|Blessed Jacobus de Voragine|
Jacobus de Voragine with his Golden Legend in his hands
painting by Ottaviano Nelli, Trinci Palace, Foligno, Italy
|Born||~1230, Varagine (present-day Varazze), Liguria|
|Died||July 13 or July 16, 1298; or 1299|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||1816 by Pius VII|
Blessed Jacobus de Varagine or Voragine (Italian: Giacomo da Varazze, Jacopo da Varazze (c. The Golden Legend (Legenda Aurea by Jacopo da Varagine is a collection of fanciful hagiographies or lives of the Saints that became a late medieval The Trinci Palace is a patrician residence in the Piazza della Repubblica in the center of Foligno, Italy Beatification (from Latin beatus, blessed via Greek μακάριος makarios) is a recognition accorded by the Catholic church Pope Pius VII, OSB (August 14 1740&mdashAugust 20 1823 born Count Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was Pope from March 14 1800 to August The Calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a Liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more Saints Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. 1230 – July 13 or July 16, 1298) was an Italian chronicler and archbishop of Genoa. Events 1174 - William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Events 622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar. 1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest He was the author of the Golden Legend, one of the most popular religious works of the Middle Ages, a collection of the legendary lives of the greater saints of the medieval church. The Golden Legend (Legenda Aurea by Jacopo da Varagine is a collection of fanciful hagiographies or lives of the Saints that became a late medieval A saint (from the Latin sanctus) is a human being to whom has been attributed (and who has generally demonstrated a high level of Holiness and Sanctity
Jacobus was born in Varagine (today Varazze), on the Ligurian coast between Savona and Genova. Varazze is a Comune (municipality in the Province of Savona in the Italian region Liguria, located about 30 km west of Genoa This article is about the Italian city For the small town of Savona Canada please see Savona British Columbia, or the village in the USA, see Savona Genoa ( Genova, ˈdʒɛːnova in Italian; Zena in Genoese and Ligurian; Genua in Latin and archaically in English He entered the Dominican order in 1244, and besides preaching with success in many parts of Italy, taught in the schools of his own fraternity. The Order of Preachers ( Latin: Ordo Praedicatorum) after the 15th century more commonly known as the Dominican Order or Dominicans, is He was provincial of Lombardy from 1267 till 1286, when he was removed at the meeting of the order in Paris. A provincial superior is a major superior of a Religious order acting under the order's Superior general and exercising a general supervision over all the local superiors Lombardy (Lombardia Latin: Langobardia, Western Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastern Lombard: Lombardia) is one of the He also represented his own province at the councils of Lucca (1288) and Ferrara (1290). Lucca is a city in Tuscany, northern central Italy, situated on the river Serchio in a fertile plain near (but not on the Ligurian Sea Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital city of the Province of Ferrara. On the last occasion he was one of the four delegates charged with signifying Nicholas IV's desire for the deposition of Munio de Zamora, who had been master of the order from 1285, and was deprived of his office by a papal bull dated April 12, 1291. Pope Nicholas IV ( September 30, 1227 &ndash April 4, 1292) born Girolamo Masci, was Pope from February 22, Munio de Zamora (died 1300 became the seventh Master General of the Dominican Order in 1285 thanks in large part to the manipulations performed by his patron Sancho IV A Papal bull is a particular type of Letters patent or charter issued by a Pope. Events 467 - Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
In 1288 Nicholas empowered him to absolve the people of Genoa for their offence in aiding the Sicilians against Charles II. Charles II, known as "the Lame" ( French le Boiteux, Italian lo Zoppo; 1254 &ndash 5 May 1309) was Early in 1292 the same pope, himself a Franciscan, summoned Jacobus to Rome, intending to consecrate him archbishop of Genoa with his own hands. The term Franciscan is commonly used to refer to members of Catholic He reached Rome on Palm Sunday (March 30), only to find his patron ill of a deadly sickness, from which he died on Good Friday (April 4). Palm Sunday is a Christian Moveable feast which always falls on the Sunday before Easter. Events 240 BC - 1st recorded Perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. Good Friday, also called Holy Friday or Great Friday, is the Friday preceding Easter Sunday ("Pascha" Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. The cardinals, however, propter honorem Communis Januae ("for the honor of the commune of Genoa"), determined to carry out this consecration on the Sunday after Easter. He was a good bishop, and especially distinguished himself by his efforts to appease the civil discords of Genoa among Guelfs and Ghibellines. The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting respectively the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting respectively the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy A story, mentioned by the chronicler Meister Eckhart as unworthy of credit, makes Pope Boniface VIII, on the first day of Lent, cast the ashes in the archbishop's eyes instead of on his head, with the words, "Remember that thou art a Ghibelline, and with thy fellow Ghibellines wilt return to naught. Meister Eckhart OP (c 1260–c 1328 is the most common formula used to refer to Eckhart von Hochheim, a German theologian Pope Boniface VIII (c 1235 &ndash October 11, 1303) born Benedetto Caetani, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1294 Lent, in some Christian denominations, is the forty-day-long liturgical season of fasting and prayer before Easter. "
He died in 1298 or 1299, and was buried in the Dominican church at Genoa. He was beatified by Pius VII in 1816. Pope Pius VII, OSB (August 14 1740&mdashAugust 20 1823 born Count Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was Pope from March 14 1800 to August
Jacobus de Voragine left a list of his own works. Speaking of himself in his Chronicon januense, he says, "While he was in his order, and after he had been made archbishop, he wrote many works. For he compiled the legends of the saints (Legendae sanctorum) in one volume, adding many things from the Historia tripartita et scholastica, and from the chronicles of many writers. "
The other writings he claims are two anonymous volumes of Sermons concerning all the Saints whose yearly feasts the church celebrates. Of these volumes, he adds, one is very diffuse, but the other short and concise. Then follow Sermones de omnibus evangeliis dominicalibus or every Sunday in the year; Sermones de omnibus evangeliis, i. e. , a book of discourses on all the Gospels, from Ash Wednesday to the Tuesday after Easter; and a treatise called Marialis, qui totus est de B. This article is about the canonical books of the New Testament In the Western Christian Calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent and occurs forty days before Easter (excluding Sundays Easter ( Greek: Πάσχα Pascha or Pasxa) is the most important religious feast in the Christian Liturgical year. Maria compositus, consisting of about 160 discourses on the attributes, titles, etc. , of the Virgin Mary. In the same work the archbishop claims to have written his Chronicon januense in the second year of his episcopate (1293), but it extends to 1296 or 1297.
To this list Jacques Échard adds several other works, such as a defence of the Dominicans, printed at Venice in 1504, and a Summa virtutum et vitiorum Guillelmi Peraldi, a Dominican who died in 1271. Jacques Échard (b 22 September 1644, Rouen &ndash d 15 March 1724, Paris) was a French Dominican and historian Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the William Perault, (c 1190 &ndash 1271 also spelled Perauld; Latinized Peraldus or Peraltus, was a Dominican writer and preacher Jacobus is also said by Sixtus of Siena (Biblioth. Sixtus of Siena or Sixtus Senensis (1520 - 1569 a converted Jew followed a Franciscan course of study and became a Roman Catholic Theologian. Sacra, lib. ix) to have translated the Old and New Testaments into his own tongue. In Western Christianity, the Old Testament refers to the books that form the first of the two-part Christian Biblical canon. "But," adds Echard, "if he did so, the version lies so closely hid that there is no recollection of it," and it may be added that it is highly improbable that the man who compiled the Golden Legend ever conceived the necessity of having the Scriptures in the vernacular.
His two chief works are the Chronicon januense ("Chronicle of Genoa") and the Golden Legend or Historia Lombardica. The Golden Legend (Legenda Aurea by Jacopo da Varagine is a collection of fanciful hagiographies or lives of the Saints that became a late medieval
The former is partly printed in Muratori (Scriptores Rer. Ludovico Antonio Muratori ( October 21, 1672 - January 23, 1750) was an Italian Historian, notable as a leading scholar of Hal. ix. 6). It is divided into twelve parts. The first four deal with the mythical history of Genoa from the time of its founder, Janus, called the first king of Italy, and its enlarger, a second Janus "citizen of Troy", till its conversion to Christianity "about twenty-five years after the passion of Christ. In Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus was the god of Gates Doors doorways beginnings and endings Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Troy ( Greek: grc Τροία Troia, also, Ilion; Latin: Trōia, Īlium, Hittite: Wilusa or Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings Christ is the English term for the Greek ( Khristós) meaning "the anointed " " Part v professes to treat of the beginning, growth and perfection of the city; but of the first period the writer candidly confesses he knows nothing except by hearsay. The second period includes the Genoese crusading exploits in the East, and extends to their victory over the Pisans (c. Pisa is a city in Tuscany, central Italy, on the right bank of the mouth of the Arno River on the Ligurian Sea. 1130), while the third reaches down to tha author's days as archbishop. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated Bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion and others this means that they lead The sixth part deals with the constitution of the city, the seventh and eighth with the duties of rulers and citizens, the ninth with those of domestic life. A constitution is a system for government often Codified as a written document that establishes the rules and principles of an autonomous political entity Duty (from "due" that which is owing O Fr deu did past participle of devoir Lat A ruler, or rule, is an instrument used in Geometry, Technical drawing and engineering/building to measure distances and/or to rule straight The tenth gives the ecclesiastical history of Genoa from the time of its first known bishop, Saint Valentine, "whom we believe to have lived about 530 A.D.," till 1133, when the city was raised to archiepiscopal rank. A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight Saint Valentine (in Latin, Valentinus) is the name of several Martyred Saints of Ancient Rome. The eleventh contains the lives of all the bishops in order, and includes the chief events during their episcopates; the twelfth deals in the same way with the archbishops, not forgetting the writer himself.
The Golden Legend, one of the most popular religious works of the Middle Ages, is a collection of the legendary lives of the greater saints of the medieval church. The Golden Legend (Legenda Aurea by Jacopo da Varagine is a collection of fanciful hagiographies or lives of the Saints that became a late medieval A saint (from the Latin sanctus) is a human being to whom has been attributed (and who has generally demonstrated a high level of Holiness and Sanctity The preface divides the ecclesiastical year into four periods corresponding to the various epochs of the world's history, a time of deviation, of renovation, of reconciliation and of pilgrimage. The categorization of Time into discrete named blocks is called Periodization. "The world " is a proper noun for the planet Earth envisioned from an Anthropocentric or Human Worldview, as a place History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology The book itself, however, falls into five sections: —(a) from Advent to Christmas (cc. Advent (from the Latin word la ''adventus'' meaning "coming" is a season of the Christian church, the period of expectant waiting and preparation for the 1—5); (b) from Christmas to Septuagesima (6-30); (e) from Septuagesima to Easter (31-53); (d) from Easter Day to the octave of Pentecost (54-76); (e) from the octave of Pentecost to Advent (77-180). Septuagesima (in full Septuagesima Sunday) an observance dropped from the calendar as revised by the Second Vatican Council but still in use in the traditional calendars Easter ( Greek: Πάσχα Pascha or Pasxa) is the most important religious feast in the Christian Liturgical year. " Octave " has two senses in Christian liturgical usage Pentecost (πεντηκοστή, pentekostē, "the fiftieth day" is one of the prominent feasts in the Christian Liturgical year, celebrated the The saints' lives are full of fanciful legend, and in not a few cases contain accounts of 13th century miracles wrought at special places, particularly with reference to the Dominicans. A legend ( Latin, legenda, "things to be read" is a Narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to A miracle is an event believed to be caused by interposition of Divine intervention by a Supernatural being in the Universe by which the ordinary operation The last chapter but one (181), "De Sancto Pelagio Papa," contains a kind of history of the world from the middle of the 6th century; while the last (182) is a somewhat allegorical disquisition, "De Dedicatione Ecclesiae. The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. "
The Golden Legend was translated into French by Jean Belet de Vigny in the 14th century. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Jean Beleth was a twelfth-century liturgist and theologian possibly of English origin It was also one of the earliest books to issue from the press. A printing press is a mechanical device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a medium (such as paper or cloth thereby transferring an image A Latin edition is assigned to about 1469; and a dated one was published at Lyon in 1473. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. ||-||} Lyon, also known as Lyons in English is a city in east-central France. Many other Latin editions were printed before the end of the century. A French translation by Master John Bataillier is dated 1476; Jean de Vigny's appeared at Paris, 1488; an Italian one by Nic. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Manerbi (? Venice, H75); a Czech one at Pilsen, 1475-1479, and at Prague, 1495; Caxton's English versions, 1483, 1487, and 1493; and a German one in 1489. Czech (ˈʧɛk čeština ˈʧɛʃcɪna in Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers it is the majority language in the Prague (ˈprɑːg Praha (ˈpraɦa see also other names) is the Capital and Largest city of the Czech Republic. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Several 15th century editions of the Sermons are also known, and the Mariale was printed at Venice in 1497 and at Paris in 1503. All in all, during the first five decades of printing in Europe, editions of the Legenda Aurea appeared about two a year.
Almost as popular were Jacobus' collected sermons, also termed "Aurea. "