Jim Morrison at the Fillmore East
|Birth name||James Douglas Morrison|
|Also known as||The Lizard King, Mr. Mojo Risin'|
|Born||December 8, 1943|
Melbourne, Florida, USA
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, USA|
|Died||July 3, 1971 (aged 27)|
|Genre(s)||Psychedelic rock, acid rock, blues-rock, hard rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, Songwriter, Poet, Filmmaker|
|Years active||1965 – 1971|
|Associated acts||The Doors|
James Douglas Morrison (December 8, 1943 – July 3, 1971) was an American singer, poet, songwriter, writer, and film director. Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Melbourne is a city in Brevard County Florida, United States. Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Events 324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium. Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Psychedelic rock is a style of Rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. For "acid rock" as a geologic term see Igneous rock. Acid rock is a form of Psychedelic rock, which is characterized Blues-rock is a hybrid musical genre combining Bluesy improvisations over the 12-bar blues and extended Boogie jams with Rock Hard rock (also referred to as heavy rock) is a variation of Rock music which has its earliest roots in mid-1960s garage and Psychedelic rock A musician is a person who plays or writes Music. Musicians can be classified by their roles in creating or performing music An instrumentalist plays a A songwriter is someone who writes the Lyrics to songs the Musical composition (chords or Melody to songs or both A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. In the Music industry, a record label can be a Brand and a Trademark associated with the Marketing of music recordings and Music Elektra Records is a now-dormant American Record label owned by Warner Music Group (WMG and from 2004 on operating under WMG's Atlantic Records This article is about the band For their self-titled debut album see The Doors (album; for the Oliver Stone film see The Doors (film; for Doors in computing Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium. Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" A songwriter is someone who writes the Lyrics to songs the Musical composition (chords or Melody to songs or both A writer is anyone who creates a written work although the word usually designates those who write creatively or professionally as well as those who have written in many different forms A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. He is best known as the lead singer and lyricist of The Doors, and is widely considered to be one of the most charismatic and influential frontmen in rock music history. This article is about the band For their self-titled debut album see The Doors (album; for the Oliver Stone film see The Doors (film; for Doors in computing The word charisma (origin from the Greek word χάρισμα (kharisma, "gift" or "divine favor" from kharizesthai, "to favor" The lead vocalist (or lead singer) is the member of a band who sings the main vocal portions of a song Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums.  He was also the author of several books of poetry, and the director of a documentary and short film.
Morrison was born in Melbourne, Florida, in 1943 to future Admiral George Stephen Morrison and Clara Clarke Morrison. Melbourne is a city in Brevard County Florida, United States. Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks of the highest Naval officers George Stephen Morrison (born January 7 1919 in Georgia) is the father of The Doors ' late lead singer Jim Morrison, and is also notable Morrison had a sister, Anne Robin, who was born in 1947 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and a brother, Andrew Lee Morrison, who was born 1948 in Los Altos, California. Los Altos (lɑːˈsæltoʊs is a city at the southern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, in the San Francisco Bay Area. He was of Scottish and Irish ethnic heritage. The Scots people ( Scots Gaelic: Albannaich) are a Nation and an Ethnic group indigenous to Scotland. The Irish people ( Irish: Muintir na hÉireann, na hÉireannaigh, na Gaeil) are a Western European Ethnic group who originate  He purportedly had an IQ of 149. An Intelligence Quotient or IQ is a score derived from one of several different Standardized tests attempting to measure Intelligence. 
In 1947, Morrison, then 4 years old, purportedly witnessed a car accident in the desert, where a family of Native Americans were injured and possibly killed. A desert is a Landscape or region that receives very little precipitation. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States He referred to this incident in a spoken word performance on the song "Dawn's Highway" from the album An American Prayer, and again in the songs "Peace Frog" and "Ghost Song. Spoken word is a form of literary Art or artistic performance in which Lyrics, Poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung An American Prayer is a studio album by rock band The Doors. In 1978 seven years after Jim Morrison died and five years after the remaining " Peace Frog " is a song by The Doors which appears on the album Morrison Hotel. The Ghost Song is a song by The Doors, and was released on An American Prayer in 1978 7 years after Jim Morrison 's death in "
Indians scattered on dawn's highway bleeding
Ghosts crowd the young child's fragile eggshell mind
Morrison believed the incident to be the most formative event in his life and made repeated references to it in the imagery in his songs, poems and interviews. Interestingly, his family does not recall this incident happening in the way he told it. According to the Morrison biography No One Here Gets Out Alive, Morrison's family did drive past a car accident on an Indian reservation when he was a child, and he was very upset by it. No One Here Gets Out Alive was the first Biography of Jim Morrison, lead singer and lyricist of the L However, the book The Doors written by the remaining members of Morrison's rock group, tells how different Jim's account of the incident was than the account of his father. This book quotes his father as saying, "We went by several Indians. It did make an impression on him [Jim]. He always thought about that crying Indian. " This is contrasted sharply with Jim's tale of "Indians scattered all over the highway, bleeding to death. " In the same book, his sister is quoted as saying, "He enjoyed telling that story and exaggerating it. He said he saw a dead Indian by the side of the road, and I don't even know if that's true. "
With his father in the Navy, Morrison's family moved often. He spent part of his childhood in San Diego, California. In 1958, Morrison attended Alameda High School in Alameda, California. Alameda High School is a public coeducational high school serving grades 9-12 Alameda is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. However, he graduated from George Washington High School (now George Washington Middle School) in Alexandria, Virginia, in June 1961. George Washington Middle School is located at 1005 Mount Vernon Avenue in the city of Alexandria Virginia. Alexandria is an Independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. His father was also stationed at Mayport Naval Air Station in Jacksonville, Florida. Naval Station Mayport is a major US Navy base in northern Duval County Florida.
Morrison went to live with his paternal grandparents in Clearwater, Florida, where he attended classes at St. Petersburg Junior College. Clearwater is a City located in Pinellas County Florida, USA, nearly due west of Tampa and northwest of St St Petersburg College (commonly referred to as SPC, formerly known as St In 1962, he transferred to Florida State University in Tallahassee, where he appeared in a school recruitment film. Florida State University (commonly referred to as Florida State or FSU) is a public Research University located in Tallahassee 
In January 1964, Morrison moved to Los Angeles, California. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West He completed his undergraduate degree in UCLA's film school, the Theater Arts department of the College of Fine Arts in 1965. In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United He made two films while attending UCLA. First Love, the first of the two films, was released to the public when it appeared in a documentary about the film Obscura. During these years, while living in Venice, Los Angeles, California he became friends with writers at the Los Angeles Free Press. Venice is a district in western Los Angeles California. It is known for its Canals Beaches and Circus -like Ocean Front Walk, The Los Angeles Free Press (often called “the Freep ” and "the LAFP" Morrison was an advocate of the underground newspaper until his death in 1971. 
In 1965, after graduating from UCLA, Morrison led a Bohemian lifestyle in nearby Venice Beach. This article is about the band For their self-titled debut album see The Doors (album; for the Oliver Stone film see The Doors (film; for Doors in computing The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United The term bohemian, of French origin was first used in the English language in the nineteenth century to describe the untraditional lifestyles of marginalized and impoverished Artists Venice is a district in western Los Angeles California. It is known for its Canals Beaches and Circus -like Ocean Front Walk, Photographer Joel Brodsky took a series of black-and-white photos of Morrison. Known as "The Young Lion" photo session, the pictures included the shot that was later featured on the Best of the Doors LP cover.
Morrison and fellow UCLA student Ray Manzarek were the first two members of The Doors. Raymond Daniel Manzarek Jr or Manczarek (b 12 February 1939 Illinois) is an American Musician, Singer, producer Shortly thereafter, drummer John Densmore and guitarist Robby Krieger joined. John Paul Densmore (born December 1, 1944) is an American Musician and Songwriter. Robert Alan Krieger (born January 8, 1946) is an American Rock and roll Guitarist and Songwriter. Krieger auditioned at Densmore's recommendation, and was then added to the lineup.
While it is widely believed that the Doors took their name from the title of Aldous Huxley's The Doors of Perception (a reference to the 'unlocking' of 'doors' to perception through psychedelic drug use), Huxley's own title was a quote from William Blake's The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, in which Blake wrote that "If the doors of perception were cleansed everything would appear to man as it is, infinite. Aldous Leonard Huxley (26 July 1894 &ndash 22 November 1963 was an English writer and one of the most prominent members of the famous Huxley family. The Doors of Perception is a 1954 book by Aldous Huxley detailing his experiences when taking Mescaline. William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827 was an English poet, painter, and Printmaker. The Marriage of Heaven and Hell is one of William Blake 's Books a series of texts written in imitation of biblical books of prophecy but expressing Blake's "
In June 1966, at the famed Whisky-A-Go-Go, The Doors were the opening act for the Northern Irish group Them, whose leader was Van Morrison. Events in June Madaraka Day June 1 to commemorate when Kenya gained internal self-rule Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. For a fire at the similarly named nightclub in Brisbane, Australia, see Whiskey Au Go Go fire. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of Them was a Northern Irish group formed in Belfast in April 1964, most prominently known for the Garage rock standard " George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born 31 August 1945 is a Grammy Award -winning Northern Irish Singer, According to Ray Manzarek, in his book, Light My Fire, "Jim was transfixed by Van. He studied his every move. He put the eye on him and he absorbed. . . . The last night. . . saw us all in a monster jam session. . . Jim Morrison and Van Morrison onstage at the same time! And singing 'Gloria. " Gloria " is a rock song classic written by Northern Irish Singer-songwriter Van Morrison and originally recorded by Morrison's '"
Although Morrison is known as the lyricist for the group, Krieger also made significant lyrical contributions, writing or co-writing some of the group's biggest hits, including "Light My Fire," "Love Me Two Times," "Love Her Madly" and "Touch Me. " Light My Fire " is a song originally performed by The Doors on their self-titled first album, which was recorded in August 1966 and released " Love Me Two Times " is a song by The Doors. It was written by Robby Krieger and first appeared on the 1967 album Strange Days. Love Her Madly is a 1971 song by The Doors which appears on L "
Decades before music videos became commonplace, Morrison and The Doors produced a promotional film for "Break On Through," which was to be their first single release. A music video is a Short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music most commonly a Song with lyrics The video featured the four members of the group playing the song on a darkened set with alternating views and close-ups of the performers while Morrison lip-synced the lyrics. Morrison and The Doors continued to make music videos, including "The Unknown Soldier", "Moonlight Drive", and "People Are Strange".
The Doors achieved national recognition after signing with Elektra Records in 1967. Elektra Records is a now-dormant American Record label owned by Warner Music Group (WMG and from 2004 on operating under WMG's Atlantic Records  The single "Light My Fire" eventually reached number one on the Billboard Pop Singles chart. " Light My Fire " is a song originally performed by The Doors on their self-titled first album, which was recorded in August 1966 and released See Billboard (Turkish magazine Billboard is a weekly American Magazine devoted to the Music industry  Later, The Doors appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show, a popular Sunday night variety series that had introduced The Beatles and a young, wriggling Elvis Presley to the nation. The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television Variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 Ed Sullivan requested two songs from The Doors for the show, People are Strange, and Light My Fire. "People Are Strange" is a single released by The Doors in September 1967 (see 1967 in music) " Light My Fire " is a song originally performed by The Doors on their self-titled first album, which was recorded in August 1966 and released The censors insisted that they change the lyrics of "Light My Fire" from "Girl we couldn't get much higher" to "Girl we couldn't get much better. " This was reportedly due to what could be perceived as a reference to drugs in the original lyric. Giving assurances of compliance to host Ed Sullivan, Morrison then proceeded to sing the song with the original lyrics anyway, on live TV. He later said that he had simply forgotten to make the change. This infuriated Sullivan so much that he refused to shake their hands after their performance. They were never invited back. 
By the release of their second album, Strange Days, The Doors had become one of the most popular rock bands in the United States. An album or record album is a collection of related audio or Music tracks distributed to the public Their blend of blues and rock tinged with psychedelia included a number of original songs and distinctive cover versions, such as the memorable rendition of "Alabama Song", from Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill's operetta, "Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny". The Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of Music based on the use of the Blue notes It emerged as an accessible form of self-expression Psychedelic music is a term that refers to a broad set of popular music styles genres and scenes that may include Psychedelic rock, psychedelic folk, Psychedelic The " Alabama Song " (also known as " Whiskey Bar " was originally published in Bertolt Brecht 's Hauspostille (1927 (born; 10 February 1898&ndash14 August 1956 was a German Poet, Playwright, and Theatre director. WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> Kurt Julian Weill ( March 2, 1900 &ndash April 3, Operetta is a genre of light Opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny (Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny is a political-satirical Opera composed by Kurt Weill to a The band also performed a number of extended concept works, including the songs "The End", "When The Music's Over", and "Celebration of the Lizard". " Celebration of the Lizard " is an epic performance piece written by Jim Morrison, frontman of The Doors.
In 1968, The Doors released their third studio LP, Waiting for the Sun. Waiting for the Sun is The Doors ' third studio Album. It was released in 1968 and became the band's first and only number one album and spawned Their fourth LP, The Soft Parade, was released in 1969. The Soft Parade is the fourth studio album by the The Doors, released in 1969. It was the first album where the individual band members were given credit on the inner-sleeve for the songs they had written.
After this, Morrison started to show up for recording sessions inebriated (he can be heard hiccuping on the song "Five To One"). He was also frequently late for live performances. As a result, the band would play instrumental music or force Ray Manzarek to take on the singing duties.
By 1969, the formerly svelte singer began to change his appearance. He gained weight, grew a beard, and began dressing more casually - abandoning the leather pants and concho belts for regular slacks, jeans and T-shirts.
During a 1969 concert at The Dinner Key Auditorium in Miami, Morrison attempted to spark a riot in the audience. He failed, but a warrant for his arrest was issued by the Dade County Police department three days later for indecent exposure. The Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD (formerly known as the Metro-Dade Police Department (1981–1997 Dade County Public Safety Department (1957-1981 and the Dade County Sheriff's See also Public indecency, Exhibitionism Indecent exposure is the deliberate exposure by a person of a portion or portions of his or her own body under Consequently, many of The Doors' scheduled concerts were canceled.  In the years following the incident, Morrison has been exonerated. In 2007 Florida Governor Charlie Crist suggested the possibility of a posthumous pardon for Morrison. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Charles Joseph "Charlie" Crist Jr (born July 24 1956 is an American politician of the Republican Party and the current Governor of Florida. A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the penalty associated with it 
Following The Soft Parade, The Doors released the Morrison Hotel LP. Morrison Hotel (sometimes referred to as Hard Rock Cafe from the title of the first side of the LP whose second side is titled Morrison Hotel After a lengthy break, the group reconvened in October 1970 to record their last LP with Morrison, L.A. Woman. LA Woman is The Doors ' sixth and last Album recorded with lead singer Jim Morrison. Shortly after the recording sessions for the album began, producer Paul A. Rothchild -- who had overseen all their previous recordings -- left the project. Paul A Rothchild ( April 18, 1935 - March 30, 1995) was a prominent American Record producer of the late 1960s and 1970s Engineer Bruce Botnick took over as producer. Bruce Botnick is a noted American record Engineer and producer, best known for his work with The Doors, and with Love.
Morrison began writing in adolescence. In college, he studied the related fields of theater, film and cinematography. Theatre (or theater, see spelling differences) is the branch of the Performing arts defined by Bernard Beckerman as what "occurs when one See also Filmmaking Cinematography (from Greek: kinesis κινησις (movement and grapho γραφω (to record is the discipline 
He self-published two volumes of his poetry in 1969, The Lords / Notes on Vision and The New Creatures. The Lords consists primarily of brief descriptions of places, people, events and Morrison's thoughts on cinema. The New Creatures verses are more poetic in structure, feel and appearance. These two books were later combined into a single volume titled The Lords and The New Creatures. These were the only writings published during Morrison's lifetime.
Morrison befriended Beat Poet Michael McClure. Michael McClure (born October 20 1932 in Marysville Kansas) is an American Poet, Playwright, Songwriter and McClure wrote the afterword for Danny Sugerman's biography of Morrison, No One Here Gets Out Alive. An afterword is a Literary device that is often found at the end of a piece of Literature. Daniel Stephen Sugerman (aka Danny; October 11 1954 – January 5 2005) was the second manager of the Los Angeles based rock band McClure and Morrison reportedly collaborated on a number of unmade film projects, including a film version of McClure's infamous play The Beard in which Morrison would have played Billy The Kid. Henry McCarty (November 23 1859—July 14 1881 better known as Billy the Kid, but also known by the aliases Henry Antrim and William H 
After his death, two volumes of Morrison's poetry were published. The contents of the books were selected and arranged by Morrison's friend, photographer Frank Lisciandro, and girlfriend Pamela Courson's parents, who owned the rights to his poetry. The Lost Writings of Jim Morrison Volume 1 is titled Wilderness, and, upon its release in 1988, became an instant New York Times best seller. Wilderness is generally defined as a Natural environment on Earth that has not been significantly modified by Human activity Volume 2, The American Night, released in 1990, was also a success. American Night is a collection of poetry by Jim Morrison, front-man for the 1960s psychedelic rock group The Doors, published after his death in 1971
Morrison recorded his own poetry in a mausoleum in a professional sound studio, on two separate occasions. The first was in March 1969 in Los Angeles and the second was on December 8, 1970. The latter recording session was attended by Morrison's personal friends and included a variety of sketch pieces. Some of the segments from the 1969 session were issued on the bootleg album The Lost Paris Tapes and were later used as part of the Doors' An American Prayer album, released in 1978. A bootleg recording is an audio and/or Video recording of a performance that was not officially released by the artist or under other legal authority The Lost Paris Tapes is the title given to a recorded collection of unedited poems and songs by Rock musician and Poet An American Prayer is a studio album by rock band The Doors. In 1978 seven years after Jim Morrison died and five years after the remaining The album reached number 54 on the music charts. The poetry recorded from the December 1970 session remains unreleased to this day and is in the possession of the Courson family.
Morrison's best-known but seldom seen cinematic endeavor is HWY: An American Pastoral, a project he started in 1969. Morrison financed the venture and formed his own production company in order to maintain complete control of the project. Paul Ferrara, Frank Lisciandro and Babe Hill assisted with the project. Morrison played the main character, a hitchhiker turned killer/car thief. Morrison asked his friend, composer/pianist Fred Myrow, to select the soundtrack for the film. 
Morrison's early life was a nomadic existence typical of military families.  Jerry Hopkins recorded Morrison's brother Andy explaining that his parents had determined never to use corporal punishment on their children, and instead instilled discipline and levied punishment by the military tradition known as "dressing down. Corporal punishment is the deliberate infliction of pain intended to Punish a person or change his/her behavior " This consisted of yelling at and berating the children until they were reduced to tears and acknowledged their failings.
Morrison began drinking in adolescence, starting a lifelong pattern of alcoholism and substance abuse. Alcoholism is a term with multiple and sometimes conflicting definitions Substance abuse is the overindulgence in and dependence of a Drug or other chemical leading to effects that are detrimental to the individual's physical and mental health Morrison lived a Libertine lifestyle, completely devoid of restraint. Libertine has come to mean one devoid of any restraints especially one who ignores or even spurns religious norms accepted morals and forms of behaviour sanctioned by the larger society This was likely a result of his taking on the philosophy of Arthur Rimbaud; that “the Poet makes himself a visionary through a long, prodigious, and rational disordering of all the senses" and Friedrich Nietzsche's assessment that “whatever doesn’t kill you, makes you stronger. "Rimbaud" redirects here For other uses see Rimbaud (disambiguation Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (ræm'boʊ or in French aʁtyʁ Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15 1844 August 25 1900 ( was a nineteenth-century German philosopher and classical philologist "
Once Morrison graduated from UCLA, he broke off most of his family contact. By the time Morrison's music ascended the top of the charts in 1967, he had not been in communication with his family for more than a year and falsely claimed that his parents and siblings were dead (or claiming, as it has been widely misreported, that he was an only child). This misinformation was published as part of the materials distributed with The Doors' self-titled debut album. The Doors is the self-titled debut album by the band The Doors, recorded in 1966 and released in 1967
In a letter to the Florida Probation and Parole Commission District Office dated October 2, 1970, Morrison's father acknowledged the breakdown in family communications, the result of an argument over his assessment of his son's musical talents. He said he could not blame his son for being reluctant to initiate contact, and that he was proud of him nonetheless. 
Morrison met his long-term companion, Pamela Courson, well before he gained any fame or fortune, and she encouraged him to develop his poetry. Pamela Susan Courson ( December 22, 1946 - April 25, 1974) was known as the long-term companion of Jim Morrison, vocalist of At times, Courson used the surname "Morrison," with his apparent consent or at least lack of concern. After Courson's death in 1974, the probate court in California decided that she and Morrison had what qualified as a common law marriage (see below, under "Estate Controversy"). Probate is the Legal process of settling the estate of a deceased person specifically resolving all claims and distributing the decedent's Property Common-law marriage (or Common law marriage) sometimes called de facto marriage, informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute
Courson and Morrison's relationship was a stormy one, however, with frequent loud arguments, and periods of separation. Biographer Danny Sugerman surmised that part of their difficulties may have stemmed from a conflict between their respective commitments to an open relationship and the consequences of living in such a relationship. Daniel Stephen Sugerman (aka Danny; October 11 1954 – January 5 2005) was the second manager of the Los Angeles based rock band See also Open marriage. An open relationship denotes a relationship (often between two people in which the participants are free to have Sexual intercourse However, in No One Here Gets Out Alive (by Sugerman and Jerry Hopkins), a different reason is proposed for the couple's relationships problems: that they were keeping secrets from each other and this caused the conflicts and separations. Jerry Hopkins is an American author and journalist He is best known as the co-author (with Danny Sugerman) of No One Here Gets Out Alive (1980 the In Riders on the Storm, John Densmore remarks that Courson was having affairs to get even with Morrison and having to confess infidelity to each other frequently caused their relationship to be rocky.
In 1970, Morrison participated in a Celtic Pagan handfasting ceremony with rock critic and science fiction/fantasy author Patricia Kennealy. Celtic Neopaganism refers to Neopagan movements based on or loosely inspired by historical Celtic polytheism. Handfasting is today a Neopagan ceremony of (temporary or permanent Betrothal or Wedding. Fantasy is a Genre that uses magic and other Supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, and/or setting Patricia Kennealy-Morrison (b Patricia Kennely March 4 1946 Brooklyn) is an American Author of rock criticism an autobiography and Science fiction Before witnesses, one of them a Presbyterian minister, the couple signed a document declaring themselves wedded; however, none of the necessary paperwork for a legal marriage was filed with the state. Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity In Christian churches, a minister is someone who is authorized by a church or religious organization to perform clergy functions such as teaching of beliefs Kennealy discussed her experiences with Morrison in her autobiography Strange Days: My Life With and Without Jim Morrison, and in an interview reported in the book Rock Wives.
Morrison also regularly slept with fans and had numerous short flings with women who were celebrities in their own right, including Nico, the singer associated with The Velvet Underground, a one night stand with singer Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane, an on again off again relationship with 16 Magazine's editor in chief Gloria Stavers, and an alleged alcohol-fueled encounter with Janis Joplin. Christa Päffgen ( October 16, 1938 ? &ndash July 18, 1988) was a German Singer - Songwriter, fashion model This article is about the band For their self-titled album see The Velvet Underground (album; for the book see The Velvet Underground (book A one-night stand is originally a single night theatre performance (usually a guest group on tour and today more commonly also a single sexual encounter between individuals Grace Slick (born Grace Barnett Wing on October 30, 1939) is an American Singer and Songwriter, who was one of Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the Psychedelic rock movement Gloria Stavers (1926-1983 was the editor in chief of 16 magazine. Janis Lyn Joplin ( January 19, 1943  – October 4, 1970) was an American singer songwriter and music arranger from Judy Huddleston also recalls her relationship with Morrison in Living and Dying with Jim Morrison. At the time of his death, there were reportedly as many as 20 paternity actions pending against him, although no claims were made against his estate by any of the putative paternity claimants, and the only person making a public claim to being Morrison's son was shown to be a fraud. 
Morrison moved to Paris in March 1971, taking up residence in an apartment. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Once in Paris, Morrison grew a beard.  By all accounts Morrison became depressed while in Paris, and was planning to return to the US; however, he admired the city's architecture and would go for long walks through the city. 
It was in Paris that Morrison made his last studio recording, with two American street musicians — a session dismissed by Manzarek as "drunken gibberish. " Regardless, the session included an intriguing version of a song-in-progress, "Orange County Suite," which can be heard on the bootleg Lost Paris Tapes. The Lost Paris Tapes is the title given to a recorded collection of unedited poems and songs by Rock musician and Poet
Morrison died on July 3, 1971, at age 27. Events 324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium. Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. In the official account of his death, he was found in a Paris apartment bathtub by Courson. Pursuant to French law, no autopsy was performed because the medical examiner claimed to have found no evidence of foul play. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. An autopsy, also known as a post-mortem examination, necropsy, or obduction, is a Medical procedure that consists of a thorough Examination A coroner is an official responsible for investigating deaths particularly some of those happening under unusual circumstances and determining the cause of death Foul Play is a 1978 Film by Colin Higgins starring Goldie Hawn and Chevy Chase. The absence of an official autopsy has left many questions regarding Morrison's cause of death. This list shows causes of Human Deaths worldwide for a single year 2002 arranged by the associated Mortality rate.
In Wonderland Avenue, Danny Sugerman discussed his encounter with Courson after she returned to the United States. Daniel Stephen Sugerman (aka Danny; October 11 1954 – January 5 2005) was the second manager of the Los Angeles based rock band According to Sugerman's account, Courson stated that Morrison had died of a heroin overdose, inhaling the substance because he thought it was cocaine. Heroin ( INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is a semi-synthetic opioid synthesized from Morphine, a derivative Cocaine ( benzoylmethyl ecgonine) is a Crystalline Tropane Alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the Coca plant Sugerman added that Courson had given numerous contradictory versions of Morrison's death, at times saying that she had killed Jim, or that his death was her fault. Courson's story of Morrison's unintentional ingestion of cocaine, followed by accidental overdose, is supported by the confession of Alain Ronay, who has written that Morrison died of a hemorrhage after snorting Courson's heroin, and that Courson nodded off, leaving Morrison bleeding to death instead of phoning for medical help. 
Ronay confessed in an article in Paris-Match that he then helped cover up the circumstances of Morrison's death. Paris match (band is also a Japanese musical group Paris Match is a French weekly Magazine.  In the epilogue of No One Here Gets Out Alive, Hopkins and Sugerman write that Ronay and Varda say Courson lied to the police on at the scene at the time of death and later in her deposition, saying Morrison never took drugs.
In the epilogue to No one Here Gets Out Alive, Hopkins' says that twenty years after Morrison's death Ronay and Varda broke silence and gave this account: They arrived at the house shortly after Morrison's death and Pamela said that prior to it, she and Jim had taken heroin after a night of drinking in bars. Then, Jim had been coughing badly, had gone to take a bath, and had thrown up blood. Then, Pamela said he appeared to recover, she went to sleep, and when she awoke, he was unresponsive and she called for medical assistance.
Courson herself died of a heroin overdose three years later. Like Morrison, she was 27 years old at the time of her death.
However, in the No One Here Gets Out Alive epilogue, Hopkins and Sugerman also claim that Morrison had asthma and was suffering from a respiratory condition involving a chronic cough and throwing up blood on the night of his death; this theory is partially supported in The Doors (written by the remaining members of the Doors) in which they claim Morrison had been coughing up blood for nearly two months in Paris. However, none of the members of the Doors were in Paris with Jim in the months before his death.
In the first edition of No One Here Gets Out Alive Hopkins and Sugerman even opined that perhaps Morrison was not dead at all, a choice that may have sold more books and records, but led to considerable distress for Morrison's loved ones over the years, notably when fans would stalk them, searching for Morrison. 
In a July 2007 newspaper interview, a self-described close friend of Morrison's, Sam Bernett, resurrected an old rumour and announced that Morrison actually died of a heroin overdose in the Rock 'n' Roll Circus nightclub, on the Left Bank in Paris. Bernett claims that Morrison came to the club to buy heroin for Courson, then did some himself and died in the bathroom. Bernett alleges that Morrison was then moved back to the rue Beautreillis apartment and dumped in the bathtub by the same two drug dealers from whom Morrison had purchased the heroin. Bernett says those who saw Morrison that night were sworn to secrecy, in order to prevent a scandal for the famous club, and that some of the witnesses immediately left the country. However, this is just the latest of many in a long line of old rumours and conspiracy theories surrounding the death of Morrison, and is less supported by witnesses than are the accounts of Ronay and Courson (cited above). A conspiracy theory attributes the ultimate cause of an event or chain of events (usually Political, Social or Historical events or the concealment 
Morrison is buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery in eastern Paris, one of the city's most visited tourist attractions. Père Lachaise Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise officially cimetière de l'Est, "East Cemetery" is the largest Cemetery in the city of Paris The grave had no official marker until French officials placed a shield over it, which was stolen in 1973. In 1981, Croatian sculptor Mladen Mikulin placed a bust of Morrison and the new gravestone with Jim's name at the grave to commemorate the 10th anniversary of his death; the bust was defaced through the years by the cemetery vandals and later stolen in 1988. Croats (Hrvati are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries  In the 1990s a flat stone was placed on the grave, possibly by his birth family, with the Greek inscription: ΚΑΤΑ ΤΟΝ ΔΑΙΜΟΝΑ ΕΑΥΤΟΥ. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Mikulin later made two more Morrison's portraits in bronze, but is awaiting the license to place a new sculpture on the tomb.
In his will, made in Los Angeles County on February 12, 1969, Morrison (who described himself as "an unmarried person") left his entire estate to Pamela Courson, also naming her co-executor with his attorney, Max Fink. In Common law, a will or testament is a document by which a person (the Testator) regulates the rights of others over his or her Property Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. Pamela Susan Courson ( December 22, 1946 - April 25, 1974) was known as the long-term companion of Jim Morrison, vocalist of She thus inherited everything upon Morrison’s death in 1971.
When Courson died in 1974, a battle ensued between Morrison’s parents and Courson’s parents over who had legal claim to what had been Morrison’s estate. Since Morrison left a will, the question was effectively moot. On his death, his property became Courson’s property; and on her death, her property passed to her next heirs at law, her parents. Morrison's parents contested the will under which Courson and now her parents had inherited their son’s property.
To bolster their positions, Courson’s parents presented a document they claimed she had acquired in Colorado, apparently an application for a declaration that she and Morrison had contracted a common law marriage under the laws of that state. The State of Colorado ( or chiefly by nonresidents) is a state located in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States of America. The ability to contract a common-law marriage was abolished in California in 1896, but the state's conflict of laws rules provided for recognition of common-law marriages lawfully contracted in foreign jurisdictions — and Colorado was one of the 11 U. Conflict of laws (or private international law) is that branch of International law and intranational interstate law that regulates all Lawsuits involving S. jurisdictions that still recognized common-law marriage. As long as a common-law marriage was lawfully contracted under Colorado law, it was recognized as a marriage under California law.
As a naval family, the Morrisons relocated frequently. Consequently, Morrison's early education was routinely disrupted as he moved from school to school. Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency Nonetheless, he proved to be an intelligent and capable student drawn to the study of literature, poetry, religion, philosophy, and psychology, among other fields. Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Psychology (from Greek grc ψῡχή psȳkhē, "breath life soul" and grc -λογία -logia) is an Academic and
Biographers have consistently pointed to a number of writers and philosophers who influenced Morrison's thinking and, perhaps, behavior. Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language While still in his teens, Morrison discovered the works of philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15 1844 August 25 1900 ( was a nineteenth-century German philosopher and classical philologist He was also drawn to the poetry of William Blake, Charles Baudelaire and Arthur Rimbaud. William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827 was an English poet, painter, and Printmaker. "Rimbaud" redirects here For other uses see Rimbaud (disambiguation Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (ræm'boʊ or in French aʁtyʁ Beat Generation writers such as Jack Kerouac also had a strong influence on Morrison's outlook and manner of expression; Morrison was eager to experience the life described in Kerouac's On the Road. Jack Kerouac ( March 12 1922 &ndash October 21 1969) was an American Novelist, Writer, Poet, and On the Road is a novel by American writer Jack Kerouac, written in April 1951 and published by Viking Press in 1957. He was similarly drawn to the works of the French writer Céline. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Céline's book, Voyage au Bout de la Nuit (Journey to the End of the Night) and Blake's Auguries of Innocence both echo through one of Morrison's early songs, "End of the Night. Journey to the End of the night is a 2006 film starring Brendan Fraser. Auguries of Innocence is a Poem from one of William Blake 's notebooks now known as The Pickering Manuscript Http//www " Morrison later met and befriended Michael McClure, a well known beat poet. McClure had enjoyed Morrison's lyrics but was even more impressed by his poetry and encouraged him to further develop his craft.
Morrison's vision of performance was colored by the works of 20th century French playwright Antonin Artaud (author of Theater and its Double) and by Julian Beck's Living Theater. A performance, in Performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers behave in a particular way for another group of people Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud ( September 4, 1896, in Marseille – March 4, 1948 in Julian Beck ( May 31, 1925 &ndash September 14, 1985) was an American Actor, director, Poet, and painter The Living Theatre is an American Theatre company founded in 1947 and based in New York City.
Other works relating to religion, mysticism, ancient myth and symbolism were of lasting interest, particularly Joseph Campbell's The Hero with a Thousand Faces. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Mysticism (from the Greek grc μυστικός mystikos, an initiate of a Mystery religion) is the pursuit of communion with identity The word mythology (from the Greek grc μυθολογία mythología, meaning "a story-telling a legendary lore" "Symbolic" redirects here For other uses see Symbolism (disambiguation and Symbolic (disambiguation. Joseph John Campbell ( March 26, 1904 – October 30, 1987) was an American Mythology Professor, Writer The Hero with a Thousand Faces (first published in 1949 is a non-fiction book and seminal work of Comparative mythology by Joseph Campbell James Frazer's The Golden Bough also became a source of inspiration and is reflected in the title and lyrics of the song "Not to Touch the Earth. The Golden Bough A Study in Magic and Religion is a wide-ranging comparative study of Mythology and Religion, written by Scottish anthropologist Sir "
Morrison was particularly attracted to the myths and religions of Native American cultures.  While he was still in school, his family moved to New Mexico where he got to see some of the places and artifacts important to the Southwest Indigenous cultures. New Mexico ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States of America. These interests appear to be the source of many references to creatures and places, such as lizards, snakes, deserts and "ancient lakes" that appear in his songs and poetry. His interpretation of the practices of a Native American "shaman" were worked into some of Morrison's stage routine, notably in his interpretation of the Ghost Dance, and a song on his later poetry album, The Ghost Song. The songs "My Wild Love" and "Wild Child" were also inspired by his ideas of Native American rhythm and ritual. He also consumed 8 buttons of peyote and tripped for a week and wrote about seeing the "God of Peyote. Lophophora williamsii (loʊˈfɒfərə wɪlˈjæmsiaɪ lō-fof′ŏ-ră will-yăm′sē-ī better known by its common name Peyote, (from the A psychedelic experience is characterized by the perception of aspects of one's mind previously unknown or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ordinary "
Morrison remains one of the most popular and influential singers/writers in rock history, as The Doors' catalog has become a staple of classic rock radio stations. Classic rock was originally conceived as a Radio station programming format which evolved from the Album oriented rock (AOR format in the early-1980s To this day, he is widely regarded as the prototypical rock star: surly, sexy, scandalous and mysterious. Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. The leather pants he was fond of wearing both onstage and off have since become stereotyped as rock star apparel. Leather is a material created through the Tanning of hides and Skins of Animals primarily Cattlehide The Tanning process
Seminal punk rock band Iggy and the Stooges are said to have formed after lead singer Iggy Pop was inspired by Morrison while attending a Doors concert in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The Stooges are an American rock band that was active from 1967 to 1974 then reformed in 2003 James Newell Osterberg Jr (born April 21, 1947) better known by his Stage name Iggy Pop, is an American rock singer Songwriter Ann Arbor is a city in the US state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County.  One of Iggy Pop's most popular songs, "The Passenger", is said to be based on one of Morrison's poems.  After Morrison's death, Iggy was considered as a replacement for Morrison; the surviving Doors gave Iggy some of Morrison's belongings, and hired him as a vocalist for a series of shows.
Wallace Fowlie, professor emeritus of French literature at Duke University, wrote Rimbaud and Jim Morrison, subtitled "The Rebel as Poet – A Memoir. This article is a general introduction to French literature For detailed information on French literature in specific historic periods see the separate historical articles in the Duke University is a private Research University located in Durham, North Carolina, United States. " In this book, Fowlie recounts his surprise at receiving a fan letter from Morrison who, in 1968, thanked him for his latest translation of Rimbaud's verse into English. "Rimbaud" redirects here For other uses see Rimbaud (disambiguation Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (ræm'boʊ or in French aʁtyʁ English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States "I don't read French easily", he wrote, ". . . your book travels around with me. " Fowlie went on to give lectures on numerous campuses comparing the lives, philosophies and poetry of Morrison and Rimbaud.
Scott Weiland, the vocalist of Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver, as well as Scott Stapp of Creed (band) claim Morrison to be their biggest influence and inspiration. Scott Weiland (born Scott Richard Kline on October 27, 1967) is an American Musician, lyricist and Vocalist, most Stone Temple Pilots (commonly referred to as " STP " is a Grammy Award -winning American rock band consisting of Scott Weiland Velvet Revolver is a Hard rock supergroup consisting of former Guns N' Roses members Slash, Duff McKagan and Matt Sorum Scott Alan Stapp (born August 8, 1973, in Cherokee, North Carolina) is an American Singer and Songwriter best known Creed was an American Rock band from Tallahassee, Florida that became popular in the late 1990s and early 2000s Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver have both covered "Roadhouse Blues" by the Doors. "Roadhouse Blues" is a Blues - rock song written and recorded by the American rock band The Doors. Weiland also filled in for the late-Morrison to perform "Break On Through" with the rest of the Doors . Stapp filled in for Morrison for "Light my fire","Riders on the Storm" and "Roadhouse Blues" on vH1 storytellers. Creed performed their version of "Riders on the storm" with Robbie Krieger for the Woodstock festival.
In Stephen Davis' book Jim Morrison: Life, Death, Legend (2004) the author makes a compelling argument for a case that the Rolling Stones adopted some of the Doors darker edges for their album Aftermath - and beyond. Steve Davis may refer to Steve Davis, English snooker player and six-time World Champion Steve "Pablo" Davis (artist American Subsequent tracks like, "Gimme Shelter", "Street Fighting Man" and "You Can't Always Get What You Want" also share lyrical similarities with the dark material in Morrison's songs, which has been both confirmed and denied to be a sign of Morrison having a preference for nihilism. " Gimme Shelter " is a song by the Rock and roll band The Rolling Stones. " Street Fighting Man " is a song by English Rock and roll band The Rolling Stones featured on their 1968 album Beggars Banquet " You Can't Always Get What You Want " is a Song by the Rolling Stones released on their 1969 album Let It Bleed. Nihilism (from the Latin nihil, nothing is a philosophical position that argues that Existence is without objective meaning Purpose The book The Doors by the remaining Doors quotes Morrison's close friend Frank Lisciandro as saying that too many people took a remark of Morrison's that he was interested in revolt, disorder, and chaos “to mean that he was an anarchist, a revolutionary, or worse a nihilist. Hardly anyone noticed that Jim was restating Rimbaud and the Surreal poets. ”
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Morrison, James Douglas; The Lizard King; Mr. Find A Grave is a Website allowing its users to access maintain and expand an online Database of Burial records Mojo Risin'|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Musician, Songwriter, Poet, Filmmaker,|
|DATE OF BIRTH||8 December 1943|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Melbourne, Florida, USA|
|DATE OF DEATH||3 July 1971|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Paris, France|