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Ilm al-Rijal (Arabic) is the "science of people" especially as practiced in Islam, where it was first applied to the Sirah Rasul Allah, the life of Muhammad. A Hadith was originally just an Arabic story As the stories began to be used formally it became common to provide their chain of transmitters (or sanad سند plural Matn ( متن) (literally "body" "text" is an Islamic term that is used in relation to Hadith evaluation Riwayah is a word that means " Narrative " from the Arabic word "Rawa" meaning "to relate" Musnad is a term used in the science of Hadith to classify a certain type of hadith Mursal (lit hurried is an Islamic term used in the science of Hadith. Ahaad is an ( Arabic word (آحاد meaning "singles" or "ones" it is the plural for wahid, meaning one Munqati (lit broken is an Islamic term used in the science of Hadith (the doings and sayings of Muhammad a munqati hadith is one in which the historical chain Muttasil (is an Islamic term used in the Hadith evaluation process Gharib (lit rare/strange is an Islamic term used in the science of Hadith. Shadhdh (شاذ lit irregular is an Islamic term used in the science of Hadith. Munkar (lit denounced/rejected is an Islamic term used in the science of Hadith. Da'if jiddan (ضعيف جدا (lit very weak is an Islamic term used in the science of Hadith In the Science of hadith in Islamic Theology Isra'iliyat اسرائیلیات (of Isra'il is the body of Hadith originating Mutawatir (متواتر is an Arabic word meaning "consecutive Sahih is an Islamic term that means authentic. It is commonly used to describe the authenticity of a Hadith. Hasan ( ar حسن) is an Arabic language word It is used in Hadith evaluation meaning roughly "good In Islamic context Da'if ( ar ضعيف) is the categorization of a Hadith 's authenticity as "weak" In Islamic context Maudo ( ar موضوع, lit "placed" is a the categorization of a Hadith 's authenticity as "fabricated" Mudtarib (lit shaky) is an Islamic term used in the Hadith evaluation process This is a sub-article of Hadith. According to Muslims tradition the collection of ahadith or sayings by or about the Prophet Muhammad was a meticulous and thorough Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language An English Noun The English noun people has two distinct fields of application as a countable noun, a group of Humans For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics
Since the sira is part of the sunnah, or moral example that Muslims are supposed to follow, and validating the sayings of Muhammad is a major study (isnad), accurate biography has always been of great interest to Muslims. Sunnah ar (سنة plural سنن Sunan literally means “trodden path” and therefore the sunnah of the prophet means “the way and the manners of the prophet” A Muslim (مسلم pronounced Muslim, not Muzlim) is an adherent of the Religion A Hadith was originally just an Arabic story As the stories began to be used formally it became common to provide their chain of transmitters (or sanad سند plural
Another important influence of biography on Islam is in the recording of the lives of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs , who expanded Islamic dominance rapidly:
During the 30 years from the death of Muhammad to the death of Ali, Islam had spread from Libya to Afghanistan, from Armenia to Sind and Gujarat, and also in Spain and China. The Rightly Guided Caliphs or The Righteous Caliphs ( ar الخلفاء الراشدون) is a term used in Sunni Islam to refer to the first Early life Abu Bakr was born at Mecca some time in the year 573 CE, in the Banu Taym branch of the Quraysh tribe Umar (a=عمر بن الخطاب|t=`Umar ibn al-Khattāb c 581-83 CE &ndash 7 November, 644) also known as Umar the Great or Omar the Great Early life Uthman was born in Ta’if, which is situated on a hill and the presumption is that Uthman was born during the summer months since wealthy Meccans ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (a=علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب|t=ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib 13th Rajab, 24 BH – 21st Ramaḍān, 40 AH Libya ( ليبيا ar-Latn Lībiyā; Libyan vernacular: Lībya; Amazigh:) officially the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Afghanistan /æfˈgænɪstæn/ officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ( Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, Armenia (Հայաստան transliterated: Hayastan,) officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն Hayastani Sindh ( Sindhī: سنڌ Urdu: سندھ is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. Gujarat (ગુજરાત Gujǎrāt, pronounced) is a state in western India. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National The risk of factional splintering, variant heresies regarding the life of Muhammad, and the gains that local leaders could gain by promoting such division grew to extremes.
Muslim biographers, accordingly, became expert at sorting out facts from accusations, bias from evidence, etc. , and were renowned throughout the known world for their honesty in recording history - many in fact considered acknowledging faults in leaders to be a matter of religious duty, comparing their various failings to the sira or life of Muhammad. Modern practices of scientific citation and historical method owe a great deal to the rigor the isnad tradition of early Muslims. Scientific Citation is the Process by which Conclusions of previous Scientists are used to justify experimental Procedures Apparatus The historical method comprises the techniques and guidelines by which Historians use Primary sources and other evidence to research and then to write history Rigour or rigor (see spelling differences) has a number of meanings in relation to intellectual life and discourse A Hadith was originally just an Arabic story As the stories began to be used formally it became common to provide their chain of transmitters (or sanad سند plural