|Iglesia ni Cristo|
|Origin||July 27, 1914|
|Geographical Area||Worldwide, especially the Philippines|
The Iglesia ni Cristo (also known as INC, Iglesya ni Kristo or Church of Christ, pronounced [ɪˈgleʃɐ ni ˈkɾisto]) is a nontrinitarian Christian restorationist religious organization that originated in the Philippines The INC was founded in the Philippines by Felix Y. Manalo on July 27, 1914; The most basic component of the INC's beliefs is that founder Felix Manalo was sent from God to reestablish the Christian Church in its true form and that the original church was apostatized. For other usages see Restoration (general disambiguation Apokatastasis (universal restoration Christian Zionism (restoration of Israel and Christian Theology is discourse concerning Christian faith Christian theologians use biblical Exegesis, rational analysis and argument Nontrinitarianism includes all Christian belief systems that reject as non-scriptural wholly or partly the doctrine of the Trinity; the Doctrine Ecclesiastical polity is the operational and governance structure of a Church or Christian denomination. Félix Ysagun Manalo (born Félix Manalo Ysagun May 10, 1886 - April 12, 1963) was the first Executive Minister of the religious organization Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The City of Manila The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP Nontrinitarianism includes all Christian belief systems that reject as non-scriptural wholly or partly the doctrine of the Trinity; the Doctrine For other usages see Restoration (general disambiguation Apokatastasis (universal restoration Christian Zionism (restoration of Israel and The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP Félix Ysagun Manalo (born Félix Manalo Ysagun May 10, 1886 - April 12, 1963) was the first Executive Minister of the religious organization Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The organization denies the doctrine of the Trinity, as well as the Divinity of Jesus. SSC RF "Troitsk Institute of Innovative and Termonuclear Research" or TRINITY for shprt Троицкий Институт инновационных и термоядерных Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) 
The historical context of the Iglesia ni Cristo lies in a period of the early 20th century characterised by a variety of rural anti-colonialism movements, often with religious undertones, in the Philippines. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on Anti-imperialism, strictly speaking is a term that may be applied to or movement opposed to some form of Imperialism. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP At this time, U. S. missionary work was exposing Filipino culture to many alternatives to the Catholicism installed under earlier Spanish rule. See also Evangelism, Christianization A Christian mission has been widely defined since the Lausanne Congress of 1974 as that which The culture of the Philippines reflects the complexity of the History of the Philippines through the blending of cultures of diverse indigenous civilizations with characteristics The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español was one of the largest Empires in history and one of the first Global empires In the 15th and 16th centuries 
After Felix Manalo joined and left many religious organizations as a young adult, he declared that God gave him a mission to preach the gospel and to reestablish the first church founded by Jesus. This article is about the canonical books of the New Testament Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) 
The INC began with a handful of followers on July 27, 1914 in Punta, Santa Ana, Manila; with Manalo as its head minister. Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The City of Manila  Manalo propagated his message within his local area, growing the Iglesia ni Cristo and converting members of other religions. The world's principal Religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups or world religions'. As membership increased, he delegated others to spread the teachings of the INC and it eventually spread throughout the Philippines and to other countries. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP After Felix Manalo's death in 1963, his son Eraño took over duties as executive minister and Eduardo V. Manalo is the deputy executive minister. Eraño de Guzman Manalo (born January 2, 1925) is the current Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (INC Eduardo Villanueva Manalo, (born October 31, 1955) is the current Deputy Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (INC 
By 1988, INC has grown to about 2,635 congregations called locales, in which 220 of them cover sixty-seven countries outside the Philippines.  According to various sources, including the 1997 Britannica Book of the Year, INC had a worldwide population of over one million members by the early 1980s. The Encyclopædia Britannica is a general English-language encyclopaedia published by Encyclopædia Britannica Inc According the 2000 census of the Philippine National Statistics Office, 2. 3 percent of the population in the Philippines are affiliated with the Iglesia ni Cristo. .
The Manila city government declared July 27th a holiday, and allowed members of the Iglesia ni Cristo paid leave, in order to celebrate the anniversary of the Iglesia ni Cristo. On July 27, 2006, the Philippine House of Representatives passed a resolution commending the INC on its 92nd anniversary. Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The House of Representatives of the Philippines ( Filipino: Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines . 
The Iglesia ni Cristo's architecture is notable for the narrow-pointed spires of its chapel buildings. The term architecture (from Greek αρχιτεκτονικήarchitektoniki) can be used to mean a process a profession or documentation A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building particularly a church Tower. In the Philippines, these are considered landmarks of major cities and provincial capitals. Originally a landmark literally meant a Geographic Feature used by explorers and 
INC members are instructed by their administration to invite people to Bible Studies and evangelical missions (known as Pamamahayag in Filipino), and to distribute magazines and pamphlets which are given to them by the administration. Filipino is the national and an Official language of the Philippines as designated in the 1987 Philippine Constitution.
In the Philippines, radio and television programs are produced, and they are broadcast on 1062 kHz DZEC-AM radio, DZEM 954kHz, the Net 25 television station operated by Eagle Broadcasting Corporation, the broadcast division of the Iglesia ni Cristo and GEM TV, the sister station to NET 25, also owned by the INC and Iglesia Ni Cristo TV broadcast on cable. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP Radio is the transmission of signals by Modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible Light. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic The hertz (symbol Hz) is a measure of Frequency, informally defined as the number of events occurring per Second. DZEC-TV is a UHF television station owned by Eagle Broadcasting Corporation. A television station is a type of broadcast station that broadcasts both audio and Video to Television receivers in a particular area
In North America, a television program called The Message is produced in the San Francisco Bay Area. A television program (US television programme (UK or television show (U The San Francisco Bay Area, commonly known as the Bay Area, or the Bay, is a geographically and ethnically diverse metropolitan region that surrounds the It is currently aired in the United States and Canada and some parts of Europe. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Each 30-minute program is hosted by one of a panel of INC ministers, who share the main beliefs of the Iglesia ni Cristo with a television audience. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic Brooklyn Book Festival crowd by David Shankbonejpg|thumb|An audience at the Brooklyn Book Festival in New York City.  Worldwide, the INC maintains an hour long time slot on The Filipino Channel and airs two among many of its programs including the INC Chronicles and Ang Tamang Daan. The Filipino Channel ( TFC) is an international Filipino broadcasting service owned by the ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation Ang Tamang Daan ( Tagalog for The Right Path) is a program produced by the Philippine-based religious organization Iglesia ni Cristo, and aired over . More recently, GEM-TV began broadcasting on DirecTV channel 2068. DWDM-TV (commonly known as GEM TV, short for Global Expansion Media Television) is the UHF Television station of Christian Era Below is a numerical representation of the DirecTV channel lineup.
The official INC magazine available to INC congregations worldwide is entitled God's Message or Pasugo. Magazines, periodicals or serials are Publications generally published on a regular schedule containing a variety of articles, generally For many years the INC published the bilingual Pasugo for the Philippines and a separate all-English God's Message International Edition for usage abroad. In January 2004, the administration of the INC began to publish only one magazine both in the Philippines and abroad bearing the name God's Message. January 2004: &larr - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August While predominantly English, the latest version contains a Filipino Section. The magazine consists of letters to the editor, news from locales worldwide, religious poetry, articles relating to INC beliefs, a directory of locales outside the Philippines and would also feature a schedule of worship services until recently. Magazines, periodicals or serials are Publications generally published on a regular schedule containing a variety of articles, generally Editing Language, Images or Sound through correction condensation organization and other modifications in various media News is any new information or information on Current events which is presented by print, broadcast, Internet, or Word of mouth The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP
Membership in the INC is conferred through baptism. In Christianity, baptism ( Greek, "immersing" "performing Ablutions " is the ritual act with the use of water by which one is admitted People who wish to be baptized in the INC must first submit to a formal process taking at least six months. Once someone officially registers with their locale, the person is given the status of Doctrinal Instructee (DI), as they are called within the Iglesia ni Cristo, and taught the twenty-six lessons concerning fundamental doctrines of the INC. Doctrine (Latin doctrina) is a codification of beliefs or "a body of teachings quot or "instructions" taught principles or positions as the In the United States, there are an additional three lessons taught for a total of twenty-nine, which mainly contain information about the Church and its beginnings in the Philippines. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the These lessons are contained in the doctrine manual written by Eraño G. Manalo entitled Fundamental Beliefs of the Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ). Eraño de Guzman Manalo (born January 2, 1925) is the current Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (INC The Fundamental Beliefs of the Iglesia ni Cristo are summarized in a book by Eraño G This book is given to ministers, evangelical workers, and ministerial students of the INC. Each lesson is usually thirty minutes to one hour in length.
After hearing all of the lessons, the students enter their probationary period during which they are obliged to attend fifteen twice a week group prayer meetings, wherein they are taught to pray and are guided in their adjustment to the INC lifestyle.
When the sixth month comes, the students who have been active in attending the twice a week worship services and whose lifestyles are in accordance with INC doctrines are screened before being baptized. During the screening they are asked questions about the doctrines taught to them. Those who pass the screening are scheduled to be baptized.
Since understanding is necessary before being baptized in the INC, the minimum age for baptism is set at around eleven and at least the 6th grade. Newborn children of members are instead "offered" during the worship service. The child offering in the INC is done through a prayer led by an ordained minister of the INC. 
Members who are not living in accordance with the doctrines taught in the INC are admonished. Those who continue in violation of INC doctrines after being admonished are expelled from the INC. Certain violations, such as eating blood or marrying non-members may result in mandatory expulsion. 
The INC's Central Administration is the Iglesia ni Cristo Central Office; a large, secured complex located on Commonwealth Avenue, New Era, Quezon City, Philippines. Quezon City ( Filipino: Lungsod Quezon) is the former capital ( 1948 - 1976) and the most populous The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP Quezon City ( Filipino: Lungsod Quezon) is the former capital ( 1948 - 1976) and the most populous Quezon City ( Filipino: Lungsod Quezon) is the former capital ( 1948 - 1976) and the most populous The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP An editorial in the July 25, 2004 issue of Philippine Panorama Magazine described the complex as including: the six-story Central Office Building; the 7,000-seat Central Temple; the Tabernacle, a multi-purpose hall; the 30,000 seating-capacity Central Pavilion; the College of Evangelical Ministry; the New Era General Hospital; and the New Era University. Events 285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " A temple (from the Latin word Templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual activities such as prayer and sacrifice or analogous rites New Era University (NEU is an educational institution in the Philippines, run by the Iglesia ni Cristo (INC
Ever since former Philippine president Manuel L. Quezon created a lasting friendship after asking Felix Manalo for advice, the INC has been known for its strong political influence. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b August 19, 1878 in Baler Aurora, Philippines - d Félix Ysagun Manalo (born Félix Manalo Ysagun May 10, 1886 - April 12, 1963) was the first Executive Minister of the religious organization Politics Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions While it strongly maintains a close "friendship" with incumbent administrations, the INC also sees to it that they do not lose "discreet connection" with the opposition.  It was well-known for its support of President Ferdinand E. Marcos until his ousting during the EDSA Revolution of 1986. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos ( September 11, 1917 &ndash September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986 The EDSA Revolution may refer to three events in Philippine history referring to popular political upheavals occurring in the EDSA highway People Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) 
This has given INC strong political influence on elected officials. Newspaper reports say that the Philippine Congress decision to uphold the decision on September 2005 to reject the Arroyo impeachment complaint was swayed by largely by INC influence. However, Behn Fer. Hortaleza Jr. claims otherwise. He wrote an op-ed piece for The Sun·Star Pangasinan claiming that Representative Joey Salceda "had wanted to pit the INC against the Catholic church by so timing the congressman's "news" with another expose on the bishops' receiving Pagcor "sin money" for their projects. " Others, however, argue that the INC vote is only significant in close-run elections, noting that INC-supported candidates, Senator Sergio Osmeña Jr. A senate is a Deliberative body, often the Upper house or chamber of a Legislature or Parliament. lost in 1969 to Marcos and businessman Eduardo Cojuangco Jr. lost to Fidel Ramos in 1992, largely due to irregularities in counting the election returns in favor of Fidel Ramos, most numbers were changed with snopake. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Eduardo Murphy Cojuangco Jr (born June 10, 1935) also known as Danding Cojuangco, is the chairman of San Miguel Corporation, the largest food Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) 
Not all candidates in Philippine politics embraced support from INC. Macapagal-Arroyo's father, Diosdado Macapagal has refused INC's preferred support during his runs for Vice President in 1957, and re-election for President in 1965 – in which he incidentally lost to Marcos. For the airport see Diosdado Macapagal International Airport For the boulevard in Metro Manila, see Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos ( September 11, 1917 &ndash September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986
The Iglesia ni Cristo has come under fierce criticism from apologetics groups and other religions mainly due to disagreements over their doctrines and beliefs regarding the interpretation of the Bible. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin They have also been criticized by non-religious groups for their political influence and restraint of press freedom, and some denominations have claimed them to be a cult. Freedom Constitutional or statutory protections pertaining to freedom of the press This article does not discuss Christian cults in the original and typically ancient sense of "religious practice"
Dr. Karl Keating, the founder of Catholic Answers claims that Dr. Karl Keating (born 1950 a prominent Catholic Apologist and author is the founder and president of Catholic Answers, a lay apostolate of Catholic apologetics and Catholic Answers, based in El Cajon, California, is one of the largest lay-run apostolates of Catholic Apologetics and Evangelization Jose Ventilacion, an INC minister and one of their chief debaters, broke an agreement in 1990 for a one-on-one debate made by the two organizations in National City, California. National City is a city in San Diego County, California, United States. Instead of a one-on-one debate, Keating states that Ventilacion had three helpers assisting him, and that they were shouting at him during the debate. He also claims that God's Message magazine is dedicated more to criticizing and attacking Catholic and Protestant beliefs and doctrines (by referring to them as "tools of Satan" for example), rather than explaining their own positions. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Satan, ( Standard Hebrew Satan'el, English accuser) is a term that originates from the Abrahamic faiths, being traditionally 
The Catholic Church denies INC's claim that the beast of Revelation is the Pope, a belief shared by some other Christian religious movements. The Book of Revelation, also called Revelation to John, Apocalypse of John ( pronounced, from the Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰωάννου INC states that the pope's alleged title, Vicarius Filii Dei, Latin for Vicar of the Son of God, adds up to 666 which is one of several alternative numbers known as the "Number of the Beast", and the Iglesia ni Cristo also allegedly claimed that it is engraved on the Pope's tiara, a charge that has been proven false and a claim formerly shared by some in the Seventh-day Adventist Church, but now officially rejected. Vicarius Filii Dei (Latin Vicar or Representative of the Son of God) is a phrase used in the forged Donation of Constantine to refer to Saint Peter. The Number of the Beast is a concept from the Book of Revelation of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. A tiara (from Persian تاره tara adopted in Latin as 'tiara' is a form of crown. The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated " Adventist " Church is a Christian denomination which is distinguished mainly by its observance  The Catholic Church also declared that Vicarius Filii Dei has never been an "official title" of the pope. Vicarius Filii Dei (Latin Vicar or Representative of the Son of God) is a phrase used in the forged Donation of Constantine to refer to Saint Peter. 
Catholic Answers also rejects the INC's doctrines of apostasy within the Catholic Church and does not consider the verses used to support the doctrine of the Iglesia ni Cristo being prophesied nor the apostasy of the Catholic church are used in the right context. It contends that other verses are difficult to reconcile with the views of the Iglesia ni Cristo. 
Let Us Reason Ministries, an online apologetics research group, criticized the INC for holding the belief that it has the sole authority from God to interpret and preach the Bible, while other religions do not. God is the principal or sole Deity in Religions and other belief systems that worship one deity. They also claim that the INC intentionally misinterprets and misappropriates verses to agree with their doctrines and that they use fallacious arguments against other religions, stating: "Unfortunately they ignore the whole history of the Church in the zealous rebuttals against Catholicism. Nothing is out of reach of their researchers to demean and belittle. Some of the greatest scholars in languages and history are ignored or misrepresented as they present what they believe is correct. I suspect that many know better in what they teach. " They also reject the INC's doctrine that one can only be saved if they are a member of the Iglesia ni Cristo.  According to The Bereans Apologetics Research Ministry, some of the beliefs of INC are contrary to mainstream Christianity. Bereans were the inhabitants of the ancient city of Berea also known in the Bible as Beroea and now known as Veria. . However, the Iglesia ni Cristo claims through biblical prophesies, that it was elected to be "the nation of God," as the Israelites were, and that God chose them to serve him. 
Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie has criticized the INC for allegedly misquoting his Ryrie Study Bible regarding John 1:1 in the May/June 1984 issue of the Pasugo. Charles Caldwell Ryrie (born 1925 is a Christian Writer and Theologian. Year 1984 ( MCMLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar) Ryrie has been quoted as saying, in a letter to Robert Elliff, the author of the book, Iglesia Ni Cristo: The Only True Church? "Anyone can look in my Study Bible and see how conveniently this author [the INC] omitted the last phrase in the note of John 1:1. "
The Members Church of God International (MCGI) has been in a long standing rivalry with the Church as shown in their television programs Ang Dating Daan (ADD) and Ang Tamang Daan. The Members Church of God International (MCGI known colloquially as Ang Dating Daan, is a Christian denomination with headquarters in the Philippines The Iglesia ni Cristo and the Members Church of God International have had a strained relationship ever since its founder Eli Soriano started his radio program Ang Dating Daan ( Tagalog for "The Old Path" is a religious radio and television program in the Philippines produced by Members Church of God International Ang Tamang Daan ( Tagalog for The Right Path) is a program produced by the Philippine-based religious organization Iglesia ni Cristo, and aired over Eliseo Soriano posted a paid advertisement in the Manila Times newspaper and invited the camp of Iglesia ni Cristo in a one on one debate and discussion. Eliseo Fernando Soriano (born April 4 1947 a controversial Filipino evangelist is presiding minister of the Philippines -based Members Church of God International The Manila Times is the oldest existing English language newspaper in the Philippines. The Iglesia ni Cristo answered Soriano on their program by asking him to debate first with Pope John Paul II which was bedridden at that time and died a few days after this was posted. Pope One notable incident between the two groups transpired on April 18, 2005 when a violent conflict occurred during a supposed peaceful familial negotiation between a convert of the MCGI and their INC relatives.  Following an investigation, it was reported that the fight was started by INC members when an ex-INC Minister turned MCGI preacher Marcos Mataro began shouting against the INC members during negotiations with the local police department of where the event would take place. On April 27, 2008, Mataro, was shot dead by two unknown assailants in San Simon, Pampanga. Events 1124 - David I becomes King of Scotland. 1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common San Simon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. MCGI members have accused the INC of being behind the murder as Mataro was the host of DXman(short for Ex-Manalista), an MCGI Television program critical of the Iglesia ni Cristo doctrines.  The two suspects, Nickson Icao(the owner of the motorcycle left behind by the killers) and Felizardo Lumagham, who claimed to be a deacon of INC, remains at large. 
The main accusation of restraint of press freedom arises from the church's seeking of prior restraint on Ross Tipon's book, The Power and the Glory: The Cult of Manalo) for alleged gross inaccuracies, Critics claim that the INC is stifling free speech by banning an unpublished book, and Tipon claims infringement on his free speech rights. Prior restraint is a Legal term referring to a Government 's actions that prevent materials from being published Ross Tipon is a Freelance Author based in Baguio City, Philippines, who formerly wrote a column for a now-defunct daily publication in An attorney representing the INC, Abraham Espejo states "The publication of the criminal manuscript will trigger social unrest, Millions of people may come out in the streets and this may lead to violence. An attorney at law (or attorney-at-law) in the United States is a practitioner in a court of law who is legally qualified to prosecute " The Iglesia ni Cristo alleges that the book has defamed its organization and Félix Manalo. Félix Ysagun Manalo (born Félix Manalo Ysagun May 10, 1886 - April 12, 1963) was the first Executive Minister of the religious organization The INC seeks PHP1,000,000 in damages from Tipon and the unknown publisher. The peso ( Filipino: piso) ( sign: ₱; code: PHP) is the currency of the Philippines. 
Military intelligence sources say that the Iglesia has 1,000 to 2,000 high-caliber firearms in its armory, apart from guns owned by individual members who include soldiers and policemen. 
In September 1972, INC members shot at and killed three Marine soldiers who were part of a contingent sent by Marcos to shut down the church's DZEC radio tower. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos ( September 11, 1917 &ndash September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986 DZEC (1062 kHz Metro Manila) is an AM station of Eagle Broadcasting Corporation in the Philippines. 
On March 8, 1992, twelve members of the Iglesia ni Cristo were angered about losing an altercation during a basketball game against the PUP students. Events 1618 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion. Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) The Polytechnic University of the Philippines ( Filipino: Politeknikong Pamantasan ng Pilipinas) commonly known as PUP, Peyupi or PUPoy They physically assaulted the other team which fueled the conflict. A rumble took place afterwards where the INC members were badly beaten. As revenge, the INC members kidnapped eight students but later released the three after threatening them not to tell anyone. The five PUP students who were left captured were later killed inside the chapel of Iglesia ni Cristo in Sta. Mesa, Manila. 
In October 2007, members of the Iglesia ni Cristo in Tondo, Manila assaulted three preachers of the Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (PMCC) after a religious debate. October 2007 is the tenth month of that year It began on a Monday and 31 days later ended on a Wednesday. History See also Ancient Tondo The former region of Tondo is over eleven hundred years old