January 4, 1999 – January 6, 2003
|Preceded by||Arne Carlson|
|Succeeded by||Tim Pawlenty|
|Born||July 15, 1951 |
|Political party||Reform Party 1999-2000|
|Profession||US Navy Seal|
Talk Show host
|Jesse Ventura's America|
Ventura on his MSNBC talk show Jesse Ventura's America
|Location(s)||Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States|
|Original run||October 4, 2003 – December 26, 2003|
Jesse Ventura (born July 15, 1951 as James George Janos), also known as "The Body", "The Star", and "The Governing Body", is an American politician, retired professional wrestler, Navy UDT veteran, actor, and former radio and television talk show host. The Governor of Minnesota is the chief executive of the US state of Minnesota, leading the state's Executive branch. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Events 1066 - Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. 1205 - Philip of Swabia becomes King Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. This is a list of Lieutenant Governors of the US state of Minnesota. Mae A Schunk (born May 21 1934, Greenwood Wisconsin) served as the 45th Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003 Arne Helge Carlson (born September 24, 1934) is an American politician active in the state of Minnesota. Timothy James Pawlenty (born November 27 1960 is the 39th and current Governor of Minnesota and a member of the Republican Party. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA, generally known simply as the Reform Party) is a Political The Independence Party of Minnesota (often abbreviated MNIP, IP or IPM) formerly the Reform Party of Minnesota, is the third largest Professional wrestling, or pro wrestling, is a non-competitive professional Sport, where all matches are scripted by the promotion's booking staff A talk show ( American) or chat show ( Global) is a Television or Radio program where one person or group of people come together to A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person Saint Paul ( abbreviated St Paul) is the capital and second most populous city in the U The United States of America —commonly referred to as the MSNBC is a 24-hour cable television news channel based in the United States and available in Canada. Events 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas The year 2003 in television involved some significant eventsBelow is a list of Television -related events in 2003. Events 1481 - Battle of Westbrook - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht. The year 2003 in television involved some significant eventsBelow is a list of Television -related events in 2003. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person Professional wrestling, or pro wrestling, is a non-competitive professional Sport, where all matches are scripted by the promotion's booking staff Underwater Demolition Teams ( UDT) were a precursor to the current United States Navy SEALs The UDT's conducted beach and hydro-reconnaissance explosive cable A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old" is a person who has or is working in the armed forces An actor, actress, player or thespian (see terminology) is a person who Acts in a Dramatic production and who works Radio is the transmission of signals by Modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible Light. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic A talk show ( American) or chat show ( Global) is a Television or Radio program where one person or group of people come together to He was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2004. Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of members of He is also a former co-holder of the AWA World tag team title with Adrian Adonis. The American Wrestling Association (AWA World Tag Team Championship was the Tag team title for the American Wrestling Association from 1960 until the promotion folded Keith Franke ( September 12 1954 &ndash July 4 1988 Adonis later formed a tag team with the Texan Dick Murdoch known
In the Minnesota gubernatorial election of 1998 as an Independent and member of the Reform Party, he was elected the 38th Governor of Minnesota and served from January 4, 1999 to January 6, 2003 without seeking a second term. Results Accumulated and Provided by the Office of the Secretary of State - Election Division GOVERNOR AND LT The Governor of Minnesota is the chief executive of the US state of Minnesota, leading the state's Executive branch. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Events 1066 - Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. 1205 - Philip of Swabia becomes King Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar.
Ventura was born James George Janos in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the son of Bernice Martha (née Lenz) and George William Janos. His father's parents were ethnic Hungarians from what is today Slovakia, and his mother had German ancestry. Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic Slovakia (long form Slovak Republic; Slovak:, long form, is a Landlocked country in Central Europe with a population of over five million  Ventura has described himself as Slovak.  Ventura (then known by his legal name of Janos) graduated from Minneapolis's Roosevelt High School in 1969. See also Theodore Roosevelt High School for schools of the same name Roosevelt High School is a Public school located in Minneapolis Minnesota
From September 11, 1969 to September 10, 1975 he served in the United States Navy as a Navy UDT and was on active duty January 5, 1970 through December 10, 1973 during the Vietnam era. Events 9 - The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Underwater Demolition Teams ( UDT) were a precursor to the current United States Navy SEALs The UDT's conducted beach and hydro-reconnaissance explosive cable Events 1477 - Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1041 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially Ventura served with Underwater Demolition Team 12 during his time on active duty. Underwater Demolition Teams ( UDT) were a precursor to the current United States Navy SEALs The UDT's conducted beach and hydro-reconnaissance explosive cable He later served reserve service as a member of SEAL Team ONE. According to the United States Naval Special Warfare Command policy, Ventura is entitled to use the title "SEAL", due to both his service in the UDT and SEAL teams, and his successful graduation from UDT-R (now BUD/S) training. The United States Naval Special Warfare Command ( SPECWARCOM, NAVSOC, or NSW) was commissioned April 16 1987 at Naval Amphibious Base Coronado He was awarded the National Defense Ribbon and the Vietnam Service Ribbon but was not in combat to qualify for the Combat Action Ribbon. In his autobiography, Ventura described SEAL training as the toughest experience of his life. An autobiography, from the Greek αὐτός autos "self" βίος bios "life" and γράφειν graphein "to write" "It's worse than anything you can imagine," he wrote, "You have to want it bad, very bad. " Ventura always mentioned how much he respected his SEAL instructor Master Chief Petty Officer Terry "Mother" Moy. He asked Moy to stand by his side when he was sworn in as governor. He ended his inaugural address with the SEAL war cry "HOOYAH!"
He returned to Minnesota and attended North Hennepin Community College in the mid-1970s at the same time he began weightlifting and wrestling. Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers North Hennepin Community College (NHCC is a Community college located in Brooklyn Park Minnesota. Weightlifting, also called Olympic weightlifting or Olympic-style weightlifting, is a sport in which participants attempt a maximum weight single lift of a barbell Professional wrestling, or pro wrestling, is a non-competitive professional Sport, where all matches are scripted by the promotion's booking staff It was around this time that he briefly served as a bodyguard for The Rolling Stones. In 1975, Ventura married his wife Terry. The couple have two grown children: a son, Tyrel (b. 1980), and a daughter, Jade (b. 1984). 
He created the stage name Jesse "The Body" Ventura to go with the persona of a bully-ish beach body builder, taking "Ventura" from his wife's maiden name. As a professional wrestler, Ventura wrestled as a "heel", and often used the motto "Win if you can, lose if you must, but always cheat!" Much of his flamboyant persona was copied from "Superstar" Billy Graham, a charismatic and popular performer during the 1970s and '80s. Professional wrestling, or pro wrestling, is a non-competitive professional Sport, where all matches are scripted by the promotion's booking staff In Professional wrestling, a heel is a Villain character In non-wrestling jargon heels are the "bad guys" in pro wrestling storylines. Eldridge Wayne Coleman (born September 10, 1943) better known by his Ring name "Superstar" Billy Graham, is an American  Years later, as a broadcaster, Ventura made a running joke out of claiming that Graham stole all of his ring attire ideas from him.
In 1975, Ventura made his debut in the Central States territory, before moving to the Pacific Northwest, where he wrestled for promoter Don Owen. Don Owen (1912 – 2002 was an American Professional wrestling promoter.  During his stay in Portland, Oregon, he had notable feuds with Dutch Savage and Jimmy Snuka and won the Pacific Northwest Wrestling title twice (once from each wrestler), and the tag team titles six times (twice each with Bull Ramos and "Playboy" Buddy Rose, and once each with Steve Strong and Jerry Oates). Portland is a city located in the Northwestern United States, near the Confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers Dutch Savage (real name - Frank Stewart) is a former Professional wrestler and wrestling promoter best known for his time spent competing in Pacific Northwest James Reiher (born May 18 1943 is an American professional wrestler, and Actor, better known by his ring name of Jimmy "Superfly" Snuka Paul Perschmann He later moved to his hometown promotion, the American Wrestling Association in Minnesota, teaming with Adrian Adonis as the "East-West Connection" in 1979. The American Wrestling Association (AWA was an American Professional wrestling promotion based in Minneapolis Minnesota that ran from 1960 Keith Franke ( September 12 1954 &ndash July 4 1988 Adonis later formed a tag team with the Texan Dick Murdoch known 
The duo won the AWA World Tag Team Championship on July 20, 1980 on a forfeit when Verne Gagne, one-half of the tag team champions along with Mad Dog Vachon, failed to show up for a title defense in Denver, Colorado. The American Wrestling Association (AWA World Tag Team Championship was the Tag team title for the American Wrestling Association from 1960 until the promotion folded Events 1304 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) Verne Gagne (born February 26 1926) is a former American Professional wrestler, football player Pro wrestling Trainer, and Maurice Vachon (born September 14 1929) (also known as Mad Dog Vachon) is a former Professional wrestler. The City and County of Denver (pronounced /ˈdɛnvɚ/ is the Capital and the most populous city of Colorado, in the United States The duo held the belts for nearly a year, losing to "The High Flyers" (Greg Gagne and Jim Brunzell). Greg Gagne (ˈgɑːnjə born July 27, 1948 in Robbinsdale Minnesota) is a former professional wrestler and is the son of the legendary James Brunzell (born August 13, 1949) is a retired professional wrestler better known by his Ring name of "Jumping" Jim Brunzell
Shortly after losing the belts, the duo moved on to the World Wrestling Federation, where they were managed by "Classy" Freddie Blassie. World Wrestling Entertainment Inc ( WWE) is a publicly traded privately controlled integrated media (focusing in Television, Internet, Frederick Blassie ( February 8, 1918 &ndash June 2, 2003) better known as "Classy" Freddie Blassie, was an American Although the duo was unable to capture the WWF Tag Team Championship, both Adonis and Ventura became title contenders, each earning several title shots at champion Bob Backlund. Robert Lee "Bob" Backlund (born August 14 1949) is an American professional wrestler and Actor with an in ring career
"The Body" continued to wrestle until September 1984 when blood clots in his lungs ended his in-ring career; it forced him to miss a title match against WWF Champion Hulk Hogan. Terrance "Terry" Gene Bollea (born August 11 1953 better known by his Ring name Hulk Hogan, is an American Actor, and retired professional Ventura claimed the blood clots were a result of his exposure to Agent Orange during his time in Vietnam. Agent Orange is the code name for a powerful Herbicide and Defoliant used by the U After a failed comeback bid, he began to do color commentary on television for "All-Star Wrestling" (replacing Angelo Mosca) and later "Superstars of Wrestling" (initially alongside Vince McMahon and Bruno Sammartino, and with McMahon after Sammartino's departure from the WWF in 1988), hosted his own talk segment on the WWF's "Superstars of Wrestling" called "The Body Shop", and did color commentary on radio for a few National Football League teams (among them, the Minnesota Vikings and Tampa Bay Buccaneers). WWF Superstars of Wrestling was a Professional wrestling program that debuted on September 6, 1986 and was aired until 2001. Vincent Kennedy McMahon (born August 24 1945 popularly known by his Ring name Mr Bruno Leopoldo Francesco Sammartino (born October 6 1935 is an Italian former professional wrestler, best known for being the longest-running champion of the WWF Superstars of Wrestling was a Professional wrestling program that debuted on September 6, 1986 and was aired until 2001. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. The Minnesota Vikings are a professional American football team based out of Minneapolis Minnesota. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers (often shortened as the Bucs) are a professional American football team based in Tampa Florida. Ventura most notably co-hosted Saturday Night's Main Event with Vince McMahon and the first six WrestleManias (1985-1990) and most of the WWF's Pay-Per-Views at the time with Gorilla Monsoon (the lone exception for Ventura being the first SummerSlam, in which Ventura served as the guest referee during the main event). This article is about the WrestleMania PPV series in general for the first WrestleMania itself see WrestleMania (1985. Robert James "Gino" Marella ( June 4 1937 - October 6 1999) better known by his Ring name of Gorilla Monsoon SummerSlam (1988 was the first annual SummerSlam Professional wrestling Pay-per-view event Following a dispute with WWF Chairman Vince McMahon over him using his image for the video game company Sega, McMahon-who had a contract with rival company Nintendo at the time- released Ventura from the company in August of 1990 .
He also did commentary for World Championship Wrestling from 1992-94. His professional wrestling commentary style was an extension of his wrestling persona, as he was partial to the heels, which was something new and different at the time. The lone exception to this rule was the Wrestlemainia VI match between Hulk Hogan and the Ultimate Warrior. Since they were both faces, Ventura took a neutral position in his commentary; even praising Hogan's display of sportsmanship at the end of the match when he handed over the WWF Championship to the Warrior after he lost the title. The praise of Hogan's action was unusual for Ventura because he regularly rooted against Hogan during his matches. Hogan and Jesse were at one point close friends. However, Jesse abruptedly ended the friendship after he discovered, during his lawsuit against Vince McMahon, that Hogan was the one who had told Vince about Jesse's attempt to form a labor union in 1984. 
In 1982 Ventura had a secondary role in the movie Conan the Barbarian. Conan the Barbarian is a 1982 film by director John Milius and is recognized as the acting Breakthrough of bodybuilder Ventura also acted in the 1987 movie Predator, whose cast included future California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and future Kentucky Gubernatorial candidate Sonny Landham. Predator is a 1987 science fiction, action and Horror film directed by John McTiernan, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The following is a list of the Governors of the State of California. Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger ( German ˌaɐnɔlt aloʏs ˈʃvaɐtsənɛɡɐ born July 30 1947 is an Austrian American Bodybuilder, Actor The Commonwealth of Kentucky ( is a state located in the East Central United States of America. The Governor of Kentucky is the head of the executive branch of the U William M "Sonny" Landham (born February 11, 1941) is an American movie Actor and political candidate He had a starring role in the 1991 sci-fi movie Abraxas, Guardian of the Universe, and supporting roles in The Running Man, Demolition Man, Repossessed, The Master of Disguise (in which he steals the Liberty Bell) and Batman & Robin - the first and last of these also starring Schwarzenegger. Abraxas Guardian of the Universe is a 1991 science-fiction/action film written and directed by Damian Lee and starring Jesse "The Body" The Running Man is a 1987 Film adaptation loosely based on the Stephen King novel of the same name. Demolition Man is a 1993 American Action film. It was directed by Marco Brambilla, written by Peter M Repossessed is a 1990 comedy film that spoofs the 1973 horror film The Exorcist. The Master of Disguise is a Comedy Film released in 2002 starring Dana Carvey, Jennifer Esposito, James Brolin The Liberty Bell, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is a bell that has served as one of the most prominent symbols of the American Revolutionary " Batman & Robin " is a 1997 film from the Batman film series starring George Clooney as Batman, Chris O'Donnell returning Ventura also made an appearance in Major League 2, being "White Lightning" in the movie that the character Willie Mayes Hayes starred in. Major League II ( 1994) is a sequel to the 1989 film Major League. He also appeared as a self help guru (voice only) in The Ringer trying to turn Johnny Knoxville into a more confident worker. The Ringer is a 2005 Comedy starring Johnny Knoxville, Katherine Heigl, and Brian Cox with cameos by Terry Funk Philip John Clapp (born March 11, 1971 in Knoxville Tennessee better known as Johnny Knoxville, is an American comic actor and daredevil Ventura also had a cameo in The X-Files episode "Jose Chung's From Outer Space" as a Man in Black alongside fellow 'MiB' Alex Trebek. The X-Files is a Peabody, Golden Globe and Emmy Award -winning American Science fiction television series created by Chris Carter " Jose Chung 's From Outer Space " is the twentieth episode of the third season of The X-Files. The term Men in Black ( MIB) in Popular culture, is used in UFO conspiracy theories to describe men dressed in black suits claiming to be government George Alexander "Alex" Trebek (born July 22 1940 is an Emmy Award -winning Canadian - American
Following his departure from the WWF, Ventura took advice from a former high school teacher and ran for mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota in 1990 on the Independent Party ticket. Results Accumulated and Provided by the Office of the Secretary of State - Election Division GOVERNOR AND LT A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Brooklyn Park is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States.  Ventura successfully beat the city's 18-year incumbent mayor and served from 1991 to 1995.  Between 1995 and his run for governor, Ventura had a radio call-in show (KSTP-AM 1500) in Minneapolis-St. Paul. Radio is the transmission of signals by Modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible Light. am1500 KSTP is the Flagship station of the Hubbard Broadcasting Corporation, which also owns several other television and radio stations across the United States
Ventura ran for Governor of Minnesota in 1998 as the nominee for the Reform Party of Minnesota (he later joined the Independence Party of Minnesota when it broke from its association with the Reform Party of the United States of America). The Independence Party of Minnesota (often abbreviated MNIP, IP or IPM) formerly the Reform Party of Minnesota, is the third largest The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA, generally known simply as the Reform Party) is a Political His campaign consisted of a combination of aggressive grassroots events and original television spots, designed by quirky adman Bill Hillsman, using the phrase "Don't vote for politics as usual. For other meanings see Grass roots (disambiguation. A grassroots movement (often referenced in the context of a Political movement William Gerard Hillsman Jr (born August 14, 1953 in Chicago Illinois) is an American political consultant and Advertising executive " He spent considerably less than his opponents (about $300,000), and is widely regarded as one of the first candidates to effectively use the Internet as a medium of reaching out to voters in a political campaign. The Internet is a global system of interconnected Computer networks
He won the election in November 1998, narrowly (and unexpectedly) defeating the major-party candidates: St. Paul mayor Norm Coleman (Republican) and Minnesota Attorney General Hubert H. "Skip" Humphrey III (Democratic-Farmer-Labor). Saint Paul ( abbreviated St Paul) is the capital and second most populous city in the U Norman Bertram "Norm" Coleman Jr (born August 17, 1949) is an American politician who has served as a U The state attorney general in the United States is an executive office in all 50 State governments. Hubert Horatio "Skip" Humphrey III (born 26 June 1942) is an American Politician and member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor The Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL is a major Political party in the US state of Minnesota.
After his victory, bumper stickers and T-shirts bearing the slogan "My governor can beat up your governor" appeared in Minnesota and became ubiquitous virtually overnight. Ventura circulated material stating his wish to be known in office as "Jesse 'The Mind'". The nickname stuck, but as a sarcastic and facetious way for opponents to highlight his frequent controversial remarks. Far more frequently, people continued to use "Jesse 'The Body'" or adapt his former stage name as "Jesse 'The Governing Body'. "
Ventura went on to gain the highest approval rating of any governor in Minnesota history, with some polls ranking his public approval as high as 73 percent in 1999, despite controversial public comments. In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937 to gauge public support for the president Later in his term, however, a decline in the economy and a growing unwillingness by the public to accept some of his more controversial behaviors and statements led to a sharp decline in his popularity. Citing undue media scrutiny into the lives of his family he chose not to run for reelection in 2002.
Ventura's main campaign promise was a tax refund to Minnesota residents. A tax refund or tax rebate is a refund on Taxes when the tax liability is less than the taxes paid Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers The state was running a budget surplus at the time, and Ventura believed that the money should be given back to the public. Budget (from French bougette, purse generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues In political debates, he often admitted that he had not formed an opinion on certain policy questions. In jurisdictions which use the Westminster system of Government or a similar system leaders debates are often held usually during a General election campaign A policy is a deliberate plan of action to guide decisions and achieve rational outcome(s Sharing many views with libertarians, Ventura frequently described himself as "fiscally conservative and socially liberal. Libertarianism is a term used by a broad spectrum of political philosophies which prioritize individual Liberty and seek to minimize or even abolish the Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined Liberalism is a broad array of related ideas and theories of Government that consider individual Liberty to be the most important political goal " He selected teacher Mae Schunk as his running mate. Mae A Schunk (born May 21 1934, Greenwood Wisconsin) served as the 45th Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003 His participation in the 1998 Minnesota Governor debates boosted his popularity as a candidate.
Later as governor, he came to support a unicameral (one-house) legislature, light rail public transport, property tax reform, gay rights, and abortion rights. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or Parliamentary chamber A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. Property tax, or millage tax, is an Ad valorem tax that an owner pays on the value of the property being taxed Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender social movements share related goals of social acceptance of Homosexuality, Bisexuality and Transgenderism Lesbian An While funding public school education generously, he opposed the teachers' union, and did not have a high regard for the public funding of higher-education institutions. The term public school has two distinct (and virtually opposite meanings depending on the location of usage in the United States, Australia and Higher education is Education that is provided by universities, vocational universities, Community colleges Liberal arts colleges Additionally, Ventura supported the use of medicinal marijuana, advocated a higher role for third parties in national politics, and favored the concept of instant-runoff voting. Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the Cannabis, also known as marijuana or marihuana, or ganja (from Hindi / Sanskrit: गांजा gānjā hemp) is a See also Third party (United States presidential candidates 2008 The term third party is used in the United States for a political party other than one Instant-runoff voting ( IRV) is a Voting system used for single-winner elections in which voters have one vote and rank Candidates in order of
Lacking a party base in the Minnesota House and Senate, Governor Ventura's vetoes were often overridden. A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral The Minnesota House of Representatives is the lower house in the Minnesota State Legislature. The Minnesota Senate is the Upper house in the Minnesota Legislature. A veto, Latin for "I forbid" is used to Denote that a certain party has the right to stop unilaterally a certain piece of Legislation.
Ventura was elected on a Reform party ticket, but he never received support from Ross Perot's Texas faction. Henry Ross Perot (born June 27 1930 is an American businessman from Texas, who is best known for seeking the office of President of the United States in When the Reform party was taken over by Pat Buchanan supporters before the presidential elections of 2000, Ventura left the party in February 2000, referring to it as 'hopelessly dysfunctional'. Patrick Joseph "Pat" Buchanan (born November 2 1938 is an American Political commentator, Author, syndicated Columnist The United States presidential election of 2000 was a contest between Democratic candidate Al Gore, then Vice President, and Republican However, he maintained close ties to the Independence Party of Minnesota, which also broke from the Reform party around the same time. The Independence Party of Minnesota (often abbreviated MNIP, IP or IPM) formerly the Reform Party of Minnesota, is the third largest
In 1987, while negotiating his contract as a WWF commentator, Ventura waived his rights to royalties on videotape sales when he was falsely told that only feature performers received such royalties. World Wrestling Entertainment Inc ( WWE) is a publicly traded privately controlled integrated media (focusing in Television, Internet, In 1991, having discovered that other non-feature performers received royalties, Ventura brought an action for fraud, misappropriation of publicity rights, and unjust enrichment in Minnesota state court against Titan Sports. Royalties (sometimes running royalties) are usage-based payments made by one party (the "licensee" to another (the "licensor" for ongoing use of an In the broadest sense a fraud is a Deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual Publicity is the deliberate attempt to manage the public's perception of a subject Unjust enrichment is a Legal term in English law and in several other jurisdictions denoting a particular type of causative event in which one party is Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers In the United States, a state court has Jurisdiction over disputes with some connection to a U The case was removed to federal court, and Ventura won an $801,333. The United States district courts are the general Trial courts of the United States federal court system. 06 jury verdict on the last claim. A jury a sworn body of persons convened to render a rational, impartial Verdict (a finding of fact on a question officially submitted to them In Law, a verdict is the formal finding of fact made by a Jury on matters or questions submitted to the jury by a judge The judgment was affirmed on appeal, and the case,, 65 F. In non-legal contexts a judgment is a balanced weighing up of evidence preparatory to making a decision In Law, an appeal is a process for requesting a formal change to an official decision 3d 725 (8th Cir. 1995), is an important result in the law of restitution. The law of restitution is the law of gains-based recovery It is to be contrasted with the law of compensation, which is the law of loss-based recovery
Now because of Ventura's victorious lawsuit, whenever the WWF/WWE wants to use his commentary for a mass marketed VHS/DVD, Ventura will get a percentage of the sales. In law a lawsuit is a civil action brought before a Court in which the party commencing the action the Plaintiff, seeks a legal or equitable remedy DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is
During the first part of his administration, Ventura strongly advocated for land-use reform and substantial mass transit improvements, such as light rail. For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. In his March 1999 State address, he proclaimed, "I want to ride a train by 2002," referring to a light rail line running between downtown Minneapolis and the Mall of America. For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. Mall of America (also MOA, MoA or the Megamall) is a super-regional shopping mall located in the Twin Cities suburb of Bloomington He made the light rail project a priority, obtaining additional funding from the Minnesota state legislature to keep the project moving. The Hiawatha Line was completed in 2004. The Hiawatha Line is a 12-mile (19-kilometer Light rail corridor in Hennepin County, Minnesota that extends from Downtown Minneapolis
During his tenure as Governor, Ventura experienced several controversies that drew a considerable amount of fire from the press in the Twin Cities, which has long prided itself on independence from and criticism of the state government.
Shortly after Ventura's election as governor of Minnesota, author and humorist Garrison Keillor wrote a satirical book about the event, spoofing Ventura as "Jimmy (Big Boy) Valente," a self-aggrandizing former "Navy W. A humorist is a person who writes or performs humorous material Gary Edward "Garrison" Keillor (born August 7, 1942) is an American Author, Storyteller, Humorist, Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and Performing arts In satire human A. L. R. U. S. (Water Air Land Rising Up Suddenly)" turned professional wrestler turned politician. Initially, Ventura responded angrily to the satire. He became conciliatory afterwards, however, and said that Keillor "makes Minnesota proud". 
Ventura attracted the ire of critics when he chose not to stay at the governor's mansion during his tenure, choosing instead to shut it down and stay at his home in Maple Grove after the legislature refused to increase spending for security. Maple Grove is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States. Critics argued that it meant the loss of jobs for several working-class people at the mansion and re-opening the mansion after Ventura's departure would cost more than if Ventura had kept the mansion open. 
During his term, Ventura made an appearance on The Late Show with David Letterman, in which he responded controversially to the question posed by Letterman, "So which is the better city of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis or St. The Late Show with David Letterman is an Emmy Award -winning American late-night Talk show hosted by David Letterman on CBS David Michael Letterman (born April 12, 1947) is an American late-night Talk show host and Comedian and the host since 1993 Paul?". Ventura responded, "Minneapolis. Those streets in St. Paul must have been designed by drunken Irishmen". He later apologized for the remark, adding that it was not intended to be taken seriously. 
After a trade mission to China in 2002, he announced that he would not run for a second term as governor of Minnesota. Trade is the willing exchange of goods, services, or both Trade is also called Commerce. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers During another trade mission to Cuba in the summer of 2002, he denounced the economic sanctions of the US against that country. The Republic of Cuba (ˈkjuːbə or) consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles) Isla de la Economic sanctions are domestic penalties applied by one country (or group of countries on another for a variety of reasons In Political geography and International politics, a country is a Political division of a geographical entity 
Ventura greatly disapproved of some of the actions that took place at the 2002 memorial for Senator Paul Wellstone, his family, and others who died in a plane crash on October 25, 2002. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Paul David Wellstone ( July 21, 1944 – October 25, 2002) was a two-term U Events 1147 - The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Ventura said, "I feel used. I feel violated and duped over the fact that [the memorial ceremony] turned into a political rally". A demonstration is an historically and geographically common form of Nonviolent action by groups of people  He left halfway through the controversial speech made by Wellstone's best friend, Rick Kahn. Because of the rally and other issues revolving around the exclusion of third-party candidates from the resulting election, he appointed Dean Barkley to represent Minnesota in the Senate until Wellstone's term expired in January 2003. Dean Malcolm Barkley (born August 31, 1950) served as a member of the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from November 12 Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers Al Franken wrote that Ventura was disrespectful at the memorial, notably for chewing gum throughout the service. Alan Stuart "Al" Franken (born May 21 1951 is an Emmy Award –winning American Comedian, Writer, progressive
Ventura had a difficult relationship with the local media. He referred to them as "media jackals," a term that even appeared on the required press passes to enter the governor's press area.  He accused the media of hounding him and his family for personal behaviors and beliefs while neglecting coverage of important policy issues. Later, Ventura told a reporter for The Boston Globe that he would have run for a second term if he had been single, referencing the media's effect on his family life. The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily Newspaper in Boston and in New England, 
Ventura has publicly stated that prostitution should be legal, since it will exist in any case, and legal controls protecting the health of clients and workers are needed. Prostitution is the act of performing Sexual activity in exchange for Money.  He said "I voted in hopes to make prostitution legal once, and I'd do it again in a second". 
Governor Ventura sparked media criticism when, nearing the end of his term, he suggested that he might resign from office early to allow his lieutenant governor, Mae Schunk, an opportunity to serve as governor. Mae A Schunk (born May 21 1934, Greenwood Wisconsin) served as the 45th Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003 He further stated that he wanted her to be the state's first female governor, and have her portrait painted and hung in the Capitol along with the other governors. Ventura quickly retreated from the comments, saying he was just floating an idea. 
In 2002, Ventura suffered a severe blood clot in his lungs that left him hospitalized. 
During his wrestling days, Ventura was a user of anabolic steroids, used to increase his already considerable physique. Anabolic steroids, or anabolic-androgenic steroids ( AAS) are a class of Steroid hormones related to the hormone Testosterone. He admitted to this after retiring from competition, and went on to make public service announcements and appear in printed ads and on posters warning young people about the dangers and health risks of using steroids. 
In a Playboy interview, he said:
In his 1999 best-selling memoir I Ain't Got Time to Bleed, Ventura responded to the controversy sparked by these remarks by elaborating on his views concerning religion: "I’d like to clarify [my comments published in Playboy] about religious people being weak-minded. for other uses see Memoir (disambiguation As a literary Genre, a memoir (from the French: mémoire I didn’t mean all religious people. I don’t have any problem with the vast majority of religious folks. I count myself among them, more or less. But I believe because it makes sense to me, not because I think it can be proven. There are lots of people out there who think they know the truth about God and religion, but does anybody really know for sure? That’s why the founding fathers built freedom of religious belief into the structure of this nation, so that everybody could make up their minds for themselves. God is the principal or sole Deity in Religions and other belief systems that worship one deity. The Founding Fathers of the United States are the Political leaders who signed the Declaration of Independence or otherwise participated in the Freedom of religion is the freedom of an individual or community in public or private to manifest religion or belief in teaching practice worship and observance But I do have a problem with the people who think they have some right to try to impose their beliefs on others. I hate what the fundamentalist fanatics are doing to our country. Fundamentalism refers to a "deep and totalistic commitment" to a belief in and strict adherence to a set of basic principles (often Religious in nature a reaction Fanaticism is an Emotion of being filled with excessive uncritical Zeal, particularly for an extreme religious or political cause or in It seems as though, if everybody doesn’t accept their version of reality, that somehow invalidates it for them. Everybody must believe the same things they do. That’s what I find weak and destructive. "
Governor Ventura's office accidentally proclaimed October 13 to 19, 2002 as "Christian Heritage Week" in Minnesota. Events 54 - Nero ascends to the Roman throne 409 - Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees 
Ventura has been criticized for privately profiting from his heightened popularity. He was hired as a television analyst for the failed XFL football enterprise, served as a referee at a World Wrestling Federation match, and published several books during his tenure as governor. The XFL was a professional American football league that played for one season in 2001 American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with SummerSlam (1999 was the twelfth annual SummerSlam Professional wrestling Pay-per-view event produced by the World Wrestling Federation On his weekly radio show, he often criticized the media for focusing on these deals rather than on his policy proposals. A policy is a deliberate plan of action to guide decisions and achieve rational outcome(s 
Ventura was succeeded in his office by Republican Tim Pawlenty. Timothy James Pawlenty (born November 27 1960 is the 39th and current Governor of Minnesota and a member of the Republican Party. He began a cable television show in October, 2003, on MSNBC called Jesse Ventura's America. MSNBC is a 24-hour cable television news channel based in the United States and available in Canada. The show was broadcast once a week, on Saturdays, unlike many MSNBC shows which are on five nights a week (this show was originally planned for five nights a week as well, but MSNBC executives changed their minds). At the time of its airing, Jesse Ventura's America was the only national television show filmed in Minnesota. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers Among his guests were Charles Barkley, Gray Davis, Arianna Huffington, Rob Kampia, and Kathy McKee. Charles Wade Barkley (born February 20 1963 is an American retired professional Basketball player Joseph Graham Davis Jr (born December 26 1942 better known as Gray Davis, is an American politician who served as California 's 37th Governor Arianna Huffington (born Arianna Stassinopoulos, on July 15, 1950) is an Author, media gadfly, and nationally syndicated Rob Kampia is co-founder and executive director of the Marijuana Policy Project, the largest 501(c(4 Nonprofit organization However, the show was soon canceled.
In 2004, fellow Navy veteran and Harvard graduate student Christopher Mora promoted the idea that the academic establishment had failed to reach out to citizens experienced in public service, but who did not fit the traditional idea of a politician. He successfully lobbied for the selection of Ventura, who started teaching a study group at Harvard University for the Spring 2004 semester as a visiting fellow at the Kennedy School of Government's Institute of Politics (IOP). A fellow in the broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade The John F Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (also known as Harvard Kennedy School and HKS) is a Public policy and His 90-minute study group focused on third party politics, campaign finance, the war on drugs, and other relevant political issues. Ventura scheduled multiple famous friends to appear for his seminars including Dean Barkley and Richard Marcinko. Dean Malcolm Barkley (born August 31, 1950) served as a member of the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from November 12 Richard "Dick" Marcinko (born November 21, 1940 in Lansford Pennsylvania) is a former United States Navy SEAL and These presentations were among the highest attended in the history of the IOP.
On March 14, 2004, Ventura appeared as an honored guest at World Wrestling Entertainment's (WWE) WrestleMania XX as part of the "WWE Hall of Fame Class of 2004. Events 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " World Wrestling Entertainment Inc ( WWE) is a publicly traded privately controlled integrated media (focusing in Television, Internet, WrestleMania XX was the twentieth WrestleMania Professional wrestling Pay-per-view produced by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE In Professional wrestling, the WWE Hall of Fame (formerly WWF Hall of Fame) is an institution that honors selected former and current employees of World Wrestling " Later in the evening he approached the ring to interview Donald Trump, who had a front row seat at the event. Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American Business magnate, Socialite, Television personality, and Trump affirmed that Ventura would receive his moral and financial support were he to ever reenter the world of politics. Alluding to the 2008 election, Ventura boldly announced that "In 2008, maybe we oughta put a wrestler in the White House". The United States presidential election of 2008, scheduled for Tuesday November 4 2008 will be the 56th consecutive See also Executive Office of the President of the United States The White House, formerly known as the Executive Mansion, is the Official residence
On October 22, 2004, with Ventura by his side, former Maine Governor Angus King endorsed John Kerry for President at the Minnesota state capitol building. Events 202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean Angus S King Jr (born March 31, 1944) served two terms as an independent Governor of Maine from 1995 to 2003 } John Forbes Kerry (born December 11 1943 is an American Politician who is currently serving his fourth term as the junior United States Senator Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers Ventura did not say a word at the press conference, showing his continued contempt for the press. When prodded for a statement, Governor King responded, "He plans to vote for John Kerry, but he doesn't want to make a statement and subject himself to the tender mercies of the Minnesota press". } John Forbes Kerry (born December 11 1943 is an American Politician who is currently serving his fourth term as the junior United States Senator Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers 
In November 2004, an advertisement began airing in California featuring Ventura. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. In it, Ventura voices his opposition to Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's policies regarding Native American casinos. Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger ( German ˌaɐnɔlt aloʏs ˈʃvaɐtsənɛɡɐ born July 30 1947 is an Austrian American Bodybuilder, Actor Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States A casino is in the modern sense of the word a facility that houses and accommodates certain types of Gambling activities Like Hogan, Schwarzenegger at one point was also a close friend of Ventura as well, but since Schwarzenegger's victory in California, Ventura has not reportedly given him any praise; Schwarzenegger didn't even mention Ventura's name in an interview with Fox News in 2005, where reporter Chris Wallace asked him if he was quote "the next Jesse Ventura" . Chris Wallace (born October 12, 1947) is an American journalist currently the host of Fox News Sunday. Ventura is serving as an advisory board member for a new group called Operation Truth, a non-profit organization set up "to give voice to troops who served in Iraq. Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America is the nation's first and largest group dedicated to the Troops and Veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan A non-profit organization ( abbreviated "NPO" also "not-for-profit" is a legally constituted Organization whose objective is to support or engage " “The current use of the National Guard is wrong. For the National Guard of a State and other countries' National Guard see National Guard. . . . These are men who did not sign up to go occupy foreign nations”. 
In August 2005, Ventura became the spokesperson for BetUS, an online Sportsbook. BetUScom is a privately held online gaming company offering Sports betting, casino games, poker and Horse racing. sportsbook (sometimes abbreviated as book or a race and sports book is a place where a gambler can wager on various Sports competitions including 
In 2005, Ventura repeatedly discussed leaving the United States. In September of 2005, Ventura announced on The Mike Malloy Show that he was leaving the U. The Mike Malloy Show is a liberal radio talk show hosted by long-time radio personality Mike Malloy. S. and planned to "have an adventure". In late October 2005, he went on the The Big Idea with Donny Deutsch and reiterated that he was leaving the U. The Big Idea with Donny Deutsch is a Talk show on CNBC hosted by Donny Deutsch. Donald Jay "Donny" Deutsch (born November 22, 1957 in Queens, New York) is an Advertising executive and host S. due to, among other things, censorship. Censorship is the suppression of speech or deletion of communicative material which may be considered objectionable harmful or sensitive as determined by a censor He has since moved to Baja California, Mexico. Baja California (pronounced ˈbɑːhɑː kælɨˈfɔrnjə in English is the northernmost state of Mexico.
In September of 2006, Ventura endorsed and campaigned with independent Texas gubernatorial candidate Kinky Friedman, and Independence Party of Minnesota 's gubernatorial candidate Peter Hutchinson and Team Minnesota. Richard S "Kinky" Friedman (born October 31 or November 1 1944 is an American Singer, Songwriter, Novelist, Humorist, Peter Hutchinson (born December 17, 1949) is an American politician and businessman from the U He revealed he now spends much of his time surfing near his home in Mexico. Surfing is a surface water sport in which the participant is carried along the face of a breaking wave, most commonly using a Surfboard, although wave-riders The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America.
Ventura participated on the June 11, 2007 WWE Raw Draft Special on the USA Network, where he was seen giving "Appreciation" towards Mr. Events 1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned according to the calculations of Eratosthenes. This article is about the television program You may be looking for the 1994 video game or the 2002 video game WWE Raw is USA Network (commonly referred to as USA) is an American Cable television channel with about 89 million household subscribers as of 2005 McMahon.
In April 2008, a book authored by Ventura, titled Don't Start the Revolution Without Me was released. In it, Ventura describes a hypothetical campaign in which he is a candidate for President of the United States in 2008, running as an independent. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by The United States presidential election of 2008, scheduled for Tuesday November 4 2008 will be the 56th consecutive In Politics, an independent is a Politician who is not Affiliated with any Political party.  In an interview with the Associated Press at the time of the book's release, however, Ventura denied any plans for a presidential bid, stating that the scenario is only imaginary and not indicative of a "secret plan to run". The Associated Press ( AP) is an American News agency. The AP is a Cooperative owned by its contributing Newspapers radio 
However, in an interview on CNN's The Situation Room on April 7, Ventura hinted that he is considering entering the race for the United States Senate seat now held by Norm Coleman, his Republican opponent in the 1998 Gubernatorial race. Cable News Network, usually referred to by its Initialism CNN, is a major English language Television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner The Situation Room is an afternoon/early evening newscast on CNN hosted by Wolf Blitzer that first aired on August 8, 2005. Events 529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in Jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor The 2008 Minnesota US Senate election will take place on November 4, 2008. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives 
In April and May of 2008, Jesse Ventura, in several radio interviews for his new book, Don't Start the Revolution Without Me, expressed concerns about what he described as some of the unanswered questions of the 9/11 attacks. His remarks about the possibility that the World Trade Center was demolished with explosives were also repeated in newspaper and television stories following some of the interviews. The controlled demolition hypothesis is a 9/11 conspiracy theory that claims the complete structural failure of the World Trade Center towers was not caused by the 
Ventura was interviewed on the Alex Jones radio show on April 2, 2008, on the Opie and Anthony on April 8, 2008, and on the The Howard Stern Show on May 21, 2008, discussing his views on 9/11 with the shows' hosts. Alexander Emerick Jones (born February 11 1974 is an American Paleoconservative radio host and documentary filmmaker Opie ( Gregg Hughes, born May 23, 1963) Anthony ( Anthony Cumia, born April 26, 1961) and Jim The Howard Stern Show is an American radio show hosted by Howard Stern on Howard 100, one of two channels on the subscription-based  He said that he felt that many unanswered questions remain, such as how World Trade Center Building 7, which was not struck by a plane, collapsed on the afternoon of 9/11 in a manner which resembled a well executed controlled demolition Ventura stated:
He also expressed bewilderment at how the Twin Towers appeared pulverized to dust and how they fell at virtually free-fall speed, when no other massive steel-framed buildings had ever collapsed in this manner due to fire before. 
|38th Governor of Minnesota|
1999 – 2003
|WrestleMania color commentator|
Bobby "The Brain" Heenan