records; a predominantly black R&B and gospel label. Vee-Jay Records was a Record label founded in the 1950s specializing in Blues, Jazz, Rhythm and blues and Rock and roll.  Neither the single or the accompanying album, "Introducing The Beatles," were successful in the US. By the time the group recorded "She Loves You", they were dropped from Vee Jay and once again, Capitol declined to release their records. " She Loves You " is a song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, originally recorded by The Beatles for release as a single in 1963 EMI were forced to release it on the even more obscure Swan Records label. Swan Records was a mid-20th century United States based Record label, founded in 1957, based in Philadelphia Pennsylvania.  It did eventually hit #1 in January 1964, after Capitol Records finally released "I Want To Hold Your Hand" in America. " I Want to Hold Your Hand " is a song by the English pop and rock band The Beatles. Following the historic Ed Sullivan Show appearances, The Beatles would embark on a two-year non-stop period of productivity: constant international tours, making movies, and writing hit songs. Lennon wrote two books, "In His Own Write" and "A Spaniard In The Works", while The Beatles achieved recognition from the British Establishment when they were appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire in the 1965 Queen's Birthday Honours. In His Own Write is a Book from 1964 by John Lennon. The book consists of short stories and line drawings often surreal and always nonsensical The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Queen's Birthday Honours (or King's Birthday Honours when the monarch is male is a civic occasion on the celebration of the Queen's Official Birthday in which 
Lennon complained that nobody heard them play for all the screaming, and their musicianship was beginning to erode.  By the time he wrote his 1965 song Help, he said he was subconsciously crying out for help and seeking change.  The catalyst for this change occurred on 4 March 1966, when Lennon was interviewed for the London Evening Standard by Maureen Cleave, and talked about Christianity by saying: "Christianity will go. Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. The London Evening Standard is an English Tabloid regional local newspaper published and sold in London and surrounding areas of southeast Maureen Cleave is a journalist who worked for the London Evening News and London Evening Standard in the 1960s conducting interviews with famous Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings It will vanish and shrink. I do not know what will go first, rock 'n' roll or Christianity. We're more popular than Jesus now. Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) Jesus was all right, but his disciples were thick and ordinary. In Christianity, the disciples were the students of Jesus during his ministry. " Five months later, an American teen magazine called Datebook reprinted part of the quote on its front cover.  The American Bible Belt protested in the South and Midwest, and conservative groups staged public burnings of Beatles' records and memorabilia. The Bible Belt is an informal term for an area of the United States of America in which socially conservative Evangelical Protestantism is a The Southern United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South &mdashconstitutes a large distinctive Social conservatism is a political or moral ideology that affirms the government's role in encouraging or enforcing traditional values or behaviors in the belief that these are what A souvenir (from French, for memory) memento or keepsake is an object a traveler brings home for the memories associated with  Many radio stations banned The Beatles' music, and some concert venues cancelled performances. At a press conference in Chicago, on 11 August 1966, Lennon addressed the growing controversy:
|“||I was not saying whatever they're saying I was saying. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Events 2492 BC - Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. I'm sorry I said it really. I never meant it to be a lousy anti-religious thing. I apologise if that will make you happy. I still do not know quite what I've done. I've tried to tell you what I did do, but if you want me to apologise, if that will make you happy, then OK, I'm sorry. ||”|
The Vatican accepted Lennon's apology. The Roman Curia is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See and the central governing body of the entire Roman Catholic Church, together with the Pope  Lennon later wrote, "I always remember to thank Jesus for the end of my touring days; if I hadn't said that The Beatles were 'bigger than Jesus' and upset the very Christian Ku Klux Klan, well, Lord, I might still be up there with all the other performing fleas! God bless America. Ku Klux Klan ( KKK) is the name of several past and present secret domestic terrorist organizations in the United States, generally in the southern states that are Thank you, Jesus. "
At the end of 1968, Lennon performed as part of the group Dirty Mac, in The Rolling Stones' Rock and Roll Circus film. The Dirty Mac were an English supergroup consisting of John Lennon, Eric Clapton, Keith Richards and Mitch Mitchell that The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus is a film released in 1996 of a December 11, 1968 event put together by The Rolling Stones. The supergroup, made up of Lennon, Eric Clapton, Keith Richards and Mitch Mitchell, also backed Ono's performance. SuperGroup is a Reality show on the channel VH1. The show puts together five Heavy metal musicians packed into a large mansion that must play a show after Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE (born 30 March 1945 is an English Blues-rock Guitarist, singer Songwriter and Composer Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943 is an English Guitarist, Songwriter, Singer, producer and a founding member of The Rolling John "Mitch" Mitchell (born 9 July, 1947 in Ealing, Middlesex) is an English Drummer, most famous for his involvement  Lennon also released "Two Virgins" with Ono, an album known more for its cover than the musical content. Unfinished Music No1 Two Virgins is a Noise music album released by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1968 Lennon and Ono were married on 20 March 1969, and he soon released a series of fourteen lithographs called "Bag One" depicting scenes from their honeymoon. Events 1600 - The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. , eight of which we deemed indecent and most were banned and confiscated. 
Lennon left The Beatles in September 1969 (Starr had previously left and then returned during 1968, and Harrison had left on 10 January 1969, during the filming for Let It Be, but returned after a Beatles' meeting at Starr's house two days later). Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Let It Be is the twelfth and final original album released by The Beatles.  Lennon agreed not to make an announcement while the band renegotiated their recording contract, but McCartney released a question-and-answer interview that he had written himself in April 1970, declaring that he was no longer a member of The Beatles.  Lennon's reaction when told was, "Jesus Christ! He [McCartney] gets all the credit for it!" Lennon later told Rolling Stone: "I was a fool not to do what Paul did, which was use it to sell a record," (McCartney's first solo album) and later wrote, "I started the band. I finished it. "
In 1970, Jann Wenner recorded an interview with Lennon that was played on BBC radio in 2005. Jann Simon Wenner (born January 7, 1946, in New York City) is the co-founder and publisher of the music and politics biweekly Rolling Stone The interview reveals Lennon's bitterness towards McCartney and the hostility he felt that the other members had for Ono. Lennon said: "One of the main reasons The Beatles ended is because we got fed up with being sidemen for Paul. After Brian Epstein died we collapsed. NEMS Enterprises defaults here For the Latin American record label see NEMS Enterprises (label. Paul took over and supposedly led us. But what is leading us when we went round in circles?" Lennon later expressed his displeasure with the scant credit he was given as an influence on George Harrison in his autobiography, I Me Mine, and unhappy that McCartney's songs, such as "Yesterday", "Hey Jude" and "Let It Be" were more covered than his own contributions, but Lennon also stated his true feelings about his former band members by saying: "I still love those guys. George Harrison, MBE (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001 was an English rock Guitarist Singer - Songwriter, Author " Yesterday " is a pop song originally recorded by The Beatles for their 1965 album Help!. " Hey Jude " is a song by the English rock band The Beatles that was recorded in 1968 "Let It Be" is a song by The Beatles, released in March 1970 as a single and as the Title track of their album Let It Be. The Beatles are over, but John, Paul, George and Ringo go on. "
While still a Beatle, Lennon and Ono recorded three albums of experimental music, Unfinished Music No.1: Two Virgins, Unfinished Music No.2: Life with the Lions, and Wedding Album. The following lists detail the solo Discography of John Lennon. Unfinished Music No1 Two Virgins is a Noise music album released by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1968 Unfinished Music No2 Life with the Lions is an album of Experimental music released by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1969 and the successor Wedding Album is the final in a succession of three experimental albums by John Lennon and Yoko Ono. His first "solo" album was Live Peace in Toronto 1969—recorded prior to the breakup of The Beatles—recorded at a Rock 'n' Roll Festival in Toronto with The Plastic Ono Band. Live Peace in Toronto 1969 is a live album recorded by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1969 in Toronto, Ontario, at a Rock and Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario The Plastic Ono Band was a conceptual supergroup formed by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1969 before the dissolution of The Beatles. He also recorded three solo singles: the anti-war anthem, "Give Peace a Chance", "Cold Turkey", and "Instant Karma!". " Cold Turkey " is a song written by John Lennon, and recorded by The Plastic Ono Band. " Instant Karma! " was recorded for and is John Lennon 's third solo single on Apple Records. Following The Beatles' split in 1970, Lennon released the John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band album. John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band is the début solo album by English rock musician John Lennon. It included "Working Class Hero", which was banned by BBC Radio for its use of the word "fucking". " Working Class Hero " is a song from John Lennon 's first post- Beatles solo album 1970's John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band. BBC Radio is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation which has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a Royal Charter since 1927 
His album Imagine followed in 1971, and the title song would later become an anthem for anti-war movements. Imagine is John Lennon 's second solo Album and is considered the most popular of his solo works The song "How Do You Sleep?" was widely perceived as having been written as a personal attack against McCartney, although Lennon later claimed the song was about himself. " How Do You Sleep? " is a song from John Lennon 's 1971 album Imagine, in which he implicitly disparages former Beatles  On 31 August 1971, Lennon left England for New York, and released the "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" single in December of 1971. Events 1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill dying suddenly a few days later without children to succeed the Throne Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar.  To advertise the single, Lennon and Ono paid for a billboard in Times Square, New York, which read, "WAR IS OVER" in large text with "if you want it" in much smaller text underneath. Times Square is a major intersection in Manhattan, New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue and stretching from West  Some Time in New York City was released in 1972. Some Time in New York City was released in 1972 and is John Lennon 's third post- Beatles album fifth with Yoko Ono and third with producer Recorded with Elephant's Memory, it contained songs about women's rights, race relations, Britain's role in Northern Ireland, and Lennon's problems obtaining a United States Green Card. Elephant's Memory was a New York band most notable for backing up John Lennon and Yoko Ono during 1972 (appearing as the Plastic Ono Elephant's Memory Band Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of A United States Permanent Resident Card, also known as a green card, is an Identification card attesting to the Permanent resident status of an Alien  Lennon had been interested in left-wing politics since the late 1960s, and reportedly donated money to the Trotskyist Workers Revolutionary Party. Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. The Workers' Revolutionary Party is a small Trotskyist Political party in the United Kingdom. 
In 1972, Lennon released "Woman Is the Nigger of the World". Many radio stations refused to broadcast the song, although Lennon was allowed to perform it on The Dick Cavett Show. The Dick Cavett Show has been the title of several Talk shows hosted by Dick Cavett on various Television networks including  On 30 August 1972 Lennon and Elephant's Memory gave two benefit concerts at Madison Square Garden in New York to benefit the patients at the Willowbrook State School mental facility on Staten Island. Events 1363 - Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A benefit concert is a Concert, show or gala featuring musicians comedians or other performers that is held for a charitable purpose often directed at a specific Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, and known colloquially as The Garden, has been the name of four Arenas in New York City. Willowbrook State School was a state-supported institution for children with mental retardation located in central Staten Island in New York City. Staten Island (ˌstætənˈaɪlənd is a borough of New York City situated primarily on the island of the same name  These were to be Lennon's last full-length concert appearances. 
In November 1973, Lennon released Mind Games, which was credited to "the Plastic U. Mind Games is John Lennon 's fourth post- Beatles solo album and was recorded and released in 1973 F. Ono Band". He also wrote "I'm the Greatest" for Ringo Starr's album Ringo (his own demo version of the song appears on the John Lennon Anthology) and produced "Too Many Cooks (Spoil The Soup)" for Mick Jagger. " I'm The Greatest " is a song written by John Lennon for Ringo Starr; both former members of the music group The Beatles. Ringo Starr, MBE (born Richard Starkey on 7 July 1940 is an English Musician, Singer, Songwriter and Actor "Ringo" is the third solo Album by Ringo Starr, released in 1973 John Lennon Anthology is a Box set of home demos alternative Studio outtakes and other unreleased material recorded by John Lennon over the Sir Michael Philip "Mick" Jagger, Kt (born 26 July 1943 is a Golden Globe -winning and two-time Grammy -winning English rock In September 1974, Lennon released Walls and Bridges and the single "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night" (a #1 duet with Elton John). Walls and Bridges is an album by John Lennon, released in October 1974. " Whatever Gets You thru the Night " is a song on John Lennon 's 1974 album Walls and Bridges. A second single from the album, "#9 Dream", was released in December. He wrote "Goodnight Vienna" for Starr, and played piano on the recording. Goodnight Vienna is the fourth solo album by Ringo Starr. It was recorded in the summer of 1974 in Los Angeles and released later that year  On 28 November, Lennon made a surprise guest appearance at Elton John's Thanksgiving concert at Madison Square Garden after he lost a bet with Elton that "Whatever Gets You" would reach #1. Thanksgiving, or Thanksgiving Day, is a traditional North American Holiday, which is a form of harvest festival.  Lennon performed "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night" and "I Saw Her Standing There". Disambiguation Lucy in the Sky redirects here For the heroine of this name see Karolina Dean. " I Saw Her Standing There " is a song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney and is the opening track on the The Beatles ' debut Album Lennon rush-released his Rock 'n' Roll album of cover songs in February 1975 – with Phil Spector as producer – before Roots: John Lennon Sings the Great Rock & Roll Hits was released (issued by Morris Levy on the Adam VIII label). Rock 'n' Roll is a 1975 Album of late 1950s and early 1960s-era rock songs covered by John Lennon. Harvey Philip Spector (born December 26 1940) is an American Record producer and Songwriter. Morris Levy ( August 27, 1927 &ndash May 21, 1990) was an American music industry executive who is best known as the owner of the record 
Lennon's last stage appearance was on ATV's 18 April 1975 special called A Salute to Lew Grade performing "Imagine", "Stand By Me" (cut from the televised edition), and "Slippin' and Slidin'" from his Rock 'n' Roll LP. Associated TeleVision Limited, best known simply as ATV, was a British ITV company from 1955 until 1981 Events 1025 - Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lew Grade Baron Grade (25 December 1906&ndash13 December 1998 born Lev Winogradsky, was an influential Showbusiness Impresario and Television  Lennon's backup band was BOMF (also known as "Etc. " that evening).  The band members wore two-faced masks, which were digs at Grade, with whom Lennon and McCartney had been in conflict with because of Grade's control of The Beatles' publishing company. Dick James, The Beatles' publisher, had sold his majority share in Maclen Music (Lennon's and McCartney's publishing company) to Grade in 1969. Dick James (born Reginald Leon Isaac Vapnick, 12 December 1920, in East End, London &mdash died 1 February 1986) During "Imagine", Lennon interjected the line "and no immigration too", a reference to his battle to remain in the United States.  In October 1975, Lennon fulfilled his contractual obligation to EMI/Capitol for one more album by releasing Shaved Fish, a greatest hits compilation. Shaved Fish is the seventh Album by John Lennon, released in October of 1975 on Apple Records, catalogue SW 3421 On 9 October 1975 – Lennon's 35th birthday – his son Sean Ono Lennon was born, and Lennon retired from the music business to care for him. Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lennon interrupted his retirement briefly for Ringo Starr, writing and recording "Cookin' (In The Kitchen of Love)" in June 1976. This was his last recording session until his 1980 comeback. 
Lennon emerged from retirement in November 1980, releasing Double Fantasy, which also featured Ono. Double Fantasy is the comeback album by John Lennon and Yoko Ono, released in 1980 initially on the newly-formed Geffen Records, and then In June of 1980, Lennon had travelled with Sean to Bermuda for a sailing trip on a 43-foot schooner, where he wrote songs for the album. Ba (officially The Bermuda Islands or The Somers Isles) is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. A schooner (ˈskuːnɚ is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts Schooners were first used by the  The name of the album was taken from a species of freesia flowers that Lennon had seen in the Bermuda Botanical Gardens. Freesia (Ecklon ex Klatt is a Genus of 14-16 species of Flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, native to Africa. Bermuda Botanical Gardens features 36 acres of flowers shrubs and trees He liked the name and saw it as a perfect description of his marriage to Ono.  After the release of the album, Lennon started planning the next album, Milk and Honey. Milk and Honey is an album of music by John Lennon and Yoko Ono released in 1984  Lennon was asked whether the group were dreaded enemies or the best of friends in 1980. He replied that they were neither, but had not seen any of them for a long time. Lennon said that the last time McCartney had visited Lennon they had watched the episode of Saturday Night Live, in which Lorne Michaels made a $3,000 cash offer to get The Beatles to reunite on the show. Saturday Night Live ( SNL) is a weekly late-night 90-minute American Sketch comedy / Variety show based in New York City Lorne Michaels (born November 17, 1944) is a Canadian -American Emmy -winning television producer,  They had considered going to the studio to appear as a joke, but were too tired.  This event was fictionalized in the 2000 television film, Two of Us. For other uses see Two of Us. Two of Us is a 2000 television Drama (and the third original VH1 film 
In one of his last major interviews, in September 1980, Lennon said that he had never questioned his chauvinistic attitudes towards women until he met Ono. Chauvinism (ˈʃoʊvɨnɪzəm is extreme and unreasoning Partisanship on behalf of a group to which one belongs especially when the partisanship includes malice and hatred Lennon was always distant with his first son, but was close to his second son, calling him, "My pride". Near the end of Lennon's life, he said that he accepted the role of househusband, after taking on the role of a wife and mother in his relationship with Ono. Homemaker is a mainly American term which may refer either to the person within a family who is primarily concerned with the management of the household whether A wife is a Female spouse or participant in a Marriage, or Civil union or Civil partnership. 
Cynthia Powell met Lennon at the Liverpool Art College in 1957. Liverpool College of Art is located at 68 Hope Street, in Liverpool, England.  Although Lennon was not her type, she was attracted to him. After hearing Lennon comment favourably about another girl who looked like Brigitte Bardot, Powell changed the colour of her hair to blonde. Brigitte Bardot ( (born 28 September 1934 is a French actress, former fashion model, Singer and animal welfare/rights activist  Their relationship started after a college party before the summer holidays when Lennon asked Powell to go a pub with him and some friends.  Powell pretended to be engaged (to a young man called Barry, in Hoylake) so Lennon stormed off, shouting, "I didn't ask you to fucking marry me, did I?" Lennon was often jealous, as he once slapped Powell across the face (knocking her head against the wall) the day after he saw her dancing with Sutcliffe.  In mid-1962, Powell discovered she was pregnant with Lennon's child.  They were married on 23 August at the Mount Pleasant Register Office in Liverpool. Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire In England and Wales The Register Office is primarily the local office for the registration of births deaths and marriages (BD&M and for the conducting of civil marriages Manager Epstein thought a married Beatle might alienate some fans and insisted the Lennons keep their union a secret. John Charles Julian Lennon was born in Sefton General Hospital on 8 April 1963. Events 217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
Lennon was on tour and would not see Julian for three days, and shortly after went on holiday to Spain with Epstein, which would lead to speculation of an affair between the two. At McCartney's twenty-first birthday party, a drunken Lennon attacked Cavern Club MC Bob Wooler for saying "How was your honeymoon, John?" (Wooler was referring to Lennon's marriage, and not Lennon's holiday in Spain with Epstein). Bob Wooler (born Frederick James Wooler 19 January 1926, Liverpool — died 8 February 2002, Liverpool was most notable for being A honeymoon is the traditional holiday taken by newlyweds to celebrate their marriage in intimacy and seclusion  In 1991, a fictionalized account of the Lennon/Epstein holiday was made into an independent movie called The Hours And Times.  Lennon was distant to Julian, who felt closer to McCartney than to his father. Julian later said, "I've never really wanted to know the truth about how dad was with me. There was some very negative stuff talked about me . . . like when he said I'd come out of a whiskey bottle on a Saturday night.  Stuff like that. You think, where's the love in that? Paul and I used to hang about quite a bit . . . more than dad and I did. We had a great friendship going and there seems to be far more pictures of me and Paul playing together at that age than there are pictures of me and my dad. "
Cynthia Lennon had become aware of Lennon's infidelities, but cites his increasing drug use for their growing apart. She was also aware of Lennon's friendship with Ono. Eventually, she actually suggested to Lennon that perhaps Ono was the woman for him.  When Lennon and The Beatles went to Bangor to meditate, Cynthia and Lennon were separated on the train platform. Bangor, in Gwynedd, North Wales, is one of the smallest cities in the United Kingdom. A policeman, who did not recognize her, kept her from boarding the train. As she watched Lennon pull out of the station, she broke into tears. In the documentary Imagine she explained, "Normally I wouldn't have broken down, I'd have kept my cool. . . I knew I'd get there anyway. But at that point I felt so sad. This was symbolic of our life. . . I'm getting off at this station. " Lennon later tried to sue Cynthia for divorce, claiming she had committed adultery and not him.  When it was discovered that Ono had become pregnant, Cynthia petitioned Lennon for divorce. During negotiations Lennon refused to give his wife any more than £75,000, saying, "What have you done to deserve it? Christ, it's like winning the bloody pools. " The case was settled out of court, with Cynthia receiving £100,000, £2,400 annually, custody of Julian and the Lennons' house (Kenwood). 
When Lennon and Ono moved to New York, Julian would not see his father again until 1973.  During the time Lennon and Ono were separated, he lived with his personal assistant, May Pang. With Pang's encouragement, it was arranged for Julian (and Cynthia) to visit Lennon in Los Angeles, where they went to Disneyland. Disneyland, marketed as the happiest place on Earth, is an American Theme park in Anaheim, California, owned and operated by the Walt  Julian started to see his father more regularly, and played drums on "Ya Ya" from Lennon's 1974 album Walls and Bridges.  Lennon also bought Julian a Gibson Les Paul guitar, and a drum machine for Christmas in 1973, and encouraged Julian's interest in music by showing him some chords. The Gibson Les Paul is a solidbody Electric guitar originally developed in the early 1950s For the early "drum machine" computers that used a rotating cylinder as their main memory see Drum memory A drum machine is an  In his 1980 Playboy interview, Lennon was quoted as saying: "Sean was a planned child, and therein lies the difference. I don't love Julian any less as a child. He's still my son, whether he came from a bottle of whiskey or because they didn't have pills in those days. He's here, he belongs to me, and he always will. " which hurt Julian. In an interview shortly before his death, Lennon said he was trying to re-establish a connection with the then 17-year-old Julian, and confidently predicted that "Julian and I will have a relationship in the future. " Both Julian and Sean Lennon went on to have recording careers years after their father's death. John Charles Julian Lennon (born 8 April 1963) known universally as Julian Lennon, or by many fans Jude, is an English Sean Taro Ono Lennon (aka Sean Ono Lennon, born 9 October 1975 is an American singer songwriter musician and actor  After Lennon's death, it was revealed that Julian was not mentioned in Lennon's will. In Common law, a will or testament is a document by which a person (the Testator) regulates the rights of others over his or her Property  It was said that Ono gave Julian £20 million, which Julian refuted by saying that it was minimal compared to the figure reported. 
There are two versions of how Lennon and Ono met: On 9 November 1966, Lennon went to the Indica gallery in London, where Ono was preparing her conceptual art exhibit, and they were introduced by gallery owner John Dunbar. Events 694 - Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims sentencing all Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Indica Gallery was a Counterculture Art gallery in Mason's Yard (off Duke Street Mayfair, London, England during the late 1960s John Dunbar (born in 1943 in Mexico City) is a British Artist, collector and former gallerist best known for his connections to the 1960s art  Lennon was intrigued by Ono's "Hammer A Nail" Piece: patrons hammered a nail into a wooden board, creating the art piece. Lennon wanted to hammer a nail in the clean board, but Ono stopped him because the exhibit had not opened. Dunbar then said to Ono, "Don't you know who this is?" Ono had not heard of The Beatles but relented, on the condition that Lennon pay her five shillings. Lennon then said, "I'll give you an imaginary five shillings and hammer an imaginary nail. " The second version is that in late 1965, Ono was in London compiling original musical scores for a book that John Cage was working on. WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> John Milton Cage Jr  She knocked on McCartney's door, but he declined to give her any manuscripts as he kept all his originals, but suggested that Lennon might oblige. When asked, Lennon gave the original handwritten lyrics to "The Word" from Rubber Soul to Ono. They were reproduced in Cage's book, Notations. 
Lennon began his physical relationship with Ono—seven years his senior—in May 1968, after Lennon returned from India, where he had received numerous postcards from Ono, who was in London. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country  As Cynthia Lennon was in Greece on holiday, Lennon invited Ono to his home, where they spent the night recording what would become the Two Virgins album, and later said they made love at dawn. Unfinished Music No1 Two Virgins is a Noise music album released by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1968  When Cynthia returned home she found Lennon and Ono, who was wearing Cynthia's bathrobe, drinking tea together. Lennon simply said, "Oh, Hi".  Cynthia filed for divorce later that year, on the grounds of John's adultery, which was proven by Ono's pregnancy. Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the termination of a Marriage. Ono later miscarried John Ono Lennon II on 21 November 1968. John Ono Lennon II was the unborn baby of John Lennon and Yoko Ono, conceived during the spring of 1968 and miscarried by Ono on November Events 164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
During Lennon's last two years in The Beatles, he and Ono began public protests against the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia Lennon sent back his MBE insignia in 1969, which Queen Elizabeth had bestowed upon him in 1965. For the ship see RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Context States headed by Elizabeth II  He wrote: "Your Majesty, I am returning this in protest against Britain's involvement in the Nigeria-Biafra thing, against our support of America in Vietnam, and against "Cold Turkey" slipping down the charts. With love. John Lennon of Bag. " The couple were married in Gibraltar on 20 March 1969, and spent their honeymoon in Amsterdam campaigning for an international "Bed-In" for peace. Gibraltar (dʒɨˈbrɒltər is a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar Events 1600 - The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Amsterdam (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland in the west During the Vietnam War, in 1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono held two week-long Bed-Ins for Peace in Amsterdam and Montreal, which were They planned another "Bed-in" in the United States, but were denied entry. The couple then went to neighbouring Montréal, and during a "Bed-in" at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel recorded "Give Peace a Chance". Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec The Queen Elizabeth Hotel ( French: Le Reine Elizabeth; official English name Fairmont The Queen Elizabeth) is a Grand hotel in Montreal  Lennon and Ono often combined advocacy with performance art, as in their "Bagism", which was first introduced during a Vienna press conference. This article is about Performance art For other uses see Performance (disambiguation Bagism is a term which was created by John Lennon and Yoko Ono as part of their extensive peace campaign in the late 1960s Lennon detailed this period in The Beatles' song "The Ballad of John and Yoko". " Ballad of John and Yoko " is a song released by The Beatles as a single in May 1969  In April 1969, on the roof of Apple Records, Lennon changed his name to John Ono Lennon.  After Ono was injured in a car accident, Lennon arranged for a king-sized bed to be brought to the recording studio as he worked on The Beatles' last album, Abbey Road. Abbey Road is the eleventh official album released by The Beatles.  To escape the acrimony of The Beatles' breakup, Ono suggested they move permanently to New York, which they did on 31 August 1971. Events 1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill dying suddenly a few days later without children to succeed the Throne Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. They first lived in the St. Regis Hotel on 5th Avenue, East 55th Street, and then moved a loft at 105 Bank Street, Greenwich Village, New York City, on 16 October 1971. 55th Street is a two-mile-long one-way Street traveling east to west across Midtown Manhattan. Greenwich Village (ˌgrɛnɪtʃ ˈvɪlɪdʒ often simply called the Village, is a largely residential area on the west side of downtown (southern Manhattan Events 456 - Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. After a robbery, they relocated to the more secure Dakota at 1 West 72nd Street, in February 1973. The Dakota, constructed from October 25, 1880 to October 27, 1884, is an Apartment building located on the northwest corner of Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. 
In June 1973, Ono decided that she and Lennon should separate. May Fung Yee Pang (龐鳳儀 / 庞凤仪 (born October 24 1950 is best known as the former lover of ex- Beatle John Lennon. Ono suggested that he take their personal assistant, May Pang, as a companion.  Lennon soon moved to California with Pang, and embarked on a eighteen-month period he would later call his "Lost Weekend
While Lennon and Pang were living in L. A. , Lennon's drunken behaviour was widely reported by the media. Lennon also took the opportunity to get reacquainted with his son, Julian, whom he had not seen in four years. 
In May 1974, Lennon and Pang returned to New York where he began work on "Walls and Bridges. " On the evening of 23 August 1974, both Lennon and Pang claimed to have seen a U. Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. F. O. in the sky from their balcony. Lennon mentioned the sighting in the booklet accompanying the Walls and Bridges album.  When Lennon lost a bet to Elton John and joined on stage at Madison Square Garden in November 1974, Ono was in the audience.  Although Lennon would later claim he had no idea she was there, it was he who arranged for her seats. 
In December 1974, Harrison was in New York on the Dark Horse tour, and Lennon agreed to join him on stage, but they had an argument over Lennon's refusal to sign the agreement that would legally dissolve The Beatles partnership, which was meant to be at New York's Plaza Hotel on 19 December 1974. Events 324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Lennon finally signed the papers in Disney World in Florida, while on holiday there with Pang and Julian. Walt Disney World Resort is the most visited and largest recreational resort in the world containing four Theme parks two Water parks twenty-three themed hotels Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the  In January 1975, David Bowie achieved his first U. David Bowie (ˈboʊiː born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947 is an English Musician, actor producer, and arranger. S. #1 hit with "Fame", co-written with Lennon (who contributed vocals and guitar) and Carlos Alomar. " Fame " is a song recorded by David Bowie, initially released in 1974 and in remixed versions in 1990 Carlos Alomar (born 1951 in Ponce, Puerto Rico) is an American Guitarist, composer and arranger best known for his work with David Bowie 
On 31 January 1975, the Lennons reunited and, on 9 October 1975 – Lennon's 35th birthday – Ono gave birth to a son, Sean Ono Lennon. Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lennon issued a statement: "I feel higher than the Empire State Building" and soon retired from the music business. The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco Skyscraper in New York City at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street  He cited many reasons, but they were primarily the fact that he had been under contract since he was 22 years old and he was now free, rock 'n' roll was not as interesting as it once was, and the limited relationship he had had with first son made him decide to live a family life and become a househusband. 
Lennon and Ono used their honeymoon at the Amsterdam Hilton, in March 1969, as a "Bed-in for Peace" that attracted world-wide media coverage. Amsterdam (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland in the west UH Hilton Hoteljpg|thumbnail|right|The Hilton University of Houston in Houston Texas, located on the campus of the University of Houston, contains the Hilton College of "Popular press" redirects here note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint "The Popular Press"  At the second "Bed-in" in Montreal, in June 1969, they recorded "Give Peace a Chance" in their hotel room. The song was sung by over half a million demonstrators in Washington, D.C. at the second Vietnam Moratorium Day, on 15 October 1969. A demonstration is an historically and geographically common form of Nonviolent action by groups of people Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam was a large demonstration against the United States involvement in the Vietnam War that took place across the United Events 533 - Byzantine General Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  When Lennon and Ono moved to New York City in August 1971, they befriended peace activists Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman. Jerry Rubin ( July 14, 1938 – November 28, 1994) was a high-profile left-wing American social activist during the 1960s and Abbot Howard "Abbie" Hoffman (November 30 1936 &ndash April 12 1989 was a radical social and political activist in the United States who co-founded the Lennon performed at the "Free John Sinclair" concert in Ann Arbor, Michigan, on 10 December 1971. John Sinclair (born October 2 1941 in Flint Michigan, United States) is a Detroit Ann Arbor is a city in the US state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County. Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. Events 1041 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar.  Sinclair was an antiwar activist and poet who was serving ten years in state prison for selling two joints of marijuana to an undercover policeman. Joint is slang for a Cigarette rolled using cannabis. Usually Rolling papers (mostly made by subsidiaries of major tobacco Cannabis, also known as marijuana or marihuana, or ganja (from Hindi / Sanskrit: गांजा gānjā hemp) is a  Lennon and Ono appeared on stage with Phil Ochs, Stevie Wonder and other musicians, plus antiwar radical and Yippie member, Jerry Rubin, and Bobby Seale of the Black Panthers. Philip David Ochs ( December 19 1940 – April 9 1976) was a U Stevie Wonder (born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13 1950 name later changed to Stevland Hardaway Morris) is an The Youth International Party, whose members were commonly called Yippies, was a highly theatrical and Anti-authoritarian Political party established in Jerry Rubin ( July 14, 1938 – November 28, 1994) was a high-profile left-wing American social activist during the 1960s and Robert George "Bobby" Seale (born October 22, 1936 in Dallas Texas) is an American Civil rights activist who along The Black Panther Party (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a Marxist / Maoist African-American organization established Lennon performed the song, "John Sinclair", which he had just written, calling on the authorities to "Let him be, set him free, let him be like you and me". Some 20,000 people attended the rally, and three days after the concert the State of Michigan released Sinclair from prison.  This performance was released on the two-CD John Lennon Anthology (1998) and the album Acoustic (2004). Acoustic is a compilation album of John Lennon demos studio and live performances that feature his acoustic guitar work and was released in 2004 Lennon later performed the song on the David Frost Show accompanied by Ono and Jerry Rubin. Sir David Paradine Frost, OBE (born 7 April 1939) is an English Satirist and Television presenter, famed as both a 
In 1972, the Richard Nixon Administration wanted to silence Lennon by trying to have him deported from the U. Deportation, not to be confused with Extradition, generally means the expulsion of someone from a place or Country. S. , as Richard Nixon believed that Lennon's support for George McGovern could lose him the next election. George Stanley McGovern  Republican Senator Strom Thurmond suggested, in a February 1972 memo, that "deportation would be a strategic counter-measure" against Lennon. James Strom Thurmond ( December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003) was an American politician who served as governor of South Carolina and  The next month the Immigration and Naturalization Service began deportation proceedings against Lennon, arguing that his 1968 misdemeanour conviction for cannabis possession in London had made him ineligible for admission to the U. The United States Immigration and Naturalization Service ( INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice and handled legal and illegal Immigration A misdemeanor, or misdemeanour, in many common law legal systems is a "lesser" criminal act S. Lennon spent the next four years in deportation hearings.  While his deportation battle continued, Lennon appeared at rallies in New York City and on TV shows, including a week hosting the Mike Douglas Show in February 1972, where Jerry Rubin and Bobby Seale appeared as his guests. .
On 23 March 1973, Lennon was ordered to leave the U. Events 1174 - Jocelin, Abbot of Melrose, is elected Bishop of Glasgow. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. S. within 60 days, while Ono was granted permanent residence.  In response, Lennon and Ono held a press conference at the New York American Bar Association on 1 April 1973 to announce the formation of the conceptual state of "Nutopia"; a place with "no land, no boundaries, no passports, only people", and all of its inhabitants would be ambassadors. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. " Imagine " is a song by John Lennon, which appears on his 1971 album Imagine.  The Lennons asked for political asylum in the U. S. while waving the white flag of Nutopia; two white handkerchiefs. A handkerchief (also called handkercher or hanky) is a form of a Kerchief, typically a square of fabric that can be carried in the Pocket The entire press conference can be seen in the (2006) Lion's Gate movie The U.S. vs. John Lennon. The US vs John Lennon is a 2006 Documentary film about British Musician John Lennon 's transformation from a member of The  In June 1973, Lennon and Ono made their last political statement by attending the Watergate hearings in Washington, D. The Watergate scandals were a series of Political scandals during the presidency of Richard Nixon that resulted in the Indictment of several of Nixon's C. 
Lennon's order of deportation was overturned in 1975. After Lennon’s murder, historian Jon Wiener filed a Freedom of Information request for FBI files on Lennon. Jon Wiener is professor of history at the University of California Irvine, a contributing editor to The Nation magazine and a Los Angeles radio host  The FBI admitted it had 281 pages in its files on Lennon but refused to release most of them, claiming they were national security documents. In 1983, Wiener sued the FBI with the help of the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California. The American Civil Liberties Union ( ACLU) consists of two separate Non-profit organizations the ACLU Foundation a 501(c(3 organization which focuses The case went to the Supreme Court before the FBI settled out of court in 1997; releasing all but ten of the contested documents.  The story is told in the documentary The U. S. vs. John Lennon, by David Leaf and John Scheinfeld, released in theatres in September 2006, and on DVD in February 2007. The final ten documents in Lennon's FBI file were released in December 2006. 
In 1976, Lennon's U. S. immigration status was finally resolved favourably, and he received his green card. A United States Permanent Resident Card, also known as a green card, is an Identification card attesting to the Permanent resident status of an Alien With the departure of Nixon from the White House, his successor, Gerald Ford, showed little interest in continuing the battle. Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr (July 14 1913 December 26 2006 was the thirty-eighth President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977 and the fortieth Vice President When Jimmy Carter was inaugurated as president on 19 January 1977, Lennon and Ono attended the Inaugural Ball. James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr (born October 1 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1977 to 1981 and the recipient of the 2002 Events 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays 
Lennon was first given drugs in Hamburg, Germany, as The Beatles had to play long sets and were often given Preludin by customers or by Astrid Kirchherr, whose mother bought them for her. Hamburg (English, German: ˈhambʊɐk local pronunciation Low German / Low Saxon: Hamborg) is the second-largest city in Germany Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Phenmetrazine is a Stimulant of the central nervous system It was previously sold under the trade name Preludin as an Anorectic. Astrid Kirchherr (born 20 May 1938 is a German Photographer and Artist and is well known for her association with the Beatles (along with her  McCartney would usually take one, but Lennon would often take four or five, and later took amphetamines called "Black Bombers" and "Purple Hearts". Amphetamine, and related drugs such as Methamphetamine are a group of drugs that act by increasing levels of Norepinephrine, Serotonin, and Dopamine  The Beatles first smoked cannabis with Bob Dylan in New York in 1964; Dylan mistakenly interpreted the lyric "I can't hide" from "I Want to Hold Your Hand" as "I get high" and presumed that The Beatles were already familiar with the drug. Cannabis, also known as marijuana or marihuana, or ganja (from Hindi / Sanskrit: गांजा gānjā hemp) is a Bob Dylan (born Robert Zimmerman, May 24 1941 in Duluth, Minnesota) is an American singer-songwriter author poet and painter who has been a major " I Want to Hold Your Hand " is a song by the English pop and rock band The Beatles.  Lennon later said The Beatles "smoked marijuana for breakfast", and that other people had trouble talking to them, because they were giggling all the time. 
In a 1995 interview, Cynthia said there were problems throughout their marriage because of the pressures of The Beatles' fame and rigorous touring, and because of Lennon's increasing use of drugs.  During his first marriage Lennon tried LSD, and read The Psychedelic Experience by Timothy Leary, Richard Alpert, and Ralph Metzner, which was based on, and quoted from, the Tibetan Book of the Dead. The Psychedelic Experience A Manual Based on The Tibetan Book of the Dead (commonly referred to as The Psychedelic Experience) is an instruction manual Timothy Francis Leary ( October 22, 1920 &ndash May 31, 1996) was an American Writer, Psychologist, Futurist Ralph Metzner PhD (born May 18 1936 in Germany is an American psychologist Writer and researcher who participated in psychedelic research  He later used heroin, and wrote about the withdrawal symptoms he experienced in "Cold Turkey". Heroin ( INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is a semi-synthetic opioid synthesized from Morphine, a derivative Withdrawal, also known as withdrawal/abstinence syndrome, refers to the characteristic signs and symptoms that appear when a drug that causes Physical dependence is  On 24 August 1967, The Beatles met the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at the London Hilton, and later went to Bangor, in North Wales, to attend a weekend of personal instruction. Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar 's General Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi ( January 12, 1917 &ndash February 5 2008) founded and developed the Transcendental Meditation technique and The London Hilton on Park Lane is a Hotel and skyscraper situated on Park Lane, overlooking Hyde Park in the exclusive Mayfair district of Bangor, in Gwynedd, North Wales, is one of the smallest cities in the United Kingdom.  The time Lennon later spent in India at the Maharishi's ashram was productive, as most of the songs recorded for The White Album, and Abbey Road were composed there by Lennon and McCartney. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country An Ashram in ancient India was a Hindu hermitage where sages lived in Peace and tranquility amidst Nature. Abbey Road is the eleventh official album released by The Beatles.  Although later turning against the Maharishi, Lennon still advocated meditation when interviewed. Meditation is a mental discipline by which one attempts to get beyond the conditioned "thinking" mind into a deeper state of relaxation or awareness  In 1968, Cynthia Lennon went on vacation to Greece, leaving Lennon at Kenwood with Pete Shotton; his school friend and so-called assistant. Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Peter Shotton (born 4 August 1941 in Liverpool) is an English businessman best known for his long friendship with John Lennon of After several days of taking LSD and smoking marijuana, Lennon convened a meeting at the Beatles' business HQ to inform the others that he felt he was the reincarnation of Jesus Christ. Cannabis, also known as marijuana or marihuana, or ganja (from Hindi / Sanskrit: गांजा gānjā hemp) is a Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE)  Later that day, he phoned Ono, whose own husband Tony (Anthony Cox) was in Paris on business, and invited her to Kenwood. Anthony Cox is a Film producer and art promoter He married Yoko Ono on November 28 1962. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
In 1970, Lennon and Ono went through Primal therapy with Dr. Primal therapy is a trauma -based Psychotherapy created by Arthur Janov, Ph Arthur Janov in Los Angeles, California. Arthur Janov (born August 21, 1924) is an American Psychologist, Psychotherapist, and the creator of Primal therapy. The therapy consisted of releasing emotional pain from early childhood. Lennon and Ono ended the sessions before completing a full course of therapy, as Ono constantly argued with Janov.  The song "Mother" is based on Lennon's experience and understanding of Primal Therapy. 
Each of The Beatles was known, especially during Beatlemania, for their sense of humour. Beatlemania is a term that was used during the 1960s to describe the intense fan frenzy (particularly demonstrated by young teen girls directed toward The Beatles, particularly During live performances of "I Want to Hold Your Hand", Lennon often changed the words to "I want to hold your gland", because of the difficulty hearing the vocals above the noise of screaming audiences. " I Want to Hold Your Hand " is a song by the English pop and rock band The Beatles. Mammary glands are the organs that in Mammals produce Milk for the sustenance of the young At the Royal Variety Show in 1963—in the presence of members of the British royalty—Lennon told the audience, "Those of you in the cheaper seats can clap your hands. The rest of you, if you'll just rattle your jewellery. " Lennon put on weight during 1965, and later said, "It was my fat-Elvis period. "
During the "Get Back" sessions, Lennon introduced "Dig a Pony" by shouting, "I dig a pygmy by Charles Hawtrey and the Deaf Aids; phase one in which Doris gets her oats!" The phrase was later edited to precede "Two of Us" on Let It Be. " Get Back " is a song primarily written by Paul McCartney and credited to Lennon/McCartney. " Dig a Pony " is a song by The Beatles, originally released on their 1970 album Let It Be, and later re-released on Let It Pygmies (singular Pygmy) refers to a member of any human group whose adult males grow to less than 150 cm (4 feet 11 inches in average height or less than 155 cm George Frederick Joffre Hartree ( 30 November 1914 &ndash 27 October 1988) better known as Charles Hawtrey, was an English A hearing aid is an electroacoustic body-worn apparatus which typically fits in or behind the wearer's Ear, and is designed to amplify and modulate sounds An organism's sex is defined by the gametes it produces males produce male gametes (spermatozoa or Sperm) while females produce female gametes (ova or Egg cells; individual Lennon often counter-pointed McCartney's upbeat lyrics, as in "Getting Better":
Lennon appeared in various television comedy shows, such as the Morecambe and Wise show with the rest of The Beatles, and played a doorman in a gents' toilet in Not Only But Also. Eric Morecambe and Ernie Wise, usually referred to as Morecambe and Wise, were a British comic Double act, working in variety, radio Film Not Only But Also was a popular 1960s BBC British Television series starring Peter Cook and Dudley Moore.  Lennon's humour could also be caustic, such as when Brian Epstein asked Lennon for a title for Epstein's autobiography, and Lennon answered: "How about, Queer Jew?" When Lennon heard that the title of the book would be A Cellarful of Noise, he said to a friend: "More like A Cellarful of Boys. NEMS Enterprises defaults here For the Latin American record label see NEMS Enterprises (label. Homosexuality refers to sexual behavior with or attraction to people of the same sex or to a Homosexual orientation. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ A Cellarful of Noise is the title of Brian Epstein 's 1964 Autobiography. "
Lennon started writing and drawing early in life, with encouragement from his Uncle George, and created his own comic strip in his school book, which he called "The Daily Howl". A comic strip is a sequence of drawings that tells a story Currently in the Western world, most comic strips are written and drawn by a Comics artist It contained drawings—frequently of crippled people—and satirical writings, often with a play on words. Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and Performing arts In satire human Word play is a Literary technique in which the nature of the words that are used become the main subject of the work Lennon wrote a weather report saying, "Tomorrow will be Muggy, followed by Tuggy, Wuggy and Thuggy. " He often drew caricatures of his school teachers, and when he was in Hamburg he sent love poems and drawings to Cynthia (his future wife) once writing, "Our first Christmas, I love you, yes, yes, yes. A caricature is either a Portrait that exaggerates or distorts the essence of a person or thing to create an easily identifiable visual likeness or in literature a description "
When Liverpool's Mersey Beat magazine was founded, Lennon was asked to contribute. Mersey Beat was a music publication in Liverpool, England in the early 1960s His first piece was about the origins of The Beatles: "A man appeared on a flaming pie, and said you are Beatles with an 'A'. " The first two books by Lennon are examples of literary nonsense: In His Own Write (1964) and A Spaniard in the Works (1965). Literary nonsense refers to a genre of Literature, whether Poetry or Prose, that plays with conventions of language and logic through a careful balance A Spaniard in the Works is a Book from 1965 by John Lennon. The book consists of nonsensical stories and drawings similar to the style of his previous Ono later allowed the works of Lennon to be published after his death: Skywriting by Word of Mouth (1986) and Ai: Japan Through John Lennon's Eyes: A Personal Sketchbook (1992), which contained Lennon's drawings illustrating the definitions of Japanese words. Real Love: The Drawings for Sean followed in 1999. The Beatles Anthology included writing and drawings by Lennon. The Beatles Anthology is the name of a documentary series a series of three albums and a book all of which focus on the history of The Beatles.  Lennon's love of nonsense language was influenced by his appreciation for Stanley Unwin. Stanley Unwin ( 7 June 1911 Pretoria, South Africa &ndash 12 January 2002 Danetre Hospital Daventry, 
Throughout his solo career, Lennon appeared on his own albums (as well as those of other artists, like Elton John) under such pseudonyms as Dr Winston O'Boogie, Mel Torment (a play on singer Mel Tormé), and The Reverend Fred Gherkin. A pseudonym is a fictitious alternative to a person's legal name (see Alias) Melvin Howard Tormé ( September 13, 1925 &ndash June 5, 1999) nicknamed The Velvet Fog, was an American musician known as The Gherkin (French cornichon) is of the same species as the Cucumber ( Cucumis sativus) but is of a completely different race; this is contrary He and Ono (as Ada Gherkin "ate a gherkin", and other sobriquets) also travelled under such names, thus avoiding unwanted public attention. A sobriquet is a Nickname or a fancy name usually a familiar name given by others as distinct from a Pseudonym assumed as a disguise but a nickname which is familiar 
Lennon also named his session musicians under various different band names during his career, including:
On the night of 8 December 1980, Lennon was shot four times in the back (the fifth shot missed) in the entrance hallway of the Dakota by Mark David Chapman. Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) Mark David Chapman (born May 10, 1955 in Fort Worth Texas) is the man who murdered English musician and activist John Lennon Lennon had autographed a copy of Double Fantasy for Chapman earlier that same night. 
Lennon was pronounced dead on arrival in the Emergency Room at the Roosevelt Hospital at 11:15 p. Dead on arrival or DOA is a term used to indicate that a patient was found to be dead upon the arrival of professional medical assistance such as a hospital often m. On the following day, 9 December 1980, Ono issued a statement: "There is no funeral for John. Events 536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) John loved and prayed for the human race. Please pray the same for him. Love, Yoko and Sean. " Chapman pleaded guilty to second degree murder and was sentenced to 20 years to life. Murder is the unlawful killing of another human person with Malice aforethought, as defined in Common Law countries He is still in prison, 27 years since his arrest, having been denied parole four times. 
Two days after his death, Lennon's body was cremated at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York, and his ashes were kept by Ono. Cremation is the act of reducing a Corpse by burning, generally in a crematorium furnace or crematory fire Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum is located on Secor Road in the hamlet of Hartsdale, town of Greenburgh, Westchester County, New York, about Hartsdale is a hamlet and a census-designated place (CDP located in the town of Greenburgh, Westchester County New York. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous 
A crowd gathered outside the Dakota the night of Lennon's death. Ono sent word that their singing kept her awake and asked that they re-convene in Central Park the following Sunday for ten minutes of silent prayer.  On 14 December 1980, millions of people around the world responded to Ono's request to pause for ten minutes of silence to remember Lennon: Thirty thousand gathered in Liverpool, and the largest group - over 100,000 - converged on New York's Central Park, close to the scene of the shooting. Events 1287 - St Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses killing over 50000 people Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) 
Lennon continues to be mourned throughout the world and has been the subject of numerous memorials and tributes, principally New York City's Strawberry Fields, a memorial garden area in Central Park across the street from the Dakota building. A memorial is an object which serves as a memory of something usually a person (who has died or an event Strawberry Fields is a 25-acre landscaped section in New York City 's Central Park that is dedicated to the memory of musician John Lennon. Central Park is a large public Urban park in New York City, with about twenty-five million visitors annually Shortly after his death, Ono donated $1 million for its maintenance.  It has become a gathering place for tributes on Lennon's birthday and on the anniversary of his death, as well as at other times of mourning, such as after the September 11, 2001 attacks and following George Harrison's death on 29 November 2001. Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar.
|NAME||Lennon, John Winston Ono|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lennon, John Winston (birth name)|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Rock musician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||9 October 1940|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Liverpool, England, United Kingdom|
|DATE OF DEATH||8 December 1980|
|PLACE OF DEATH||New York, New York, United States of America|