Johann Hermann Schein (January 20, 1586 – November 19, 1630) was a German composer of the early Baroque era. Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Events 1095 - The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. He was born in Grünhain and died in Leipzig. Grünhain-Beierfeld is a town in the district of Erzgebirgskreis in Saxony, Germany lying 8 km east of Aue. This sort of fix restores section edit linkpoints to where they belong He was one of the first to import the early Italian stylistic innovations into German music, and was one of the most polished composers of the period. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest
On the death of his father, Schein moved to Dresden where he joined the choir of the Elector of Saxony as a boy soprano. Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Drježdźany is the Capital city of the German The Prince-Electors (or simply Electors) of the Holy Roman Empire ( German: Kurfürst ( pl The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen ˈzaksən Swobodny Stat Sakska is the easternmost federal state of Germany. In addition to singing in the choir, he received a thorough musical training with Rogier Michael, the Kapellmeister, who recognized his extraordinary talent. From 1603 to 1607 he studied at Pforta, and from 1608 to 1612 attended the University of Leipzig, where he studied law in addition to liberal arts. Pforta, or Schulpforta, is a former Cistercian Monastery, Pforta Abbey (1137-1540 near Naumburg on the Saale River in The University of Leipzig (Universität Leipzig located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the oldest universities Upon graduating, he was employed briefly by Gottfried von Wolffersdorff as the house music director and tutor to his children; later he became Kapellmeister at Weimar, and shortly thereafter became cantor at Thomasschule zu Leipzig, a post which he held for the rest of his life. Weimar (ˈvaɪmaʁ is a City in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of Thuringia (Thüringen north of the Thüringer Wald, St Thomas School of Leipzig ( German: Thomasschule zu Leipzig; Latin: Schoola Thomana Lipsiensis) is a Coed and public
Unlike his friend Heinrich Schütz, he was afflicted with poor health, and was not to live a happy or long life. Heinrich Schütz (October 8 ( JC) 1585 Köstritz - November 6 1672 Dresden) was a German Composer and organist, generally regarded His wife died in childbirth; four of his five children died in infancy; he died at age 44, having suffered from tuberculosis, gout, scurvy and a kidney disorder. Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or T u' b' erculosis Bacillus --> is a common Gout (also called metabolic arthritis) is a disease created by a buildup of Uric acid. Scurvy (NLat scorbutus is a disease resulting from a deficiency of Vitamin C, which is required for the synthesis of Collagen in humans
Schein was one of the first to absorb the innovations of the Italian Baroque—monody, the concertato style, figured bass—and use them effectively in a German Lutheran context. In Poetry, the term monody has become specialized to refer to a poem in which one person laments another's death Concertato is a term in early Baroque music referring to either a genre or a style of music in which groups of instruments or voices share a melody usually Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of integer Musical notation used to indicate intervals, chords and Nonchord tones in relation Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther While Schütz made more than one trip to Italy, Schein apparently spent his entire life in Germany, making his grasp of the Italianate style all the more amazing. His early concertato music seems to have been modeled on Lodovico Grossi da Viadana's Cento concerti ecclesiastici, which was available in an edition prepared in Germany. Lodovico Grossi da Viadana (usually Lodovico Viadana, though his family name was Grossi c
Unlike Schütz, who composed only sacred music (except for an early and unrepresentative collection of madrigals), Schein wrote sacred and secular music in approximately equal quantities, and almost all of it was vocal. In his secular vocal music he wrote all of his own texts. Throughout his life he published alternating collections of sacred and secular music, in accordance with an intention he stated early on — in the preface to the Banchetto musicale — to publish alternately music for use in worship and social gatherings. The contrast between the two kinds of music can be quite extreme. While some of his sacred music uses the most sophisticated techniques of the Italian madrigal for a devotional purpose, several of his secular collections include such things as drinking songs of a surprising simplicity and humor. A madrigal is a type of Secular vocal music composition written during the Renaissance and early Baroque eras Some of his works attain an expressive intensity matched in Germany only by those of Schütz, for example the spectacular Fontana d'Israel or Israel's Brünnlein (1623), in which Schein declared his intent to exhaust the possibilities of German word-painting "in the style of the Italian madrigal. Word painting (also known as tone painting or text painting) is the musical technique of having the music mimic the literal meaning of a song "
Possibly his most famous collection was his only collection of instrumental music, the Banchetto musicale (Musical banquet) (1617) which contains 20 separate variation suites; they are among the earliest, and most perfect, representatives of the form. In Music, a suite is an ordered set of Instrumental or Orchestral pieces normally performed in a Concert Most likely they were composed as dinner music for the courts of Weissenfels and Weimar, and were intended to be performed on viols. Weißenfels is the largest town of the Burgenlandkreis district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The viol (also called viola da gamba) is any one of a family of bowed, Fretted stringed Musical instruments developed in the 1400s They consist of dances: a pavan-galliard (a normal early Baroque pair), a courante, and then an allemande-tripla. The pavane, pavan paven pavin pavian pavine or pavyn (It pavana, padovana; Ger The galliard ( gaillarde, in French was a form of Renaissance dance and music popular all over Europe in the 16th century The courante, corrente, coranto and corant are just some of the names given to a family of Triple metre dances from the late Renaissance An allemande (also spelled allemanda, almain, or alman) (from the French word for "German" is one of the most popular Instrumental Each suite in the Banchetto is unified by mode as well as by theme.