The Jeep Forward Control is a truck that was produced by Willys and then Kaiser Jeep from 1956 to 1965. Jeep is an Automobile Marque (and registered trademark of Chrysler. This article is about the semi-truck For the North American use of the word see Pickup truck. Willys was the brand name used by the United States Automobile company Willys-Overland Motors best known for its production of military and civilian Kaiser Jeep was the result of the merger between the Kaiser-Frazer Corporation, an independent Automaker based in Willow Run, Michigan, and the It was also assembled in other international markets. The layout featured a cab forward, also known as cab-over-engine (COE) design. The term cab forward refers to various rail and Road Vehicle designs which place the driver's compartment substantially farther towards the front than
Willis produced utility vehicles that remained almost unchanged since 1947. As the marketplace grew more competitive in the 1950s, management developed a new range of modern cab and body trucks. Designer Brooks Stevens used styling cues from full-size cab-over-engine trucks. Clifford Brooks Stevens ( June 7, 1911 - January 4, 1995) was an industrial designer as well as automotive designer graphic designer Engineering was based on existing CJ-5. The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. Power came from the Hurricane F-head and L-head 4-cylinder engines. The Willys F4-134 Hurricane was an Inline-4 Piston engine and powered the famous Jeep CJ in the CJ-3B CJ-5 and CJ-6 models
The Forward Control models were primarily marketed as work vehicles for corporate, municipal, military, as well as civilian use. Regular pickup box beds were standard, but customers were offered a large number of "Jeep approved" specialized bodies from outside suppliers. These ranged from simple flatbeds to complete tow trucks, dump trucks, and fire trucks. A tow truck (also called a wrecker, a breakdown truck, recovery truck or a breakdown lorry) is a vehicle used to transport disabled A dump truck or production truck is a Truck used for transporting loose material (such as Sand, Gravel, or dirt) for Construction A fire apparatus, fire engine, fire truck, or fire appliance is a vehicle designed to assist in fighting Fires by transporting Firefighters
Proposals included a "Forward Control Commuter" design that could have been among the earliest minivan-type vehicles. Three operational concept cars were built by Reutter in Stuttgart, West Germany. Stuttgart (ˈʃtʊtgaɐ̯t is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. Brooks Stevens was also involved in the transformation of this truck platform into a passenger vehicle. Clifford Brooks Stevens ( June 7, 1911 - January 4, 1995) was an industrial designer as well as automotive designer graphic designer 
Introduced in 1956, FC-150 models had short wheelbase of only 81 inches (2,057 mm) with a 78 in (1,981 mm) bed. In both road and rail Vehicles the wheelbase is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels In 1958, the FC-150 received a new, wider chassis. Its tread was widened from 48 in (1,219 mm) to 57 in (1,448 mm).
Introduced in 1957, FC-170 models had a 103 inches (2,616 mm) wheelbase with a 108 in (2,743. Jeep is an Automobile Marque (and registered trademark of Chrysler. 2 mm) bed. This model is significant as it was the first time the length of the payload box - 9 feet (2. 7 m) with the tailgate up - exceeded the wheelbase of a truck. This was achieved by the forward cabin layout.
This is a 1-ton dual-wheeled rear axle (dually) model with a 10 feet (3. The short ton ( S/T) is a unit of mass equal to 2000 lb (around 907 0 m) load bed. These models have gross weights of 8,000 pounds (3,629 kg) or 9,000 lb (4,082 kg).
The FC Jeeps were exhibited to Jeep dealers in a closed-circuit telecast on November 29, 1956, and were on display for the public at the December 1956 National Automobile Show in New York City. A car dealership or vehicle local distribution is a business that sells new cars and/or Used cars at the Retail level based on a dealership contract Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The City of New York The FC-150 hit dealer showrooms on December 12, 1956. Events 627 - Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II 's Persian Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The initial response to the four-wheel drive FC Jeeps was favorable. Their best sales year came in 1957, when 9,738 were trucks sold. After the introduction of the FC-170 in 1957, FC-150 sales dropped to 1,546 units in 1959, before rebounding to 4,925 in 1960. Neither model became the big seller that Willys had hoped. Total production in nine years was just over 30,000 units. The FC line was discontinued in 1964. 
Aside from Forward Control Jeeps being built for civilian use there were also four models manufactured for the military.
Numerous versions of FC models (most not available in the domestic market) were manufactured in many other nations under collaboration agreements with successive owners of Jeep: Willys Overland, Kaiser Jeep, and American Motors (AMC). Willys was the brand name used by the United States Automobile company Willys-Overland Motors best known for its production of military and civilian Kaiser Jeep was the result of the merger between the Kaiser-Frazer Corporation, an independent Automaker based in Willow Run, Michigan, and the American Motors Corporation (AMC was an American automobile company formed on January 14 1954 by the merger of the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation
Mahindra & Mahindra Limited in Bombay (Mumbai), India began its vehicle business in 1947 by assembling Complete knock down (CKD) Jeeps. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial For other uses of the abbreviation see CKD Complete knock down (CKD, is a complete kit needed to assemble a vehicle  It started FC-150 production in India in 1965 and later expanded the model range for the domestic market to include the FC-170, as well as its own intermediate sized FC-160. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Domestic trading Trading that is aimed at a single market the firms domestic trade is referred to as domestic trading
The FC-160 (and later FJ-160) uses a 233 centimeters (91. 7 in) wheelbase. The pick-up box was by Mahindra and other bodies were available. The "cowl and chassis only" FC-160 model was popular during the 1970s for conversion into mini-buses, ambulances, and other vehicles. A cowling is a covering of a vehicle's Engine, most often found on automobiles and aircraft A chassis (plural "chassis" (ˈʃæːsiː ˈtʃæːsiː consists of a framework that supports an inanimate object analogous to an Animal 's "Microbus" redirects here For the Volkswagen Microbus see Volkswagen Type 2. An ambulance is a Vehicle for transporting sick or injured people to from or between places of treatment for an Illness or Injury. Most have the basic front face of the FC. Manufacture of the Mahindra FC-160 pickup truck ended in the summer of 1999.
The FC-260 Diesel light truck was introduced in 1975. Currently, Mahindra's FJ-460 (introduced in 1983) and FJ-470 van or mini-bus vehicles retain the grille arrangement of the original Forward Control. These vehicles can accommodate from 11 to 15 passengers plus the driver. 
In the 1960s, Kaiser-Willys licensed VIASA (Vehículos Industriales y Agrícolas, S. A. ) to build Jeeps in Spain. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. During the late-1970s, VIASA was absorbed by Ebro trucks (a division of Motor Iberica). Ebro was a Spanish brand of light and medium Trucks and Buses as well as All-wheel-drive utility vehicles and Agricultural tractors based mainly The "SV" line of commercial trucks were built using a Jeep chassis, just like the FC models in the USA. The unique Iberian models included the Campeador (one-ton pickup), Duplex (double cab pickup), Furgon (one-ton van), and the Toledo (9-seat van). The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra Two engines were available: the Super Hurricane in-line six or a Perkins 4-cylinder diesel. The Willys F4-134 Hurricane was an Inline-4 Piston engine and powered the famous Jeep CJ in the CJ-3B CJ-5 and CJ-6 models In this List of Perkins engines, family type refers to the two letter designation Perkins gives each engine Diesel or Diesel fuel (ˈdiːzəl in general is any Fuel used in Diesel engines The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum