Ica is a region in Peru. The administrative divisions of Peru have changed from time to time since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. It borders the Pacific Ocean on the west; the Lima Region on the north; the Huancavelica and Ayacucho regions on the east; and the Arequipa Region on the south. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions Lima Region, also known as Lima Provincias, is one of twenty-five regions of Peru. Huancavelica is a Region in Peru. Area 2213147 km² Population 447054 ( 2005 census) Ayacucho is a region of Peru, located in the south-central Andes of the country Arequipa is a region in southwestern Peru. It is bordered by the Ica, Ayacucho, Apurímac and Cusco regions on the north the Its capital is the city of Ica. The city of Ica is the capital of the Ica Region in southern Peru.
|See other Peruvian regions|
|President||Rómulo Triveño Pinto|
|Area||21,327. The administrative divisions of Peru have changed from time to time since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. The city of Ica is the capital of the Ica Region in southern Peru. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 83 km²|
|Population (as of the 2005 Census)|
709,556 (2004 estimate)
33. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of Peru is a multiethnic country It has a population of Amerindians 45% Mestizos 37% Whites 15% Asian Peruvians and Afro-Peruvians 3% The Peru 2005 Census was a detailed enumeration In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " 3/km²
|Subdivisions||5 provinces and 43 districts|
406 metres (1,332 ft)
0 m (sea level)
3796 m (San Pedro de Huacarpana)
|Main resources||Iron, cotton, grapevine, kidney beans. Country subdivision refers to the division of a Country 's territory for the sake of its administration, description or other such purpose The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified ( natural) form Iron (ˈаɪɚn is a Chemical element with the symbol Fe (ferrum and Atomic number 26 Cotton is a soft staple Fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant ( Gossypium sp|
|Poverty rate||41. Poverty (also called penury) is deprivation of common necessities that determine the quality of life including food clothing shelter and safe Drinking water, and 7%|
|Percentage of country's GDP||2. 36%|
The Ica Region has a remarkable geography. A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages It is the only region of the southern coast formed by plains also called coast plains since the Andean Cordillera is erected inside. The Andes form the world's longest exposed Mountain range. They lie as a continuous chain of highland along the western coast of South America. A cordillera is an extensive chain of Mountains or Mountain ranges especially the principal mountain system of a Continent or large Island. Some geological folds have determined the formation of lands moving forward the sea which form the Paracas Peninsula while some isolated formations located at the southern part have determined the Marcona complex, a place where the biggest deposits of iron in the Pacific coast have been formed. Geology (from Greek γη gê, "earth" and λόγος Logos, "speech" lit Paracas is the name of a desert Peninsula located in the Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region, on the south coast of Iron (ˈаɪɚn is a Chemical element with the symbol Fe (ferrum and Atomic number 26 The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions Ica's configuration is due to the geomorphology of its two big and unique fluvial watersheds: the Pasco watershed and Ica watershed. Geomorphology (from Greek: γη ge, "earth" μορφή morfé, "form" and λόγος Logos, "knowledge" Also, it has an incomplete and continuous current inadequately called Rio Grande because its short waters do not even reach the sea; its waters are mainly used for agriculture in Pampa, Nazca and Ingenio, its final watershed is dry since sand and dried lands absorb its short resources. Laguna de Gomezjpg|thumb|left|240px|Lake Gomez near Junín in the heart of the Pampas grain belt For the archaeological site see Nazca Lines. For the culture it belonged to see Nazca culture. Geography Location Latitude 2791667 (27°55' N Longitude 1541667 (15°25' W Altitude Lowest There are extensive deserts in Ica like the Lancha Pampas before Pozo Santo and Villacuri Pampas which are extremely hot areas. A desert is a Landscape or region that receives very little precipitation. Strong and persistent winds called "Paracas" are present and originate large clouds of sand.
Ica has a rich history. The first settlers are from 10,000 years ago, from which the Wari, Nazca, Ica and Paracas cultures developed, the latter being the most important. This article is about the historical civilization and city located near present-day Ayacucho For the archaeological site see Nazca Lines. For the culture it belonged to see Nazca culture. The Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 750 BCE and 100 CE with an extensive knowledge of irrigation and water management
The Paracas culture developed from the seventh through the second century BC. The Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 750 BCE and 100 CE with an extensive knowledge of irrigation and water management It is distinguished by its matchless textile skills, trephinations, and the art of mummifying their dead. A textile is a flexible material comprised of a network of natural or artificial Fibres often referred to as thread or Yarn. A mummy is a Corpse whose Skin and Flesh have been preserved by either intentional or Incidental exposure to Chemicals extreme
The Nazca culture, on the contrary, well-known for its artistic pottery, in which colorful designs and representations excel over the form, the same as their famous lines and figures that have undergone implausible interpretations. Pottery is the Ceramic ware made by potters It also refers to a group of materials that includes Earthenware, Stoneware This culture expanded from the second century BC through the seventh century AD. They have left us their wonderful aqueducts that made good use of underground water, of rivers and rain, showing a great knowledge of hydraulic engineering.
In the fifteenth century, during the Inca empire, Pachacuti incorporated the territories of Ica, Nazca and the Chincha valley. The Inca Empire (or Inka Empire) was the largest empire in Pre-Columbian America. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (or Pachacutec) was the ninth Sapa Inca (1438-1471/1472 of the Kingdom of Cusco, which he transformed into the empire
Years later, in 1563, with the arrival of the Spanish, Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera founded the Villa de Valverde del Valle de Ica. Since then, the area became an important vineyard and cotton center. A vineyard is a Plantation of Grape -bearing Vines grown mainly for Winemaking, but also Raisins Table grapes and non-alcoholic
During the independence war, General José de San Martín landed in Paracas and fixed his headquarters in Pisco, to start the fight for the independence of Peru. José Francisco de San Martín Matorras, also known as José de San Martín ( 25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850) was an Argentine
The region is divided into five provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 43 districts (distritos, singular: distrito).
The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
Capital of the Ica Department. The Chincha Province Chincha Alta is a Peruvian city located in the Ica Region. It is the capital of Chincha Province. The Ica Province is the largest of five provinces of the Ica Region in Peru. The city of Ica is the capital of the Ica Region in southern Peru. The Nazca Province ( Provincia de Nazca) is one of 5 provinces of the Ica Region of Peru. For the archaeological site see Nazca Lines. For the culture it belonged to see Nazca culture. The Palpa Province is the smallest of 5 provinces of the Ica Region of Peru. Palpa is a town in Southern Peru, capital of the province Palpa in the region Ica. Pisco is a province of the Ica Region in Peru. Its capital is the town of Pisco, where the popular Liquor of the same name Pisco is a city located in the Ica Region of Peru, the capital of the Pisco Province. One of the most popular places to visit in Ica is La Huacachina. Huacachina is a small town in the Ica Region, in southwestern Peru. The famous desert oasis is located 5km from Ica. It is a small lake with medicinal water, lying in the middle of a spectacular sand desert.
Pisco the most important port in Ica and a litoral province. Pisco is a city located in the Ica Region of Peru, the capital of the Pisco Province. The most important attractions are Paracas Bay and the Paracas museum. Pisco was home of an ancient pre-hispanic culture, Paracas, who are known for their exquisite textiles. The Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 750 BCE and 100 CE with an extensive knowledge of irrigation and water management
The Nazca culture flourished along the southern coast of Peru form around 200 BCE to 600 CE. This area is extremely dry. The Nazca developed extensice irrigation systems, including underground canals, that allowed them to farm the land. The Nazca are known for their beautiful textiles and pottery. Both featuree images of animals and mythological beings.
They are even more famous, however, for an extraordinary but puzzling set of creations known as the Nazca Lines. On a large, rock-strewn plain, the Nazca made huge drawings by scraping away stones to reveal the lighter soil underneath. The drawings depict various plants and animals, including a monkey, birds, and other creatures. These drawings are so huge, however, that they can be seen only from the sky. Scientists believe that the Nazca made these drawings for their gods.
Known for the Nazca Lines, which are geoglyphs and geometric line clearings in the Atacama desert, in the district of Nazca. The Nazca lines are a series of Geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert, a high arid plateau that stretches more than 80 km (50 miles between the towns of Nazca Atacama redirects here for the political-administrative region of Chile, see Atacama Region. For the archaeological site see Nazca Lines. For the culture it belonged to see Nazca culture. The Nazca lines are attributed to the Ica-Nazca culture, which existed there between 200 BCE and 600 CE. The Nazca culture (often spelled Nasca) flourished in the Nazca region between 300 BC and 800 AD, concomitantly with the Moche culture The area of the Nazca lines is called the Pampa Colorada (red plain). From the air, the Nazca Lines show humans, animals, plants, lines and geometric shapes.
A small village near Ica, Cachiche is well known for its history of witches. Doña Julia, Cachiche's first witch, was known to practice "good magic," curing and helping villagers with her spells. Near the entrance to the town, a carving from a single huarango tree  depicts this first "bruja de Cachiche" (witch of Cachiche).