James Meredith walking to class at University of Mississippi.
|Born||June 25, 1933 |
|Known for||becoming the first black student at the University of Mississippi|
Dr. Events 524 - Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians Year 1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Kosciusko is a city in Attala County, Mississippi, United States. The Bachelor of Laws (abbreviated LLB, LLB or rarely LlB) is an undergraduate or bachelor degree in law offered in most Common law James H. Meredith (born June 25, 1933) is an American civil rights movement figure. Events 524 - Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians Year 1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968 refers to the reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African He was the first African-American student at the University of Mississippi, an event that was a flash point in the American civil rights movement. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa The University of Mississippi, also known as Ole Miss, is a public, coeducational Research University located in Oxford
Meredith was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi of Native American (Choctaw) and African American heritage. Kosciusko is a city in Attala County, Mississippi, United States. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States The Choctaw are a Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States ( Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana) African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa He enlisted in the United States Air Force right out of high school and served from 1951 to 1960. High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He then attended Jackson State College for two years. Jackson State University (also known as Jackson State or JSU) is a historically black university located in Jackson Mississippi founded in 1877 He applied to the University of Mississippi, but was denied twice. 
On October 1, 1962, he became the first black student at the University of Mississippi, after being barred from entering on September 20. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The University of Mississippi, also known as Ole Miss, is a public, coeducational Research University located in Oxford Events 451 - The Battle of Chalons takes place in North Eastern France. His enrollment, virulently opposed by segregationist Governor Ross Barnett, sparked riots on the Oxford campus, which required federal troops and U.S. Marshals, who were sent by President John F. Kennedy. Ross Robert Barnett ( January 22, 1898 November 6, 1987) was the Democratic governor of the U John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of The riots led to a violent clash which left two people dead, including French journalist Paul Guihard, 48 soldiers injured and 30 U. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Paul Guihard, (died 30th September, 1962) a French journalist covering the Civil Rights Movement, was killed in rioting at Oxford Campus S. Marshals with gun wounds. Barnett was fined $10,000 and sentenced to jail for contempt but he never paid the fine or served time. Contempt of court is a court ruling which in the context of a court trial or hearing deems an individual as having been disrespectful of the court its process and its invested This was because the charges were dismissed by the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals. Meredith's actions are regarded as a pivotal moment in the history of civil rights in the United States. He graduated on August 18, 1963 with a degree in Political Science. Events 293 BC - The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Many students harassed Meredith during his first two semesters on campus. Though the majority of students accepted Meredith's presence, according to first person accounts chronicled in Nadine Cohodas's book The Band Played Dixie, students living in Meredith's dorm bounced basketballs on the floor just above his room through all hours of the night. When Meredith walked into the cafeteria for meals, the students eating would all turn their backs. If Meredith sat at a table with other students, all of whom were white, the students would immediately get up and go to another table.
Meredith continued his education at the University of Ibadan in Nigeria. The University of Ibadan is the oldest Nigerian university, and is located five miles (8 kilometres from the centre of the major city of Ibadan in Western Nigeria Nigeria, officially named the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal Constitutional republic comprising thirty-six states and one Federal He received an LL.B (law degree) from Columbia University in 1968. The Bachelor of Laws (abbreviated LLB, LLB or rarely LlB) is an undergraduate or bachelor degree in law offered in most Common law Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Meredith ceased being a civil rights activist in the late 1960s and found employment as a stockbroker. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969
He led a civil rights march, the March Against Fear from Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi in 1966 and was wounded by sniper Aubrey James Norvell on June 6. The American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968 refers to the reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African On June 5, 1966, James Meredith started a solitary March Against Fear for 220 miles from Memphis Tennessee, to Jackson Mississippi Memphis is a City in the southwest corner of Tennessee, and the County seat of Shelby County. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Events 1508 - Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year  The photograph of Meredith after being shot won the Pulitzer Prize for Photography in 1967. The Pulitzer Prize for Photography was one of the Pulitzer Prizes It was awarded from 1942 until 1967 The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1967. Journalism Awards Public Service: The 
As an author Meredith wrote a memoir of his days at the University of Mississippi entitled Three Years in Mississippi, published by the Indiana University Press in 1966, and also self-published several books. Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is a Publishing house at Indiana University that engages in Academic publishing, specializing Self-publishing is the Publishing of Books and other media by the Authors of those works rather than by established Third-party He was an active Republican and served for several years as a domestic advisor on the staff of United States Senator Jesse Helms. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Jesse Alexander Helms Jr (October 18 1921 – July 4 2008 was a five-term Republican United States Senator from North Carolina who served as chairman Faced with harsh criticism from the Civil Rights community, Meredith said that he wrote every member of the Senate and House offering his services to them in order to gain access to the Library of Congress, and that only Helms replied. The Library of Congress is the De facto National library of the United States and the research arm of the United States Congress
In 2002, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of his desegregation of the University of Mississippi, at the age of 69, Meredith was the proprietor of a small used car lot in Jackson, Mississippi. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Desegregation is the process of ending Racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. The University of Mississippi, also known as Ole Miss, is a public, coeducational Research University located in Oxford On the celebration activities surrounding the anniversary he said, "It was an embarrassment for me to be there, and for somebody to celebrate it, oh my God. "
Earlier that same year, Mr. Meredith watched his son, Joseph Meredith, graduate from Ole Miss with a doctorate in Business Administration. Joseph, who had previously earned degrees from Harvard University and Millsaps College (Jackson, MS), graduated as the most outstanding doctoral student in the School of Business Administration. The elder Meredith said, "I think there's no better proof that White supremacy was wrong than not only to have my son graduate, but to graduate as the most outstanding graduate of the school," Meredith says. "That, I think, vindicates my whole life. "
James Meredith views himself as an individual American citizen who demanded and got the rights properly extended to any American, not as a participant in the U.S. civil rights movement. The American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968 refers to the reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African There is considerable enmity between James Meredith and the organized Civil Rights Movement. Meredith once said that "Nothing could be more insulting to me than the concept of civil rights. It means perpetual second-class citizenship for me and my kind. "
In an interview for CNN, Meredith stated, "I was engaged in a war. Cable News Network, usually referred to by its Initialism CNN, is a major English language Television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner I considered myself engaged in a war from Day One. And my objective was to force the federal government – the Kennedy administration at that time – into a position where they would have to use the United States military force to enforce my rights as a citizen. John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of "