Illness as Metaphor is a nonfiction work written by Susan Sontag and published in 1978. Susan Sontag ( January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American Literary theorist, Philosopher, Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) She wrote it during her own fight against breast cancer and challenged the "blame the victim" mentality behind the language society often uses to describe diseases and those who suffer from them. Breast cancer is a Cancer that starts in the cells of the Breast in women and men
Drawing out the similarities between public perspectives on cancer (the paradigmatic disease of the twentieth century), and tuberculosis (the symbolic illness of the nineteenth century), Sontag shows how both diseases have become associated with personal psychological traits. Cancer (medical term Malignant Neoplasm) is a class of Diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or T u' b' erculosis Bacillus --> is a common In particular she demonstrates how the metaphors and terms used to describe both syndromes lead to an association between repressed passion and the physical disease itself. Metaphor (from the Greek: μεταφορά - metaphora, meaning "transfer" is language that directly compares seemingly unrelated subjects She notes the peculiar reversal that "With the modern diseases (once TB, now cancer), the romantic idea that the disease expresses the character is invariably extended to assert that the character causes the disease – because it has not expressed itself. Passion moves inward, striking and blighting the deepest cellular recesses. "
This subject is expanded upon in Sontag's 1988 work, AIDS and Its Metaphors. Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) AIDS and Its Metaphors is the companion book to Illness as Metaphor, also by Susan Sontag.