|Born||June 20, 1954|
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Died||February 1, 2003 (aged 48)|
|Rank||Colonel, Israeli Air Force|
|Space time||15d 22h 20m|
|Selection||1996 NASA Group|
Ilan Ramon (June 20, 1954 - February 1, 2003; Hebrew: אילן רמון) was a fighter pilot in the Israeli Air Force, and later the first Israeli astronaut. Israeli Space Agency ( ISA; סוכנות החלל הישראלית Sohnut HaHalal HaYisraelit) is a governmental body that coordinates all Israeli For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Events 451 - Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius ' defeats Attila the Hun. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) Tel Aviv-Yafo (תֵּל ־אָבִיב-יָפוֹ تل أبيب Tal ʾAbīb) (usually Tel Aviv) is the second-largest city in Israel For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. A fighter pilot is a military aviator trained to engage other aircraft and typically pilots a Fighter aircraft. Colonel ( RP ˈkɜnəl GA ˈkɜrnəl is a Military rank of a Commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every country The Israeli Air Force ( IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm" commonly known as חיל 1957 - Man In Space Soonest Group 1 - USA Neil A Armstrong, Albert S STS-107 was a Space shuttle mission by NASA using the Space Shuttle Columbia, launched January 16, 2003. Events 451 - Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius ' defeats Attila the Hun. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The Israeli Air Force ( IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm" commonly known as חיל For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. An astronaut or cosmonaut (космона́вт) is a person trained Ramon was the space shuttle payload specialist of STS-107, the fatal mission of Columbia, where he and six other crew members were killed in a re-entry accident over Palestine, Texas. NASA 's Space Shuttle, officially called the Space Transportation System ( STS) is the Spacecraft currently used by the United States STS-107 was a Space shuttle mission by NASA using the Space Shuttle Columbia, launched January 16, 2003. Space Shuttle Columbia ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first spaceworthy Space shuttle in NASA 's Palestine (ˈpælɛstiːn PAL-es-teen is a city in Anderson County, Texas, in the United States. Ramon is a recipient of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor. The Congressional Space Medal of Honor was authorized by the United States Congress in 1969 to recognize "any Astronaut who in the performance of his duties has
Ramon was born in Ramat Gan, Israel and grew up in Beersheba. Ramat Gan (רָמַת גַּן is a city in the Tel Aviv district of Israel, which borders Tel Aviv to its west For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Beersheba (בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע Be'er Sheva, بئر السبع, Birüssebi is the largest City in the Negev desert of southern His mother and grandmother are survivors of Auschwitz concentration camp. "Auschwitz" redirects here For the town see Oświęcim Auschwitz-Birkenau () was the largest of Nazi Germany Internment is the imprisonment or confinement of people commonly in large groups without trial
Although a secular Jew, Ramon sought to follow Jewish observances while in orbit. Secular Jewish culture embraces several related phenomena above all it is the Culture of secular communities of Jewish people but it can also include In an interview he said, "I feel I am representing all Jews and all Israelis". He was the first spaceflight participant to request kosher food.
He also gathered rabbinic opinions from the local Chabad-Lubavitch representative Rabbi Zvi Konikov, about observing the Jewish Sabbath (Shabbat) while in space, since the period between sunrises in orbit is approximately 90 minutes. Shabbat or Shabbos ( Hebrew: שַׁבָּת, shabbāt, shabbes, "rest/inactivity" is the Weekly Sabbath This later became famous by the words "Jerusalem we have a problem" (said in Rabbi Konikov's speech at the Kennedy Space Center Memorial for Columbia on February 7, 2003).
Aboard STS-107, Ramon carried a pencil sketch, "Moon Landscape", drawn by 14-year-old Petr Ginz, who died in Auschwitz. Petr Ginz ( February 1 1928 –1944 was a young Czechoslovak boy of Jewish descent who was deported to the Terezín Concentration Ramon also took with him a microfiche copy of the Torah (from the Holocaust) given to him by Israeli president Moshe Katsav. Microforms are any form either films or paper containing microreproductions of documents for transmission storage reading and printing term " Torah " ( Hebrew: תּוֹרָה "teaching" or "instruction" sometimes translated as "Law" most commonly refers to Moshe Katsav (משה קצב born 5 December 1945) is a former President of Israel and member of the Knesset. Ramon asked the 1939 Club, a Holocaust survivor organization in Los Angeles, for a symbol of the Holocaust to take into outer space with him. There are many famous Holocaust survivors who survived the Nazi Genocides in Europe and went on to achievements of great fame and notability A barbed wire Mezuzah by San Francisco Artist Aimee Golant was selected. A mezuzah (מזוזה "doorpost" (plural mezuzot (מזוזות is a piece of Parchment (usually contained in a decorative case Ramon also took with him a dollar of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Rebbe (רבי (pronounced in English which means master teacher or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word Rabbi Schneerson.
Ramon and the rest of the Columbia crew died over Texas in the Southern United States during entry into Earth's atmosphere, 16 minutes prior to scheduled landing. The Southern United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South &mdashconstitutes a large distinctive He is survived by his wife Rona and their four children.
Ramon graduated from high school in 1972. In 1987, he graduated with a B. Sc. in electronics and computer engineering from Tel-Aviv University, Israel. Tel Aviv University (TAU אוניברסיטת תל־אביב את"א is Israel 's largest on-site University, located in Tel Aviv.
Ramon was a Colonel (Aluf Mishne) and fighter pilot in the Israeli Air Force, with thousands of hours flying experience. A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed The Israeli Air Force ( IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm" commonly known as חיל Flight is the process by which an object achieves sustained movement either through the Air (or movement beyond Earth's atmosphere, in the case of In 1980, he was in the first group of Israeli pilots to fly the newly purchased F-16s. In 1981, he took part in the bombing of Iraq's unfinished Osiraq nuclear reactor (Operation Opera). For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. Osirak, also spelled Osiraq, (French Osirak Iraqi Tammuz 1 was a 40 MW light-water nuclear materials testing reactor (MTR in This article is a subarticle of Nuclear power. A nuclear reactor is a device in which Nuclear chain reactions are initiated controlled Operation Opera (מבצע אופרה Mivtza Opera, also known as Operation Babylon and Operation Ofra) was a surprise Israeli Air strike
In 1974, Ramon graduated as a fighter pilot from the Israel Air Force (IAF) Flight School. The Israeli Air Force ( IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm" commonly known as חיל From 1974–1976 he participated in A-4 Basic Training and Operations. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout 1976–1980 was spent in Mirage III-C training and operations. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout In 1980, as one of the IAF’s establishment team of the first F-16 Squadron in Israel, he attended the F-16 Training Course at Hill Air Force Base, Utah. Hill Air Force Base is a major United States Air Force base located in northern Utah, south of the city of Ogden, adjacent to the cities of Clearfield The State of Utah (ˈjuːtɔː or) is a western state of the United States. From 1981–1983, he served as the Deputy Squadron Commander B, F-16 Squadron. After attending the University of Tel Aviv, he served as Deputy Squadron Commander A, F-4 Phantom Squadron (1988–1990). Tel Aviv University (TAU אוניברסיטת תל־אביב את"א is Israel 's largest on-site University, located in Tel Aviv. During 1990, he attended the Squadron Commanders Course. From 1990–1992, he served as Squadron Commander, F-16 Squadron. From 1992–1994, he was Head of the Aircraft Branch in the Operations Requirement Department. In 1994, he was promoted to the rank of Colonel and assigned as Head of the Department of Operational Requirement for Weapon Development and Acquisition. He stayed at this post until 1998.
Colonel Ramon accumulated over 3,000 flight hours on the A-4, Mirage III-C, and F-4, and over 1,000 flight hours on the F-16.
In 1997, Colonel Ramon was selected as a Payload Specialist. In NASA vernacular a Payload Specialist (PS was an individual selected and trained by commercial or research organizations for flights of a specific payload on a He was designated to train as prime for a space shuttle mission with a payload that included a multispectral camera for recording desert aerosol (dust). Multi-spectral imaging is a technology originally developed for space-based imaging Technically an aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets in a gas In July 1998, he reported for training at the Johnson Space Center, Houston, where he trained until 2003. The Lyndon B Johnson Space Flight Center ( "JSFC") is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 's center for He flew aboard STS-107, logging 15 days, 22 hours and 20 minutes in space. STS-107 was a Space shuttle mission by NASA using the Space Shuttle Columbia, launched January 16, 2003.
STS-107 Columbia (January 16–February 1, 2003). Events 27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The 16-day flight was a dedicated science and research mission. Working 24 hours a day, in two alternating shifts, the crew successfully conducted approximately 80 experiments. The STS-107 mission ended abruptly when Space Shuttle Columbia was destroyed and its crew perished during re-entry, 16 minutes before scheduled landing.