Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (July 31, 1901 - May 12, 1985) was one of the most famous French painters and sculptors of the second half of the 20th century. Events 30 BC - Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian 's forces but most of his army subsequently Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 1191 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e The twentieth century of the Common Era began on
Dubuffet was born in Le Havre. Painterly is a translation of the German term malerisch, one of the opposed categories popularized by Swiss Art historian Heinrich Wölfflin Le Havre is a city in the northwest region of France situated on the right bank of the mouth of the Seine River as it outlets into the Bay of the Seine He moved to Paris in 1918 to study painting at the Académie Julian, but after six months he left the Académie to study independently. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e The Académie Julian was an Art school in Paris, France. Rodolphe Julian established the Académie Julian in 1868 at the Passage In 1924, doubting the value of art, he stopped painting and took over his father's business selling wine. Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Wine is an Alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of Grape juice He took up painting again in the 1930s, but again stopped, only turning to art for good in 1942. The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. His first solo show came in 1944. Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He approached the surrealist group in 1948, then the College of Pataphysique in 1954. Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early-1920s and is best known for the visual artworks and writings of the group members Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 'Pataphysics ( French: 'Pataphysique) a term coined by French writer Alfred Jarry (1873 – 1907 is a Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar)
Influenced by Hans Prinzhorn's book Artistry of the Mentally Ill, Dubuffet coined the term Art Brut (outsider art) for art produced by non-professionals working outside aesthetic norms, such as art by mental patients, prisoners, and children. Hans Prinzhorn ( June 6 1886 - June 14 1933) was a German Psychiatrist and art historian. Artistry of the Mentally Ill was a 1922 book by Psychiatrist Hans Prinzhorn, and is known as the work that launched the field of psychiatric art The term Outsider Art was coined by Art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut (aʁ bʁu meaning "raw art" He amassed his own collection of such art, including artists such as Aloïse Corbaz and Adolf Wölfli. Aloïse Corbaz ( June 28, 1886 - April 5, 1964) was a Swiss Outsider artist included in Jean Dubuffet 's initial Adolf Wölfli (1864 - 1930 (occasionally spelled Adolf Woelfli or Adolf Wolfli) was a prolific Swiss Artist who is regarded as one of the foremost The collection is now housed at the Musée de l'Art Brut in Lausanne, Switzerland. Lausanne ( pronounced, Losanna is a city in Romandy, the French -speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva Dubuffet sought to create an art as free from intellectual concerns as Art Brut, and his work often appears primitive and child-like.
Many of Dubuffet's works are painted in oil paint using an impasto thickened by materials such as sand, tar and straw, giving the work an unusually textured surface. Oil paint is a type of slow-drying Paint consisting of small Pigment particles suspended in a Drying oil. In English the borrowed Italian word impasto most commonly refers to a technique used in Painting, where Paint is laid on an area of the surface (or the entire Sand is a naturally occurring Granular material composed of finely divided rock and Mineral particles Tar is a viscous black Liquid derived from the Destructive distillation of organic matter Straw is an agricultural By-product, the dry stalk of a Cereal plant after the Grain or Seed has been removed From 1962 he produced a series of works in which he limited himself to the colours red, white, black, and blue. Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Towards the end of the 1960s he turned increasingly to sculpture, producing works in polystyrene which he then painted with vinyl paint. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 Polystyrene ˌpɒliˈstaɪriːn ( IUPAC Polyphenylethene is an aromatic Polymer made from the aromatic Monomer Styrene A vinyl compound is any Organic compound that contains a vinyl group (also called ethenyl) &minus C[[Hydrogen H]] =CH sub>2 Paint is any Liquid, liquifiable or mastic composition which after application to a substrate in a thin layer is converted to an opaque Solid
In late 1960-1961, Dubuffet began experimenting with music and sound and made several recordings with the Danish painter Asger Jorn. Asger Oluf Jorn ( March 3, 1914 - May 1, 1973) was a founding member of the Situationist International, and a prolific artist and essayist
In 1978 Dubuffet collaborated with American composer and musician Jasun Martz to create the record album artwork for Martz’s avant-garde symphony entitled The Pillory. Jasun Martz is an American Record producer, Composer, Musician, Fine artist and Sculptor who has worked on several #1 best The much written about drawing has been reproduced internationally in three different editions on tens-of-thousands of record albums and compact discs. A detail of the drawing is also featured on Martz’s second symphony (2005), The Pillory/The Battle, performed by The Intercontinental Philharmonic Orchestra and Royal Choir. Jasun Martz is an American Record producer, Composer, Musician, Fine artist and Sculptor who has worked on several #1 best
|“||Scratched and trowelled in their mudlike pigment, their outlines scrawled in a sophisticated parody of the hasty gential urgency of street graffiti, Dubuffet's cruel portraits of French intellectuals and writers in the 1940s go beyond caricature; they are pathetic monsters.||”|
One of Dubuffet's later works was Monument With Standing Beast (1984). Monument with Standing Beast is a Sculpture by Jean Dubuffet in front of the Helmut Jahn designed James R Dubuffet died in Paris in 1985. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city The Fondation Jean Dubuffet collects and exhibits his work. The Fondation Jean Dubuffet is a foundation established by artist Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985 in 1973