The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 660 km (410 miles) long including its Jackson River source and drains a catchment comprising 27,019 km² (10,432 square miles). A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state A drainage basin is an extent of Land where Water from Rain or Snow melt drains downhill into a body of water such as a River, The watershed includes about 4% open water and an area with a population of 2. 5 million people (2000). It is the 12th longest river in the United States that remains entirely within a single state. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
The James River forms in the Allegheny Mountains, near Iron Gate on the border between Alleghany and Botetourt counties from the confluence of the Cowpasture and Jackson Rivers, and flows into the Chesapeake Bay at Hampton Roads. The Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany) &mdash informally the Alleghenies &mdash is part of the vast Appalachian Iron Gate is a town in Alleghany County, Virginia, United States. Alleghany County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia. Botetourt County (ˈbɒtətɒt "Bot-uh-tot" is a county located in the U Confluence, in Geography, describes the meeting of two or more Bodies of water. The Cowpasture River is a chief Tributary of the James River in western Virginia in the United States. The Jackson River is a major tributary of the James River in the U The Chesapeake Bay is the largest Estuary in the United States. Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. Tidal waters extend west to Richmond, the capital of Virginia, at its fall line, (the head of navigation). This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. In Geomorphology, a fall line (at times referred to as a fall zone) marks the area where an upland region (continental Bedrock) and a Coastal plain Larger tributaries draining to the tidal portion include the Appomattox River, Chickahominy River, Warwick River, Pagan River, and the Nansemond River. The Appomattox River is a tributary of the James River, approximately 137 miles (220 km in central and eastern Virginia in the United States, named for For the tribe see Chickahominy (tribe. Chickahominy also known as "the Chick" is a River in the southeastern portion The Warwick River is a short Tidal estuary which empties into the James River a few miles from Hampton Roads at the southern end of Chesapeake Bay The Nansemond River is a tributary of the James River in the U
At its mouth near Newport News Point, the Elizabeth River joins the James River to form the harbor area known as Hampton Roads. The Elizabeth River is a short Tidal estuary forming an arm of Hampton Roads at the southern end of Chesapeake Bay in southeast Virginia in the Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. Between the tip of the Virginia Peninsula near Old Point Comfort and the Willoughby Spit area of Norfolk in South Hampton Roads, a channel lead from Hampton Roads into the southern portion of the Chesapeake Bay and out to the Atlantic Ocean a few miles further east. The Virginia Peninsula is a Peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Old Point Comfort is a point of land located in the Independent city of Hampton at the extreme tip of the Virginia Peninsula at the mouth of Willoughby Spit is a peninsula of land in the Independent city of Norfolk Virginia in the United States. Norfolk is an Independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States South Hampton Roads, also known as Southside, is a region located in the extreme southeastern portion of Virginia in the United States. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest Estuary in the United States.
The Native Americans who populated the area east of the fall line in the late 16th and early 17th centuries called the James River the Powhatan River, named for the chief of the Powhatan Confederacy which extended over most of the Tidewater region of Virginia. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States In Geomorphology, a fall line (at times referred to as a fall zone) marks the area where an upland region (continental Bedrock) and a Coastal plain The Powhatan (also spelled Powatan and Powhaten) or Powhatan Renape (literally the "Powhatan Human Beings" is the name of a The Tidewater region of Virginia is a term used to refer to the eastern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The English colonists named it "James" after King James I of England, as they also constructed the first permanent English settlement in the Americas in 1607 at Jamestown along the banks of the James River about 35 miles upstream from the Chesapeake Bay. James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625 was King of Scotland as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James British colonization of the Americas (including colonization under the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland before the 1707 Acts of Union created Jamestown, located on Jamestown Island in the Virginia Colony, was founded on May 14 1607 The Chesapeake Bay is the largest Estuary in the United States.
The navigable portion of the river was the major highway of the Colony of Virginia during its first 15 years, facilitating supply ships delivering supplies and more people from England. The Colony of Virginia (also known frequently as the Virginia Colony and occasionally as the Dominion and Colony of Virginia) was the English colony However, for the first five years, despite many hopes of gold and riches, these ships sent little of monetary value back to the sponsors. In 1612, businessman John Rolfe successfully cultivated a non-native strain of tobacco which proved popular in England. John Rolfe (c 1585 &ndash 1622 was one of the early English settlers of North America. Tobacco is an Agricultural product recognized as an addictive drug processed from the fresh Leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. Soon, the river became the primary means of exporting the large hogsheads of this cash crop from an ever-growing number of plantations with wharfs along its banks. A hogshead is a large cask of liquid (less often of a food commodity) In Agriculture, a cash crop is a crop which is grown for Money. Fundamentally a plantation is usually a large Farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country on which Cotton, Tobacco This development and made the proprietary effort of the Virginia Company of London successful financially, spurring even more development, investments and immigration. The London Company (also called the Charter of the Virginia Company of London) was an English Joint stock company established by royal charter by Below the falls at Richmond, many James River plantations had their own wharfs, and additional ports and/or early railheads were located at Warwick, Bermuda Hundred, City Point, Claremont, Scotland, and Smithfield, and, during the 17th century, the capital of the Colony at Jamestown. James River plantations were established in the Virginia Colony along the James River between the mouth at Hampton Roads and the Head of navigation Warwick was an unincorporated town and port in Chesterfield County Virginia located on the navigable portion of the James River about 5 miles south of Bermuda Hundred was the first Incorporated town in the English colony of Virginia. City Point was a town in Prince George County Virginia in the state of Virginia. Claremont is an Incorporated town in Surry County, Virginia, United States. Scotland (also known as Scotland Wharf) is an unincorporated community in Surry County, Virginia, United States. Smithfield is an Incorporated town in Isle of Wight County, in the South Hampton Roads subregion of the Hampton Roads region of Virginia
Navigation of the James River played an important role in early Virginia commerce and the settlement of the interior, although growth of the colony was primarily in the Tidewater regions during the first 75 years. The upper reaches of the river above the head of navigation at the fall line were explored by fur trading parties sent by Abraham Wood during the late 17th century. Abraham Wood (1614-1682 sometimes referred to as "General" or "Colonel" Wood was an English Fur trader (specifically the Deerskin trade) and
Although ocean-going ships could not navigate past present-day Richmond, portage of products and navigation with smaller craft to transport crops other than tobacco was feasible. This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Produce from the Piedmont and Great Valley regions traveled down the river to seaports at Richmond and Manchester through such port towns as Lynchburg, Scottsville, Columbia and Buchanan. Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States between the Atlantic Coastal Plain and the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching The Great Valley, also called the Great Appalachian Valley or Great Valley Region, is one of the major landform features of eastern North America. Manchester Virginia was the original County seat of Chesterfield County, Virginia in the United States when it was formed from Henrico Lynchburg is an Independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Scottsville is a town in Albemarle and Fluvanna counties in the U Columbia is a town in Fluvanna County, Virginia, United States, at the confluence of the James and Rivanna Rivers Buchanan is a town in Botetourt County, Virginia, United States.
The James River was also considered as a route for transport of produce from the Ohio Valley. The Ohio River is the largest Tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. The James River and Kanawha Canal was built for this purpose, to provide a link between the James and the navigable portion of the Kanawha River, a tributary of the Ohio River. The James River and Kanawha Canal was a Canal in Virginia, which was built to facilitate shipments of passengers and freight by water between the western counties The Kanawha River (pronounced ka-NAW-ah or kuh-NAW and earlier kuh-NOIE) is a tributary of the Ohio River, approximately 97 mi (156 km The Ohio River is the largest Tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. For the most mountainous section between the two points, the James River and Kanawha Turnpike was built to provide a portage link via wagons and stagecoaches. The James River and Kanawha Turnpike was built to facilitate portage of shipments of passengers and freight by water between the western reaches of the James River via the However, before the canal could be fully completed, in the mid-19th century, railroads emerged as a more practical technology and eclipsed canals for economical transportation. Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) was completed between Richmond and the Ohio River at the new city of Huntington, West Virginia by 1873, dooming the canal's economic prospects. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century Huntington is a city located in the State of West Virginia along the Ohio River. In the 1880s, the Richmond and Allegheny Railroad was laid along the eastern portion of the canal's towpath, and became part of the C&O within 10 years. The Richmond and Allegheny Railroad was built along the James River along the route of the James River and Kanawha Canal from Richmond on the Fall In modern times, this rail line serves as a water-level route of CSX Transportation, used primarily in transporting West Virginia coal to export coal piers at Newport News. West Virginia ( is a state in the Appalachian Upland South, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, bordered by A coal pier is a Transloading facility designed for the transfer of Coal between rail and ship Newport News is an Independent city in Virginia. It is at the south-western end of the Virginia Peninsula, on the north shore of the James River
The James River also contains numerous parks and other recreational attractions. Canoeing, fishing, kayaking, hiking, and swimming are some of the activities that people enjoy along the river during the summer. From the river's start in the Blue Ridge mountains to Richmond, Virginia, numerous rapids and pools offer fishing and whitewater rafting. The Blue Ridge, or Blue Ridge Mountains, is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The most intense whitewater stretch is a two mile segment that ends in downtown Richmond where the river goes over the fall line. This is the only place in the country where extensive class III (class IV with above average river levels) whitewater conditions exist within sight of skyscrapers. Below the Fall Line east of Richmond, the river is better suited for water skiing and other large boat recreation. In Geomorphology, a fall line (at times referred to as a fall zone) marks the area where an upland region (continental Bedrock) and a Coastal plain Here the river is known for its blue catfish, reaching average sizes of 20 to 30 pounds, with frequent catches exceeding 50 pounds. In the Chesapeake watershed, the James River is the last confirmed holdout for the nearly extirpated Atlantic sturgeon. The Atlantic sturgeon ( Acipenser oxyrhynchus oxyrinchus) is a member of the Acipenseridae family and is among one of the oldest fish species in the world In May 2007 a survey identified 175 sturgeon remaining in the entire river, with 15 specimens exceeding five feet. 
In the Hampton Roads area, the river is as much as five miles (8 km) wide at points. This is a list of Bridges and other crossings of the James River in the U Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. Due to ocean-going shipping upriver as far as the Port of Richmond, a combination of ferryboats, high bridges and bridge-tunnels are used for highway traffic. For other harbours with similar names see Port Richmond. The Port of Richmond, also known as the Richmond Deepwater Terminal See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and A bridge is a Structure built to span a Gorge, Valley, Road, railroad track, River, Body of water Crossings east to west include:
The SR 895 high level crossing is the last bridge east of the Deepwater Port of Richmond and head of ocean-going navigation at the fall line of the James River. In Geomorphology, a fall line (at times referred to as a fall zone) marks the area where an upland region (continental Bedrock) and a Coastal plain West of this point, potential flooding is more of an engineering concern than clearance for watercraft.
The following is a list of extant highway bridges across the James River with one or both ends within the City of Richmond.
The following is a partial, incomplete list of extant highway bridges across the James River west of Richmond. James River Bridge in Richmond Virginia carries Interstate 95 across the James River. In the Commonwealth of Virginia, Interstate 95 runs through the state Mayo Bridge (also known as Richmond's 14th St Bridge) is located in Richmond Virginia. Manchester Bridge in Richmond Virginia carries US Highway 60 across the James River. The Robert E Lee Memorial Bridge in Richmond Virginia carries U Boulevard Bridge in the Independent city of Richmond Virginia is a Toll bridge which carries State Route 161 across the James River Powhite Parkway Bridge crosses the James River in the Independent city of Richmond Virginia. The Powhite Parkway in Richmond Virginia is a Toll road operated by the Richmond Metropolitan Authority (RMA Huguenot Memorial Bridge is located in Henrico County and the Independent city of Richmond Virginia. Edward E Willey Bridge is a highway Bridge which crosses the upper James River (above the fall line at Richmond) in the western portion of Henrico
The Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel prohibit bicycles, but bicyclists may take the Jamestown Ferry. Lynchburg is an Independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT is the 46 mile-long (7 The Jamestown Ferry (also known as the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry) is an automobile and bus Ferry service across a navigable portion of the James River in  After a fatal accident on the Boulevard Bridge, the City of Richmond requires bicycles to travel on the sidewalk for the length of the bridge. Boulevard Bridge in the Independent city of Richmond Virginia is a Toll bridge which carries State Route 161 across the James River
James River at Huntington Park Beach
The James River at Cartersville