The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Italian: Penisola italiana or Penisola appenninica) is one of the three peninsulas of Southern Europe, spanning 1,000 km from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. A peninsula is a piece of land that is nearly surrounded by Water but connected to Mainland via an Isthmus. The term Southern Europe can have four definitions geographical political climatic phytogeographic Po RiverThe Po Valley (Pianura Padana or Val Padana is a major geographical feature of Italy. The peninsula is well-known for its boot shape, in fact it is known as Lo Stivale (Italian for "The boot". A boot is a type of Shoe that covers at least the Foot and the Ankle and sometimes extends up to the Knee or even the Hip. ) Three smaller peninsulas contribute to giving the Italian Peninsula its characteristic shape, namely Calabria, Salento and Gargano. Calabria ( Latin: Brutium) is a region in southern Italy, south of Naples, located at the "toe" of Salento (Salentu in local dialect is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. Monte Gargano is a mountain in Apulia, Italy forming the backbone of the peninsula Promontorio del Gargano on the Adriatic Sea.
Nearly all of the peninsula is part of the state of Italy, hence the name, apart from San Marino and the Vatican City. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino is a country in the Apennine Mountains. Vatican City, officially the State of the Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano is a Landlocked sovereign City-state whose territory Additionally, Sicily and Malta are considered an island off the peninsula and in this sense grouped along with it. Sicily ( Italian and Sicilian: Sicilia) is an autonomous region of Italy. Malta, officially the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta is a European Microstate, comprising an Archipelago of three islands
The peninsula is bordered by the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west, the Ionian Sea on the south, and the Adriatic Sea on the east. A peninsula is a piece of land that is nearly surrounded by Water but connected to Mainland via an Isthmus. The Ligurian Sea (Mar Ligure Mer Ligurienne is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between the Italian Riviera ( Liguria and Tuscany) The Tyrrhenian Sea (Mar Tirreno is part of the Mediterranean Sea off of the western coast of Italy. The Ionian Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. The interior part of the Apennine Peninsula consists of the Apennine Mountains, from which it takes its name, the northern part is largely plains and the coasts are lined with cliffs.
One natural resource that this peninsula contains is petroleum. A peninsula is a piece of land that is nearly surrounded by Water but connected to Mainland via an Isthmus. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit
This peninsula has mainly a Mediterranean climate, though in the mountainous parts the climate is cooler. A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the Climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide Its natural vegetation includes chaparral and deciduous and mixed deciduous coniferous forests. Chaparral is a Shrubland or heathland Plant community found primarily in the U Botany Autumn leaf color. See --> In Botany and Horticulture, deciduous Plants, including