Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre name invented by the creators of an online mailing list to describe dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which uses unusual and "weird" sounds, defies rhythmic convention, and is much harder to dance to than most forms of techno. This article is about music for dancing in general You may also be looking for Electronic dance music. Intelligent Dance Music was originally applied to musicians like Leftfield, FSOL, Orb, Orbital, Aphex Twin, Black Dog, and B12. Leftfield were a duo of Electronica artists and Record producers Paul Daley (formerly of The Rivals, A Man Called Adam and the The Future Sound of London (often abbreviated to FSOL) are a prolific British Electronic music band comprised of Garry Cobain and Brian The Orb are an English Electronic music group known for popularising Chill out music in the 1990s and spawning the genre of Ambient house. Orbital were an English electronic duo consisting of brothers Phil Hartnoll and Paul Hartnoll whose career lasted from 1989 until 2004 The Black Dog was founded by Ken Downie along with Ed Handley and Andy Turner B12 are a British electronic music duo consisting of Mike Golding and Steve Rutter However, many artists disagree with this label and simply call their own tracks electronic music. Electronic music is music that employs Electronic musical instruments and Electronic Music technology in its production Aphex Twin's Rephlex Records prefers to use the term braindance, or names of already existing genres such as acid house and drum and bass. Rephlex Records is a Record label started in 1991 by electronic musician Richard D Acid house is a sub-genre of House music that emphasizes a repetitive hypnotic and trance -like style with samples or spoken lines usually used rather than sung lyrics
In 1992, Warp Records released Artificial Intelligence, the first album in the Artificial Intelligence series. Warp Records is a pioneering independent English Record label, founded in Sheffield in 1989 notable for discovering some of the most enduring artists in Artificial Intelligence was a compilation album released on Warp Records on July 9, 1992 (see 1992 in music and subsequently for America Artificial Intelligence is a series of Albums by Warp Records released from 1992 – 1994 to exhibit the capabilities and sounds of The record was a collection of tracks from artists such as Autechre, B12, The Black Dog, Aphex Twin, and The Orb, under various aliases. Autechre are an English Electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown and Sean Booth both natives of Rochdale, England. B12 are a British electronic music duo consisting of Mike Golding and Steve Rutter The Black Dog was founded by Ken Downie along with Ed Handley and Andy Turner The Orb are an English Electronic music group known for popularising Chill out music in the 1990s and spawning the genre of Ambient house.  These artists, among others, would eventually become the main topics of conversation in the Intelligent Dance Music List, an electronic mailing list founded in August 1993 Solans of cabres.
Artists that appeared in discussions on the list included Autechre, Atom Heart, LFO, Aphex Twin and others on Rephlex Records, artists such as The Orb, Richard H. Uwe Schmidt (aka Atom™ Señor Coconut; born 27 august 1968 in Frankfurt, West Germany) is a German DJ and producer of LFO is an English Techno act on the Warp Records label LFO were pioneers of the bass-heavy techno music of the late 1980s to mid-1990s Rephlex Records is a Record label started in 1991 by electronic musician Richard D Kirk, and Future Sound of London, and even artists like System 7, William Orbit, Sabres of Paradise, Orbital, Plastikman and Björk. The Future Sound of London (often abbreviated to FSOL) are a prolific British Electronic music band comprised of Garry Cobain and Brian System 7 are a British ambient dance band Due to Apple Inc 's trademark on System 7 for Mac OS, they are known as William Orbit (born on 15 December 1956 as William Mark Wainwright in Shoreditch, Hackney) is an English Musician The Sabres of Paradise was an experimental group from the UK, active in the early 1990s whose roots were in the Acid house scene but later produced more Orbital were an English electronic duo consisting of brothers Phil Hartnoll and Paul Hartnoll whose career lasted from 1989 until 2004 Richard (Richie Hawtin (born June 4 1970, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England) is a English - Canadian Electronic Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born 21 November 1965 is an Icelandic Singer-songwriter, Composer, actress and music producer.
Warp's second Artificial Intelligence compilation was released in 1994, featuring posts from the mailing list in the sleeve notes. During this period the electronic music produced by Warp Records artists such as Polygon Window (an alias of Richard D. James), Autechre, LFO, B12, Seefeel, and The Black Dog, gained popularity among electronic music fans. Autechre are an English Electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown and Sean Booth both natives of Rochdale, England. Seefeel are a British Alternative rock group primarily active in the early to mid 1990s The Black Dog was founded by Ken Downie along with Ed Handley and Andy Turner Lesser-known artists on the Likemind label and Kirk Degiorgio's A. Kirk Degiorgio, better known as As One, is a British techno producer and DJ. R. T. and Op-Art labels, including Degiorgio himself under various names (As One, Future/Past and Esoterik). Steve Pickton (Stasis) and Nurmad Jusat (Nuron) were also gaining acknowledgement, along with artists like Björk and Future Sound of London. The majority of electronic music producers during this era originated from Britain, with a few exceptions, such as Sun Electric from Berlin, coming from other parts of Europe. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Sun Electric is the name of an Electronic music group from Berlin. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany.
In the late 1990s record labels from around the globe began to notice electronic "listening music" pushing in new directions. Notable artists from this period include Boards of Canada and others on the Skam Records label, many of which were beginning to use software synthesis, a technology that had recently become possible to use on ordinary personal computers. Boards of Canada (BoC are a Scottish Electronic music duo consisting of brothers Michael Sandison (born June 1, 1970) and Marcus Eoin Sandison Skam Records is an independent Electronic and IDM Record label based in Manchester, England, founded by Andy Maddocks
During this period, In addition to the growing influence of Warp Records, Intelligent Dance Music production greatly increased in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the In Miami, Florida, labels like Schematic, AiRecords, Merck Records, Nophi Recordings, and The Beta Bodega Coalition released material by artists such as Phoenecia, Dino Felipe, Machinedrum, and Proem. Merck Records is a Record label based out of Miami and run by Gabe Koch. Phoenecia is an IDM duo from Miami, Florida comprising Romulo del Castillo and Joshua Kay Travis Stewart is an electronic musician and one of the artists who helped launch Merck Records. Another burgeoning scene was the Chicago/Milwaukee area, with labels such as Addict, Chocolate Industries, Hefty, and Zod supporting artists like Doormouse, Trs-80 and Emotional Joystick. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Hefty Records is an Independent record label based in Chicago, Illinois ( USA) TRS-80 is the name of a Chicago -based Electronica group noted for their live performances which are a blend of live playing and video projections synchronized with
In the new century, the growing popularity of cheap music production software and software piracy allowed many Internet-based artists to publish their own work. The Copyright infringement of Software (also known as software piracy) refers to several practices which involve the unauthorized copying of computer The recent surge of software piracy has enabled amateur IDM musicians to use the same high-end programs that professionals use. Developed out of the IDM community during this time was a filesharing program called Soulseek, which underground artists used to share their music and make contacts. Soulseek is a File-sharing (also called Peer-to-peer or 'P2P' network and application It is used mostly to exchange music although users are able to share a variety The artists Khonnor, Diagram of Suburban Chaos and Venetian Snares went on from Soulseek to earn public acclaim. Connor Kirby-Long (born July 24 1986) is an electronic musician from New London New Hampshire who releases music under the name Khonnor. Diagram of Suburban Chaos is the pseudonym of William Collin Snavely, a composer of Electronic music. Venetian Snares is the main performing alias of Canadian Electronic musician Aaron Funk (born January 11, 1975) Soulseek is still associated strongly with the IDM scene through Soulseek Records, which specializes in IDM. Soulseek Records (or slskrex is a community-oriented Netlabel founded in 2002 by users of the Peer-to-peer file-sharing network Soulseek. 
Groups such as Autechre have also influenced the rock and post-rock scenes. Autechre are an English Electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown and Sean Booth both natives of Rochdale, England. Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. Post-rock is a genre of Alternative rock characterized by the use of Musical instruments commonly associated with Rock music, but using Rhythms In particular, Radiohead has cited Aphex Twin, Casino Versus Japan and Warp Records as influences for their Kid A album. Radiohead Casino Versus Japan is the recording name for Erik Kowalski (born May 5, 1973) a United States -based Electronic musician Warp Records is a pioneering independent English Record label, founded in Sheffield in 1989 notable for discovering some of the most enduring artists in Kid A is the fourth album by the English Alternative rock band Radiohead, released on in the United Kingdom and on in the United States and Canada
A 2001 monthly editorial in Audiogalaxy stated that IDM producers use "squelched beats, jagged synth lines, static washes, electrical shorts" and other odd sounds, and that IDM "defies rhythmic convention," introducing sudden changes in rhythm. Audiogalaxy was a File sharing system that indexed MP3 files originally created by Michael Merhej as an FTP site index called The Borg Search Besides these musical features, the editorial points out that IDM is typically difficult to dance to. Dance (from French danser, perhaps from Frankish) is an Art form that generally refers to movement of the body usually rhythmic
Venetian Snares, for example, uses Renoise, a powerful tracking software, while Proem uses Fruityloops in his studio setup. Venetian Snares is the main performing alias of Canadian Electronic musician Aaron Funk (born January 11, 1975) Renoise is a contemporary Digital audio workstation (DAW based upon the heritage and development of Tracker software Proem, otherwise known as Richard Bailey is a 33-year-old musician formerly a resident of Austin Texas, now residing in Houston TX. FL Studio, formerly known as Fruity Loops, is a Digital audio workstation, developed by Belgian company Image-Line Software. 
In November 1991, the phrase "intelligent techno" appeared on Usenet in reference to Coil's The Snow EP. Usenet, a Portmanteau of "user" and "network" is a world-wide distributed Internet discussion system For the Adam Roberts novel see The Snow (novel. The Snow is a track by the British group Coil, available  Another instance of the phrase appeared on Usenet in April 1993 in reference to The Black Dog's album Bytes. 
Wider public use of such terms on the Internet did not come until August 1993, when Alan Parry coined the term "intelligent dance music" and its initials were adopted in the name and charter of the IDM electronic mailing list:
"IDM (Intelligent Dance Music) is a forum for the discussion of what has been termed 'intelligent' music – that is, music that moves the mind, not just the body. A charter is the grant of authority or rights stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified An electronic mailing list (sometimes written as elist or e-list) is a special usage of e-mail that allows for widespread distribution of information to There is no specific definition of intelligence in music, however, artists that I see as appropriate are FSOL, Orb, Orbital, Richard James (aka Aphex Twin), Black Dog, B12, and various others from Warp's Artificial Intelligence series. Of course, the list is open to all interpretations of intelligent dance music. "
"The IDM list was originally created in August of 1993 for the discussion of music relating to Aphex Twin and Warp's early 'Artificial Intelligence' compilations. "
Allmusic Guide describes the IDM name as "A loaded term meant to distinguish electronic music of the '90s and later that's equally comfortable on the dancefloor as in the living room, IDM (Intelligent Dance Music) eventually acquired a good deal of negative publicity, not least among the legion of dance producers and fans whose exclusion from the community prompted the question of whether they produced stupid dance music. "
In a September 1997 interview, Aphex Twin commented on the 'Intelligent Dance Music' label: "I just think it's really funny to have terms like that. It's basically saying 'this is intelligent and everything else is stupid. ' It's really nasty to everyone else's music. (laughs) It makes me laugh, things like that. I don't use names. I just say that I like something or I don't. "
Aphex Twin's Rephlex records official overarching genre name is Braindance, of which Dave Segal of Stylus Magazine asked whether it was a "snide dig at IDM’s mockworthy Intelligent Dance Music tag?"
British artist Mike Paradinas (µ-Ziq) has bluntly said: “No one uses or used it in UK. Only Americans ever used the term. It was invented by Alan Parry who set up the IDM mailing list. ” 
Kid 606 has said, "I hate IDM and its elitist champions. Kid606 is the Stage name of Miguel Trost Depedro, an Electronic musician who was born 1979 July 27 in Caracas, It makes the music sound so much more than it actually is. It's a label invented by PR companies who need catchphrases. I like sounds, but hate what people attach to sounds. "
Matmos interviewed by Perfect Sound Forever: I belong to the weblist called "IDM" and occasionally enjoy the discussions there, because I like some of the artists who get lassoed into that category (not to mention that we, occasionally, are lumped into that category too), and because you can occasionally find out about interesting records on that list. Cylob is the alias of UK electronic music maker Chris Jeffs A trombone player in his youth he progressed to experimenting with electronic music and recording in his late teens . . Matmos is IDM if that only means "might be talked about on the IDM list"- but I don't endorse that term "intelligent dance music" because it's laughable. Rather Interesting Records had a nice slogan that kind of says it all: "Remember: Only Stupid People Call It "Intelligent". 
For a thorough list of IDM artists with articles on Wikipedia, see Category:IDM musicians.
Reynolds, Simon: Generation Ecstasy: into the world of techno and rave culture Routledge, New York 1999.