The Iguvine Tables were a series of seven bronze tablets discovered at Iguvium, contemporary Gubbio, in Italy in the year 1444. Bronze is any of a broad range of Copper alloys, usually with Tin as the main additive but sometimes with other elements such as Phosphorus Gubbio is a town and Comune in the far northeastern part of the Italian Province of Perugia ( Umbria) It is located on the first slope of Mt Gubbio is a town and Comune in the far northeastern part of the Italian Province of Perugia ( Umbria) It is located on the first slope of Mt Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The earliest tablets were probably written in the 3rd century BC in the native Umbrian alphabet, the latest in the 1st century BC in the Latin alphabet. The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC The 1st century BC started the first day of 100 BC and ended the last day of 1 BC.
The tablets contain religious inscriptions that memorialize the acts and rites of the Atiedian Brethren, a group of 12 priests of Jupiter with important municipal functions at Iguvium. Epigraphy (ἐπιγραφολογία from Greek ἐπιγραφή — "inscription" is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs engraved A priest or priestess is a person having the authority or power to administer religious rites in particular rites of sacrifice to and propitiation of a deity or deities In Roman mythology, Jupiter was the king of the gods and the god of Sky and Thunder. They are written in the Umbrian language, one of the Italic languages, a not-too-distant relative of Latin. Umbrian is an extinct Italic language formerly spoken by the Umbri in the ancient Italian region of Umbria. The Italic subfamily is a member of the Indo-European language family's Centum branch Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. They shed light on the grammar of this ancient dead language, and also on the religious practices of classical paganism. Grammar is the field of Linguistics that covers the Rules governing the use of any given natural language. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Paganism (from Latin paganus, meaning "country dweller rustic" is a word used to refer to various religions and religious beliefs from across the world They appear to be written in an accentual metre, similar to the Saturnian metre that is encountered in the earliest Latin poetry. In Poetry, accent refers to the stressed syllable of a polysyllabic word or a monosyllabic word that receives stress because it belongs to an "open class" In Poetry, the meter or metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse. The complete text, together with a translation into latin, was published in 1931 in a book by Albrecht von Blumenthal. This article relates to the von Blumenthal Family of German nobility from Brandenburg-Prussia.
Here is a sample of their language and content, from Tablet I:
"Jupiter Grabovius, if on the Fisian mount fire has arisen, or if in the nation of Iguvium the owed preparations have been omitted, let it be as if they had been made. "
"Jupiter Grabovius, if in your sacrifice there has been any flaw, any defect, any ritual violation, any fraud, any error, if in your sacrifice there is a flaw, either seen or unseen. . . "
Here is the entire text of Tablet VI: